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Dual-Boot Windows 7 and Ubuntu in Perfect Harmony

Windows 7

and Ubuntu, despite their opposing missions, can get along like best pals on a single computer. Here's how to set up a dual boot system that lets you enjoy the best of both worlds in perfect harmony.

By default, Windows 7 takes over your boot-up process and wants to be your only OS, and Linux treats Windows like a weekend hobby you keep in a shed somewhere on your hard drive. But I've been dual-booting Ubuntu and some version of Windows 7 for nearly a year, and I've learned a lot about inconveniences, annoyances, and file-sharing necessities, and now I'll walk you through how to set up your systems to achieve a peaceful union of your dual-boot OSes. (Both with Windows 7 already installed, and with a clean system ready for a new dual-OS existence.)
Follow through this guide, and I'll explain how to rebuild a system from the ground up with Windows 7 and Ubuntu, with either a backed-up and cleaned-out hard drive (recommended) or Windows 7 already installed. When we're done, you can work and play in either operating system, quickly and conveniently access your documents, music, pictures, and other files without worry or inconvenience, and boot into either system without having to worry about whether Windows is going to get mad at you. Plus, when Ubuntu 10.04 or Windows 8 come along, you'll find it much easier to install either one without having to start over entirely from scratch.

What you'll need

Windows 7 installation disc: For clean installations, either a full installation copy or an upgrade disc is needed. If you own an upgrade disc but want to start from scratch, there's a way to do a clean install with an upgrade disc, though that's a rather gray-area route. Then again, there's probably not a person on this earth that doesn't have a licensed copy of XP or Vista somewhere in their past.Ubuntu 9.10 installation image: You can grab an ISO at, or hit "Alternative download options" to reveal a (usually very fast) BitTorrent link. You'll want to get the ubuntu-9.10-desktop-i386.iso download for 32-bit systems, or ubuntu-9.10-desktop-amd64.iso.torrent for 64-bit on AMD or Intel systems (despite the name).Blank CD or empty USB drive: You'll need one of these for burning the Ubuntu ISO, or loading it for USB boot. If you're going the thumb drive route, grab UNetBootin for Windows or Linux, plug in your USB drive, and load it with the downloaded ISO image.All your data backed up: Even if you're pulling this off with Windows 7 already installed and your media and documents present, you'll want to have a fallback in case things go awry. Which they shouldn't, but, naturally, you never know.Free time: I'd reckon it takes about 2 hours to pull off two OS installs on a clean system; more if you've got a lot of data to move around.

Setting up your hard drive

If you've got nothing installed on your system, or you've got your data backed up and you're ready to start from scratch, you're in a great position--skip down to the "Partition your system" section. If you've got Windows already installed, you can still make a spot for Ubuntu, though.

(Only) If Windows is already installed: You're going to "shrink" the partition that Windows 7 installed itself on. Before we do that, clean out any really unnecessary applications and data from your system (we like Revo Uninstaller for doing this). Also, open up "Computer" and take note of how much space remains on your main hard drive, presumably labeled "C:". Head to the Start menu, type "disk management" into the search box, and hit Enter.

Windows 7 probably put two partitions on your hard drive: one, about 100 MB in size, holding system restoration data. We don't want to touch it. Right-click on the bigger partition to the right, and choose Shrink Partition.

After a little bit of hard drive activity and a "Please wait" window, you'll get back the size you can shrink your Windows partition by.

If the space Windows offers doesn't jibe with what your Computer view told you was "remaining," you might need to hit Cancel, then head back and defragment your hard drive, and take some of the steps laid out by the How-To Geek. Run the Disk Management tool again and try a Shrink Volume operation again, and free up as much space as you can.

Partition your system: You're aiming to set up a system with three partitions, or sections, to its hard drive: One lean partition for the Windows operating system and applications running from it, another just-big-enough partition for Ubuntu and its own applications, and then a much larger data partition that houses all the data you'll want access to from either one. Documents, music, pictures, application profiles—it all goes in another section I'll call "Storage" for this tutorial.

How do you get there? We're going to use GParted, the Linux-based uber-tool for all things hard drive. You could grab the Live CD if you felt like it, but since you've already downloaded an Ubuntu installer, you can simply boot a "live," no-risk session of Ubuntu from your CD or USB stick and run GParted from there. Once you're inside Ubuntu, head to the System menu in the upper left when you get to a desktop, then choose the Administration menu and GParted under it.

You'll see your system's hard drive and its partitions laid out. You're going to create partitions for Linux and your storage space, but not Windows—we'll let the Windows installation carve out its own recovery partition and operating space. On my own system, I give Windows 15 GB of unallocated space, and Ubuntu another 15 GB of space right after it, with whatever's left kept as storage space. Then again, I've only got a 100 GB hard drive and don't run huge games or applications, so you can probably give your two operating systems a bit more space to grow.
Click on the unallocated space and hit the "New" button at the far left. In the "Free space preceding" section, click and hold the up button, or enter a number of megabytes, to leave space for Windows at the front. When you've got the "space preceding" set, set the actual size of the Ubuntu partition in the "New Size" section, and leave "Free space following" alone. Choose "unformatted" under file system—we'll let Ubuntu do the format itself and hit "Add." Back at the main GParted window, click on the space to the right of your two OS spaces, hit "New" again, and set the file system as "ntfs." Give it a label like "Storage," hit "Add," and at the main GParted window, hit the checkmark button to apply your changes. Once it's done, exit out of GParted and shut down the system from the pull-down menu in the upper-right corner.

If Windows is already installed: If you've shrunk down its partition for free space and booted into a live Ubuntu or GParted, click on the "Unallocated" piece next to the two "ntfs" partitions that represent your Windows 7 installation and system recovery tools. Create a 15(-ish) GB unformatted partition, and give it a label like Ubuntu. If you've got a good deal of space left, format it as "ntfs" and label it something like "Storage." If you can just barely fit the Ubuntu partition, you can just keep your media files in the Windows partition—until you can remedy this with a full wipe-and-install down the line.

Experienced Linux geeks might be wondering where the swap space is going—but don't worry, we'll create one, just not in its own partition.

Installing and configuring Windows

Grab your Windows 7 installation disc—either a full copy or modified upgrade disc, and insert it into your DVD drive. If your system isn't set up to boot from CD or DVD drive, look for the button to press at start-up for "Boot options" or something similar, or hit up your system maker's help guides to learn how to change your boot order in the BIOS settings.
Follow through the Windows 7 installation, being sure to choose "Custom" for the installation method and to point it at that unallocated space we created at the beginning of your hard disk, not the NTFS-formatted media/storage space we made earlier:

Work your way through the Windows 7 installation, all the way until you reach the Windows desktop. Feel free to set up whatever programs or apps you want, but what we really want to do is set up your Storage partition to house your pictures, music, video, and other files, and make your Libraries point to them.
Hit the Start menu, click Computer, and double-click on the hard drive named "Storage" (assuming you named it that earlier). In there, right-click and create new folders (or hit Ctrl+Shift+N) for the files you'll be using with both systems. I usually create folders labeled Documents, Music, Pictures, and Videos—I could also see folders for saved games and data files from big software packages. Copy your media files into these folders now, if you'd like, but we've got a bit more tweaking to pull off.
In the left-hand sidebar, you'll see your "Libraries" for documents, music, pictures, and video. At the moment, they point to your Public shared folders and the My Pictures-type folders on your main Windows drive. Click once on any of the Libraries, and at the top of the main panel, you'll see text stating that this library "Includes: 2 locations ...". Click the blue text on "2 locations," then click on each of the folders below and hit "Remove" on the right-hand side. Now hit "Add" and select the corresponding folder on your Storage drive. Do the same for all your music, pictures, videos, and other media folders.

Want to add another library for quick access? Right-click somewhere on the desktop, choose New->Library, and follow the steps.
That's about it for Windows. Now get your Ubuntu CD or USB stick ready and insert it in your system. Ignore whatever auto-play prompts appear, and restart your system.

Installing and configuring Ubuntu

Restart your computer, this time booting from your Ubuntu Live CD or USB boot drive. When your system boots up, choose your language, select "Try Ubuntu without any changes to your computer," and you'll boot into a "live" desktop, run entirely off the CD or USB stick. Once you're booted up, try connecting to the internet from the network icon in the upper-right—it helps during the installation process, ensures your network is working, and gives you something to do (Firefox) while the system installs.
Click the "Install" link on the desktop, and fill out the necessary language/location/keyboard info (most U.S. users can skip through the first 3 screens). When you hit the "Prepare disk space" section, select the "Specify partitions manually" option, then hit Forward. Select the free space that's after your first two Windows partitions with ntfs formats, then hit the "Add" button at bottom. Your partition should already be sized correctly, and the only thing to change is set "/" as a mount point. Here's what your screen should look like:

Click OK, then finish through with the Ubuntu installation. If it catches your Windows 7 installation, it might ask if you want to import settings from inside it—you can, if you'd like, but I usually skip this. Wait for the installation to finish, remove the CD or thumb drive, and reboot your system.

When you start up again, you'll see a list of OS options. The only ones you need concern yourself with are Windows 7 and the top-most Ubuntu line. You can prettify and fix up this screen, change its settings, and modify its order later on. For now, let's head into Ubuntu.

We're going to make the same kind of folder access change we did in Windows. Click up on the "Places" menu, choose "Home Folder," and check out the left-hand sidebar. It's full of links to Documents, Pictures, and the like, but they all point to locations inside your home folder, on the Linux drive that Windows can't read. Click once on any of those folders, then right-click and hit Remove.

You should see your "Storage" partition in the left-hand sidebar, but without that name—more like "100GB filesystem." Double-click it, type in the administrator password you gave when installing, and you'll see your Documents, Music, etc. Click and drag those folders into the space where the other folders were, and now you'll have access to them from the "Places" menu, as well as any file explorer window you have open.
Ubuntu won't "mount," or make available, your Windows 7 and Storage drives on boot-up, however, and we at least want constant access to the Storage drive. To fix that, head to Software Sources in the System->Administration menu. From there go to Applications, then the Ubuntu Software Center at the bottom. Under the "Ubuntu Software" and "Updates" sections, add a check to the un-checked sources, like Restricted, Multiverse, Proposed, and Backports. Hit "Close," and agree to Reload your software sources.

Finally! Head to the Applications menu and pick the Ubuntu Software Center. In there, search for "ntfs-config," and double-click on the NTFS Configuration Tool that's the first result. Install it, then close the Software Center. If you've got the "Storage" or Windows 7 partitions mounted, head to any location in Places and then click the eject icon next to those drives in the left-hand sidebar. Now head to the System->Administration menu and pick the NTFS Configuration Tool.

You'll see a few partitions listed, likely as /dev/sda1, /dev/sda2, and the like. If you only want your storage drive, it should be listed as /dev/sda3 or something similar--just not the first or second options. Check the box for "Add," click in the "Mount point" column to give it a name (Storage, perhaps?), and hit "Apply." Check both boxes on the next window to allow read/write access, and hit OK, and you're done. Now the drive with all your stuff is accessible to Windows and Linux at all times.

