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Whenever I boot up and go to my desktop and launch Chrome, I get a dialog that says this:

Do you want to allow the following program to make changes to this computer?
Program name: Service Control Manager Configuration Tool

I'm using a standard account, if that's relevant.

Cheers,

Will




Microsoft launches Windows Fix-It tool

MIcrosoft has launched a new self-support service for Windows XP and Vista users that relies on technology baked into Windows 7. The combination of desktop client and back-end service gives users of older versions of Windows some of the same functionality that only Windows 7 provides by default, Lori Brownell, Microsoft's general manager of product quality and online support, said. The Fixit Center client is currently in beta, and can be downloaded free of charge.

"Irrespective of what versions people are running, and many aren't running Windows 7 today, we need to support those customers just as well," said Brownell, explaining Microsoft's decision.

Microsoft used the same technology that powers the scripted diagnostic feature within Windows 7, dubbed Action Center - in some cases, the same code - to craft the client software for Windows XP and Vista.

"It's not as seamless as in Windows 7," Brownell acknowledged, noting that the network troubleshooter in Windows 7 is integrated such that it pops up when users experience problems running Internet Explorer 8 (IE8). "But many of the troubleshooters are exactly the same." Although Microsoft wrote the troubleshooters to add to Windows 7, they were developed so that they would work on older versions of the operating system.

"The value you get with Windows 7 is integration," she said.

The Fixit Center client scans users' PCs on demand, looks for potential problems, then presents a list offering to automatically apply fixes or give the user control over possible solutions to implement. Unlike Windows 7's Action Center, the client must be manually launched in XP or Vista.

Users can link the client to a Windows Live ID account to allow the client to detect hardware and software configurations, then store that information, including any troubleshooting results, on Microsoft's severs. Microsoft technical support personnel can also remotely access the software's log to determine what troubleshooters, if any, were run, and the results - but only if the user explicitly approves that move.

"They can access a history of what troubleshooters have been run, as well as what drivers have been installed," Brownell said, "but they can't access any data files on your hard drive."




Yesterday, Microsoft started the announcements about Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1. The one thing that struck me was the fact that Windows 7 will only get some minor updates and bug fixes from the Service Pack. Even though Windows 7 is sweet and looks very good from the beginning, I think there still are a few rough edges in the OS to work on. I was really hoping that Microsoft did some work to add some more sweetness to Windows 7. But I'm afraid that we have to wait a little bit longer. Here is my shortlist of issues to be fixed or better said features to be finished and enhanced in an upcoming update of the OS.

1. Libraries

Libraries in Windows 7 are a wonderful thing as long as your data is on the local system or made available offline with the offline files option. The problem is that this is exactly where the story ends. Many people have been plagued with the dreadful "this location cannot be added because it is not indexed" message when they try to add a network shared folder to their libraries. The current solutions are: Make the added location available offlineIndex the data on the server (therefore it must be a Windows Service)Complete disable the search feature for all libraries in Group Policy and lose file search in the start menu at the same time.Use an unsupported method by fooling the OS into thinking the data is local while it isn't.
Why not have an option to disable the indexing requirement per library? This is much less intrusive than option C, that removes more functionality than any user would want. You can also read about this in my blog at www.xpworld.com.

2. Libraries for system admins

Libraries are nice from the end-user perspective, but what happened to the administrator's perspective? Why can administrators still only redirect the My Document, My Pictures, My Music etc. folders and not configure the complete contents of the library. I would have loved to add the departmental share to the documents library for my users from a policy instead of fixing this by hand on each system. When I can configure libraries from Group Policy? Microsoft please also add the option to export and import library configurations as implemented in the Win7 Library Tool?

3. Search support for Distributed File System (Dfs)

Distributed File System was once one of Microsofts first attempts to virtualize the network. Nowadays it seems that Microsoft is moving away from this really useful feature that allows administrators to hide the name of the actual file server from a user by creating a Dfs share. Windows Search that is needed to add file locations to a library doesn't work when you connect the shared folder through Dfs. Users have to connect to the actual file server and now the advantage of Dfs is gone. Microsoft, please add Dfs support to Windows Search.

4. Multiple sound devices per source in Windows

I have been a Media Center fan for quite some time. And this one really bugs me. In Windows XP Media Center I was able to connect my TV to the stereo jack of my PC and my receiver to the SPDIF connector and then play my media to both outputs at the same time. I then got stereo from the TV and Dolby Surround or DTS from the receiver. Since Microsoft changed the sound driver model for Windows Vista, I now have to choose which output I like to use. Now my Media Center is playing through the receiver all the time, because switching requires me to use the mouse or walk through the Media Center wizard to reconfigure the output. Microsoft, please enable multiple sound devices for a single application in Windows 7? Especially for Media Center.

5. Why did my system wake from sleep?

Now that Windows finally has a decent sleep option, most of my systems are no longer switched off when I don't use them. The only problem is that these systems sometimes seem to wake up for no reason at all. I already found out that most of the time the cause of the awakening can be found in the event log. I also found out that PowerCfg.exe allows to configure what devices can wake a system from sleep. Why did I have to dig into a command line to list the devices that can wake up my systems and fix this? This should be part of the control panel applet that manages power features in Windows 7. Microsoft, please extend the Power Management GUI with an option to configure devices that can wake the system from sleep. This is just my little wish list for Windows 7, but I am sure there must be more. It truly bugs me that the current announcements for SP1 do not mention any significant enhancements to make Windows 7 even better than it already is. Or am I just impatient and did Microsoft wait with the announcements that really matter?

Source: http://xpworld.spaces.live.com/blog/cns!3110BDF94643CB31!2845.entry




In a fast paced world, three years after Windows 7, Microsoft’s upcoming successor OS, Windows 8 remains a hard sell. Does that mean it is not worthy of the buzz and hype?

Browse a tech magazine lately? Check out a news site about technology? Chances are, you will read something about Windows 8. Just two weeks ago, Microsoft released the Consumer Preview for Windows 8. It hasn’t even hit store shelves yet, and people are already complaining. This is nothing new in tech circles: Everyone is resistant to change. Sometimes, that resistance to change can be helpful, and even good feedback for developers. Other times, it can result in a shouting match that just remains unwinnable. But like many things, thinking in absolutes is often deconstructive, and seldom objective. Business men and women will judge Windows 8 with business acumen; savoring each bit of financial data and sales indicators to prove a point about the new system. Decision-makers in IT circles will look at security and reliability before weighing in with a more structured cost-benefit analysis that deals in infrastructure. Home users are likely to place more value on aesthetics, performance, and ease-of-use as major factors in the upgrade model.

It is the middle of the month: March 15, 2012 to be precise. It is hard to believe that already three years have gone by since the release of Windows 7. Many IT business people, including server administrators, are just starting to become acclimated with the Windows 7 client environment, its off-shoot productivity software, and the Windows Server 2008 family of products, including Windows Server 2008 R2. In one worldview, short and steady wins the race. While more tech savvy companies clearly saw the benefit of migrating quickly upon release, many SMBs, mid-range companies, and home users remain in a Windows XP limbo – either due to the economic mess that most of the world is dealing with, budgetary constraints, or simply a lack of knowledge about how to port all of their important data over to a Windows 7-based network. But as time has gone on, these groups are a minority, for as much as is known. While much of the third world may still be using Windows XP, and even older systems, it is difficult for that data to be chomped up and read by skeptics and true-believers. In agrarian, rural, and largely undeveloped lands, Internet access still remains a commodity that is seldom traded, and where mobile phone companies continue to make inroads.

Back here in the west, the difference is noticeable in how a company conducts its business, especially when you walk into one running Windows XP and Server 2003. It is not uncommon to see pending Windows Updates on every workstation, versus an up-to-date Windows 7 network. If the IT tasks are outsourced, how that time is spent, and for what purpose, will likely face scrutiny and prioritization. For instance, the administration of an important database may take precedence over the application of client operating system updates. Many system administrators may simply ignore, or be unaware of, the capability of domain controllers and file servers to push out updates across the internal network using WSUS. In many offices, however, you will be likely to find a hybrid network. With a lack of EOL policy and strategy, many businesses end up with certain departments stuck between Windows XP and Windows 7, and that difference takes place when they purchase new hardware – not due to a timetable, but out of necessity. A hybrid network of these systems is not exactly the best medicine for either a business or group of home users who rely on their Windows computer systems day-to-day activities, but it may be better than nothing.

A Trip to Seattle: Home to 90’s Alternative Music, Starbucks Coffee, and Microsoft
On April 1, 2011, I received the Microsoft MVP award for Windows Expert – Consumer. It was a real treat to know that Microsoft had recognized my contributions in the form of setting up forum websites and participating in them. I was certainly very thankful for the award, and presumably happy to know that I could continue to do what I do best, as that is why I received it. I wasn’t the first to be recognized by Microsoft for my contributions to my own website: Ross Cameron (handle: kemical) became one of our first Microsoft MVP’s. One of our former members, Greg (handle: cybercore), had contributed thousands of helpful posts on Windows7Forums.com and was nominated. As time went by, we were fortunate enough to see other MVP’s join our website, including Shyam (handle: Captain Jack), Pat Cooke (handle: patcooke), Bill Bright (handle: Digerati), and Ken Johnston (handle: zigzag3143). These people are experts in their field and genuinely reflect an attitude of altruism towards people. Such traits are hard to find, especially over the Internet, and in a field that is driven by individual competitiveness that forces group cohesion as a necessity. I started communicating with one MVP as a result of a disagreement, but have since gained an enormous amount of respect for her: Corrine Chorney, the owner of SecurityGarden. When I made a video that contained an error or two, about ESET Smart Security, I was suddenly contacted by a fellow MVP: Aryeh Goretsky. These types of people live and breathe technology, and thus, even having a brief e-mail exchange can be a breath of fresh air. It becomes recognizable and clear to me that Microsoft’s selection process and choices for those who receive this award is hardly based on pure number crunching, but on gauging a person’s enthusiasm and demonstrated expertise in a field. Understanding how that translates to a much broader audience is compelling. To me, this is a good thing, as it shows that even one of the world’s most successful corporations, in this case Microsoft, perhaps in one of the few acts of selflessness that one could expect from a multi-national corporation, finds customers who have made a mark in information technology and celebrates that. I become hopeful that they recognize the countless others who make contributions on a day-to-day basis. With half a dozen certifications under my belt, and nearly a decade and a half of experience, I am but one person. And for every Microsoft MVP I have met, their dialogue always translated into real energy and enthusiasm. How many countless others have not received an award, or merit, for helping someone “fix their box”? I suspect that number is in the millions. This in no way belittles the award, because to me, such an award really is about helping others.

Often times helping others is giving someone your opinion: even if your opinion runs contrary to running a system consisting purely of Microsoft software. One example is Windows Live: I have a fundamental disagreement about how I chose to use Windows Live, and whether or not I want Windows Live Services embedded into my operating system experience: something that home users with Microsoft-connected accounts will notice almost immediately upon starting the OS. I do not, in any way, undervalue the development of these services, or their potential market value to consumers. I simply have a difference of opinion. And this should no way diminish someone’s ability to receive an award. I am not an employee or pitch man for Microsoft products, but someone who conveys his own thoughts and expertise in that area. To me, the award would have little value if I was expected to tout the benefits of using Microsoft Security Essentials over a paid anti-malware suite. I think that even the developers of the software themselves would take exception to misinformation. And to Microsoft’s credit, they have asked me nothing of the sort. To me, that is a fundamental sign of an award that encourages community participation and expertise in a given area of technology, from a company that is now expected to set standards on the world stage.

Not everyone made it to this summit: For many of them Redmond, WA is far, far away. For me, living in New York, that also rings true. But it sure are the people who make it worthwhile – even when you’ve never met them in person, the way they behave and conduct themselves, towards you, speaks volumes. And so I’ve learned a lot from every Microsoft MVP that I have met – both online and off; in a five minute conversation, or a fifteen hundred word e-mail.

During the Microsoft MVP Global Summit in the Seattle-Bellevue-Redmond area, I had the opportunity to meet some of the most interesting and eclectic groups of people in information technology that I’ve encountered in years. Truly, the revolution taking place around technology in Seattle, and its famous campus grounds located at 1 Microsoft Way in Redmond, is in no way limited to laboratories that are seldom, if ever, open to the public. Quite to the contrary, acclimating with Microsoft’s extensive community of worldwide supporters and individual contributors doesn’t just result in hearing success story after success story (although that is fun too). Of the thousands of people invited to the event, from all over the world, including Japan, Asia, Indochina, North America, Brazil, and the world at large, I found myself welcomed by a remarkable group of individuals. These men and women were of no traditional demographic one would think of – in fact quite the opposite was at hand. At 29 years old, I met kids younger and more successful than myself, who had generated their own start-up firms. I also met much older men and women, who witnessed the transformative nature of technology and got involved, one way or the other. These men and women came from all walks of life, but I am reminded, in particular, of a few of them I met who had a real impact on me. As someone who had come so far to be a part of this event, I did feel uneasy knowing that I was there alone. The individuals I met at the summit were polite, courteous, helpful, and informative. It was not difficult to see why they are considered experts in their field.

Whether the issue for them was something simple, like MP3 players like Zune, the Xbox, MS SQL, or the Microsoft Windows family of client and server products, this entire network of community supporters really outlined why Microsoft continues to have far-reaching success around the world. The level of enthusiasm for their technologies is clear, concise, and breaks down the traditional barriers of race, color, nationality, and gender inequality.

At that summit, I was witnessing not just what technology would be capable of doing in the future, but as a first timer, I got to see with my own eyes what it had done for just about every participant I was able to strike up a conversation with. Having been severely jet-lagged and exhausted from my trip, I travelled all the way from New York City to Seattle-Tacoma airport in a few hours. Having travelled, for the first time, outside of my own time zone, suspended at 38,000 feet in the air, I found myself dizzy, drowsy, and often times downright sick once I got off the airplane. It was something really unfamiliar to me, but in a way, strange thoughts began to fill my head. I realized that in Seattle, it nearly almost always rains once per day. There is certainly less sunlight there than in New York. Perhaps this lack of sunlight had inadvertently made people more likely to turn on a computer and create some kind of innovative programming. It was a silly thought, but staring at the horizon in the distance, I could not help but think about Mount Rainier, Lake Washington, and the land I was now interconnected with. In many cases a landmark home to science fiction, Seattle’s own Space Needle is a national treasure. A marvel of all aerodynamic ingenuity west of the Mississippi River valley, the Space Needle is essentially a giant UFO-shaped tower that is capable of housing restaurants, sight-seeing tours, and shines a giant beam of light that was part of the original design, but was only recently added.

Perhaps, I thought to myself, this is how the term “cloud computing” had caught on. With a lack of major sunlight ever permeating this area, to my knowledge, and with rain and humidity always on the horizon in a constant lake effect, it suddenly made sense to me how the area had become famous for its murky alternative rock grunge music in the 1990’s, the Jimi Hendrix Experience, the evangelical computer programmers, and a number of activities, like concerts and music performances, that are usually held in-doors! In a way, it all made sense to me now, and I spent a great majority of my time taking in the sights, sounds, and hospitality of an entirely different area of the country. The most populous city in the northern United States is also home and origin to Starbucks. It all began to make sense to me that it would be here, more than anywhere else in the USA, that they would need fresh coffee beans from Jamaica available at a moment’s notice. And as humorous and sophomoric as that may read, I still think there is some truth to this.

This summit was my first experience with my Microsoft MVP award for Windows IT Expert – Consumer on the road. It was certainly a bumpy ride, and I did not take advantage of all of the event activities I could have. Windows product group experts and Microsoft employees were available, nearly from the break of dawn to the dark hours of night, to provide on and off-campus sessions to enthusiastic individuals. Looking back, the path was worthwhile. While most of the people I met had embedded themselves in this event for many years, I was certainly a newcomer. Determined to act the part, I tried my best to overcome the massive jetlag I had encountered, and vowed to myself to never eat sushi after getting off of a six hour flight again. Who could not be anxious when arriving in such a foreign place compared to the east coast of the USA? I have certainly flown and driven up and down that area most of my life, visiting nearly all of the north and south, but I had no idea what to expect near Redmond. An acquaintance of mine from Los Angeles was able to help me deal with the insomnia and time difference that comes with this type of travel, and she probably helped me in a way that she still doesn’t know – all from a few text messages. I am constantly reminded that technology itself has made us all interconnected, no matter where we are. At the Microsoft MVP Global Summit, what I did find were individuals, many of whom who had a certain selflessness about them, and a desire, above all things, to learn more, experience more, and help even more.

Upon immediately striking up a conversation with anyone at the event, it was absolutely easy to see how these men and women achieved recognition of excellence from Microsoft. While many young people who attended the event had created innovative ways to help others by setting up websites or studying the inner-workings of the Microsoft entertainment platform, others had been part of the commercial information technology circles and big businesses that have changed the environment of the Internet. I even caught a glimpse of two individuals who appeared to be working for a former web host that one of my websites was hosted on. These businesses, powered by ingenious individuals, have swept the Internet. And while many people appeared to be there as part of a corporately backed package, it was clear to me that most others had made a name for themselves by creating their own platform for innovation and success. Most important, and pronounced to me, was that each and every person there reached that point through acts of selflessness -- for helping others. In each and every instance, you could go around the area and know that you were surrounded by people who could speak your language: whether that be ASPX, XML, C, PHP, JavaScript, or BBCode. While a person there from Asia may not have had any comprehension of what I was talking about if he did not speak English, if I showed him Process Monitor in Windows, I could probably communicate with him on some technical level.

To contrast that, I came home to an environment back in New York where the Windows 8 Consumer Preview had just been released. It was no surprise to me that Windows 8 had been getting some slag for replacing the Windows Start Orb and Start Menu with the Metro User Interface (Metro UI). Windows 8 still has some major feature improvements going for it. This early in the game, there is no question that many of these features have likely gone undocumented, exist under-the-hood, or simply have not reached a stage in development that was acceptable for the Consumer Preview. First, it is important to note that the Consumer Preview is as much of a beta release for public testing as it is a marketing tool for Microsoft. When we examine how this has been released to the public, it is not hard for me to conclude that it is also a way to gauge public reaction to the first serious and inherent differences to the way the Microsoft Windows GUI has been presented – ever. Other operating system releases have taken the idea of the Start Menu and added search capabilities and refined a core concept. Slowly, but surely, we see an improvement that has occurred over time, with the look and feel of Windows remaining consistent over the ages.

The Consumer Preview Was Released To Test Your Reaction; Not Just The OS

In fact, this is a public release of Microsoft Windows to appear in limelight, in what is essentially a beta (and presumably near release candidate stage), with some features either completely omitted or broken. But not all is lost for Windows 8. There are some under-the-hood changes that show promise. I am not a Windows developer or programmer (most of my tinkering involves Linux, C, HTML, PHP, and JavaScript), but I can start to appreciate the level of changes that are being made on a core level as I get more time to become acquainted with this system and allow various whitepapers and documents to enter my lexicon.

Those looking to upgrade, or who will receive the upgrade already as part of a plan, like Microsoft VLK Software Assurance, will reap some benefits by making the upgrade to Windows 8. Businesses that have been around long enough will be familiar with creating and following a comprehensive End of Life (EOL) cycle plan. Such plans are usually coordinated between an enterprise administrative team that manages the day-to-day changes of internal certificate authorities, domain controllers, and mail servers. This group usually (and hopefully) has the training and forethought necessary to look at the official Microsoft release timetable, as well as the support for commonly used hardware and software. Assessments can be made to better understand how, where, when, and why this software and hardware is deployed, and under what conditions it is upgraded or phased out entirely. Not only does this level of planning bring clarity to what could otherwise become a source of enormous administrative overhead, but it also helps to mitigate the risk associated with allowing systems to continue running under-the-radar and without proper security auditing. Under such a scenario, businesses may choose to have their internal IT department perform network-wide audits of all systems. It is an affordable alternative to bringing in an outside specialist, and comparisons with Microsoft’s official support timetable can help make the transition to new hardware and software – as well as what comes with that -- such as training and significant infrastructure investment -- a more conceivable possibility.

Home users can depend on a much more simple approach, and that is to monitor requirements needed for tasks like school, work, and entertainment, while keeping up-to-date with Microsoft’s in-band and out-of-band security patches. As mentioned previously, Microsoft already publishes a roadmap to indicate when mainstream support, and even updates, will be terminated for their operating systems. Combining all of these ideas together, it is not unreasonable to come to a conclusion that one can continue using Windows 7 for a few more years without much difficulty. When the time comes, an upgrade will be made easy, as the large system manufacturers and independent system builders will, no doubt, bundle OEM copies of the system after RTM (“release-to-manufacturer”). On the side, one could begin to upgrade a small office or a home network with new computers when the need arises, in order to take advantage of the new feature set that is sure to be setting a precedent going forward.

Very large enterprise networks usually already make use of proprietary, custom software and hardware. Those businesses can begin the transition planning in phases, and will have access to fully licensed Microsoft support personnel who work in the corporate sales division of the company. Those resources can be accessed by standard enterprises (approx. 200 clients systems) and by mid-range offices (approx. 50-200 client systems) using Microsoft Gold Certified Partner program members that also specialize in employee training, resource management, and all-inclusive maintenance plans. Even a few well-trained and certified IT consultants and managers could handle a migration and post-migration scenario with the right level of planning and funding.

Stay positive, here is some deductive reasoning as to why not all is lost, and how the feature improvements that Windows 8 customers will benefit from may actually start to appear after the OS hits store shelves. (The kind of stuff that may not be readily apparent in the incomplete Consumer Preview version):

Virtualization Scores A Win

Hyper-V Virtualization included in Windows 8 will allow you to take your computing experience to the next level. If you are not entirely enticed by the prospect of running Windows 8, or still have a co-dependent relationship with legacy applications, Hyper-V will be sure to help you in that area; much like Microsoft Virtual PC brought Windows XP onto the desktop for many Windows 7 users. While Hyper-V isn’t about to take the throne away from VMWare’s line of virtualization products just yet, especially Workstation and ThinApp, expect to see the inclusion of Hyper-V as an experience that has the potential to compartmentalize the installation of applications – even really old ones. With Hyper-V and Metro as platforms likely to be directly controllable and manageable from Windows Server 8, IT admins can rejoice at the concept of virtualizing what is left of the desktop – and preventing inappropriate use of computer system resources at work. With full control of Metro and Hyper-V under Active Directory, system management is about to get a whole lot easier. Windows 8 fits as the one OS that office managers can control directly from Windows Server 8 without remorse. Limiting access to the desktop will reduce headaches for employees who may only be obligated to launch specific company-approved Metro apps.

Metro: The User Interface Revolution
Metro UI will not be alien to anyone who is old enough to remember Microsoft Encarta, or to any youngster who has already owned a Windows Phone. I still remember using Microsoft Encarta’s slick navigation system to look up John F. Kennedy’s 1961 inaugural address. This was one of the first times I saw decent video footage in an encyclopedia. Back in those days, everyone was on dial-up, and an encyclopedia like Encarta was the be-all and end-all of factoid finding for non-academics and kids still in grade school. So expect Metro-powered applications, programmed in C++, C#, HTML, JavaScript, and even VisualBasic. This programming platform, dubbed, Windows Runtime or WindowsRT for short, is object-oriented and just getting started. With enough knowledge of HTML and JavaScript, many people out there with limited knowledge of C++ could create some pretty snazzy object-oriented apps that make use of jQuery and YUI hosted over the web. With the launch of the Windows App Store, don’t be surprised to see some amazing third party apps put long-time industry staples to shame. Once you start looking into the development platform for Metro, then you start to realize that it isn’t just a gimmick for touch screen users. Ostensibly, a great deal of time developing the .NET Framework is about to pay off, in bundles, for everyone who starts using Metro.

Gamers Not Doomed; HID Development Pushed Forward by Windows 8 OS
Gamers likely won’t be left out of the picture. Metro apps are designed to run in full screen, and as all hardcore gamers know, most high intensity games actually throw you into full-screen mode any way. The difference is likely to be negligible, but who wouldn’t like a concise way to manage all entertainment software and keep it running in the background every once in a while? Single player games that enter the market as instant classics like TES: Skyrim could suddenly appear more interactive in the future. Don’t be surprised to see some form of Windows 8 incorporated into the next version of Xbox (Xbox 720?) with DirectX 11 support. It would be nice to see cross-compatibility with the Xbox and Windows PC. Imagine if you could run any console game on a PC and vice versa: Now that kind of unification would prevent a lot of people from buying all those Media Center extenders and going wild on home entertainment systems. Only time will tell how far Microsoft will take us down the rabbit hole. For gamers, that is a great thing.

Multi-monitor and multi-touch support will bring Windows 8 to tablets and phones like never before with certified Metro applications that are programmed for Windows Runtime (WindowsRT). Expect a lot to happen in how we use our desktop and laptop systems. While major advancements in human interface devices are years away, it appears to be one of the major cornerstones of IBM Research and Microsoft Research. Unification across platforms is a recipe for redundancy, but in the case of sensitive data, redundancy is a very good thing. We want to be able to access our office files from home and our home files from the office, without necessarily having to do cartwheels with third party software. The integration of SkyDrive, and ultimately, shell extensions for third-party apps like Dropbox, is a given. Microsoft is never going to take over the cloud-hosted backup market, but they could pull off a pretty neat way of sharing, updating, and collaborating on projects between tablets, phones, desktops, laptops, game consoles, and more. Kinect for Windows is going to be scoffed at in the beginning, but once everyone has such a device linked up to their monitor, moving your hand around to change the active Window on your computer isn’t going to be that bad of a trade-off. In 2009, I gave a speech to a number of people in the public sector about what I saw as the cornerstone for future technology. That presentation included the fact that a device like the SmartBoard would be obsolete within five years’ time, due to the decreasing price of touch screen computers, and the ability for computing devices to detect human movement. While it didn’t go over well with the locals, it is happening, right now. That is something to be excited about. Whatever touch screen advancements Microsoft introduces with Windows 8 will once again push the hardware market to accommodate the software. This means all sorts of new human interface devices are already in development, even from third parties (see: Google Goggles/Google Glasses as one superlative example).

A New World for Software and Hardware Development

It’s not just a Microsoft world: Software companies, game studios, and all sorts of IT companies depend on the reliability and performance of Microsoft products and services, even when their customers aren’t in Microsoft Windows. This happens whenever an e-mail passes through an Exchange server, or a large database is designed for interoperability between a metadata retrieval system and Microsoft Access. Companies that specialize in document management, database administration, and even brand marketing will reap massive benefit from an interface that contains a display mechanism that has the potential to plot and chart raw data into something visually understandable. For example, if I tell you we ordered a hundred pizzas, each consisting of eight slices, and we only have 10 minutes to finish 25 slices, you’re going to wonder how many pizzas we have left. Once data entry software, even stuff that was initially designed with a Mac in mind, is designed for Metro, we’re not just going to be able to see how many pizza slices we have left – we may have the option to order some extras, or watch other people eat the ones left in 10 minutes. It’s that kind of world we’re delving into. We don’t see how great Metro can be: Only because software companies known for their great innovative capabilities like Google and Apple are just getting started on WindowsRT and Metro. This stuff is not going away, and when all the great innovator’s in the world get involved, we’re going to see sparks fly off the third rail.

Negativity Bias
Many people who try the Windows Consumer Preview may be inexperienced with running beta software. And when your whole operating system is a big chunk of bugs, in many cases unbranded, and in some cases feature incomplete, there is going to be a heck of a lot to complain about. I admit that I’m one of them. Take a look at my post about Windows 8 being a platform to sell Windows Live connected services. Well, of course that is what Windows 8 is, but it has the potential to be much more. Studies show us that, on average, people tend to remember a negative outcome 2.5x more than they do a good one. That means you’re 2.5 times more likely to remember when you got a bad haircut then when you got a good one. You’re 2.5 times more likely to dwell on the day you lost your job, than you are to remember the years you spent at the very same job when you contributed an enormous amount of productivity to the company’s bottom line. You’re 2.5 times more likely to remember that turbulence on the airplane. It was unbearable for ten minutes, and now you’re 2.5 times less likely to remember the time you struck up a great conversation with someone on that long flight. You’re 2.5x more likely to remember that woman or man who rejected you on that first date then you are to remember the laughs you shared going into the restaurant. This negativity bias is something we usually learn about in the first or second year of undergraduate psychology, but very few of us even remember or know what it is. In general, your body is trained to remember when bad things happened more than good things, and actually dwell on it. It is truly a response from the Stone Age, and is a very healthy response. It keeps you in balance. But in today’s high tech and demanding world, it can be taken too far.
So yes, we can look at Windows 8 and positively say, “Maybe this thing won’t be so bad. Maybe I can learn it, and enjoy it.”

The True Test: Greater Than The Sum of Its Parts?