Adding swap to Ubuntu

"Swap" memory is a section of the hard drive that your system's memory spills over into when it gets full and busy. Until recently, I'd been creating a whole separate partition for it. Recently, though, I've found that swap isn't always necessary on systems with a large amount of memory, and that swap can simply be a file tucked away on your hard drive somewhere.

Follow the Ubuntu help wiki's instructions for adding more swap, but consider changing the location they suggest putting the swap file—/mnt/swap/ for the place your Storage is held—/media/Storage, in my case.

Share Firefox profiles and more

That's about it for this guide to setting up a harmonious Windows and Ubuntu existence, but I recommend you also check out our previous guide to using a single data store when dual-booting. It explains the nitty-gritty of sharing Firefox, Thunderbird, and Pidgin profiles between Linux and Windows for a consistent experience, as well as a few other dual-boot tricks.

You might also want to consider creating virtual machines with VirtualBox for those moments when you're in one OS and need to get at the other. Ubuntu is free to create as many instances as you want, of course, and Windows 7 (Professional and Ultimate) are very friendly with non-activated copies—not that either can't be otherwise activated in cases where it's just a double-use issue.

preface, i am fairly competant with this stuff. with win 95, 98, and xp i could boot into DOS and use commands to overwrite files and get problems fixed. but can't do that any longer....

i have an HP p6320y and the only thing after market as of now (i jerked out a lot of stuff) on the MoBo is a BluRay drive. i replaced the DVD drive here while back, but if it works fine in 7, there should be no issue.

i have talked to 3 Microsoft techs, and no luck. this is getting extremely infuriating, its beyond frustrating or inconvenience. its like, full on technological anger management meltdown now. so let me recap what i have done, what the techs have done, and how nothing is fixed.

first of all, what i have done: i have an HP with OEM win 7 x64 home premium on it. i have in the past ran win 8 developer preview. actually i have installed that several times just to show family members at different times what is coming. install program worked perfect, OS worked perfect on my pc. but now that i have paid for it, nothing. at first i installed as upgrade on my OEM and chose to keep nothing. it does the whole install process on the desktop, when the computer restarts to set it up, the screen comes up to the blue window logo screen with spinning dots, shows it processing to 75%, then restarts again and hangs at that same screen for like 2 hrs. then it says it could not install windows 8 and will revert back to win 7. the weird thing is, when it hangs, the hardrive is completely unaccessed. like i place my ear on the hardisk itself, no sounds, no clicks, no searching. the HDD access light on the tower is just ON. no blink, not off, just on. why the heck is there no activity? why does the computer just start and show me a graphic of the window? shouldnt it be accessing and working? after about 45 minutes, it says it's not able to uprade and will revert to how my computer was to begin with and rolls back to win7. great.

after that i tried to install it with the set-up disk as bootable, and to choose customer, and full install on formatted hardisk. does the exact same thing.

after that i decided to use a family member's full retail install, and after it was installed, i re-registered it with my OEM key, so this is a completely clean retail win7 install. no bloat, no nothing. i unplugged ALL devices, retried. it still hangs at the same screen. it never recovers from the second restart!!

so after that i formatted c again, and installed the OEM OS back on it, redownloaded the upgrade exe, and tried again, and still nothing.

now i called tech support friday, saturday, and sunday. 1 guy did a remote access but couldnt find anything. the next guy had me do a dskchk and that did nothing. and the third guy did a remote access and changed some setting that i couldnt see any value in changing to begin with, we did anothe rinstall, this time, still nothing. he said i will have to speack with tier2, but they can only talk to me tomorrow. all 3 guys it hangs at the same spot! why will this idiot box not upgrade!?! THERE IS NO CONFLICTS! ITS A BRAND NEW FACTORY RESET OS!!! i'm seriously going to lose my sanity over this because what should be a 1 hr upgrade has ruined my whole weekend, for no reason i can figure out.

i have disconnected everything from the MoBo that can be disconnected. and still, nothing. i never save backup sor anything with this. i just have all my install discs ripped as ISOs on an external hardrives, and start at the top and re-instal each one, one by one. and i do that with all my personal files to (video, audio, pictures, documents, etc)

i just can't think the driver issue would matter, because what if this was a brand new PC build i did myslef? how would i install the drivers, if i can't boot to a desktop to begin with?

does anyone out there know at all what is the deal? why am i not able to install this upgrade? please, someone. anyone. help.

no matter what, i can not get it to update. why is this so hard to do? why will this upgrade just not work? i have redownloaded the file liek 4 times, and wasted 3 days now. trying. my eyes are killing me, my head is killing me. for 3 days straight i been crawling around unhooking cables, removing peripherales. the side panel and front panel of my pc are removed, all the hardrives are removed, all the pci devices are removed, i have wiped and formatted C:/ drive so many times it should be perfectly defragged now. there is just no hope or answer in sight i feel. i will try again with absolutely everything unplugged from the MoBo, but if my grandpa had this computer, how the heck would he get the upgrade done? he doesnt even know how to eject the cd. and if i have to re-install.... i don't want to have to do all this garbage all over again. i just want some kind of solution.

i have ran windows 8 dev preview 3 different times... what makes this time so different?

I can hear my C hard drive thrashing away when my system is idle, and even when my system is running programs.

Thought it might be Firefox that's using the hard drive a lot - checked it out, uses the hd a bit but no more than usual, but I can still hear the hard drive clicking away. So I close Firefox. Still going.

Tried switching browsers to Chrome, and even that doesnt have an awful lot more disk usage per cycle than Firefox did. But regardless of whether Chrome was open or not, I continue to hear the hard drive thrashing.

Tried using IE as my main browser, still thrashing. (But IE has the least disk usage out of the 3 main browsers I found - I can still hear it thrashing though )

I checked out Windows Task Manager, but none of the processes shows heaps of disk usage. I then tried Resource Monitor and 'System' with PID 4 appears at the top of the list of processes sorted by disk usage. But there are heaps of sub-thingos (Forgive my jargon ignorance) running under 'System', so which one is causing the disk thrashing?
I disabled Windows Media Network sharing process that has been suggested on the forums, with no change in disk usage.

I remembered a friend of mine mentioning disabling Marvell/other manufacturer's leftover RAID drivers when installing a new PC [Sometimes they're installed along with mobo drivers] (Where the system has no RAID array installed) slowed his disk usage down.

I have no RAID array on my PC either, but noticed a Marvell driver under the 'System' heading when using SysInternals Process Explorer.

I also noticed some other errant drivers, perhaps one of these is causing the disk usage problem?

The whole thrashing business is awfully random - will start and go on for 30 to 40 minutes and then stop for hours, then begin again.

I don't think it's a virus, as I have Avast! and can use the File Shield to monitor what files Avast! is scanning - weirdly, even though I can hear the hard drive in use, Avast! does not pickup/scan any of the files that the disk is supposedly using.

Below are the various screenshots I have uploaded in the hope someone can help me solve this hard drive problem before it wears out and dies a lonely, premature death :P

Stray Marvell Driver.png - Windows Live

Stray AMD Storage Filter Driver.png - Windows Live

Dump Disk Processes 1 3rd Oct.png - Windows Live

I downloaded SysInternals Process Monitor from
Process Monitor

But the program is so much more complex than Process Explorer and I have no idea how to use it.

Can someone please tell me how to run a trace through the events that may help determine which of the running processes analysed in Process Monitor is/are the ones that are causing the high disk usage?

Some More Analysis
Restarted in safe mode (no networking) and went into Resource Monitor (Part of Windows 7) and SysInternals Process Explorer (From Microsoft TechNet) to see if I could isolate the problem.

The entire time I was in safe mode, the hard drive kept on thrashing! :O
I started up Resource Monitor first and saw that 'System' with the PID of 4 was still the most disk-hungry process. Disk usage went from 100KB/sec to 1MB/sec as it did before when logged into Windows 7 normally.

I also saw
svschost (netsvcs),
svchost (secsvcs)
svchost (dcomlaunch)
and other processes like
wmiprvsv.exe appear. The 2 wmi processes disappeared after a short while leaving svchost and 'System' remaining.

I closed Resource Monitor and fired up Process Explorer, and found some weird-looking processes:

Under wmiprvsv.exe there was a file called locale.nls, with no manufacturer name/description (In contrast to other services/sys files which have 'Microsoft Corporation' as their name)

Under each of the svchost.exe processes, out of all the files that had name descriptors (Microsoft Corporation), there were a few without name descriptors that caught my eye:

A file located in Windows/Globalization/Sorting/Sortdefault.nls
A file called locale.nls (Sorry didn't note down the file location)
A file located in Windows/Registration/R00000000000.clb
A file located in Windows/System32/C_28591.nls

All of the above files except for the R000000.clb one were found in svchost, lsass and csrss.

The R00000.clb file was found only in svchost.
I noticed these files because they had no name description next to them - could any of the filesI mentioned be contributing to the disk usage problem?

Hard Drive Thrashing Continues Even After I Logout
I own my own PC and use an administrator account (Not the default 'Administrator' account, but my own account that has admin privileges).

I tried logging out of my regular account and into another limited account I have on the PC. Not only did the hard drive thrashingcontinue while I was logged out and at the Welcome screen,but it continued even after I had logged in to the limited account.

Pretty weird hey?

Hi, hope someone can help me with this. Having a problem that is almost worse than a program crashing. (At least I would get an error so I can see what is the cause of the problem.) Anyhow this is the sequence of events.

In the morning I "woke" up my pc from sleep and had no problems (basically surf web and read email, play some fb games ). I went to work. Coming home I woke up my pc again, and noticed some of my browser windows were no longer open, then I realized it looked like my machine rebooted. The desktop was showing, but the normal apps that remain open during start up were not present. I looked at the status bar?(the area that shows active apps like, sound volume, network connection, USB devices, New updates available, Microsoft Security Essentials...) and noticed only about 1/3 of the icons were showing. I naturally wanted to start up ie to search for this problem, but ie did not start up. Meaning, I double clicked on the icon and nothing showed up. I tried applications listed below.

ie does not start
Google Chrome does not start
Firefox does not start
Command Shell starts, able to ping externally so probably isn't network related?
word does not start
Notepad works, but doesn't help me much
Windows Update does not start

same problem in safe mode

Rebooted back to normal mode (not safe mode) and noticed Windows gadgets start to appear about 3 minutes after desktop appears.

performed a scandisk (had to reboot of course)

Started Microsoft Security Essentials, got it uptodate, ran quick scan, nothing found.

I eventually found out internet explorer 64 bit works! I searched and found this forum. Using problem identification guidelines posted.
1) rebooted to capture beginning of ev log. on boot up eventviewer (after 2 minutes comes up)

The server {E10F6C3A-F1AE-4ADC-AA9D-2FE65525666E} did not register with DCOM within the required timeout.
The Peer Name Resolution Protocol cloud did not start because the creation of the default identity failed with error code: 0x80630801.
The Peer Name Resolution Protocol service terminated with the following error: %%-2140993535Session "Microsoft Security Client OOBE" stopped due to the following error: 0xC000000D
A timeout was reached (30000 milliseconds) while waiting for the Akamai NetSession Interface service to connect.A timeout was reached (30000 milliseconds) while waiting for the Apple Mobile Device service to connect.

2) Device Manager shows no yellow triangles

3) permon /report shows (as expected from ev log)
Diagnostic Results/Warnings:
Symptom: A service is reported as having an unexpected error code
Cause: One or more services has failed. The service did not stop gracefully, suggesting the service may
have crashed or one of its components stopped in an unsupported way.
Details: Service exited with code not equal to 0 or 1077
Resolution: Restart the service
Related: Performance Diagnosis

I'm not sure what else is relevent in the report. It does show under Anti-Virus Information that a Query
of rootSecurityCenter:SELECT * FROM AntiVirusProduct resulted in 0x0.

4) "Find and Fix" did not have any thing for my problem

5) n/a did not upgrade from Vista, was a new install 2 years ago?

Properties(right clicking and selecting Properties) on Computer does nothing.

Running dxdiag does nothing (from Run option and cmd.exe)

Edit Added:
It's looking like 32 bit applications do not start, but 64 bit applications do. For example programs in the Program Files (x86) will not start, but programs in the Program Files (assuming these are 64 bit) do start.

Also I've used msconfig and found same results when booting with no startup items, and no Services started.

So is there an system application that runs the 32 bit applications on windows 64 bit? It seems that program does not work on my machine now. Is there any way to replace it?

Begin Edit Morning of June 9th, 2012
I've tried system restore and it failed during the restore, and then windows failed to boot. I was able to get it back to the same state? now with windows repair, sfc, and replacing reported bad files from windows 7 install disk.
End Edit Jun 9th 2012

Begin Edit June 10th, 2012
I'm 90% sure it's just 32 bit applications that don't start.
- Application Verifier does not start
- Application Verifier (x64) does start
- Internet Explorer (Program Files x86) does not start
- Internet Explorer (Program Files) does start
End Edit June 10th, 2012

Any ideas where go to from here?


Hello all.
I suppose I'd best start from the beginning, when I moved installed Windows 8 Release Preview onto the second hard drive on my build, duplicated files onto it, and left 7 on my WD drive(in case 8 didn't work out)
About a week later, trouble struck. The WD drive started to make terrible grinding noises, and soon after stopped showing up on my computer. I figured that I'd have to get another drive, but that it could wait- I still had my main drive, after all.
However, 8 quickly began to irritate me, as it begun slowly freezing up- I'd be in Chrome, and suddenly I couldn't access the Start screen or the dock icons. Soon, I wouldn't be able to do anything, and I'd have to manually restart. It is worth noting here that I tried multiple times to install drivers for my AMD 6870, but they didn't work(some games, for example, would say "Bad graphics card drivers", and could not run)
So I figured that I'd just stick in the disk for 7(Home Premium), and get going again.
After multiple failed attempts, I finally managed to get it installing, and went to have dinner. After I got back, lines of code were flashing across a black screen. Though moving quickly, I managed to catch what appeared to be the first few words(they were the first in about 90% of the lines). They were "Restoring orphaned..."
I decided it was best to not mess with it, as something had clearly gone wrong and it was restoring files.
In the morning, it worked- except that my wireless mouse did not. I grabbed a wired one, plugged it in, and installed Windows, then replaced it with a wireless one, which said it was "Installing Drivers".
All my old stuff is now in WindowsOld.001. My question here is, is there any way to move those files back to my current Windows(that is, the program files- documents and pictures were backed up). Any help would be greatly appreciated, as I can't seem to find the Gigabyte drivers disk- basically, my computer doesn't have network adapter drivers- so it can't connect to the internet to download drivers.

GPU-33: Graphics Driver Installation Instructions for Microsoft Windows 7

Last Updated

1/13/2010 Article Number

GPU-33 This article guides the user through a series of steps to install the ATI Catalyst™ driver under:
Operating System:
Microsoft Windows 7Using the following ATI graphics products
ATI Radeon™ series of productsATI FireMV™ series of productsATI FireGL™ series of productsATI FirePro™ series of productsReasons to Install the Latest Catalyst Driver
New InstallationApplication RequirementsDisplay IssuesGraphics Performance IssuesDriver Related Error MessagesTable of Contents

The installation process consists of five steps for Microsoft Windows 7. Click a topic below to go to the relevant section within this page:Find the latest ATI Catalyst™ driverDownload the latest ATI Catalyst™ driverUninstall any legacy ATI or other display drivers (where applicable)Run the driver installation procedure1. Finding the Latest ATI Display Driver
Please visit the AMD Graphics Drivers & Software page to download the most current version of the drivers for the product before proceeding. For more information on how to find the right driver, refer to knowledgebase article 737-26590.
Return to Table of Contents
2. Download the latest Catalyst driver

The ATI Catalyst™ Software Suite contains the Display Drivers, WDM drivers, and the Catalyst Control Center. To prevent errors when downloading the driver, use the following steps:Create a central location for the download such as the DesktopRight-Click on the Desktop and select "New" and then "Folder"Name the folder "ATI Downloads"Click on the hyperlink(s) for the file downloadA "File Download" dialogue box will appearSelect the "Save" button, where a "Save As" window should appearBrowse the Desktop to locate the newly created folder "ATI Downloads"Select the "Save" buttonReturn to Table of Contents
3. Uninstall any legacy ATI or other display drivers (where applicable)
Any pre-existing graphic drivers must be first uninstalled, to prevent any errors that may occur when installing the latest ATI Catalyst™ drivers.

Note! The following instructions only apply if a graphics driver pre-exists on the system. This step can be skipped if the system currently has no legacy graphics drivers installed.Click on the “Start” buttonOpen the “Control Panel”Select “Programs and Features”Select “ATI Catalyst Install Manager”Click on “Change”
Click on “Next” when prompted for the “Welcome to the InstallShield Wizard for ATI Catalyst™ Install Manager.”Select "Express Uninstall All ATI Software"Follow the on-screen directions and restart the system when finishedNote! The Windows User Account Control (UAC) will prompt for “Do you want to allow the following program from an unknown publisher to make changes to this computer?” Click on “Yes” to continue with the uninstall processTo verify that the legacy graphics driver has been uninstalled, return to the "Uninstall or Change a Program" list and ensure that there is no ATI specific software listedIf ATI specific software is still listed, remove any remaining ATI software components using the above process and restart the system when completeReturn to Table of Contents

4. Run the driver installation procedureClose all opened applications, including any live monitoring anti-virus/firewall/remote access/webcam software, before attempting to install the ATI softwareOpen the graphics driver previously downloaded. A prompt with a security warning by Microsoft Windows 7 will show up asking if you wish to run the file. Click "Run" to start the install process

Note! The Windows User Account Control (UAC) prompt will open asking you “Do you want to allow the following program to make changes to this computer,” select “Yes” to continue with the install processA window will appear with the “Select components to install” Click "Next" to proceed

Click on “Install” to create a temporary installation folder

Click “Next” on the Welcome screen to continue

Click on “Install” to begin the installation proces

A window will open and prompt with a destination folder indicating where the installation files will be saved to. Use the default folder or change the location by clicking the "Browse" button. Click the "Install" button to proceedSelect “Express” (recommended) or “Custom” installation and then click "Next"

A window will appear with the End User License Agreement. Click on the "Accept" button after agreeing to the license

On the next window, a prompt will appear to specify the folder for installation. Click on “Yes” to the “Would you like to create this folder” prompt to continue

In the next step the system will be analyzed and the installation of the components will begin

If the “Custom” install option was selected, the next window allows checking and un-checking the components to be installedThe installation procedure will start shortly thereafter and a dialog box will indicate the install progressClick “Finish” to complete the installation process and restart the system when prompted

The installation process will be complete

My primary computer passed the readiness test for Windows 7 using the beta utility on the Microsoft site. The computer has a good running XP Pro installation on it on one of two available SATA drives. The second drive has 3 large empty partitions on it so I decided to install Win 7 build 7100 on one of the partitions. I shoved in the DVD and everything went smoothly until it reached the point where the first reboot was required. Reboot got to the point where you are asked to press any key to boot from the DVD. Of course that would just start the whole process from the beginning again so you don't want to do that. If all was normal the system would jump over that step and restart the installation process from where it left off. I finally did press a key and let the process get back to the point where you can ask it to repair a restart problem. It came back saying it had found a problem and fixed it but of course it hadn't done that at all. I started removing USB devices and trying the whole installation process over and over again with no success. Of course I can not now get back into XP because of something the aborted Win 7 installation has done to the boot files so I can use the computer for a footstool at best.

At this point I am tempted to reformat the Win 7 partition and see if I can somehow get the XP partition back to a bootable status but I don't know how much damage the incomplete Win 7 has done. At least I do have a fresh daily backup of XP before all this trouble started so no important data is lost.

After Vista and now this debacle I can't think of one good thing to say about Microsoft and its marketing machine.

TIA for any assistance/suggestions.

I tried to install Windows 7 RC x86 several times. Every time I tried to do it, my computer froze at the very beginning of the process, still running from the DVD like here:
The moment of freezing is the same, however the stop errors (BSODs) are not.
I get IRQL NOT LESS OR EQUAL most of the time.
I got 000000d1, then 0000007e, then 000000d1 with an additional line saying netio.sys froze.
Then I pressed F8 during install, and tried to install it in safe mode. It froze with "Page Fault Found In A Non Paged Area" and stop code 00000050 three times.
The last line that was shown on screen before freezing was disk.sys all three times.

I have a perfectly functioning installation of Vista Business on another partition.
(I have perfectly functioning installations of XP Pro and Ubuntu on the second hard drive.)

Then I tried to run the installer from Vista, choosing a clean install on another (NTFS-formatted and empty) partition. The first stage of file copying was completed, at the first restart however, where Windows 7 RC created a dual-boot menu for the old Vista and for itself with the name "Windows Setup" it froze exactly as before, immediately after showing the Starting Windows screen.
This time the stop error (BSOD) message was 0000008e.
I tried twice more, the same thing happened.

I have an nForce 4 Ultra-based Asus A8N-SLI Deluxe main board with an AMD Athlon 64 X2 3800+ (2000Mhz) Toledo S939, Gigabyte ATI Radeon X550 128MB and 4 identical sticks of 1024 MB Kingmax DDR 400Mhz RAM (which can only run at 400 Mhz if I stick in at most two of them. If I insert more than two modules, and I try to run them at 400 Mhz there will be freezes every few minutes, so currently I use them at 333Mhz without problems. That means that a Memtest86 full test completes without error at 333Mhz with 4 GB RAM)

Freezing 15 times out of 15 with a stop error on a machine that runs Vista perfectly is serious.

I know that the nForce 4 chipset has loads of bugs, especially with the SATA controller and its buggy AHCI and hot swap capabilites.
NForce4 chipset mainboards do not have any BIOS option to enable the AHCI mode of the nForce S-ATA ports. There is simply no such option in BIOS.