Don’t forget that Windows 8 will include a Start on Demand model for all system-related services. For years, I found myself sending Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7 customers to a web page called Black Viper (BlackViper.com). This site contained detailed guides on how to configure your Windows operating system to use as few services as absolutely necessary. That site became especially popular during the Windows Vista release. Essentially, the site goes through every single service running on your system and will tell you, not only what the default start setting is for it, but how best to optimize it to suit your needs. If you were trying to squeeze every last drop of performance out of the operating system, without much care for its ability to perform certain operations, you could always use BlackViper’s “Service Configurations” lists to decide whether or not it was safe to make sure that something like the Distributed Link Tracking Client service or the World Wide Web Publishing Service could be completely disabled or not. If I haven’t lost you on this one, Microsoft has come up with a novel solution that is sure to improve your experience with Windows 8, and that is by using “Start on Demand”. Under Start on Demand, when Windows 8 needs a service, it launches it – only when. So that, in and of itself, will save resources. And when we look at what is coming up with memory deduplication, we are looking at true advancement in operating system performance at its most basic level.

Yes, the Consumer Preview is flawed, but for all its flaws, let us all think about these things and realize that the best is yet to come for an operating system ahead of its time.




I filled out my system specs and am including the requested files as instructed (includes dump files). Since last week, I have gotten a few BSODs. All but one (0x1000008e KERNEL_MODE_EXCEPTION_NOT_HANDLED) were 0x000000c2 BAD_POOL_CALLER. Both types were apparently caused by Windows system files ntkrnlpa.exe and win32k.sys. There seems to be no correlation between them occurring and any particular software or action (have gotten them upon moving and renaming files, browsing the internet, and even while being absent from the PC). My drivers are all kept up to date; so are my windows updates. I hadn't installed any new hardware, drivers, or software for awhile (some time before the crashes began). I can't seem to relate it to anything else. I ran Memtest for 20 hours and there were no problems with my RAM at all. I have also run a few different hard drive testing utilities and they all showed both my drives to be completely fine. My hard drives also aren't in need of defragmenting. Additionally I have done thorough scans for viruses and malware with a couple different programs, but that came out to be clean as well. Also lately I have been getting some random slowdowns and even crashing with random programs (has happened with programs I use the most); I think this could be related. I'd like to know what could be causing the BSODs, how I could stop it, and if it might mean something fatal to some hardware or my data. Attached Files Seven Forums.rar (1.20 MB, 47 views) Share Share this post on Digg Del.icio.us Technorati Twitter
Operating System Windows 7 Ultimate x86
Computer Type HP Pavillion
OS Service Pack SP1
DirectX Version 11
CPU Type and Speed AMD Phenom X3 8450 (Tri-core 2.1GHz)
Motherboard Chipset Asus Narra3
System BIOS Revision Phoenix AwardBIOS 6.00PG
System Memory Type Samsung DDR2 4GB
System Memory Speed 400MHz
Video Card Type and Speed Gigabyte AMD Radeon 7700; 1GB 880MHz
Power Supply Unit (PSU) 300w
Computer Monitor Acer v173
Sound Card Onboard
Hard Drive 1x Western Digital Caviar Blue 640GB, 1x Western Digital Caviar Green 1TB
Modem-Router Type Westell 7500
Network Speed 5Mbps
Anti-virus Software Microsoft Security Essentials
Computer Skill Level Self-Taught Expert
Windows Experience Index 5.9
Reply With Quote .postbitlegacy .postfoot .textcontrols a.post_info_button, .postbit .postfoot .textcontrols a.post_info_button { background: url(/images/post_infobox.png) no-repeat transparent left; padding-left: 20px; } .postbitlegacy .postfoot .textcontrols a.post_info_button:hover, .postbit .postfoot .textcontrols a.post_info_button:hover { background: url(/images/post_infobox-hover.png) no-repeat transparent left; а JavaScript must be enabled 09-10-2012 #2 usasma Microsoft Community Contributor This member is a certified Microsoft Community Contributor at Windows 7 Forums. Click here for more information from Microsoft. Microsoft MVP - Windows Expert
- Consumer а
Join Date Mar 2010 Posts 1,325 Re: Random BSODs caused by ntkrnlpa.exe and win32k.sys MSINFO32 report isn't in the uploaded reports. Please do the following:
- Go to Start (or press the “Win” and “R” keys at the same time), type in "msinfo32" and press Enter
- When the utility opens, save a copy of it as an .nfo file, and another copy as a .txt file (in case the .nfo is corrupted - which happens fairly often)
- Zip them up and upload them to the Public area of a SkyDrive account ( https://skydrive.live.com )
- Post a link here so we can download it. Daemon Tools (and Alcohol % software) are known to cause BSOD's on some Win7 systems (mostly due to the sptd.sys driver, although I have seen dtsoftbus01.sys blamed on several occasions).
Please un-install the program, then use the following free tool to ensure that the troublesome sptd.sys driver is removed from your system (pick the 32 or 64 bit system depending on your system's configuration): [DEL] DuplexSecure - FAQ [/DEL] Link broken as of 21 Jul 2012
New link (15 Aug 2012): DuplexSecure - Downloads
Alternate link: Disc-Tools.com
Manual procedure here: Registry and SPTD problems | DAEMON Pro Help

Download a fresh copy of Microsoft Security Essentials. Then un-install the current version and immediately install and update the new version.

AMD OverDrive (AODDriver2.sys) is either a stand-alone application, or a component of the AMD VISION Engine Control Center. This driver is known to cause BSOD's on some Win7 systems.
Please un-install all AMD/ATI video stuff from Control Panel...Programs...Un-install a program
Then, download (but DO NOT install) a fresh copy of the ATI drivers from Global Provider of Innovative Graphics, Processors and Media Solutions | AMD (in the upper right corner of the page)
Use this procedure to install the DRIVER ONLY: ATI video cards - DRIVER ONLY installation procedure

If the device (AODDriver or AODDriver4.01) remains a problem, open Device Manager, select the "View" item.
Then select "Show hidden devices" and scroll down to the Non-Plug and Play Drivers section.
Locate the AODDriver entry, right click on it and select "Uninstall". Reboot for changes to take affect. Sometimes the driver remains and continues to cause BSOD's. If this is the case for you, post back and we'll give further instructions for safely removing it.

If overclocking, please stop. Remove the overclock and return the system to stock/standard values while we're troubleshooting. Once the system is stable again, feel free to resume the overclocking.

Please update these older drivers. Links are included to assist in looking up the source of the drivers. If unable to find an update, please remove (un-install) the program responsible for that driver. DO NOT manually delete/rename the driver as it may make the system unbootable! :
PxHelp20.sys Tue Oct 28 14:25:49 2003 (3F9EB4AD)
Sonic CD/DVD driver (used by many different CD/DVD programs)
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=PxHelp20.sys

mdmxsdk.sys Mon Jun 19 17:26:59 2006 (449716A3)
Conexant Modem Diagnostic Interface x86 Driver
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=mdmxsdk.sys

ManyCam.sys Mon Jan 14 05:06:32 2008 (478B3428)

ManyCam.sys - this driver hasn't been added to the DRT as of this run. Please search Google/Bing for the driver if additional information is needed.

hamachi.sys Thu Feb 19 05:36:27 2009 (499D362B)
LogMeIn Hamachi Virtual network interface driver
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=hamachi.sys

XAudio32.sys Wed Apr 29 14:20:55 2009 (49F89A87)
Conexant SoftK56 Modem Audio Device Driver
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=XAudio32.sys

nvstor32.sys Mon Jun 22 18:19:03 2009 (4A400357)
nVidia Storage Driver (nForce chipset driver)
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=nvstor32.sys

uxpatch.sys Mon Jul 13 01:07:43 2009 (4A5AC11F)
Some sort of Theme package from the Within Network
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=uxpatch.sys

nvmf6232.sys Thu Jul 30 19:47:55 2009 (4A72312B)
NVIDIA nForce Ethernet Driver
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=nvmf6232.sys

Analysis:
The following is for information purposes only.
Code: **************************Mon Sep 10 05:12:45.003 2012 (UTC - 4:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohn_jcgriff2_dbug__Kernel__91012-24320-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7601 (Service Pack 1) MP (3 procs) Free x86 compatible Built by: 7601.17803.x86fre.win7sp1_gdr.120330-1504 System Uptime:1 days 14:26:13.420 BugCheck Code: BugCheck C2, {d, fe5dc008, 69747355, 86438c48} Probably caused by :win32k.sys ( win32k!EngUnlockSurface+4922 ) BugCheck Info: BAD_POOL_CALLER (c2) BUGCHECK_STR: 0xc2_d DEFAULT_BUCKET_ID: WIN7_DRIVER_FAULT PROCESS_NAME: chrome.exe FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: 0xc2_d_win32k!EngUnlockSurface+4922 BIOS Version 5.13 BIOS Release Date 05/02/2008 Manufacturer HP-Pavilion Product Name KQ496AA-ABA a6530f ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Wed Sep 5 23:49:19.893 2012 (UTC - 4:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohn_jcgriff2_dbug__Kernel__90512-21153-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7601 (Service Pack 1) MP (3 procs) Free x86 compatible Built by: 7601.17803.x86fre.win7sp1_gdr.120330-1504 System Uptime:2 days 2:55:42.781 BugCheck Code: BugCheck C2, {7, 109b, 722d0000, fdefac48} Probably caused by :win32k.sys ( win32k!EngTextOut+6600 ) BugCheck Info: BAD_POOL_CALLER (c2) BUGCHECK_STR: 0xc2_7 DEFAULT_BUCKET_ID: WIN7_DRIVER_FAULT PROCESS_NAME: chrome.exe FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: 0xc2_7_win32k!EngTextOut+6600 BIOS Version 5.13 BIOS Release Date 05/02/2008 Manufacturer HP-Pavilion Product Name KQ496AA-ABA a6530f ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Mon Sep 3 20:52:09.094 2012 (UTC - 4:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohn_jcgriff2_dbug__Kernel__90312-25443-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7601 (Service Pack 1) MP (3 procs) Free x86 compatible Built by: 7601.17803.x86fre.win7sp1_gdr.120330-1504 System Uptime:5 days 1:30:24.733 BugCheck Code: BugCheck 1000008E, {c0000005, 9c86c521, bb00fae4, 0} Probably caused by :win32k.sys ( win32k!EngCTGetCurrentGamma+fe5 ) BugCheck Info: KERNEL_MODE_EXCEPTION_NOT_HANDLED_M (1000008e) DEFAULT_BUCKET_ID: WIN7_DRIVER_FAULT BUGCHECK_STR: 0x8E PROCESS_NAME: Skype.exe FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: 0x8E_win32k!EngCTGetCurrentGamma+fe5 BIOS Version 5.13 BIOS Release Date 05/02/2008 Manufacturer HP-Pavilion Product Name KQ496AA-ABA a6530f ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии``
3rd Party Drivers:
The following is for information purposes only.
Any drivers in red should be updated.
Code: **************************Mon Sep 10 05:12:45.003 2012 (UTC - 4:00)************************** PxHelp20.sys Tue Oct 28 14:25:49 2003 (3F9EB4AD) mdmxsdk.sys Mon Jun 19 17:26:59 2006 (449716A3) hamachi.sys Thu Feb 19 05:36:27 2009 (499D362B) XAudio32.sys Wed Apr 29 14:20:55 2009 (49F89A87) nvstor32.sys Mon Jun 22 18:19:03 2009 (4A400357) uxpatch.sys Mon Jul 13 01:07:43 2009 (4A5AC11F) nvmf6232.sys Thu Jul 30 19:47:55 2009 (4A72312B) amdiox86.sys Thu Feb 18 10:17:49 2010 (4B7D5A1D) amdxata.sys Fri Mar 19 12:19:01 2010 (4BA3A3F5) nvstor.sys Fri Mar 19 16:51:52 2010 (4BA3E3E8) vpcnfltr.sys Sat Nov 20 05:50:36 2010 (4CE7A7FC) vpcusb.sys Sat Nov 20 05:50:37 2010 (4CE7A7FD) vpcvmm.sys Sat Nov 20 05:50:38 2010 (4CE7A7FE) vpchbus.sys Sat Nov 20 05:50:40 2010 (4CE7A800) dtsoftbus01.sys Fri Jun 17 03:38:44 2011 (4DFB0484) MpKsld0ded503.sys Fri Sep 16 17:34:23 2011 (4E73C0DF) AtihdW73.sys Tue Dec 6 04:13:34 2011 (4EDDDCBE) RTKVHDA.sys Tue Dec 13 05:23:47 2011 (4EE727B3) AODDriver2.sys Mon Dec 19 02:28:46 2011 (4EEEE7AE) atikmpag.sys Tue Jan 31 21:12:42 2012 (4F289F9A) atikmdag.sys Tue Jan 31 21:45:39 2012 (4F28A753) MpFilter.sys Fri Mar 9 03:43:34 2012 (4F59C2B6) mbam.sys Tue Mar 20 12:04:50 2012 (4F68AAA2) ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Wed Sep 5 23:49:19.893 2012 (UTC - 4:00)************************** ManyCam.sys Mon Jan 14 05:06:32 2008 (478B3428) http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=PxHelp20.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=mdmxsdk.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=hamachi.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=XAudio32.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=nvstor32.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=uxpatch.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=nvmf6232.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=amdiox86.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=amdxata.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=nvstor.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=vpcnfltr.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=vpcusb.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=vpcvmm.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=vpchbus.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=dtsoftbus01.sys
MpKsld0ded503.sys - this driver hasn't been added to the DRT as of this run. Please search Google/Bing for the driver if additional information is needed.
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=AtihdW73.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=RTKVHDA.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=AODDriver2.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=atikmpag.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=atikmdag.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=MpFilter.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=mbam.sys
ManyCam.sys - this driver hasn't been added to the DRT as of this run. Please search Google/Bing for the driver if additional information is needed.