What could be the problem?
Help me, please.

I have been experiencing intermittent BSOD crashes on my Media Center PC with increasing frequency over the past few weeks. This morning I booted from the Windows 7 installer DVD (ready to re-install again), and it started loading files to RAM. After a few minutes it crashed with another BSOD and gave the following error:

A problem has been detected and windows has been shut down to prevent damage to your computer.


If this is the first time you've seen this stop error screen, restart your computer. If this screen appears again, follow these steps:

Check to make sure any new hardware or software is properly installed. If this is a new installation, ask your hardware or software manufacturer for any windows updates you might need.

If problems continue, disable or remove and newly installed hardware or software. Disbale BIOS memory options such as caching or shadowing. If you need to use safe mode to remove or disable components, restart your computer, press F8 to select Advanced Startup Options, and then select Safe Mode.

Technical information:

*** STOP: 0x0000001A (0x0000000000041284, 0xFFFFF8A001097001, 0x0000000000000FDD, 0xFFFFF781C0000000)

It seems to BSOD more when it has been started up from cold, so I am beginning to suspect a motherboard issue. This morning it would only have been using the following hardware:
- The BIOS (updated last night)
- The RAM (all tested OK with MEMTEST86 for 22 hours last week)
- The DVD-ROM drive (BSOD errors occurred previously when this wasn't in use)
- The motherboard
- The DVD-ROM drive
- The chassis PSU

So I think it can really only be one of the latter three items. The machine also crashed yesterday when booting from a Linux Ubuntu 12.04 CD (no hard disk involved), but I know the CD is fine. It booted again afterwards fine, so again I suspect it may be a hardware issue.


I've has a weird issue the last three weeks:

When I start my computer (Windows 7 professional) and login, it freezes after about 2 minutes. Not entirely freezes, but going super-slow, I can see that it changes between open folders after 20 sec if I alt+tab for example.

But when I hold the power-button to shut down to computer and then start it up again, I don't get the same problem. If I restart again the problem comes back.

Anyone have any idea what could be causing this? I assume it's some service or program that starts at the beginning after login that causes it, but what program/service doesn't start after having shut down the computer using the power buttom?

When the problem started, I hadn't done anything special, like installed new drivers or such... just came from nowhere it seemed.

edit: I also tried system restore, but for some reason I only had one restore point a few days earlier; I tried that but without success.

Thanks for any support!

After searching around for a couple of weeks only to get more frustrated, I found a solution that worked for me last night. I do see there are many threads about this, but hope you can handle one more.

Funny thing was that in Safe Mode my external disk showed up and I could even go into it like normal.
It was also visible in Disk Management - but I could not open the drive when running in normal mode. It did show up, but the total disk space and free space was not available. When I tried to open it, it just popped up a "warning"
saying "F: Not available".

What I have tried before my solution worked;
- different fixes from both producer (Western Digital) and Microsoft
- updating USB drivers and lots of other drivers "that should take care of it"
- assigning a letter to the disk
- etc

In the end I just did a fresh install to get a new and fresh start and go back to the beginning.
(Note: maybe not be mandatory for you unless you have installed real crappy USB drivers and dont know how to get rid of them).

My disk is Western Digital Extreme Lighted Drive - USB 2/Firewire (Im using USB now) - 320GB.
My Mobo is Maximus II Formula, socket 775 - BIOS 2202

My fix:
- Go to BIOS
- Advanced
- USB Configuration
- USB Mass Storage Device Configuration (see if you can find your disk there and)
- If so, Enter it and look for Emulation Type
- Set Emulation Type to "Forced HDD"
- Other options you might find there (just so you know you are on the right place); Auto, Floppy, Hard Disk, CDROM
- Save BIOS and Restart computer

If you have another type of BIOS try to find something similar like the ones above. It might be found under other tabs than Advanced.

Sadly, I can not guarantee this will work for you, but I really hope so `cause this was getting on my nerves!

Ps! You do not need to download any fixes at all before doing this. Just install updates after Windows 7 is installed and then restart and Enter BIOS.

Good Luck!


I should probably start off with the history of all this. I built the computer myself in February of this year. I accidentally installed x86 version and it ran perfectly fine. Since I didnt really care at the time, I just left it. Then in May, I decided it was time to go to x64 and also upgraded my RAM from 4GB (2x2GB) to 12GB (2x2GB + 2x4GB). Early July I decided a SSD looked good, installed Windows to it and it ran fine until August.

Sometime in August I started playing a game called APB Reloaded and had crashing issues with the game. Around the same time, I suddenly started getting random BSODs for MEMORY_MANAGEMENT. I ran diagnostics on it and good ol Google. It seemed as though it was just random at the time.

Jump forward a little more (a good 10 BSODs later) and the beginning of September. I started getting annoyed with the BSODs and started trying to solve the problem. Initially, it was looking as if the problem was pointing at AVAST Anti-Virus. So, naturally I got rid of it and tried MSE. About a day later, I get another BSOD pointing to audio. I updated the Audio. 2 days later I get another BSOD that pointed to faulty Drivers in Windows. I attempted to recover and went another few days dealing with random BSODs. I tried to see if I could recreate them. Failed horribly to recreate.

I then found a post suggesting to use verifier to overload the windows drives. I attempted it and I immediately crashed before windows loaded. I found out that there was a very old driver in windows and immediately removed it. Tried to see what would happen after that, after I turned off verifier, and got another BSOD. Tried verifier again and got to desktop only for it to crash for page_fault_in_nonpaged_area pointing at the audio drives. Tried to uninstall the audio drives, and ran it again. Still got BSOD for MEMORY_MANAGEMENT.

Then I seriously thought it might be my memory. I turned the memory diagnostics on, all night on all settings. The results: 19 passes No Errors Detected. I then went to the SSD as the possible cause. Ran every possible HDD utility possible under windows (including a Disk Monitor program) and found 0 Errors. Tried running sfc /scannow, nothing but registry errors that fixed and immediately came back with 0 errors. I then tried to reset all bios settings back to their defaults. I also found, at the time, that I had the onboard graphics enabled and a floppy drive that didnt exist. Also upped my mem speed from 1333 to 1600 during this and pulled the 2x2GB sticks of RAM out. I noticed a huge increase in the speed of the computer (when it was running properly). Gave up at trying when windows decided to BSOD for a random error upon loading firefox.

At that point I said to hell with it and reinstalled windows (This time using Win 7 Pro x64 with SP1) and had hellva time trying to get it to install. I had to force close the install and then install it to get it to install without closing the disk boot. That was yesterday. Today, everything was running perfectly fine. I was installing all my programs and got all the basic stuff down and everything was stable. I got up to go do some homework on my laptop, which is just a few feet away from my desktop, while windows was rebooting from update installation. I turned and looked and it was on the login screen. I said whatever and continued working on my work.

About 15 minutes later, the computer suddenly goes blue and I see it out of the corner of my eye... SYSTEM_SERVICE_EXCEPTION. ofc, I went straight to google and started the debugging tools. Since I was on the login screen, there really wasnt too many drivers loaded and no programs running. The debugging tool has IMAGE_NAME: memory_corruption... Google found to be of little help so now I am here...

Here is the results of the debug tool...

Code: ******************************************************************************* * * * Bugcheck Analysis * * * ******************************************************************************* Use !analyze -v to get detailed debugging information. BugCheck 3B, {c0000005, fffff80002fe5305, fffff880077f5e30, 0} Probably caused by : memory_corruption ( nt!MiInsertVadCharges+265 ) Followup: MachineOwner --------- 0: kd> !analyze -v ******************************************************************************* * * * Bugcheck Analysis * * * ******************************************************************************* SYSTEM_SERVICE_EXCEPTION (3b) An exception happened while executing a system service routine. Arguments: Arg1: 00000000c0000005, Exception code that caused the bugcheck Arg2: fffff80002fe5305, Address of the instruction which caused the bugcheck Arg3: fffff880077f5e30, Address of the context record for the exception that caused the bugcheck Arg4: 0000000000000000, zero. Debugging Details: ------------------ EXCEPTION_CODE: (NTSTATUS) 0xc0000005 - The instruction at 0x%08lx referenced memory at 0x%08lx. The memory could not be %s. FAULTING_IP: nt!MiInsertVadCharges+265 fffff800`02fe5305 480fab02 bts qword ptr [rdx],rax CONTEXT: fffff880077f5e30 -- (.cxr 0xfffff880077f5e30) rax=00000000003ff7ea rbx=000007fefd50b000 rcx=0000000000000001 rdx=fffff70001000000 rsi=0000000000000003 rdi=000007fefd4a0000 rip=fffff80002fe5305 rsp=fffff880077f6810 rbp=00000000003ff7ea r8=00000000000000ef r9=0000000000000003 r10=fffff70001080078 r11=fffff880077f6800 r12=0000000000000000 r13=000000000000000f r14=0000000000000001 r15=fffffa8009d63b30 iopl=0 nv up ei pl zr na po nc cs=0010 ss=0018 ds=002b es=002b fs=0053 gs=002b efl=00010246 nt!MiInsertVadCharges+0x265: fffff800`02fe5305 480fab02 bts qword ptr [rdx],rax ds:002b:fffff700`01000000=???????????????? Resetting default scope CUSTOMER_CRASH_COUNT: 1 DEFAULT_BUCKET_ID: VISTA_DRIVER_FAULT BUGCHECK_STR: 0x3B PROCESS_NAME: svchost.exe CURRENT_IRQL: 0 LAST_CONTROL_TRANSFER: from 0000000000000000 to fffff80002fe5305 STACK_TEXT: fffff880`077f6810 00000000`00000000 : 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 : nt!MiInsertVadCharges+0x265 FOLLOWUP_IP: nt!MiInsertVadCharges+265 fffff800`02fe5305 480fab02 bts qword ptr [rdx],rax SYMBOL_STACK_INDEX: 0 SYMBOL_NAME: nt!MiInsertVadCharges+265 FOLLOWUP_NAME: MachineOwner MODULE_NAME: nt DEBUG_FLR_IMAGE_TIMESTAMP: 4e02aaa3 STACK_COMMAND: .cxr 0xfffff880077f5e30 ; kb IMAGE_NAME: memory_corruption FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0x3B_nt!MiInsertVadCharges+265 BUCKET_ID: X64_0x3B_nt!MiInsertVadCharges+265 Followup: MachineOwner If anything else happens, I will update... If anyone has any thoughts, please share?

PS. heres the specs:
Gigabyte 880GMA-UD2H rv 2.2 (built in VGA disabled)
AMD II x4 645 3.1GHz
2x2GB Corsair DDR3 and 2x4GB Corsair DDR3 with native 1600 support and same timings
NVIDIA 430GT with no OC (running Beta driver WQL 285.27) and all 3d support turned off.
1x40GB Intel SSD with OS
1x500GB WD Green HDD
1x256GB Seagate HDD
1x1TB WD External HDD

also have 2 old drives (DVD ROM and DVD-RW) that I pulled from an old system.

Case has plenty of cooling (1 400mm top mounted, 2 120mm HDD fans, and 120mm rear fan) Highest CPU records approx 40C and highest GPU records 59C (when playing EvE Online in station which is GPU intensive)

Update 1: I managed to get the whole system to lockup from a random error. I could move the mouse around but no programs would respond, including task manager and explorer.exe. I waited a few minutes then just forced it to shut down. I am going to rollback to before I updated and see what happens.

Update 2: After rolling back and confirming that the system is at least stable, attempted to update selected windows updates. went fine. I then updated to IE9 and upon restart:
Code: ******************************************************************************* * * * Bugcheck Analysis * * * ******************************************************************************* Use !analyze -v to get detailed debugging information. BugCheck 1A, {41287, 30, 0, 0} Probably caused by : ntkrnlmp.exe ( nt! ?? ::FNODOBFM::`string'+46585 ) Followup: MachineOwner --------- 3: kd> !analyze -v ******************************************************************************* * * * Bugcheck Analysis * * * ******************************************************************************* MEMORY_MANAGEMENT (1a) # Any other values for parameter 1 must be individually examined. Arguments: Arg1: 0000000000041287, The subtype of the bugcheck. Arg2: 0000000000000030 Arg3: 0000000000000000 Arg4: 0000000000000000 Debugging Details: ------------------ BUGCHECK_STR: 0x1a_41287 CUSTOMER_CRASH_COUNT: 1 DEFAULT_BUCKET_ID: VISTA_DRIVER_FAULT PROCESS_NAME: runonce.exe CURRENT_IRQL: 0 TRAP_FRAME: fffff880083a26e0 -- (.trap 0xfffff880083a26e0) NOTE: The trap frame does not contain all registers. Some register values may be zeroed or incorrect. rax=0000000000000000 rbx=0000000000000000 rcx=0000000000000002 rdx=0000000000000002 rsi=0000000000000000 rdi=0000000000000000 rip=fffff80002f64e85 rsp=fffff880083a2870 rbp=fffff880083a28c0 r8=fffff80002e0a000 r9=0000000000000001 r10=0000058000000000 r11=0000000fffffffff r12=0000000000000000 r13=0000000000000000 r14=0000000000000000 r15=0000000000000000 iopl=0 nv up ei pl nz ac po nc nt!MiResolvePageFileFault+0x1115: fffff800`02f64e85 8b4830 mov ecx,dword ptr [rax+30h] ds:dc4d:00000000`00000030=???????? Resetting default scope LAST_CONTROL_TRANSFER: from fffff80002e1d62e to fffff80002e8a640 STACK_TEXT: fffff880`083a2578 fffff800`02e1d62e : 00000000`0000001a 00000000`00041287 00000000`00000030 00000000`00000000 : nt!KeBugCheckEx fffff880`083a2580 fffff800`02e8876e : 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000030 00000000`00000000 00000000`80000000 : nt! ?? ::FNODOBFM::`string'+0x46585 fffff880`083a26e0 fffff800`02f64e85 : 00000000`0022ed56 00000000`00000000 fffff8a0`00004df0 fffff800`02ef3964 : nt!KiPageFault+0x16e fffff880`083a2870 fffff800`02efb530 : 000007fe`ff7570b8 fffff683`ff7fbab8 fffffa80`0e85ca58 fffffa80`0c896811 : nt!MiResolvePageFileFault+0x1115 fffff880`083a29b0 fffff800`02e97979 : fffff880`083a2ae8 ffffffff`ffffffff 00000000`00000100 00000000`00740072 : nt! ?? ::FNODOBFM::`string'+0x399d4 fffff880`083a2ac0 fffff800`02e8876e : 00000000`00000000 000007fe`ff7570b8 fffff900`c2f2ea01 00000000`00000000 : nt!MmAccessFault+0x359 fffff880`083a2c20 000007fe`ff6eecf8 : 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 : nt!KiPageFault+0x16e 00000000`000def70 00000000`00000000 : 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 : 0x7fe`ff6eecf8 STACK_COMMAND: kb FOLLOWUP_IP: nt! ?? ::FNODOBFM::`string'+46585 fffff800`02e1d62e cc int 3 SYMBOL_STACK_INDEX: 1 SYMBOL_NAME: nt! ?? ::FNODOBFM::`string'+46585 FOLLOWUP_NAME: MachineOwner MODULE_NAME: nt IMAGE_NAME: ntkrnlmp.exe DEBUG_FLR_IMAGE_TIMESTAMP: 4ce7951a FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0x1a_41287_nt!_??_::FNODOBFM::_string_+46585 BUCKET_ID: X64_0x1a_41287_nt!_??_::FNODOBFM::_string_+46585 Followup: MachineOwner Update 3: Rolled back with success. Installed IE9 again with no problems this time (no changes to install method which further questions wtf is going on). Changed Bios features DRAM to Dual-Channel mode and pulled the 2x2GB sticks out. Seems to be running fine right now, but this issue is so unpredictable... Also doubled checked all connectors to make sure everything is secure in the case.


I'm new to these forums and was hoping I could get some help ASAP! The issue reared its ugly head this morning when I decided to join a friend on a steam game (dungeon defenders). The game went through the initial menu fine, but on the second menu, the sound suddenly looped and a pink screen occupied my monitor. I tried multiple more times and met with the same results. Then I moved on to another game and met with faster resistance. Another pink screen with no information filled the screen. Lastly, i tried watching a random youtube video in full screen but met with another annoying, yet true to its color, bsod with again no text on screen.

The PC was built at the start of this year for my family's use, but this nagging issue will undoubtedly wreck their weekend.

The specs are:
CPU Intel Core i5-2500K 3.3GHz Quad-Core Processor CPU Cooler Cooler Master Hyper 212 Plus 76.8 CFM Sleeve Bearing CPU Cooler Motherboard ASRock Z68 Extreme4 Gen3 ATX LGA1155 Motherboard Memory G.Skill Ripjaws Series 8GB (2 x 4GB) DDR3-1600 Memory Hard Drive Seagate Barracuda Green 1.5TB 3.5" 5900RPM Internal Hard Drive Hard Drive Samsung 830 Series 64GB 2.5" Solid State Disk Video Card EVGA GeForce GTX 570 1.25GB Video Card Case Corsair 400R ATX Mid Tower Case Power Supply Rosewill 1000W ATX12V / EPS12V Power Supply Monitor Acer G215HVAbd 21.5" Monitor Keyboard Microsoft SIDEWINDER X4 Wired Gaming Keyboard Mouse Gigabyte GM-M6800 Wired Optical Mouse
I've also enclosed all the necessary information in the zip file. Please help me! Attached Files Gatomalo.Seven (1.05 MB, 11 views) Share Share this post on Digg Technorati Twitter
Operating System windows 7 ultimate 64 bit
OS Service Pack SP1
CPU Type and Speed intel 2500k
Motherboard Chipset asrock p67 extreme 4 gen3
Video Card Type and Speed evga SC gtx 570
Power Supply Unit (PSU) 1000
Computer Monitor acer 21.5
Headset/Microphone microsoft lifechat lx-3000
Keyboard and Mouse MS sidewinder x4 & gigabyte optical mouse
USB Controller Xbox 360 controller
Anti-virus Software Microsoft Security Essentials
System Install Date 1/7/2012
Computer Skill Level Basic Understanding
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Join Date Mar 2010 Posts 1,946 Re: Help! Consistent BSOD on new family pc Hi Gatomalo and Welcome to The Forum,

Your last three dmp files give a Stop Error 116

You're getting a Stop Error Code 116
(Link) "It's not a true crash, in the sense that the bluescreen was initiated only because the combination of video driver and video hardware was being unresponsive, and not because of any synchronous processing exception.

Since Vista, the "Timeout Detection and Recovery" (TDR) components of the OS video subsystem have been capable of doing some truly impressive things to try to recover from issues which would have caused earlier OSs like XP to crash. As a last resort, the TDR subsystem sends the video driver a "please restart yourself now!" command and waits a few seconds. If there's no response, the OS concludes that the video driver/hardware combo has truly collapsed in a heap, and it fires off that stop 0x116 BSOD.

If playing with video driver versions hasn't helped, make sure the box is not overheating. Try removing a side panel and aiming a big mains fan straight at the motherboard and GPU. Run it like that for a few hours or days - long enough to ascertain whether cooler temperatures make a difference. If so, it might be as simple as dust build up and subsequently inadequate cooling." - H2SO4 Ensure that none of the hardware is being over-clocked.
Ensure that the machine is adequately cooled. Chase out those dust bunnies!

See link to begin troubleshooting:STOP 0x116: VIDEO_TDR_ERROR Troubleshooting.

I see you have the possibility of setting your RAM to XMP in the BIOS. If you can do this, that will help system stability (as it is your RAM timings are off).

I'll update this thread with possible driver issues after I've stopped the dog chewing my leg off and taken him for a walk!

So I've recently noticed a problem with my Windows 7 x64 PC where whenever I rebooted, when it came back to the welcome screen it was staying there saying "Please wait," for a few minutes (not sure what it was doing, but it was doing it in safe mode too...) So I wanted to check my eventlog to see what the error was... because I was sure it was something that was probably looping over and over causing the please wait message.

When I went into Eventvwr I got this error message when it began loading-

"Event Log service is unavailable. Verify that the service is running"

So, seeing that I immediately just thought to go in and enable my eventlog service, when I went in to services.msc to see what happened, I saw that it was "Starting..." and it was sitting there not moving at all.

After seeing that, I checked its' dependencies and there are NONE! Though Task Scheduler, and Windows Event Collector both rely on this service to actually function. So because the Eventlog is not actually starting, I can't get my Task scheduler or my Windows Event Collector services to start.

Event Collector
(This one was a bit strange, because I don't have an HTTP Service that it's relying on to be able to start... but I don't recall ever even having an HTTP Service to begin with.)

Event Collector


So I'm without a clue what to do next!
I've tried practically everything suggested from random people on Google (which is sometimes a bad idea, but I guess it's my normal way to approach things like this.)

I'd LOVE to fix this problem (The problems opening the said services,) and I'd LOVE to fix the other problem that I first saw with the "Please wait" at the Welcome screen... because it never did that before.

Below are the solutions that I've attempted. Nothing has cured this damn service problem, tell me what you think I should honestly try (and please don't say formatting. I can't afford that time lost... I mean, if I can't fix this, I'll have to but I'd really like to try any other possible method.


Windows 7, I can 'Repair My System' ::I was excited that this could be my 'easy fix solution, and unfortunately it didn't really even help me. It said it couldn't find a problem with my PC when I tried repairing. I accessed the system based restore option (f8 before windows loaded.) When I tried loading from the CD to try to repair from that, it couldn't detect my Windows Installation to get into the repair screen, and it kept asking me to load the drivers for the sata drive... but I was able to actually browse my loaded windows directories to get the drive but couldn't find it. *Sigh
SFC /Scannow ::
Beginning verification phase of system scan. Verification 100% complete. Windows Resource Protection did not find any integrity violations.
Rename These Folders (Auto-Creation At Boot) ::
Saw that if I renamed the folders/files below, it'll recreate them at boot with the correct properties etc- ... this didn't do anything.