Hello to everyone! I am writing in the hope of finding a solution to a serious problem I'm experiencing, certainly not tied to a software problem but one that I hope we can find a work around by software.
My laptop (an HP DV3-2350EL i3 330m cpu and ATI Radeon HD4550 discrete graphics) has problems with shutdown. Under Linux it shuts down smoothly both on AC and on battery power while under Windows 7 (both on 32bit Professional and 64bit Home Premium, Vista Business tried too with the same outcome) it shuts down fine only on battery power while connected to the AC power it shuts down fine but after a second it turns itself on again (not exactly a reboot because in case of a reboot the LEDs are always lit while in this case the LEDs go off for a second and then turn back on just as if the laptop shuts down to turn on again soon after by itself.
Another strange thing is that, right after finishing to install Windows 7 BUT ONLY FOR THE FIRST TIME EVER, and without installing drivers or anything, literally anything at all, I can also safely shut down the laptop from the mains but never after that time.
Since the laptop shuts down fine ONLY at the first boot after installing Windows, I decided to create a restore point IMMEDIATELY: incredible but true, even restoring that state, nothing to do, even right after the end of the restore process the system can't no longer be shut down properly. I think this once again gives evidence to the hypothesis that the problem is not software.
Another equally strange thing is that, if I update the bios (already done it to the latest version to no avail), when the update is finished (the update being made under Windows) the update tool takes control to turn the laptop off and in this case is successful. The bios is an Insyde as of course the upgrade program.
I should point out that before posting my problem here I have done extensive research and tried different solutions:

1) Changed the registry key Winlogon PowerOffAfterShutdown bringing it to 1
2) Checked the event log: nothing abnormal except for an error with WMI solved by a Microsoft Fixit and a warning for the LMS service of the Intel MEI (error present on all my pc's based on i3 and i5 cpu's I therefore do not consider relevant)
3) Confirm whether there are devices that can wake up the system with the command powercfg-devicequery wake_armed (no device is enabled to do it)
4) Updated all drivers to latest versions available
5) Tried turning off 'manually' using the command shutdown-s-f-t 0 without results: I didn't expected anything different than that since it is essentially the same thing done in a different way
6) Disabled reboot in case of serious problems during shutdown

Although, if it had been, in step 3 I had to get different results:

7) Checked the options belonging to wake-up in the bios (there are none, the bios is very basic and allows virtually no configuration)
8) Checked all the advanced settings of the network adapters via device manager: no device is enabled to wake up the system
9) Tried also to disable energy saving by selecting the maximum performance profile but still nothing. The same happens reproducing the same profile of battery power (integrated card instead of the discrete, etc.)

The system is absolutely stable but to turn it off I need to 'restart' it (the quotation marks are due according to what already explained), interrupt the boot with F8 and keep pressed the power button.
I emphasize that even from there, if I press the button briefly as it should be sufficient, the PC will come on again after only a second.
I am reasonably sure it is not a software problem but an hardware one. I underline again that under Linux the laptop shuts down fine both on battery and AC power. It happens under Windows too if the signal is sent off from the bios update tool and the both of these evidences make me believe that the management of power states by Linux is different and gives me hope that even under Windows 7 the shutdown process can be managed differently (like it seems to do the bios update tool) so as to properly power down the laptop.
True, it wouldn't solve the problem but if I could get around it then it's fine for me! Thanks in advance to anyone able to help me.




I first got my bsod's only when playing bf3. Then I started getting them on firefox, and now it's anytime. I've ran dskchk /r /f. I only use Microsoft Security Essentials. I've restored to last known good configuration. I upgraded my ram because I thought it was the problem, but after buying 16gb of new ram, memtest+ gives me loads of red bars. I also can't update to Windows 7 64-bit SP1 (KB976932) from the Windows Update, it always fails. And I've tried doing a repair install for Windows 7 but I get an error code when I run my CD. Also everything has gotten slower on my computer, windows takes a little longer to boot, sometimes freezes for a minute and then starts working again, and a lot of things just stop working and I have to close out and restart them. Mozilla Firefox crashes a lot on me now too. I've attached all of my files, please help because I have no clue what to do and I've did literally everything I can think of to fix it. Attached Files bsod.zip (3.12 MB, 39 views) Share Share this post on Digg Del.icio.us Technorati Twitter
Reply With Quote .postbitlegacy .postfoot .textcontrols a.post_info_button, .postbit .postfoot .textcontrols a.post_info_button { background: url(/images/post_infobox.png) no-repeat transparent left; padding-left: 20px; } .postbitlegacy .postfoot .textcontrols a.post_info_button:hover, .postbit .postfoot .textcontrols a.post_info_button:hover { background: url(/images/post_infobox-hover.png) no-repeat transparent left; а JavaScript must be enabled 02-18-2013 #2 usasma Microsoft Community Contributor This member is a certified Microsoft Community Contributor at Windows 7 Forums. Click here for more information from Microsoft. Microsoft MVP - Windows Expert
- Consumer а
Join Date Mar 2010 Posts 1,333 Re: BSOD first when playing BF3, now all the time. ntoskrnl.exe memtest+ gives me loads of red bars This must be fixed before any other problems. It's either bad memory or bad slots. The procedure that I suggest here will help to tell which it is: Memory Diagnostics
Also, please try Prime95 ( Prime95 ) in order to see if the stress from it creates memory errors also.

SP1 isn't installed, please do the following:
Installing Windows 7 Service Pack 1
1. Visit the PC manufacturer's website and update ALL drivers. DO NOT use Windows Update or the "Update drivers" function of Device Manager.
2. Check Device Manager for any unknown/disabled devices - if there are unknown/disabled devices, fix them with the latest drivers from the device manufacturer's website (not the PC Manufacturer)
3. Visit Windows Update and get all updates (may take repeated visits)
4. Visit Windows Update and get Service Pack 1 (usually under Important Updates). Read these notes for installing SP1: Steps to follow before you install Windows 7 SP1 and Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 from the Microsoft Download Center
5. Visit Windows Update and get any other available updates. May take repeated visits, but keep it up until you get several "Windows is updated" results.
If you're having difficulties with installing a Service Pack, please use the SURTool from this link: What is the System Update Readiness Tool?
Also, check out this troubleshooting link from Microsoft: Troubleshoot problems installing Service Pack 1 (SP1) for Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2
I have had limited success in installing updates/Service Packs when using a "clean boot". I suspect that I'm just bypassing the problem - and that it can come back to bite me in the butt later on. You have a Linksys RangePlus Wireless USB Network Adapter

I do not recommend using wireless USB network devices. Especially in Win7/Win8 systems.
These wireless USB devices have many issues with Win7(and I suspect with Win8) - using Vista drivers with them is almost sure to cause a BSOD.
Should you want to keep using these devices, be sure to have Win7/Win8 drivers - DO NOT use Vista drivers!!!
An installable wireless PCI/PCIe card that's plugged into your motherboard is much more robust, reliable, and powerful. AMD OverDrive (AODDriver2.sys) is either a stand-alone application, or a component of the AMD VISION Engine Control Center. This driver is known to cause BSOD's on some Win7 systems.
Please un-install all AMD/ATI video stuff from Control Panel...Programs...Un-install a program
Then, download (but DO NOT install) a fresh copy of the ATI drivers from Global Provider of Innovative Graphics, Processors and Media Solutions | AMD (in the upper right corner of the page)
Use this procedure to install the DRIVER ONLY: ATI video cards - DRIVER ONLY installation procedure
If the device (AODDriver or AODDriver4.01) remains a problem, open Device Manager, select the "View" item.
Then select "Show hidden devices" and scroll down to the Non-Plug and Play Drivers section.
Locate the AODDriver entry, right click on it and select "Un-install". Reboot for changes to take affect. Sometimes the driver remains and continues to cause BSOD's. If this is the case for you, post back and we'll give further instructions for safely removing it.
If overclocking, please stop. Remove the overclock and return the system to stock/standard values while we're troubleshooting. Once the system is stable again, feel free to resume the overclocking.

Please update these older drivers. Links are included to assist in looking up the source of the drivers. If unable to find an update, please remove (un-install) the program responsible for that driver. DO NOT manually delete/rename the driver as it may make the system unbootable! :
Afc.sys Tue Jul 11 22:48:20 2006 (44B48D24)
Arcsoft(R) ASPI Shell (CD/DVD program)
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=Afc.sys

archlp.sys Fri Feb 6 04:39:29 2009 (498C2F81)
Arcsoft Total Media Player driver
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=archlp.sys

hamachi.sys Thu Feb 19 02:36:41 2009 (499D3639)
LogMeIn Hamachi Virtual network interface driver
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=hamachi.sys

Analysis:
The following is for informational purposes only.
Code: **************************Thu Feb 14 16:56:29.071 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21413-17768-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.17207.amd64fre.win7_gdr.130104-1435 System Uptime:0 days 0:28:04.819 Probably caused by :hardware ( nt!KeWaitForSingleObject+19d ) BugCheck 3B, {c000001d, fffff800044d9d9d, fffff8800acba140, 0} BugCheck Info: SYSTEM_SERVICE_EXCEPTION (3b) Arguments: Arg1: 00000000c000001d, Exception code that caused the bugcheck Arg2: fffff800044d9d9d, Address of the instruction which caused the bugcheck Arg3: fffff8800acba140, Address of the context record for the exception that caused the bugcheck Arg4: 0000000000000000, zero. BUGCHECK_STR: 0x3B DEFAULT_BUCKET_ID: WIN7_DRIVER_FAULT PROCESS_NAME: bf3.exe FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_IP_MISALIGNED BIOS Version 0401 BIOS Release Date 06/21/2010 Manufacturer ASUSTeK Computer INC. Product Name CM1630 ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Thu Feb 14 14:48:29.293 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21413-19921-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.17207.amd64fre.win7_gdr.130104-1435 System Uptime:0 days 1:36:43.041 *** ERROR: Module load completed but symbols could not be loaded for Ntfs.sys Probably caused by :Ntfs.sys ( Ntfs+784b5 ) BugCheck 50, {fffff820330e2634, 1, fffff8800128c4b5, 5} BugCheck Info: PAGE_FAULT_IN_NONPAGED_AREA (50) Arguments: Arg1: fffff820330e2634, memory referenced. Arg2: 0000000000000001, value 0 = read operation, 1 = write operation. Arg3: fffff8800128c4b5, If non-zero, the instruction address which referenced the bad memory address. Arg4: 0000000000000005, (reserved) BUGCHECK_STR: 0x50 DEFAULT_BUCKET_ID: WIN7_DRIVER_FAULT PROCESS_NAME: System FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0x50_Ntfs+784b5 BIOS Version 0401 BIOS Release Date 06/21/2010 Manufacturer ASUSTeK Computer INC. Product Name CM1630 ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Thu Feb 14 16:03:14.023 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21413-21840-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.17207.amd64fre.win7_gdr.130104-1435 System Uptime:0 days 0:08:27.396 Probably caused by :memory_corruption BugCheck 1A, {5003, fffff70001080000, 935, ee100001268} BugCheck Info: MEMORY_MANAGEMENT (1a) Arguments: Arg1: 0000000000005003, The subtype of the bugcheck. Arg2: fffff70001080000 Arg3: 0000000000000935 Arg4: 00000ee100001268 BUGCHECK_STR: 0x1a_5003 PROCESS_NAME: svchost.exe FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_MEMORY_CORRUPTION_ONE_BIT BIOS Version 0401 BIOS Release Date 06/21/2010 Manufacturer ASUSTeK Computer INC. Product Name CM1630 ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Thu Feb 14 15:09:16.666 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21413-22152-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.17207.amd64fre.win7_gdr.130104-1435 System Uptime:0 days 0:04:16.414 Probably caused by :ntkrnlmp.exe ( nt! ?? ::FNODOBFM::`string'+29587 ) BugCheck 1A, {5003, fffff70001080000, e15, 1ba4009} BugCheck Info: MEMORY_MANAGEMENT (1a) Arguments: Arg1: 0000000000005003, The subtype of the bugcheck. Arg2: fffff70001080000 Arg3: 0000000000000e15 Arg4: 0000000001ba4009 BUGCHECK_STR: 0x1a_5003 PROCESS_NAME: SearchIndexer. FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0x1a_5003_nt!_??_::FNODOBFM::_string_+29587 BIOS Version 0401 BIOS Release Date 06/21/2010 Manufacturer ASUSTeK Computer INC. Product Name CM1630 ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Thu Feb 14 15:28:14.218 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21413-24460-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.17207.amd64fre.win7_gdr.130104-1435 System Uptime:0 days 0:18:11.966 Probably caused by :memory_corruption ( nt!MiBadShareCount+4c ) BugCheck 4E, {99, 15d8f5, 0, 15d9f5} BugCheck Info: PFN_LIST_CORRUPT (4e) Arguments: Arg1: 0000000000000099, A PTE or PFN is corrupt Arg2: 000000000015d8f5, page frame number Arg3: 0000000000000000, current page state Arg4: 000000000015d9f5, 0 BUGCHECK_STR: 0x4E_99 PROCESS_NAME: plugin-contain FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0x4E_99_nt!MiBadShareCount+4c BIOS Version 0401 BIOS Release Date 06/21/2010 Manufacturer ASUSTeK Computer INC. Product Name CM1630 ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Thu Feb 14 14:57:34.082 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21413-24523-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.17207.amd64fre.win7_gdr.130104-1435 System Uptime:0 days 0:00:46.456 Probably caused by :ntkrnlmp.exe ( nt!CmpDelayDerefKCBWorker+73 ) BugCheck 1000007E, {ffffffffc0000005, fffff80003dc15df, fffff880031a8a48, fffff880031a82b0} BugCheck Info: SYSTEM_THREAD_EXCEPTION_NOT_HANDLED_M (1000007e) Arguments: Arg1: ffffffffc0000005, The exception code that was not handled Arg2: fffff80003dc15df, The address that the exception occurred at Arg3: fffff880031a8a48, Exception Record Address Arg4: fffff880031a82b0, Context Record Address PROCESS_NAME: System BUGCHECK_STR: 0x7E FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0x7E_nt!CmpDelayDerefKCBWorker+73 BIOS Version 0401 BIOS Release Date 06/21/2010 Manufacturer ASUSTeK Computer INC. Product Name CM1630 ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Fri Feb 15 18:51:25.726 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21513-21824-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.17207.amd64fre.win7_gdr.130104-1435 System Uptime:0 days 0:42:46.099 Probably caused by :hardware ( nt!KeWaitForSingleObject+19d ) BugCheck 3B, {c000001d, fffff800044d7d9d, fffff8800a5d5140, 0} BugCheck Info: SYSTEM_SERVICE_EXCEPTION (3b) Arguments: Arg1: 00000000c000001d, Exception code that caused the bugcheck Arg2: fffff800044d7d9d, Address of the instruction which caused the bugcheck Arg3: fffff8800a5d5140, Address of the context record for the exception that caused the bugcheck Arg4: 0000000000000000, zero. BUGCHECK_STR: 0x3B DEFAULT_BUCKET_ID: WIN7_DRIVER_FAULT PROCESS_NAME: steam.exe FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_IP_MISALIGNED BIOS Version 0401 BIOS Release Date 06/21/2010 Manufacturer ASUSTeK Computer INC. Product Name CM1630 ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Fri Feb 15 18:07:52.581 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21513-40825-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.17207.amd64fre.win7_gdr.130104-1435 System Uptime:0 days 0:00:39.971 Probably caused by :memory_corruption ( nt!MiBadShareCount+4c ) BugCheck 4E, {99, 19eef5, 0, 19eff5} BugCheck Info: PFN_LIST_CORRUPT (4e) Arguments: Arg1: 0000000000000099, A PTE or PFN is corrupt Arg2: 000000000019eef5, page frame number Arg3: 0000000000000000, current page state Arg4: 000000000019eff5, 0 BUGCHECK_STR: 0x4E_99 PROCESS_NAME: dwm.exe FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0x4E_99_nt!MiBadShareCount+4c BIOS Version 0401 BIOS Release Date 06/21/2010 Manufacturer ASUSTeK Computer INC. Product Name CM1630 ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Sat Feb 16 14:02:07.950 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21613-17893-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.17207.amd64fre.win7_gdr.130104-1435 System Uptime:0 days 1:43:07.324 Probably caused by :ntkrnlmp.exe ( nt! ?? ::FNODOBFM::`string'+4593a ) BugCheck 18, {fffffa800c78a570, fffffa800d35a7b0, 1, fffffffffffffffe} BugCheck Info: REFERENCE_BY_POINTER (18) Arguments: Arg1: fffffa800c78a570, Object type of the object whose reference count is being lowered Arg2: fffffa800d35a7b0, Object whose reference count is being lowered Arg3: 0000000000000001, Reserved Arg4: fffffffffffffffe, Reserved The reference count of an object is illegal for the current state of the object. Each time a driver uses a pointer to an object the driver calls a kernel routine to increment the reference count of the object. When the driver is done with the pointer the driver calls another kernel routine to decrement the reference count. Drivers must match calls to the increment and decrement routines. This bugcheck can occur because an object's reference count goes to zero while there are still open handles to the object, in which case the fourth parameter indicates the number of opened handles. It may also occur when the object?s reference count drops below zero whether or not there are open handles to the object, and in that case the fourth parameter contains the actual value of the pointer references count. BUGCHECK_STR: 0x18 DEFAULT_BUCKET_ID: WIN7_DRIVER_FAULT PROCESS_NAME: arma2oa.exe FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0x18_CORRUPT_REF_COUNT_nt!_??_::FNODOBFM::_string_+4593a BIOS Version 0401 BIOS Release Date 06/21/2010 Manufacturer ASUSTeK Computer INC. Product Name CM1630 ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Sat Feb 16 17:06:55.955 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21613-19546-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.17207.amd64fre.win7_gdr.130104-1435 System Uptime:0 days 0:09:53.703 Probably caused by :win32k.sys ( win32k!memcmp+e7d ) BugCheck 3B, {c0000046, fffff8000449ea9c, fffff88007a93e10, 0} BugCheck Info: SYSTEM_SERVICE_EXCEPTION (3b) Arguments: Arg1: 00000000c0000046, Exception code that caused the bugcheck Arg2: fffff8000449ea9c, Address of the instruction which caused the bugcheck Arg3: fffff88007a93e10, Address of the context record for the exception that caused the bugcheck Arg4: 0000000000000000, zero. BUGCHECK_STR: 0x3B DEFAULT_BUCKET_ID: WIN7_DRIVER_FAULT PROCESS_NAME: dwm.exe FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0x3B_win32k!memcmp+e7d BIOS Version 0401 BIOS Release Date 06/21/2010 Manufacturer ASUSTeK Computer INC. Product Name CM1630 ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Sat Feb 16 08:36:52.984 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21613-22760-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.17207.amd64fre.win7_gdr.130104-1435 System Uptime:0 days 0:02:21.747 *** ERROR: Module load completed but symbols could not be loaded for Ntfs.sys Probably caused by :ntkrnlmp.exe ( nt!RtlDeleteNoSplay+38 ) BugCheck 50, {fffff8200d59c900, 0, fffff8000446de6c, 5} BugCheck Info: PAGE_FAULT_IN_NONPAGED_AREA (50) Arguments: Arg1: fffff8200d59c900, memory referenced. Arg2: 0000000000000000, value 0 = read operation, 1 = write operation. Arg3: fffff8000446de6c, If non-zero, the instruction address which referenced the bad memory address. Arg4: 0000000000000005, (reserved) BUGCHECK_STR: 0x50 DEFAULT_BUCKET_ID: WIN7_DRIVER_FAULT PROCESS_NAME: firefox.exe FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0x50_nt!RtlDeleteNoSplay+38 BIOS Version 0401 BIOS Release Date 06/21/2010 Manufacturer ASUSTeK Computer INC. Product Name CM1630 ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Sat Feb 16 08:33:46.333 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21613-24382-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.17207.amd64fre.win7_gdr.130104-1435 System Uptime:0 days 0:23:45.097 Probably caused by :ntkrnlmp.exe ( nt! ?? ::FNODOBFM::`string'+4593a ) BugCheck 18, {fffffa800c788de0, fffffa800c8d03c0, 1, 1} BugCheck Info: REFERENCE_BY_POINTER (18) Arguments: Arg1: fffffa800c788de0, Object type of the object whose reference count is being lowered Arg2: fffffa800c8d03c0, Object whose reference count is being lowered Arg3: 0000000000000001, Reserved Arg4: 0000000000000001, Reserved The reference count of an object is illegal for the current state of the object. Each time a driver uses a pointer to an object the driver calls a kernel routine to increment the reference count of the object. When the driver is done with the pointer the driver calls another kernel routine to decrement the reference count. Drivers must match calls to the increment and decrement routines. This bugcheck can occur because an object's reference count goes to zero while there are still open handles to the object, in which case the fourth parameter indicates the number of opened handles. It may also occur when the object?s reference count drops below zero whether or not there are open handles to the object, and in that case the fourth parameter contains the actual value of the pointer references count. BUGCHECK_STR: 0x18 DEFAULT_BUCKET_ID: WIN7_DRIVER_FAULT PROCESS_NAME: plugin-contain FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0x18_CORRUPT_REF_COUNT_nt!_??_::FNODOBFM::_string_+4593a BIOS Version 0401 BIOS Release Date 06/21/2010 Manufacturer ASUSTeK Computer INC. Product Name CM1630 ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Sat Feb 16 08:51:18.765 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21613-28641-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.17207.amd64fre.win7_gdr.130104-1435 System Uptime:0 days 0:03:45.513 Probably caused by :PCIIDEX.SYS ( PCIIDEX+10d3 ) BugCheck A, {fffff88007edaab0, 2, 1, fffff800044c8849} BugCheck Info: IRQL_NOT_LESS_OR_EQUAL (a) Arguments: Arg1: fffff88007edaab0, memory referenced Arg2: 0000000000000002, IRQL Arg3: 0000000000000001, bitfield : bit 0 : value 0 = read operation, 1 = write operation bit 3 : value 0 = not an execute operation, 1 = execute operation (only on chips which support this level of status) Arg4: fffff800044c8849, address which referenced memory BUGCHECK_STR: 0xA DEFAULT_BUCKET_ID: WIN7_DRIVER_FAULT PROCESS_NAME: System FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0xA_PCIIDEX+10d3 ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Sun Feb 17 01:09:22.331 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21713-22042-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.17207.amd64fre.win7_gdr.130104-1435 System Uptime:0 days 5:31:17.079 Probably caused by :svchost.exe BugCheck 19, {20, fffffa8011e67000, fffffa8011e67450, c450000} BugCheck Info: BAD_POOL_HEADER (19) Arguments: Arg1: 0000000000000020, a pool block header size is corrupt. Arg2: fffffa8011e67000, The pool entry we were looking for within the page. Arg3: fffffa8011e67450, The next pool entry. Arg4: 000000000c450000, (reserved) BUGCHECK_STR: 0x19_20 PROCESS_NAME: svchost.exe FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0x19_20_IMAGE_svchost.exe BIOS Version 0401 BIOS Release Date 06/21/2010 Manufacturer ASUSTeK Computer INC. Product Name CM1630 ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Sun Feb 17 12:35:10.561 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21713-25802-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.17207.amd64fre.win7_gdr.130104-1435 System Uptime:0 days 0:26:34.309 Probably caused by :memory_corruption BugCheck 3B, {c000001d, fffff800046cfd9d, fffff8800332b140, 0} BugCheck Info: SYSTEM_SERVICE_EXCEPTION (3b) Arguments: Arg1: 00000000c000001d, Exception code that caused the bugcheck Arg2: fffff800046cfd9d, Address of the instruction which caused the bugcheck Arg3: fffff8800332b140, Address of the context record for the exception that caused the bugcheck Arg4: 0000000000000000, zero. BUGCHECK_STR: 0x3B DEFAULT_BUCKET_ID: CODE_CORRUPTION PROCESS_NAME: netsession_win FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_MEMORY_CORRUPTION_ONE_BIT BIOS Version 0401 BIOS Release Date 06/21/2010 Manufacturer ASUSTeK Computer INC. Product Name CM1630 ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Sun Feb 17 13:12:26.307 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21713-29764-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.17207.amd64fre.win7_gdr.130104-1435 System Uptime:0 days 0:18:32.055 Probably caused by :memory_corruption ( nt!MiBadRefCount+4f ) BugCheck 4E, {9a, 197f55, 2, 0} BugCheck Info: PFN_LIST_CORRUPT (4e) Arguments: Arg1: 000000000000009a, Arg2: 0000000000197f55 Arg3: 0000000000000002 Arg4: 0000000000000000 BUGCHECK_STR: 0x4E_9a PROCESS_NAME: System FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0x4E_9a_nt!MiBadRefCount+4f BIOS Version 0401 BIOS Release Date 06/21/2010 Manufacturer ASUSTeK Computer INC. Product Name CM1630 ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` 3rd Party Drivers:
The following is for information purposes only.
Any drivers in red should be updated or removed from your system. And should have been discussed in the body of my post.
Code: **************************Thu Feb 14 16:56:29.071 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Afc.sys Tue Jul 11 22:48:20 2006 (44B48D24) archlp.sys Fri Feb 6 04:39:29 2009 (498C2F81) hamachi.sys Thu Feb 19 02:36:41 2009 (499D3639) AtiPcie.sys Tue May 5 08:00:22 2009 (4A005486) LHidFilt.Sys Wed Jun 17 09:49:39 2009 (4A391EA3) LMouFilt.Sys Wed Jun 17 09:49:43 2009 (4A391EA7) AsUpIO.sys Sun Jul 5 19:21:38 2009 (4A515FB2) ASACPI.sys Wed Jul 15 20:31:29 2009 (4A5E9F11) AsIO.sys Mon Aug 3 00:03:16 2009 (4A768BB4) tap0901t.sys Tue Sep 15 23:02:43 2009 (4AB07F83) usbfilter.sys Tue Dec 22 00:26:22 2009 (4B3082AE) amdiox64.sys Thu Feb 18 07:17:53 2010 (4B7D5A21) amdxata.sys Fri Mar 19 09:18:18 2010 (4BA3A3CA) Rt64win7.sys Thu Jun 9 23:33:15 2011 (4DF1BAAB) tap0901.sys Thu Nov 24 10:50:27 2011 (4ECE91F3) SCDEmu.SYS Wed Feb 8 21:59:50 2012 (4F3360D6) AODDriver2.sys Tue Mar 6 01:55:00 2012 (4F55DEF4) netr28ux.sys Mon Apr 16 19:30:56 2012 (4F8CD5E0) GEARAspiWDM.sys Thu May 3 12:56:17 2012 (4FA2E2E1) viahduaa.sys Fri May 4 03:35:46 2012 (4FA3B102) nvhda64v.sys Tue Jul 3 08:25:04 2012 (4FF30ED0) MpFilter.sys Wed Oct 31 15:43:06 2012 (5091A97A) nvlddmkm.sys Fri Dec 28 22:47:52 2012 (50DE9218) ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Thu Feb 14 16:03:14.023 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** partmgp.sys Fri Mar 16 22:12:46 2012 (4F641D4E) ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Sat Feb 16 14:02:07.950 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** lgandnetmodem64.sys Mon Jul 2 23:20:15 2012 (4FF28F1F) lgandnetdiag64.sys Mon Jul 2 23:20:18 2012 (4FF28F22) lgandnetadb.sys Mon Jul 2 23:28:12 2012 (4FF290FC) ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Sat Feb 16 17:06:55.955 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** viahduaa.sys Tue Mar 2 03:30:18 2010 (4B8CF6CA) ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Sun Feb 17 01:09:22.331 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** rspndr.s Mon Jul 13 17:08:50 2009 (4A5BCC92) usbhub.s Thu Mar 24 20:23:22 2011 (4D8C0AAA) ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Sun Feb 17 12:35:10.561 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** blbdrite.sys Mon Jul 13 16:35:59 2009 (4A5BC4DF) srv.syq Thu Apr 28 20:13:05 2011 (4DBA2CC1) http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=Afc.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=archlp.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=hamachi.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=AtiPcie.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=LHidFilt.Sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=LMouFilt.Sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=AsUpIO.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=ASACPI.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=AsIO.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=tap0901t.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=usbfilter.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=amdiox64.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=amdxata.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=Rt64win7.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=tap0901.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=SCDEmu.SYS
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=AODDriver2.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=netr28ux.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=GEARAspiWDM.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=viahduaa.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=nvhda64v.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=MpFilter.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=nvlddmkm.sys
partmgp.sys - this driver hasn't been added to the DRT as of this run. Please search Google/Bing for the driver if additional information is needed.
lgandnetmodem64.sys - this driver hasn't been added to the DRT as of this run. Please search Google/Bing for the driver if additional information is needed.
lgandnetdiag64.sys - this driver hasn't been added to the DRT as of this run. Please search Google/Bing for the driver if additional information is needed.
lgandnetadb.sys - this driver hasn't been added to the DRT as of this run. Please search Google/Bing for the driver if additional information is needed.
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=viahduaa.sys
rspndr.s - this driver hasn't been added to the DRT as of this run. Please search Google/Bing for the driver if additional information is needed.
usbhub.s - this driver hasn't been added to the DRT as of this run. Please search Google/Bing for the driver if additional information is needed.
blbdrite.sys - this driver hasn't been added to the DRT as of this run. Please search Google/Bing for the driver if additional information is needed.
srv.syq - this driver hasn't been added to the DRT as of this run. Please search Google/Bing for the driver if additional information is needed.




I've been getting these crashes a lot recently. Last night I ran the memtest and I recieved 8 errors in 10 minutes. I swapped the rams into a different slot and it seemed to solve the problem, but then a day later I got this crash again. Also, I have to press the restart button twice and on the third restart my computer finally boots up. So yeah, any help/solution appreciated.