System Restore? Why not::
Oh this was gorgeous when I tried this in safe mode. It pretty much just stayed at "Initializing Restore" for about an hour and a half before I was tired of waiting and just manually restarted my PC... This happened with every different restore date that it had available (which were only about 12 dates.) I didn't wait the entire hour and a half for the other dates, but after about 30-40 minutes I was tired of waiting... it shouldn't EVER take that long.

Permissions For Registry Items ::
Making sure the registry items below have proper permissions set for local service, administrators, system, and my username.


Resetting The WMI Repository ::
Stopped the WMI Service, and went to the windowssystem32WBEM and renamed the Repository folder... Rebooted and it didn't really change my error.

Subinacl Reset Permissions ::
Tried using subinacl to restore all orginal registry and Windows file/folder permissions... this didn't do anything but...
subinacl /subkeyreg HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE /grant=administrators=f /grant=system=f
subinacl /subkeyreg HKEY_CURRENT_USER /grant=administrators=f /grant=system=f
subinacl /subkeyreg HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT /grant=administrators=f /grant=system=f
subinacl /subdirectories %SystemDrive% /grant=administrators=f /grant=system=f
subinacl /subdirectories %windir%*.* /grant=administrators=f /grant=system=f
secedit /configure /cfg %windir%infdefltbase.inf /db defltbase.sdb /verbose ________________________________________________________________________

A user called 'EventLog' ::
Strangely enough, another post from some random forum on google suggested this...

Access was denied on c:windowssystem32winevtlogs and on c:windowsserviceprofileslocalserviceappdatalocal

Tried to set permissions from a working Vista PC, but could not find a user called 'EventLog' (which has full control on the winevtlogs directory on the working pc). So I added 'everyone' with full control rights to the winevtlogs dir and the service was starting fine. ________________________________________________________________________

Winsock resetting? A lot said it worked! ::
Netsh winsock reset, reboot, nothing at all. It seemed speed up my restart quite a bit but I was still unable to start the said services and STILL was my welcome screen on reboot taking a GOD awful long time.


BSOD error message

0x0000007f (ox0000000000000008, 0x0000000080031, ox00000000000006f8, oxfffff800028dabd0)

Just curious what the stuff in the parenthesis means? i believe ox7f is hardware/driver issue, but i'm not a doctor. i don't know.

This has been happening it seems almost randomly. I have been working my computer pretty hard but i expect the best. I was pondering replacing some parts because I realize machines get old. shouldn't be, but the first thing i'm addressing is heat. new computer case in the mail for more fan room, and the first building block when i build a new system

OS Name Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium
Version 6.1.7601 Service Pack 1 Build 7601
Other OS Description Not Available
OS Manufacturer Microsoft Corporation
System Name TIMMY-PC
System Manufacturer BIOSTAR Group
System Model TA790GX 128M
System Type x64-based PC
Processor AMD Phenom(tm) II X4 940 Processor, 3000 Mhz, 4 Core(s), 4 Logical Processor(s)
BIOS Version/Date American Megatrends Inc. 080014, 1/13/2009
SMBIOS Version 2.5
Windows Directory C:Windows
System Directory C:Windowssystem32
Boot Device DeviceHarddiskVolume2
Locale United States
Hardware Abstraction Layer Version = "6.1.7601.17514"
User Name Timmy-PCTimmy
Time Zone US Mountain Standard Time
Installed Physical Memory (RAM) 6.00 GB
Total Physical Memory 6.00 GB
Available Physical Memory 4.51 GB
Total Virtual Memory 12.0 GB
Available Virtual Memory 10.3 GB
Page File Space 6.00 GB
Page File C:pagefile.sys

Just in case you need that.

Thanks for your help! Attached Files W7F_13-04-2013.rar (287.1 KB, 21 views) Share Share this post on Digg Technorati Twitter
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Join Date Mar 2010 Posts 1,333 Re: BSOD - w7f and error codes attached Info on the STOP 0x7F error: BSOD Index
Please note the "Usual Causes" section up near the top of that section
Also, you'll have to scroll down to see what the stuff in the parentheses means:
Code: WinDbg Help File Entry: The UNEXPECTED_KERNEL_MODE_TRAP bug check has a value of 0x0000007F. This bug check indicates that the Intel CPU generated a trap and the kernel failed to catch this trap. This trap could be a bound trap (a trap the kernel is not permitted to catch) or a double fault (a fault that occurred while processing an earlier fault, which always results in a system failure).Parameters The first parameter that appears on the blue screen specifies the trap number. The most common trap codes include the following: 0x00000000, or Divide by Zero Error, indicates that a DIV instruction is executed and the divisor is zero. Memory corruption, other hardware problems, or software failures can cause this error.0x00000004, or Overflow, occurs when the processor executes a call to an interrupt handler when the overflow (OF) flag is set.0x00000005, or Bounds Check Fault, indicates that the processor, while executing a BOUND instruction, finds that the operand exceeds the specified limits. A BOUND instruction ensures that a signed array index is within a certain range.0x00000006, or Invalid Opcode, indicates that the processor tries to execute an invalid instruction. This error typically occurs when the instruction pointer has become corrupted and is pointing to the wrong location. The most common cause of this error is hardware memory corruption.0x00000008, or Double Fault, indicates that an exception occurs during a call to the handler for a prior exception. Typically, the two exceptions are handled serially. However, there are several exceptions that cannot be handled serially, and in this situation the processor signals a double fault. There are two common causes of a double fault: A kernel stack overflow. This overflow occurs when a guard page is hit, and the kernel tries to push a trap frame. Because there is no stack left, a stack overflow results, causing the double fault. If you think this overview has occurred, use !thread to determine the stack limits, and then use kb (Display Stack Backtrace) with a large parameter (for example, kb 100) to display the full stack.A hardware problem. The less-common trap codes include the following: 0x00000001 — A system-debugger call0x00000003 — A debugger breakpoint0x00000007 — A hardware coprocessor instruction with no coprocessor present0x0000000A — A corrupted Task State Segment0x0000000B — An access to a memory segment that was not present0x0000000C — An access to memory beyond the limits of a stack0x0000000D — An exception not covered by some other exception; a protection fault that pertains to access violations for applications For other trap numbers, see an Intel architecture manual.Cause Bug check 0x7F typically occurs after you install a faulty or mismatched hardware (especially memory) or if installed hardware fails. A double fault can occur when the kernel stack overflows. This overflow occurs if multiple drivers are attached to the same stack. For example, if two file system filter drivers are attached to the same stack and then the file system recurses back in, the stack overflows.Resolving the Problem Debugging: Always begin with the !analyze extension. If this extension is not sufficient, use the kv (Display Stack Backtrace) debugger command. If kv shows a taskGate, use the .tss (Display Task State Segment) command on the part before the colon.If kv shows a trap frame, use the .trap (Display Trap Frame) command to format the frame.Otherwise, use the .trap (Display Trap Frame) command on the appropriate frame. (On x86-based platforms, this frame is associated with the procedure NT!KiTrap.) After using one of these commands, use kv again to display the new stack. Troubleshooting: If you recently added hardware to the computer, remove it to see if the error recurs. If existing hardware has failed, remove or replace the faulty component. Run hardware diagnostics that the system manufacturer supplies to determine which hardware component failed. The memory scanner is especially important. Faulty or mismatched memory can cause this bug check. For more informaiton about these procedures, see the owner's manual for your computer. Check that all adapter cards in the computer are properly seated. Use an ink eraser or an electrical contact treatment, available at electronics supply stores, to ensure adapter card contacts are clean. If the error appears on a newly installed system, check the availability of updates for the BIOS, the SCSI controller, or network cards. These kind of updates are typically available on the Web site or BBS of the hardware manufacturer. Confirm that all hard disk drives, hard disk controllers, and SCSI adapters are listed in the Microsoft Windows Marketplace Tested Products List. If the error occurred after the installation of a new or updated device driver, you should remove or replace the driver. If, under this circumstance, the error occurs during the startup sequence and the system partition is formatted with NTFS, you might be able to use Safe Mode to rename or delete the faulty driver. If the driver is used as part of the system startup process in Safe Mode, you have to start the computer by using the Recovery Console in order to access the file. Also restart your computer, and then press F8 at the character-based menu that displays the operating system choices. At the Advanced Options menu, select the Last Known Good Configuration option. This option is most effective when you add only one driver or service at a time. Overclocking (setting the CPU to run at speeds above the rated specification) can cause this error. If you have overclocked the computer that is experiencing the error, return the CPU to the default clock speed setting. Check the System Log in Event Viewer for additional error messages that might help identify the device or driver that is causing the error. You can also disable memory caching of the BIOS to try to resolve the problem. If you encountered this error while upgrading to a new version of the Windows operating system, the error might be caused by a device driver, a system service, a virus scanner, or a backup tool that is incompatible with the new version. If possible, remove all third-party device drivers and system services and disable any virus scanners before you upgrade. Contact the software manufacturer to obtain updates of these tools. Also make sure that you have installed the latest Windows Service Pack. Finally, if all the above steps do not resolve the error, take the system motherboard to a repair facility for diagnostic testing. A crack, a scratched trace, or a defective component on the motherboard can also cause this error. WinDbg Output Example: UNEXPECTED_KERNEL_MODE_TRAP (7f) This means a trap occurred in kernel mode, and it's a trap of a kind that the kernel isn't allowed to have/catch (bound trap) or that is always instant death (double fault). The first number in the bugcheck params is the number of the trap (8 = double fault, etc) Consult an Intel x86 family manual to learn more about what these traps are. Here is a *portion* of those codes: If kv shows a taskGate use .tss on the part before the colon, then kv. Else if kv shows a trapframe use .trap on that value Else .trap on the appropriate frame will show where the trap was taken (on x86, this will be the ebp that goes with the procedure KiTrap) Endif kb will then show the corrected stack. Arguments: Arg1: 0000000000000008, EXCEPTION_DOUBLE_FAULT Arg2: 0000000080050031 Arg3: 00000000000006f8 Arg4: fffff80002af243d There are no memory dumps included in the uploaded files, please zip up the contents of the C:WindowsMinidump folder and upload it with your next post. Please check this page to ensure the system is set to save minidumps: Set MiniDump Finally, don't use disk cleaning programs (such as CCleaner) while we're troubleshooting (they delete the files that we need).

Only 118 Windows Updates installed. Most systems have 150 or more. Please visit Windows Update and get ALL available updates (it may take several trips to get them all).

As there's no evidence of BSOD's in the WER section of MSINFO32, I'd have to suspect that this might be a hardware problem. Please start with these free hardware diagnostics: Hardware Diagnostics

Good luck!

Serenity's Shortcut Keys and Key Modifiers for the Windows ShellThis has now, finally, reached what I aimed for.