My computer stats are in the zip. Attached Files W7F_20-02-2013.zip (2.00 MB, 20 views) Share Share this post on Digg Del.icio.us Technorati Twitter
Reply With Quote .postbitlegacy .postfoot .textcontrols a.post_info_button, .postbit .postfoot .textcontrols a.post_info_button { background: url(/images/post_infobox.png) no-repeat transparent left; padding-left: 20px; } .postbitlegacy .postfoot .textcontrols a.post_info_button:hover, .postbit .postfoot .textcontrols a.post_info_button:hover { background: url(/images/post_infobox-hover.png) no-repeat transparent left; а JavaScript must be enabled 02-20-2013 #2 usasma Microsoft Community Contributor This member is a certified Microsoft Community Contributor at Windows 7 Forums. Click here for more information from Microsoft. Microsoft MVP - Windows Expert
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Join Date Mar 2010 Posts 1,333 Re: PFN_List_Corrupt and ntoskrnl.exe Crashes Start by rerunning MemTest86+ to see if the errors have stopped.If they have, then run Prime95 (the Blend test) to ensure that you're not getting errors: Prime95

SP1 isn't installed, please do the following:
Installing Windows 7 Service Pack 1
1. Visit the PC manufacturer's website and update ALL drivers. DO NOT use Windows Update or the "Update drivers" function of Device Manager.
2. Check Device Manager for any unknown/disabled devices - if there are unknown/disabled devices, fix them with the latest drivers from the device manufacturer's website (not the PC Manufacturer)
3. Visit Windows Update and get all updates (may take repeated visits)
4. Visit Windows Update and get Service Pack 1 (usually under Important Updates). Read these notes for installing SP1: Steps to follow before you install Windows 7 SP1 and Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 from the Microsoft Download Center
5. Visit Windows Update and get any other available updates. May take repeated visits, but keep it up until you get several "Windows is updated" results.
If you're having difficulties with installing a Service Pack, please use the SURTool from this link: What is the System Update Readiness Tool?
Also, check out this troubleshooting link from Microsoft: Troubleshoot problems installing Service Pack 1 (SP1) for Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2
I have had limited success in installing updates/Service Packs when using a "clean boot". I suspect that I'm just bypassing the problem - and that it can come back to bite me in the butt later on. MSINFO32 shows a PS2 keyboard as a problem because it's missing. If you're using a USB keyboard this error is safe to ignore.

Daemon Tools (and Alcohol % software) are known to cause BSOD's on some Win7 systems (mostly due to the sptd.sys driver, although I have seen dtsoftbus01.sys blamed on several occasions). I strongly suspect that this hold true for Win8 systems also.
Please un-install the program, then use the following free tool to ensure that the troublesome sptd.sys driver is removed from your system (pick the 32 or 64 bit system depending on your system's configuration): [DEL] DuplexSecure - FAQ [/DEL] Link broken as of 21 Jul 2012
New link (15 Aug 2012): DuplexSecure - Downloads (pick the appropriate version for your system and select "Un-install" when you run it).
Alternate link: Disc-Tools.com
Manual procedure here: Registry and SPTD problems | DAEMON Pro Help Please uninstall HotSpotShield - it is known to cause BSOD's on some Windows systems.

AMD OverDrive (AODDriver2.sys) is either a stand-alone application, or a component of the AMD VISION Engine Control Center. This driver is known to cause BSOD's on some Win7 systems.
Please un-install all AMD/ATI video stuff from Control Panel...Programs...Un-install a program
Then, download (but DO NOT install) a fresh copy of the ATI drivers from Global Provider of Innovative Graphics, Processors and Media Solutions | AMD (in the upper right corner of the page)
Use this procedure to install the DRIVER ONLY: ATI video cards - DRIVER ONLY installation procedure
If the device (AODDriver or AODDriver4.01) remains a problem, open Device Manager, select the "View" item.
Then select "Show hidden devices" and scroll down to the Non-Plug and Play Drivers section.
Locate the AODDriver entry, right click on it and select "Un-install". Reboot for changes to take affect. Sometimes the driver remains and continues to cause BSOD's. If this is the case for you, post back and we'll give further instructions for safely removing it.
If overclocking, please stop. Remove the overclock and return the system to stock/standard values while we're troubleshooting. Once the system is stable again, feel free to resume the overclocking.

If using a wireless USB networking device:
I do not recommend using wireless USB network devices. Especially in Win7/Win8 systems.
These wireless USB devices have many issues with Win7(and I suspect with Win8) - using Vista drivers with them is almost sure to cause a BSOD.
Should you want to keep using these devices, be sure to have Win7/Win8 drivers - DO NOT use Vista drivers!!!
An installable wireless PCI/PCIe card that's plugged into your motherboard is much more robust, reliable, and powerful. Please update these older drivers. Links are included to assist in looking up the source of the drivers. If unable to find an update, please remove (un-install) the program responsible for that driver. DO NOT manually delete/rename the driver as it may make the system unbootable! :
scmndisp.sys Tue Jan 16 23:48:03 2007 (45ADD4B3)
Netgear Neutral Wireless Solution
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=scmndisp.sys

hamachi.sys Thu Feb 19 02:36:41 2009 (499D3639)
LogMeIn Hamachi Virtual network interface driver
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=hamachi.sys

mcdbus.sys Tue Feb 24 02:34:07 2009 (49A3CD1F)
MagicISO SCSI Host Controller driver
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=mcdbus.sys

nusb3hub.sys Thu Jan 21 19:22:18 2010 (4B5919EA)
NEC Electronics USB 3.0 Host Controller Driver (previous BSOD issues with 2010 version)
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=nusb3hub.sys

nusb3xhc.sys Thu Jan 21 19:22:21 2010 (4B5919ED)
NEC Electronics USB 3.0 Host Controller Driver (previous BSOD issues with 2010 version)
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=nusb3xhc.sys

Analysis:
The following is for informational purposes only.
Code: **************************Sat Feb 16 10:50:32.775 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21613-17908-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.16792.amd64fre.win7_gdr.110408-1633 System Uptime:0 days 0:10:24.133 Probably caused by :memory_corruption ( nt!MiBadShareCount+4c ) BugCheck 4E, {99, 126fa2, 2, 126864} BugCheck Info: PFN_LIST_CORRUPT (4e) Arguments: Arg1: 0000000000000099, A PTE or PFN is corrupt Arg2: 0000000000126fa2, page frame number Arg3: 0000000000000002, current page state Arg4: 0000000000126864, 0 BUGCHECK_STR: 0x4E_99 PROCESS_NAME: Vindictus.exe FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0x4E_99_nt!MiBadShareCount+4c BIOS Version P1.60 BIOS Release Date 09/14/2010 Manufacturer To Be Filled By O.E.M. Product Name To Be Filled By O.E.M. ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Sat Feb 16 10:35:31.905 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21613-19032-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.16792.amd64fre.win7_gdr.110408-1633 System Uptime:0 days 0:24:19.247 Probably caused by :memory_corruption ( nt!MiBadShareCount+4c ) BugCheck 4E, {99, 2f912, 2, 2f910} BugCheck Info: PFN_LIST_CORRUPT (4e) Arguments: Arg1: 0000000000000099, A PTE or PFN is corrupt Arg2: 000000000002f912, page frame number Arg3: 0000000000000002, current page state Arg4: 000000000002f910, 0 BUGCHECK_STR: 0x4E_99 PROCESS_NAME: chrome.exe FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0x4E_99_nt!MiBadShareCount+4c BIOS Version P1.60 BIOS Release Date 09/14/2010 Manufacturer To Be Filled By O.E.M. Product Name To Be Filled By O.E.M. ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Sat Feb 16 10:10:32.573 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21613-20248-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.16792.amd64fre.win7_gdr.110408-1633 System Uptime:0 days 1:05:38.290 Probably caused by :dxgmms1.sys ( dxgmms1!VidMmInterface+eeee ) BugCheck 4E, {99, 126f37, 2, 7410c} BugCheck Info: PFN_LIST_CORRUPT (4e) Arguments: Arg1: 0000000000000099, A PTE or PFN is corrupt Arg2: 0000000000126f37, page frame number Arg3: 0000000000000002, current page state Arg4: 000000000007410c, 0 BUGCHECK_STR: 0x4E_99 PROCESS_NAME: Vindictus.exe FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0x4E_99_dxgmms1!VidMmInterface+eeee BIOS Version P1.60 BIOS Release Date 09/14/2010 Manufacturer To Be Filled By O.E.M. Product Name To Be Filled By O.E.M. ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Sat Feb 16 09:04:16.412 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21613-26707-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.16792.amd64fre.win7_gdr.110408-1633 System Uptime:0 days 16:55:44.286 Probably caused by :memory_corruption ( nt!MiBadShareCount+4c ) BugCheck 4E, {99, 84120, 2, 84113} BugCheck Info: PFN_LIST_CORRUPT (4e) Arguments: Arg1: 0000000000000099, A PTE or PFN is corrupt Arg2: 0000000000084120, page frame number Arg3: 0000000000000002, current page state Arg4: 0000000000084113, 0 BUGCHECK_STR: 0x4E_99 PROCESS_NAME: explorer.exe FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0x4E_99_nt!MiBadShareCount+4c BIOS Version P1.60 BIOS Release Date 09/14/2010 Manufacturer To Be Filled By O.E.M. Product Name To Be Filled By O.E.M. ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Mon Feb 18 19:49:45.236 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21813-18595-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.16792.amd64fre.win7_gdr.110408-1633 System Uptime:1 days 3:08:19.250 Probably caused by :memory_corruption ( nt!MiBadShareCount+4c ) BugCheck 4E, {99, 12e60c, 2, 6d70b} BugCheck Info: PFN_LIST_CORRUPT (4e) Arguments: Arg1: 0000000000000099, A PTE or PFN is corrupt Arg2: 000000000012e60c, page frame number Arg3: 0000000000000002, current page state Arg4: 000000000006d70b, 0 BUGCHECK_STR: 0x4E_99 PROCESS_NAME: chrome.exe FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0x4E_99_nt!MiBadShareCount+4c BIOS Version P1.60 BIOS Release Date 09/14/2010 Manufacturer To Be Filled By O.E.M. Product Name To Be Filled By O.E.M. ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Mon Feb 18 21:57:00.213 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps21813-21840-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.16792.amd64fre.win7_gdr.110408-1633 System Uptime:0 days 2:01:34.086 Probably caused by :memory_corruption ( nt!MiRelinkStandbyPage+c6 ) BugCheck 1A, {8884, fffffa800375d950, fffffa800375dad0, 504} BugCheck Info: MEMORY_MANAGEMENT (1a) Arguments: Arg1: 0000000000008884, The subtype of the bugcheck. Arg2: fffffa800375d950 Arg3: fffffa800375dad0 Arg4: 0000000000000504 BUGCHECK_STR: 0x1a_8884 PROCESS_NAME: svchost.exe FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0x1a_8884_nt!MiRelinkStandbyPage+c6 BIOS Version P1.60 BIOS Release Date 09/14/2010 Manufacturer To Be Filled By O.E.M. Product Name To Be Filled By O.E.M. ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Wed Feb 20 16:57:01.600 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** Loading Dump File [C:UsersJohnSysnativeBSODApps22013-22620-01.dmp] Windows 7 Kernel Version 7600 MP (4 procs) Free x64 Missing Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Built by: 7600.16792.amd64fre.win7_gdr.110408-1633 System Uptime:0 days 2:17:29.488 Probably caused by :memory_corruption ( nt!MiBadShareCount+4c ) BugCheck 4E, {99, 119b81, 2, 119b62} BugCheck Info: PFN_LIST_CORRUPT (4e) Arguments: Arg1: 0000000000000099, A PTE or PFN is corrupt Arg2: 0000000000119b81, page frame number Arg3: 0000000000000002, current page state Arg4: 0000000000119b62, 0 BUGCHECK_STR: 0x4E_99 PROCESS_NAME: Vindictus.exe FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: X64_0x4E_99_nt!MiBadShareCount+4c BIOS Version P1.60 BIOS Release Date 09/14/2010 Manufacturer To Be Filled By O.E.M. Product Name To Be Filled By O.E.M. ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` 3rd Party Drivers:
The following is for information purposes only.
Any drivers in red should be updated or removed from your system. And should have been discussed in the body of my post.
Code: **************************Sat Feb 16 10:50:32.775 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** scmndisp.sys Tue Jan 16 23:48:03 2007 (45ADD4B3) hamachi.sys Thu Feb 19 02:36:41 2009 (499D3639) mcdbus.sys Tue Feb 24 02:34:07 2009 (49A3CD1F) AtiPcie.sys Tue May 5 08:00:22 2009 (4A005486) amdxata.sys Tue May 19 10:56:59 2009 (4A12F2EB) usbfilter.sys Tue Dec 22 00:26:22 2009 (4B3082AE) nusb3hub.sys Thu Jan 21 19:22:18 2010 (4B5919EA) nusb3xhc.sys Thu Jan 21 19:22:21 2010 (4B5919ED) RTKVHD64.sys Mon Feb 8 02:24:50 2010 (4B6FE672) Rt64win7.sys Thu Jun 9 23:33:15 2011 (4DF1BAAB) SASKUTIL64.SYS Tue Jul 12 14:00:01 2011 (4E1CB5D1) SASDIFSV64.SYS Thu Jul 21 16:03:00 2011 (4E28B024) dtsoftbus01.sys Fri Jan 13 05:45:46 2012 (4F10358A) vrtaucbl.sys Sun Apr 1 02:08:34 2012 (4F781B12) AODDriver2.sys Thu Apr 5 02:23:37 2012 (4F7D6499) GEARAspiWDM.sys Thu May 3 12:56:17 2012 (4FA2E2E1) SCDEmu.SYS Wed May 30 18:33:23 2012 (4FC6CA63) mbam.sys Mon Aug 20 09:49:41 2012 (50326AA5) EagleX64.sys Tue Sep 4 00:25:58 2012 (5045AD06) AtihdW76.sys Tue Nov 6 13:41:51 2012 (5099841F) atikmpag.sys Wed Dec 19 11:32:55 2012 (50D21667) atikmdag.sys Wed Dec 19 12:38:55 2012 (50D225DF) taphss6.sys Fri Jan 4 19:47:50 2013 (50E7A266) hssdrv6.sys Sat Jan 19 22:06:48 2013 (50FB8978) ииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииииии`` **************************Wed Feb 20 16:57:01.600 2013 (UTC - 8:00)************************** hssdrv6.sys Tue Feb 12 12:51:34 2013 (511AAB56) http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=scmndisp.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=hamachi.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=mcdbus.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=AtiPcie.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=amdxata.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=usbfilter.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=nusb3hub.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=nusb3xhc.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=RTKVHD64.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=Rt64win7.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=SASKUTIL64.SYS
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=SASDIFSV64.SYS
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=dtsoftbus01.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=vrtaucbl.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=AODDriver2.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=GEARAspiWDM.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=SCDEmu.SYS
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=mbam.sys
EagleX64.sys - this driver hasn't been added to the DRT as of this run. Please search Google/Bing for the driver if additional information is needed.
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=AtihdW76.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=atikmpag.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=atikmdag.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=taphss6.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=hssdrv6.sys
http://www.carrona.org/drivers/driver.php?id=hssdrv6.sys




When you have a Ferrari you might want to test drive it on a circuit, where there are none of the limitations of a town street. Well, when you have Internet Explorer 9 Beta you need a УcircuitФ on which to test it, something more than just your average Internet websites, applications and services.

Somewhere where you could really go Уpedal to the metalФ on IE9. Where the browser will show just what it is capable of.

Fortunately enough, a wide range of such sites designed for Internet Explorer 9 already exist, with a plethora of Microsoft partners introducing new IE9-related web projects with the launch of the Beta on September 15th, 2010.

The Beauty of the Web launch event for IE9 Beta earlier this week was a real show of force from Microsoft partners.

At the bottom of the screen I included a range of photos from the partner section of the event. Below you will also be able to find a list of links with some amazing IE9 websites from the software giantТs Beauty of the Web event.

УRicher Web experiences can blend into the consumer's desktop experience comfortably and consistently. So, today we have an A to Z, literally, of Web sites, partners, live with Web experiences that take advantage of IE9, even more than the A to Z of the Web,Ф revealed Dean Hachamovitch, Corporate Vice President, Internet Explorer, Microsoft earlier this week.

Users will be able to easily notice that IE9 can enhance the experiences associated with social networks such as Facebook, Twitter, and Netlog.

But there is additional bleeding edge content from various web design firms, and new perspectives on entertainment and news from BBC, CNN, Hulu, Vimeo, and Daily Motion.

Over 50 projects were on display in total, many of them built in very short time, just a matter of weeks, in preparation for the event.

But all of them extremely impressive, and all of them already live on the web, and available to testers around the world.

ItТs important to underline that although the Redmond company catalyzed the creation of the projects, it made sure to have them work not only across Internet Explorer 9, but also across rival browsers.

Superb projects such as Endless Mural will function in IE9, as well as any other browser that supports HTML5.

All the websites featured at the Beauty of the web event in fact, are set up to take advantage of modern web standards, such as HTML5, CSS3, SVG, etc.

And usage is in no way restricted to IE9, which is a brilliant move from Microsoft, showing its commitment to users, developers and partners alike, and a strong focus on driving the web forward by making the same markup vision a reality.

УToday partners around the Internet join us in releasing new experiences for the Web. Over 70 top sites and brands that reach over two-thirds of active Internet users. Together that's over 800 million visitors whose Web experience just got better on Windows with IE9,Ф Hachamovitch added on September 15th.

Here is the list of IE9 websites, with short descriptions from Microsoft:

У1. Amazon - Amazon.com, Inc. seeks to be Earth's most customer-centric company.

By integrating the pinning and Jump List features enabled by Internet Explorer 9, Amazon continues to enhance the on-line shopping experience for customers by giving them easy access to Amazon.com favorites such as Gold Box Deals and Best Sellers as well as enabling customers to manage their accounts and check the status of orders quickly and effortlessly.

2. Agent 008 Ball by Pixel Lab - Agent 008 Ball is an addictive game that combines billiards with the high stakes world of international espionage. Cutting edge HTML5 features (like Audio and Canvas) supported by Internet Explorer 9, combined with stunning graphics draw you in as you attempt to beat a timer and avoid the nefarious tricks of the terrorist organization CHALK.

3. Always Beautiful by Big Spaceship - Using the new features included in Internet Explorer 9, Big Spaceship created Always Beautiful, an interactive visualization set to music.

Users manipulate colors and objects that adapt to the song's rhythm and structure. At the end of the song, the user is shown the high-resolution artwork they've created using the powerful SVG capabilities and improved JavaScript performance of Internet Explorer 9.

4. AP News Reader by Vectorform - The AP News Lab "Timeline Reader" is a collaboration between Vectorform and The Associated Press (AP) exploring new ways of visualizing and reading online news.

We sought out to create a fully featured online reader application that showcases the beautiful high-res imagery from the AP side-by-side with a full article reading experience.

Users can browse through all of their favorite news categories simultaneously in a timeline visualization that frames the dayТs events in a complete chronological sequence. The site is also a showcase of the latest advances in HTML5 and CSS3 supported in modern web browsers.

Some of the new technologies utilized were the HTML5 canvas tag to create a fast loading and snappy intro animation/splash screen, HTML5 local storage to keep track of read articles and a reading queue, and CSS3 support for embedding web fonts.

5. AMD Space Command - AMD Space Command is a fun game that shows the graphics acceleration of Direct2D technology in the Internet Explorer 9 browser.

Shoot as many space attackers possible, and use the УGPU capacitorФ to adjust the intensity of the game. AMD Space Command is built in HTML5, leveraging the GPU in your PC to improve graphics.

You can see this first hand by keeping track of the Frames Per Second (FPS) as you adjust your GPU capacitor!

6. BeatKeep by Archetype - Community and creativity are the driving forces behind ArchetypeТs BeatKeep application.

BeatKeep allows drummers, musicians, and music enthusiasts to discover, create, and share beats of any genre. Through intuitive interactions and the power of HTML5 on Internet Explorer 9, BeatKeep allows users to create unique audio tracks and share them on social networks like Facebook.

7. Beautiful Explorer by Soleil Noir - Web is beautiful, spontaneous, ephemeral and so creative. The beauty of the web is the creative contents produced by everyday people. This website is a design trends daily overview. We hope you'll enjoy it.

8. BMW Vision by EMC - EMC Consulting and BMW have a created the BMW Car Configurator, a ground-breaking tool that shows off the extraordinary BMW Vision EfficientDynamics concept car.

The experience relies on the high performance of Internet Explorer 9, bringing together the awesome power of Chakra, its new JavaScript engine, and GPU acceleration to enable car enthusiasts to manipulate both the car and its environment with a fluid three-dimensional feel.

9. Brain Power by R2Integrated and Scientific America - R2integrated developed Brain Power, a website and interactive learning tool to introduce users to the many parts of the human brain and its functionality.

Brain Power uses HTML5, SVG, CSS3, and JavaScript. An animation layer produces real-time interactions with elements drawn within the HTML5 canvas.

The HTML5/CSS3 engine within Internet Explorer 9 makes full rich interactive applications practical for all new websites. In short, HTML5 and Internet Explorer 9 introduce end users to new levels of flexibility, capability, and expression.

10. Chinese Shadow Play by RedSAFI - Chinese Shadow Play is a traditional form of Chinese art. This demo lets users choose an iconic Chinese shadow puppets, play with puppets individually and organize the puppets in formations.

This demo shows off the power of the Internet Explorer 9 Canvas by featuring a physics engine and a bones system, as well as beautiful bitmap art to create an engaging viewing experience.

11. Also by RedSAFI: Chinese Kite Experiment - In this demo, a user can select a kite and choose a flight pattern.

The user can also add fans to the stage and add collision detection to alter the kiteТs flight. This demo shows off Internet Explorer 9 Canvas performance by featuring a physics engine to create the flying environment.

12. Comicx Parallax by Steaw Design - As web technologies continue to evolve, we prepare to enter the age of HTML5. Created for Beauty of The Web in honor of the Internet Explorer 9 launch, УNever Mind the BulletsФ offers the traditional comic strip experience enriched by parallax.

With a simple movement of the mouse, the strip is animated and the story comes to life. It unfolds at LongHorn Gush, a quiet town troubled by a band of outlaws, The Red Bandanas.

However, with the arrival of the famous Bill УOne ShotФ Collins, things are about to change.

13. Cracked.com by Demand Media - Pinning Cracked.com to your task bar allows you easier access to one of the fastest growing humor sites in the world.

Now all of CrackedТs award-winning content is only one click away Ц no matter where you are online!

14. DailyMotion - Dailymotion is pleased to announce the release of its new HTML5 Player Beta and Demo.

This development takes advantage of the latest web standards, and permits streaming video playback without the need for plugins," said Olivier Poitrey, CTO and Co-Founder.

"We are excited to partner with Microsoft for this announcement as the new Internet Explorer 9 shows commitment to both web standards and innovation. Internet Explorer 9 sets itself apart by supporting hardware accelerated graphics and offering users a more app-like experience with their new Site Mode.

15. Digital News Archive (DNA) by Nave - The web site provides Korean newspapers from various publishers dates starting from 1960's to 1990's.

Users can easily browse through the newspapers using simple UI. To maximize the user experience, the Canvas element was heavily utilized. With the Canvas, we could make zoom, page navigation and other transitions smooth and enjoyable for the users.

16. Discovery - As the worldТs number one nonfiction media company, Discovery Communications is always looking for new ways to engage with our passionate fans.

By building new Internet Explorer 9 functionality into Discovery.com, TLC.com and AnimalPlanet.com, we are able to give audiences even more ways to interact with and learn from their favorite TV shows and personalities.

17. EBay

18. eHow by Demand Media - eHow offers more than 2 million articles and videos, providing visitors with trusted solutions for completing lifeТs daily tasks or larger projects.

With Internet Explorer 9, users enjoy an optimized and more dynamic eHow, a faster loading and immersive video experience - without the need for 3rd party software - plus new tools to bring relevant eHow content straight to our userТs fingertips.

19. Facebook - More than 500 million people actively engage with their friends on Facebook each month.

With IE9, Facebook users will be able to more quickly access and manage their social activities through the browser and get back to their friends via a seamless and rich experience.

20. Flixster - Flixster is the largest online movie community and the leading movie application for mobile devices.

Flixster is using Internet Explorer 9Тs new features to give users quick and easy access to great movie content right from the desktop.

21. Floweroscope by LA Surprise - Floweroscope provides users with a kaleidoscope-like online artistic experience that explores the new capacities of Internet Explorer 9 to create a unique animation experience.

Floweroscope provides symmetrical effects and randomly generated shapes, and the user controls the shape colors and sizes.

An HTML5-supported volume effect and the new Chakra JavaScript engine immerse the user into the experience. The Internet Explorer 9 Canvas element provides an innovative way to draw hardware-accelerated animations without plugins.

22. Gorillaz - Gorillaz.com has been optimised for Internet Explorer 9 to take advantage of some great new integration features with Windows 7.

Fans can now drag the Gorillaz favicon to their taskbar and access it like an app. Right-clicking on the Gorillaz icon in the taskbar provides access to site features like News or the G Player.

Gorillaz fans can even personalise this list by clicking the star to save any page. Powered by HTML5, MurdocТs Reading Room is turned into an interactive space.

He'll talk you through it as you zoom up to the gallery wall and listen to tracks, bring up the Story So Far book off his coffee table with stunning pictures, html5 video and audio, and have a nosey look through the contents of his laptop. Click on the video to play an HTML5 video!

23. Hulu - Hulu on Internet Explorer 9 and Windows 7 will allow users to customize their Jump List menu with the most popular destinations on the site.

To customize, users simply select the menu items in their profile page and they become accessible whenever/wherever you are on Hulu.com.

The site will also enable contextual menus on Show Pages and Watch Pages allowing users to Subscribe to shows or control their video watching experience during content playback.

24. IMDb - More than 100 million unique visitors per month turn to IMDb to discover which movies are coming out and decide what to watch.

IMDbТs new HD Trailer Gallery utilizes HTML5 and Internet Explorer 9 hardware acceleration to dramatically enhance the trailer viewing and movie discovery experience on IMDb.

25. Jack & the Beanstalk, an Animated, Interactive Storybook by Clarity Consulting - The site blends fantasy and realism in custom illustrations animated by physics-based JavaScript.

The GPU acceleration in Internet Explorer 9 allows for smooth rendering of animations, even when leveraging heavy physics libraries. Coupled with SVG graphics and embedded audio most are surprised to hear the entire site has been created using HTML5, CSS, and JavaScript.

The newly supported features of Internet Explorer 9 allows for rich interactivity without the overhead of the traditional plug-in based model.

26. JitterBug by Cynergy - JitterBug is a fast, fun game built exclusively in HTML5. Showing off the rich media and rendering power of Internet Explorer 9, the game challenges the player to draw lassos around fast moving bugs to unlock the Band and start the show before the time runs out.

Relying heavily on Internet Explorer 9Тs impressive Canvas abilities, this rich playing experience redefines whatТs possible in HTML based game play.

27. Kaboodle - Kaboodle is the InternetТs largest social website for passionate shoppers. KaboodleТs shopping tools allow users to add products from anywhere online to their Kaboodle lists and to share those products with others.

The siteТs integration with Internet Explorer 9 will provide Kaboodle community members with easy access to their personalized shopping content via a custom Jump List, ensuring that it is always just one click away.

28. LinkedIn - LinkedIn is an Internet platform company focused on connecting the world's professionals.

The company is privately held and has a diversified business model with revenues driven from user subscriptions, advertising sales and enterprise software licensing.

The LinkedIn Web site launched in 2003 and is the largest professional networking site in the world with more than 75 million members, representing 200 countries and executives from every Fortune 500 company.

LinkedInТs integration with Internet Explorer 9 will provide its members with one-click access to their professional network and business insights via a custom Jump List.

29. Live Strong by Demand Media - LIVESTRONG.COM inspires and empowers people to achieve their daily goals around living healthy.

With Internet Explorer 9, users enjoy a more dynamic experience including an expanded HD video browsing and improved recipe discovery.

A newly optimized experience of the popular MyPlate food and fitness tracking application keeps users engaged in real-time.

30. Lost WorldТs Fairs by Friends of Mighty - To celebrate Internet Explorer 9Тs support for the Web Open Font Format (WOFF) Jason Santa Maria, Frank Chimero, Naz Hamid, and Trent Walton have teamed up to create a series of web broadsheets for WorldТs Fairs that never were.

Each piece uses fully live text (with some HTML5 and CSS3) to showcase whatТs typographically possible on the web.

31. MONA (Museum Of Neverending Art) by groupeReflect - At the MONA, users work together to create the biggest online artwork ever.

Everyone can create, draw, write, upload pictures, and add and alter things on the canvas. ItТs a user-generated piece of art, which is constantly in motion.

Using Internet Explorer 9 technologies such as HTML5 / CSS3, WebFonts, Canvas and the new Internet Explorer 9 JavaScript Engine, MONA makes you rediscover the beauty of the web, as well as recreate it.

32. MySpace - MySpace Video offers music videos, full episodes of TV shows, and user generated content and creates a social environment for users to view, create and share videos with friends.

In Internet Explorer 9, MySpace Video serves over 200,000 videos and UGC video clips in state of the art high-def H.264 in full compliance with HTML5. Jump Lists in Internet Explorer 9 offer quick content discovery and easy navigation.

33. National Museum Gallery China by NX - One of the most famous museums in China, National Museum of China (NMC) now allows visitors to explore the galleries on their feet or on the web.

Internet Explorer 9Тs HTML5 support is just right for this scenario: easy to develop with great flexibility, smooth video and audio playback and a fast experience with the new JavaScript engine.