Serenity's Shortcut Keys and Key Modifiers for the Windows Shell
To move around the desktop toolbars, Taskbar, Notification Area and the Desktop - press Ctrl + Escape (or the Winkey) to activate Start, Escape to cancel the menu, then Tab and Shift + Tab to the various parts of the screen. Use the arrow keys to move within a section. Winkey + B jumps straight to the System Notification Area. To get a context menu of a blank part of the taskbar use the clock's context menu. Shift + F10 displays the context menu, Space or Enter activates.

Key Description
Delete key or Delete on the shortcut menu Deletes the file
Shift + Delete key or Shift + Delete on the shortcut menu Deletes the file and doesn't place it in the Reycle Bin
Dbl Click a drive shortcut, Rycycle Bin, Start Menu, or My Computer Opens an folder view of the double clicked item
Shift + Dbl Click a drive shortcut, Rycycle Bin, Start Menu, or My Computer Open an explorer view with the double clicked item selected
Shift + Close Button Closes the current folder and all parent folders
Shift + Drag Move a file (default when dragging on the same drive)
Shift + Right Click Opens the object's context menu with hidden verbs shown, if any
Shift + Send To menu Moves a file (default when sending on the same drive)
Shift + Insert a CD Prevents the CD from auto running
Shift + Starting Windows Doesn't run the programs in the startup folder
Shift + No in a file confirmation dialog Means No To All (XP)
Shift + View menu - Thumbnails Hides the label for the thumbnails. Repeat to Show (XP)
Shift + Favourites menu - Organise Favourites Opens the Favourites folder in a folder window.
Ctrl + Dbl Click an object (such as a document file) Opens in the object behind other windows. Doesn't work on all objects
Ctrl + Dbl Click a titlebar of an shell window (such as folder windows and web pages)
(Also F11) Changes the view to Full Screen.
Ctrl + Mouse scroll wheel Changes the text size in web pages.
Ctrl + Close button Sets the system default settings, mainly sort order. Icon style is not affected
Ctrl + Close button in Picture & Fax Viewer Resets "Don't Show ... Again" dialog settings
Ctrl + Drag Copies a file (default for dragging between drives)
Ctrl + Send To menu Copies the file (default when sending between drives)
Ctrl + Send To menu Powertoys (except Send Contents to Clipboard) Sends the short name to the clipboard or run dialog
Ctrl + Send To menu Send Contents to Clipboard Powertoy Opens a dialog box to specify the data format
Ctrl + Shift + Drag
(also Alt + Drag) Creates a Shortcut rather than moving or copying a file (default when dragging only program files in 95, in later versions is the default for dragging program files listed in the App Paths key in the registry)
Ctrl + Shift + Send To menu Creates a Shortcut rather than moving or copying a file
Ctrl + Number Pad Plus Key in Explorer Auto sizes all columns
Ctrl + Alt + Delete Starts the Close Program dialog box (Windows 9x), Security dialog (NT, 2000, XP if Welcome Screen disabled), and Task Manager (XP with Welcome Screen enabled)
Ctrl + Alt + Delete twice on the Welcome Screen Presents the non Welcome Screen logon. This works on XP Pro only
Ctrl + Shift + Escape Starts the Close Program dialog box (Windows 9x) or Task Manager (NT, 2000, XP)
Ctrl + Alt + Shift and Close or Cancel in the Shutdown dialog Closes down Window's shell. Use Task Manager's File - Run dialog to start Explorer to restart the shell.
Ctrl + Click a Taskbar Button Select multiple Windows to tile or cascade (by right clicking the taskbar)
Ctrl + Click Run in Task Manager's File menu Starts a command prompt.
Ctrl (RHS only) + Scroll Lock twice Initiates a blue screen. Used for hangs to get a memory dump. Only works on PS/2 or older keyboards. USB keyboard users need to get an addin crash card.
Note: Keyboards have low priority so if another piece of hardware has caused the hang windows may not see this key sequence.
A registry key needs to be set to enable this key sequence.
SYSTEMCurrentControlSetServicesi8042prtParamet ers
CrashOnCtrlScroll=1 as a DWord.
Alt + Space Opens the System menu
Alt + Hyphen Opens the Document menu in MDI applications
Alt + Enter or Alt + Dbl Click Open the Property dialog
Alt + Left Arrow Moves forward through the history list
Alt + Right Arrow Moves backwards through the history list
Alt + Tab Cycles through open windows, and switches to the window when the Alt key is released
Alt + Shift + Tab Cycles backwards through open windows, and switches to the window when the Alt key is released
Alt + Esc Switches to the next open window
Alt + Shift + Esc Switches to the previous open window
Alt + Home Home Page
Left Arrow Collapse the current selection if it is expanded or Select the parent folder
Right Arrow Expand the current selection if it is collapsed or Select the first subfolder
Num Lock On + Minus Sign (-) Collapse the selected folder
Num Lock On + * Expand all folders below the current selection
Num Lock On + Plus Sign (+) Expand the selected folder
Home Top of File List
End Bottom of File List
[Characters] tyed without a pause Goto the object that starts with the characters that were typed
[Single Character] after a pause Goto the next object starting with that character
Backspace Go to the parent folder
Right Click the System Menu or the Folder Icon in Web View Pops up the context menu for the container
Drag an object onto a Windows Titlebar Opens that object in that window (dragging into the window will often work, but in OLE documents this will insert the object into the current document)
Drag an object over, then hover over a collapsed folder in Explorer's tree view Expands the folder display
Drag an object over, then hover over, a taskbar button Brings the Window attached to the Taskbar button to the top
Drag an object over, then hover over, a blank part of the taskbar Minimises all open windows

Function Keys
Key Description
F1 Starts Windows Help
F2 Renames the selected file
F3 Starts Find Files or Folders
F4 Opens the drop down address bar
Alt + F4 Closes the current window in Explorer, exits an application, or if the shell has the focus (ie Start Menu or the Desktop), exits Windows
F5 Refreshes the view in Explorer, Desktop, or Start Menu
F6 or Tab Switch between left and right panes
F10 Menu access key (same to pressing Alt by itself)
Shift + F10 or the Application key Context menu access key
Shift + Ctrl + F10 or Shift + Right Click Add Open With.. to Right Click Menu
F11 Toggles full screen view

Control Keys
Key Description
Ctrl + A Selects all files
Ctrl + B Organise Favourites (in an Explorer window)
Ctrl + C Copies a file
Ctrl + D If a file isn't selected adds the current folder to Favourites
Ctrl + E or Ctrl + F Opens the Search pane in Explorer
Ctrl + G Goto (older versions only)
Ctrl + H Opens the History pane in Explorer
Ctrl + H Opens the Favourites pane in Explorer
Ctrl + P Prints the Web View template part of the view if the Web View has the focus (this isn't a useful feature)
Ctrl + R Refreshes the view
Ctrl + S Toggles the Volume applet between small and normal mode. Though in most circumstances it means Save the currently opened document.
Ctrl + V Pastes a file
Ctrl + W Closes an Explorer window
Ctrl + X Cuts a file
Ctrl + Z Undoes the last operation (if possible)

The Winkey
The Winkey works even if Explorer or the Shell doesn't have the focus.

Key Description
Winkey or Ctrl + Esc Opens the Start Menu
Winkey + B Set focus to the first icon in the System Notification Area.
Winkey + D Minimises and hides windows that can't be minimised or Unminimises/unhides all windows
Winkey + E Starts Explorer
Winkey + F Starts Find Files or Folders
Winkey + Ctrl + F Starts Find Computer
Winkey + M Minimises all windows that can be minimised
Winkey + Shift + M Unminimises all windows
Winkey + R Starts the Run Dialog
Winkey + F1 Starts Windows Help (F1 start help for the current application, if the focus is in Explorer or the desktop F1 also starts Windows Help)
Winkey + Tab Cycles through open windows with out bringing the Window to the top (press Enter)
Winkey + Break Starts System Properties
Winkey + a number Computer specific function set by the computer manufacturer. Very few computers use this.

Windows 2000/XP Only
Key Description
Winkey + L Lock Workstation or Switch User (if Welcome Screen is on)
Winkey + U Accessability Utility Manager

Key Description
Click an object Selects the object, cancelling any other selection.
Control + Click, or Control + Space Selects or unselects the object without cancelling any other selection.
Arrow Keys Moves the focus and selects the object.
Control + Arrow Keys Moves the focus without selecting the objects.
Shift + Arrow Keys Moves the focus and adds the object to the selected objects.
Click then Shift + Click Selects all objects between the two clicks.
Drag Drag a rectangle to select all objects within the rectangle.

Auto Complete
Key Description
Alt + Down Arrows (or double click) Opens the drop down list
Down Arrow Cycles from most recent to least recent Auto Complete suggestions. Will match suggestions that start with the characters to the left of the cursor. Only letters are able to be used for partial matches.
Up Arrow Cycles from least recent to most recent Auto Complete suggestions. Will match suggestions that start with the characters to the left of the cursor. Only letters are able to be used for partial matches. If no letters are entered then the Up Arrow is only valid after the Down Arrow has been used.
Right Arrow Goes to the end of the suggestion. Type or press up or down arrow to cycle through suggestions which begin with the characters to the left of the cursor.
Ctrl + Left or Right Arrow Moves cursor a word at a time, slashes and dots are considered word separators.
Ctrl + Enter Adds http://www. before the typed word and .com after it in the address bar.
Delete Deletes the highlighted suggestion for forms and passwords only.

Message Boxes and Error Dialogs
Key Description
Ctrl + C Copies the text of a message box to the clipboard.
Alt + D Shows details in an error dialog.

Copying the Screen
Key Description
Prt Scn Copies the whole screen to the clipboard as a graphic. Use MS Paint to paste the image.
Depending on Prt Scn key settings on the Misc tab of a Dos program's properties, a Dos program can still print to printer with Prt Scn key.
Alt + Prt Scn Copies the active window to the clipboard as a graphic.

Note: These keys can be disabled in Accessibility in Control Panel.

Key Description
Hold Right Shift for eight seconds Switch FilterKeys on and off.
Left Alt + Left Shift + Prt Scn Switch High Contrast on and off.
Left Alt + Left Shift + Num Lock Switch MouseKeys on and off.
Shift x 5 Switch StickyKeys on and off.
Hold Num Lock for five seconds Switch ToggleKeys on and off
Winkey + U Starts Utility Manager

While Accessibility is geared to people who need assistance in using a computer it includes nifty features for everyone. Some things that can be done;

a.. Sticky Keys allows one to press and release a modifier key and have it toggle on. Instead of pressing Ctrl + S to save a file, pressing Ctrl THEN S will save the file.
b.. Toggle Keys makes the toggle keys (Caps Lock, Num Lock, and Scroll Lock) make a tone when pressed. See another tip about Caps Lock at the end of the next section (Entering International Characters).
c.. The Display tab in Accessibility in Control Panel can change the width of the caret (text cursor).
d.. Mouse Keys allow one to use the numeric keypad as a mouse.
e.. On Screen Keyboard (Start - All Programs - Accessories - Accessibility or Winkey + U) allows typing with only a mouse.
Accessibility - Mouse Keys
Note: All these keys are on the numeric keypad. Some keys are optional and are set in Accessibility in Control Panel.

Key Description
5 Click
+ Double Click
- then 5 Right Click
- then + Right Double Click
* then 5 Both Button Click
* then + Both Button Double Click
/ Restore normal clicking
0 Press Left Button
5 then 0 Press Right Button
. Release Left or Right Mouse Button
1 - 4 and 6 - 9 Move mouse cursor in the text cursor direction shown on the key
Ctrl + 1 - 4 and 6 - 9 Move mouse cursor at a higher speed in the text cursor direction shown on the key
Shift + 1 - 4 and 6 - 9 Move mouse cursor at a slower speed in the text cursor direction shown on the key

Entering International Characters
There is a number of ways of entering international characters and symbols.

a.. Use Character Map.
b.. Use Alt + the character code entered on the numeric keypad
c.. Use the US International Keyboard
Entering International Characters - Character Map
Start - All Programs - Accessories - System Tools - Character Map and transfer via the clipboard.

Entering International Characters - Alt + Character Code
Holding down alt and pressing the character code on the numeric keypad will enter that character. The keyboard language in use must support entering that character. If your keyboard supports it the code is shown on the right hand side of the status bar in Character Map else this section of the status bar is empty.

However there is two ways of entering codes. The point to remember here that the characters are the same for the first 127 codes. The difference is if the first number typed is a zero of not. If it is then the code will insert the character from the current character set else it will insert a character from the OEM character set.

E.G., Alt + 0 then 6 then 5 then release Alt enters the letter A

Entering International Characters - US International Keyboards
Install the US International keyboard. Start - Control Panel - Regional And Language Options - Languages - Details - Add. While here review the Key Settings to switch keyboards or turn on the Language Bar (Advanced Text Services must not be disabled).

This works in two modes. Right Alt or Shift + Right Alt + another key and also by pressing dead keys (such as accents). On non US Keyboards the Right Alt key is called Alt Gr.

Right Alt is the same key as Ctrl + Left Alt on the US International keyboards, and on almost all keyboards except the standard US keyboards where left and right keys are treated the same . This is a reason why Ctrl + Alt should not be used to set hotkeys. Also F12 should also not be used for hotkeys as it's reserved for attaching a debugger.

The Right Alt Keys
Key Description
Right Alt + 1 i
Right Alt + 2 ?
Right Alt + 3 ?
Right Alt + 4 ?
Right Alt + 5 ?
Right Alt + 6 1/4
Right Alt + 7 1/2
Right Alt + 8 3/4
Right Alt + 9 '
Right Alt + 0 '
Right Alt + - ?
Right Alt + = ×¼/TD
Right Alt + Q 伯TD
Right Alt + W 弯TD
Right Alt + E 鼯TD
Right Alt + R (r)
Right Alt + T ?/TR
Right Alt + Y ?
Right Alt + U ?
Right Alt + I í¼¯TD
Right Alt + O 󼯔D
Right Alt + P ?D
Right Alt + [
Right Alt + ]
Right Alt + Not Sign
Right Alt + A ἯTD
Right Alt + S ß¼/TD
Right Alt + D 𼯔D
Right Alt + L ?
Right Alt + ; Pilcrow Sign
Right Alt + ' ?
Right Alt + Z 漯TD
Right Alt + C (c)
Right Alt + N 񼯔D
Right Alt + M ?
Right Alt + , 缯TD
Right Alt + / ?
Shift + Right Alt + 1 ?
Shift + Right Alt + 4 ?
Shift + Right Alt + = ?D
Shift + Right Alt + Q ļ/TD
Shift + Right Alt + W ż/TD
Shift + Right Alt + E ɼ/TD
Shift + Right Alt + T Þ¼/TD
Shift + Right Alt + Y ܼ/TD
Shift + Right Alt + U Ú¼/TD
Shift + Right Alt + I ͼ/TD
Shift + Right Alt + O Ó¼/TD
Shift + Right Alt + P Ö¼/TD
Shift + Right Alt + ?
Shift + Right Alt + A ?/TD
Shift + Right Alt + S ?
Shift + Right Alt + D м/TD
Shift + Right Alt + L ؼ/TD
Shift + Right Alt + ; ?
Shift + Right Alt + ' ?
Shift + Right Alt + Z Ƽ/TD
Shift + Right Alt + C ?
Shift + Right Alt + N Ѽ/TD
Shift + Right Alt + , Ǽ/TD

The Dead Keys
The dead keys are the apostrophe ('), quotation mark ("), accent grave (`), tilde (~), and caret(^). If these are pressed the system waits for the next key. If it is in the list below then it enters the symbol character else it enters both keys seperately. These work with uppercase where appropiate.

Key Description
' then C Ǽ/TD
' then e 鼯TD
' then y ?
' then u ?
' then i í¼¯TD
' then o 󼯔D
' then a ἯTD
" then e 뼯TD
" then u ?
" then i OTD
" then o ?D
" then a 伯TD
` then e 輯TD
` then u ?
` then i 켯TD
` then o 򼯔D
~ then o ?D
~ then n 񼯔D
^ then e 꼯TD
^ then u ?
^ then i TD
^ then o ?D
^ then a ⼯TD

Like Accessibility there is a trick here with general applicability. Normally Caps Lock is on or off and stays on or off untill the key is pressed again. This can be changed to act like a typewriter at Start - Control Panel - Regional And Language Options - Languages - Details - Key Settings and one can select whether another Caps Lock press will turn off Caps Lock or if pressing the Shift key will turn it off like on a typewriter.

If you’re an owner of the LG Quantum/c900, you may have noticed that your carrier hasn’t enabled Internet Sharing on the device. This is a universal problem for all carriers with the exception of Telstra (Australia).

Internet sharing is a feature that Microsoft made available in Mango, to carriers but not consumers. The drivers are available to manufacturers, who can choose whether or not to include them in their Mango drivers and can also be removed by carriers before pushing them out to the public.
Now let’s go back to that bit about Telstra… It is true that this carrier selected to include the tethering drivers in their mango driver package. There was much speculation about changing registry values to get the update on a different carrier, but this would not work because of the model variations - the Telstra Quantum is labelled c900k, with the Bell variation being c900b, while AT&T and other international models are simply c900). There are actually no hardware differences between the two, so I’m unsure why they’re labelled differently.

Now, in order to get tethering on any Quantum, we need to flash the Telstra ROM. If you’re uncomfortable with flashing ROM’s, or have never done it before (it’s easy, trust me!), you may want to stop here, although I have included easy instructions for newbies. Please note that flashing a ROM will delete/erase all content on your phone. You can reinstall apps more easily by viewing your purchase history in the Zune software! Alternatively, you can read how to enable wired tethering (which doesn’t require flashing) at the bottom of this post.

**Note that this will break MMS! The only solution (at this time) is to carrier unlock your phone and run the LG Network Setup tool, available from the marketplace!**

First of all, you’ll need to download the package (which weighs in at 372 MB) after the break, which has:
A modified DLL that allows cross-model flashing.The LG flashing/engineering tool.The LG United Mobile driver.The Telstra Mango ROM

Download this file (Deposit Files) and extract the contents to wherever you want.

Start your phone in “Emergency Download” mode; you can do this by holding the camera and volume down button while pressing the power button. A screen with an exclamation mark should appear, with the text “EmergencyDownload”.On your PC, open the “LGDP2 V36 Flashing Tool” folder, followed by the “Setup” subfolder.Launch the included executable and proceed through the installation process. When asked for the serial key, copy and paste it from “Serial Number.txt”. Finish the setup. You may get an error related to mqmailoa.dll, disregard it.Copy the “DOWNLOAD” folder from the flashing tool folder and paste it in C:, overwriting any file conflicts.Install the LG Modem Driver found in “LG Modem Driver (MA 4.9.7) in your extracted directory.Connect your phone to the computer via USB and allow the drivers to install.Disconnect your phone now.Navigate to C:DOWNLOAD and launch “LGDP2_V36_UMTS.exe”The tool will launch with a pop-up asking for Model Division, select “UMTS” and press OK.You will be presented with another pop-up, asking for Port Selection. In “Easy Select” on the left hand side, select “All”. Under “DLL Selection”, point the program to the DLL located in the directory you originally extracted everything to, under subfolder “DLL”Under “Download Configuration”, point the program to the Telstra Mango ROM, which is also in the extracted directory, under ROM. Press OK. Ignore warnings about being “Unable to Find Monitor Port”.Press “START” in the upper right hand corner. DO NOT CONNECT YOUR PHONE YET!NOW reconnect your phone. The process will begin, allowing you to view detailed information related to the progress in whatever COM port window the phone is connected to. Be patient as the process may take some time. DO NOT DISCONNECT YOUR PHONE!When the progress reaches 100%, you may disconnect. Now quickly run through the setup of your phone. At this point in time, you can close the LG Flashing Tool.You’ve now officially flashed the ROM.There are still a few steps to get tethering! Currently, you are running Mango only. The latest LG/Telstra drivers haven’t been installed yet.Navigate to settings on your phone and verify “Date and Time” are set to the correct values, and set “Region and Language Options” to the appropriate values for where you reside and tap “Accept Changes and Restart Phone” at the top.Reconnect your phone to your computer and launch Zune. If required, go through a quick name setup and then allow the phone to check for updates. The update “LG Update for Windows Phone” will be installed. After this, restart your device and voila! You can now enable Internet Sharing from the Settings menu! Telstra has also released the 8107 update, so you don't have to use the CAB sender method to get the keyboard fix.

If you want to remove the Telstra boot screen (or even replace it with your own), you can root unlock your device using WP7 Root Tools 0.9 (requires interop unlock first: see here (follow the LG method, obviously), and then use this tool

If you’re uncomfortable with ROM flashing, or don’t want to have to re-sync your content/apps, there is a less efficient but easier to apply method of tethering via USB. This hack is applied via the LG MFG app on the phone, but requires a reboot every time you apply it.

To do this, follow these instructions:
Install the LG Pilot Modem Driver from here! (Deposit Files).Open the dialpad on your phone and dial “##634#”. The MFG app will install and open.You’ll be presented with a password field. The password is “appmfg#*#”.Open the “Engineer Menu” and then “Port Setting” followed by “USB Switching”.Take note that the default value here is MS COMPOSITE” - if you don’t change this back later, you’ll be unable to sync your phone via USB with Zune.Select “QC COMPOSITE” and press OK to reboot.Connect your phone to your PC, the drivers will be automatically installed.Open Device Manager, and find “LGE CDMA USB Modem” and open the Properties dialog. Under the advanced tab, add the additional string “AT+CGDCONT=1 “IP” “your carriers APN” (isp.cingular for AT&T, “” for Bell Canada, etc). Apply the setting.Create a new connection, by opening start and typing “dial-up”, click “Setup a Dial-up Connection”Select the “LGE USB Modem” as the source, and set the phone number as either *99***1# (America/International[?]) or *99# (Canada).Turn off the Data connection on your phone prior to dialing!Connect! There’s no username/password.The next time you want to sync via USB, you need to change back to MS COMPOSITE in MFG.