34. Netlog - Netlog is an online platform where users can keep in touch with and extend their social network and is currently available in 37 languages and has more than 69 million members throughout Europe, and this number increases every day.

Netlog is taking advantage of pinning site to the taskbar and thereby making sure users get to the activities within Netlog they care about via the Jump List.

35. One Day in Beijing by Toujie - One Day in Beijing provides a virtual tour of famous Beijing sites, including the Great Wall, Temple of Heaven, Beihai Park, Tian An Men, and National Stadium China (Bird Nest).

These are the must-go places for anyone touring Beijing. By harnessing the power of Internet Explorer 9 and HTML5 along with the Internet Explorer 9 Canvas 2D API, we created a multitude of interactive scenarios.

Users can experience flying clouds and mouse sensitive navigation, as well as other HTML 5 demos like flying kites, and piyingxi.

36. Photobucket - Photobucket is the premier destination for saving, sharing, searching, and creating images and video on the Web.

With Internet Explorer 9, Photobucket is using Jump List, which will allow users to access both their own content and content from topical УFind StuffФ categories directly from their desktop.

37. Quiksilver

38. Red Bull by Archetype - Archetype has created a next generation global media and social experience for Red Bull.

This interactive application allows users to browse Red BullТs rich set of photos and video, dynamically surfacing content based on its popularity in social networking sites and on users' interests.

It takes advantage of HTML 5, SVG, CSS3, Jump Lists, Scaling, Audio/Video tags and custom font features and functionality offered by Internet Explorer 9 to raise the bar for interactivity and design in standards based websites.

39. Rough Guides by Metia - Members of this interactive community use an animated compass to navigate a map of the world; view geo-located photographs pulled from the Flickr database; and explore 200 travel experiences selected by Rough Guides.

Members can also submit their own images to the community, and share favourite experiences from their online travels using Facebook, Twitter and email.

40. RTL - RTL Group is a house of excellent content and powerful brands, which is able to deliver its content to all media platforms worldwide and to repeat its broadcasting success story in every country while fulfilling its obligation to society.

By combining pinning, Jump List and previews into the RTL experience, Internet Explorer 9 users get convenient access to the most popular RTL content.

41. Sohu NBA by Digital Hall nbadata.sports.sohu.com - Sohu Sports is one of the most popular interactive sports information network among sport enthusiasts.

Being the NBA-licensed live video broadcast site for NBA events in China, NBA fans can access team schedules, game videos and team/player data, photos, chat rooms, voting and other interactive features. Internet Explorer 9 plus HTML 5 gives an unparalleled high performance hardware accelerated graphics and video experience.

42. t-online.de - This showcase is a sneak peek at the future of t-online.de.

Core features are new picture and video galleries, a 360 degree view of consumer products and a fun and challenging online game, all completely realized in HTML 5.

This, as well as the implementation of the Internet ExplorerТs Jump List feature, offers the user a glimpse of what a modern news website could be like when fully implementing the power and simplicity of HTML 5 in combination with the Internet ExplorerТs unique way to surf the web.

43. The Doll Parade by Freetouch - The Doll Parade allows its users to assemble a wide variety of dolls by customizing their arms, legs, faces and apparel.

Once the doll is assembled the users doll along with other creations march smoothly via an HTML5 Canvas. The experiences takes advantage of HTML 5 (Canvas), SVG and CSS3.

44. The Killers by SparKart - The Killers' website chronicles the band's career, and offers users a seamless browsing experience of the bandТs music and video content.

The website takes advantage of HTML5, Canvas & SVG across the site's panoramic landscape & internal sections, leveling the playing field in displaying content to users across multiple platforms & devices.

45. The Shodo by Business Architects - The Kanji Calligraphy website takes advantage of powerful new Internet Explorer 9 features to introduce users to the beautiful Japanese calligraphy known as Shodo.

Even better, Kanji Calligraphy allows users to create their own calligraphy-based art work and share it on Twitter and Facebook.

This site is based on several of the features supported by Internet Explorer 9 HTML5 (canvas, video element, audio element), SVG, and WOFF.

46. The Wall Street Journal - WSJ.com offers breaking news coverage, real time quotes, and in-depth analysis and commentary to the business elite.

Its high-end magazine, WSJ., emphasizes luxury and discerning lifestyle content. To make it easier for users to find and enjoy the content, WSJ is implementing favicons, pinning and the Jump List functionality of Internet Explorer 9 and employing HTML5 features for the visually enriched magazine.

Users can more quickly and easily access Journal content on their faster Internet Explorer 9 browsers.

47. TopGear.com by BBC - TopGear.com is the award-winning website of the world famous motoring entertainment brand, Top Gear.

Top Gear presenters, producers, magazine team, and contributors regularly post on TopGear.com. The Cool Wall leverages the HTML5 and hardware accelerated graphics support in Internet Explorer 9 to provide amazingly smooth transitions, Deep Zoom functionality and slick video playback.

48. Twitter - Twitter lets you share and discover what's happening in your world. The Twitter pinned app in Internet Explorer 9 makes it easy to jump into your Twitter timeline, read and send direct messages, and more, so it's never more than a click away.

49. USA Today - As a part of the fifth anniversary of Hurricane Katrina, USA TODAY built a multimedia project examining where things now stand in New Orleans and the Gulf Coast.

To build the site, we used a variety of web standards, including HTML5 video tag and several CSS3 features, that take advantage of the capabilities of cutting-edge web technologies in Internet Explorer 9.

50. Vodpod - Vodpod makes it easy to build your own video channel with your favorite videos from the Web, and to tune in to channels by other members who share your tastes and interests.

By pinning Vodpod to the taskbar in Internet Explorer 9, users will be able to jump right to their real-time Vodpod feed, to their video collection, or to their favorite channels.

51. WebVizBench by Stimulant and KEXP - WebVizBench lets fans of SeattleТs non-profit radio station KEXP explore historical airplay data, while putting HTML 5's new features to the test. Sift and sort through 6+ years of music, or use the benchmark mode to see how your browser, CPU and GPU stack up against a thorough battery of DOM, canvas, typographic, SVG and video rendering tests.

52. XING - XING is a social network for business professionals with more than 9.6 million members worldwide.

Using Internet Explorer 9 technology such as Jump Lists, XING members can perform tasks like sending messages faster than ever and also receive real-time updates about their network. This supports our XING Anywhere strategy and our efforts to provide our members with great usability.

53. Yahoo! Japan - Through Jump Lists in Internet Explorer 9, users of Yahoo! can enjoy the СPeopleТ, 'TV', 'Game/Animation', and 'Sports' categories of search ranking, and further enjoy it by switching to Yahoo! Auction, and Yahoo! Answer to see what is actively traded or discussed related to popular queries.

54. ZKM - УExhibition and ArchiveФ presents a historic online exhibition and a new experience of archival survey.

The side is driven by HTML5, CANVAS, CSS3, SVG and Jump List, which allow graphically rich, standard conform applications and avoids plugins. The pure implementation supports the modern claim of Уform follows functionФ and adds sustainability.Ф

54 Amazing IE9 Websites You Have to Try - Softpedia




In late May, I arrived in Redmond to work as an intern on the Channel9 team. I had the freedom to choose what I was going to work on, so I decided to challenge myself and work outside my comfort zone, utilizing less C# and managed code and more C++ and DirectX. To do so, I decided to highlight the capabilities of Windows 8ЧthatТs how FallFury was born.
FallFury is a 2D platformer in which the player controls a falling bear, trying to avoid obstacles, dodge missiles, and destroy monsters as the bear falls. The project incorporates several of the new Windows 8 APIs, including the accelerometer and touch as well as integrations with core OS capabilities such as settings and share charms. Additionally, the project leverages the most exacting addition to the Visual Studio development environmentЧhybrid application development with XAML, C++, and DirectX.
Check out the video for this article at http://channel9.msdn.com/Series/Fall...1-Introduction
Design & Idea

From the outset, Rick Barraza and I decided that since our target audience was composed of both kids and adults, the main character had to be familiar to both groups. Teddy bears turned out to be the best choice. Rick spent a day creating tens of potential bear drawingsЧout of which I had to choose one:

As the bearТs fall progresses, the character encounters a variety of obstacles dependent on the level type and complexity. Those obstacles should of course be avoided, so as the user tilts the device, the character in the game moves in the associated direction.
The design of the project took a week, and during this time the following items were determined and conceptualized. Considerations for both tablet and desktop environments directed our decisions:
╖ The main character layout.
╖ The way the game progresses as the character falls down.
╖ How the user interacts with the game in a wide variety of possible scenarios.
╖ What the game screens look like.
╖ What the menu system interaction looks like.
╖ How the game looks in different screen modes and on different device types.
╖ Some of the bonuses that the main character can pick up during free fall.
╖ What happens when the user progresses through the game and iterates through levels.
╖ What is shared and how this is accomplished.
As the game ideas were outlined, Arturo Toledo, the designer behind ux.artu.tv, was brought on to create the game assets. Then the core design decisions were made and we jumped into the development process.
Beginning the development

You will need to download and install Microsoft Visual Studio 2012 Express for Windows 8 in order to be able to follow the steps that I am describing in this series. The development has to be done on Windows 8, because the end result is a Windows Store application that relies on Windows 8 APIs. Though specific hardware is not required, both ARM and x86 devices will work well, so whether you have a Microsoft Surface RT or Samsung Series 7 slate, you will be able to test the code when you have the opportunity.
To get started, open Visual Studio 2012 and select the C++ project types. You will notice that there are several options you can choose from. You want to create a Windows Store application, so choose the appropriate category. Windows Store applications run in a sandbox, outside the boundaries of the standard .NET runtime.
Next, select the Direct2D (XAML) app type from the project list. This is a new application type introduced in Visual Studio 2012 that allows developers to combine native DirectX graphics with XAML overlays. Do not be confused by the fact that there is a Direct2D in the nameЧyou can still invoke DirectX capabilities supported in the WinRT sandbox:

At this point you might be wondering, why choose a hybrid application instead of a fully-native project? The reason behind this decision is that is allows the developer to focus more on fine-tuning the gameplay instead of creating the UI core in pure DirectX. Because XAML is a part of the game, we can create dynamic UI layouts for the HUD, settings charm and menus without touching the graphical backbone. It is possible to do the same directly through DirectX and was a perfect approach for FallFury, considering the time constraints and the fact that I needed minimal UI overlays. Most of the graphics were already processed through the DirectX pipeline, so I did not have to invest significant resources and time into designing low-level structures for the interactivity layer.
FallFury uses XAML for the following:

Menus Ц depending on the screen, the user is able to trigger a number of actions. For example, when the game starts, the user might select the New Game option or decide to take a look at the About screen. In Paused mode, the menu is used to resume the game, adjust settings, or possibly skip a level.Game HUD (score indicator, pick-up indicator, health indicator) Ц during the gameplay, the user is interested in keeping track of where the character is and what is the state of it. The game HUD is shown in active game mode.Settings charm extensions Ц the way the Settings charm works, the OS provides the core harness to hook to the Settings popup. Once shown, it is up to the developer to provide a multitude of options that customize the application behavior; any additional popups shown on selection should be designed individually in XAML.User notification Ц when something happens that can potentially affect the gameplay, the user should be alerted. The core framework provides the capabilities to use a MessageDialog, but in some cases it might not be enough. For example, if new levels are available for download, the user might want to check those out in a custom popup including full previews rather than just text.
When you create the project, a default infrastructure that prints text on the screenЧboth through Direct2D and XAMLЧis available. Direct2D is a subset of DirectX APIs and facilitates hardware-accelerated 2D graphics processing. It is used to create basic geometry elements and text. Since I am here working mostly with XAML, I am not going to cover Direct2D in-depth in this article:

I will go into more details regarding the XAML and DirectX interaction model later in the series, but for now, take a look at which parts of the project you have available. First and foremost, you probably notice the combination of both C++ source and header files and DirectXPage.xaml. Starting with Visual Studio 2012, you are now able to create XAML applications in C++. So even if you are an experienced C++ developer who never worked with the Extensible Application Markup Language, you can create the product core in your familiar environment and either import existing XAML structures or delegate the XAML writing to a designer.
If you open the XAML page, you will notice one significant change that you havenТt experienced in standard XAML applications, such as WPF or Silverlight for Windows Phone:

A SwapChainBackgroundPanel is a component that lets the developer overlay XAML on top of the core DirectX-based experience. Look, for example, at the FallFury main menu as the game runs in landscape mode:

The menu buttons, the label and the side curtains are designed and rendered entirely in XAML. The clouds in the background, as well as the teddy bear, are rendered directly through the DirectX stack. The end-user does not notice any difference in the way these elements interact or are displayed. From a development perspective, however, there are several conditions that must be met.
There can only be one instance of SwapChainBackgroundPanel per app. Therefore, you can have only one overlaid XAML controls set. This does not mean that you canТt have multiple controls, but it implies that to do so you have to implement a control management flow that handles content adaptation. For example, if I invoke the pause state in the game, I donТt show the HUD but rather the screen-specific controls that let me resume or abandon the game and the PAUSE label. This switch needs to be handled on both the DirectX and XAML because a state change affects what is shown on the screen and what behaviors are tracked. As you will see through this series, this is not too hard to implement with a helper class that will store the global game state, that can be accessed from anywhere in the game.
When using SwapChainBackgroundPanel, remember that XAML is in all cases overlaid on top of the DirectX renders. So, no matter what controls you are using, those will always be placed on top of what DirectX shows to the user. For more details about how DirectX and XAML interoperate, check out this MSDN article.
Assets for the game

As with any other game, there is not only code involved in productionЧthere are also sound and graphical assets that create a unique experience for the user. FallFury includes a wide variety of graphical assets designed by Toledo Design as well as audio created by David Walliman.
It is important that all graphical resource requirements are established at the very beginning of development. As I mentioned in the Design section of this article, I had to put together a list of all the game screens, power-ups, obstacles, backgrounds, character states and possible particles that were generated from a texture. That way, when the designer started creating the assets, all components blended together well and their styles were compatible with the vision of the game.
While working on the assets, Arturo Toledo created multiple variations of the same set up that showed how assets integrate in different game conditions:

As you follow this series, you will not have to create your own game assetsЧwe at Coding4Fun decided to provide all graphical and audio assets, which you can download here. We not only provided you with the final PNG and DDS files, but also with the raw assets that can be used in Microsoft Expression Design and Adobe Illustrator. LetТs take a look at what is in the package.
You will notice that the project Assets folder is split in several subfolders. All these assets are used mostly in the XAML layer or in game conditions where texture/sound processing is not necessary. There is also an additional asset folder I will discuss later.

Backgrounds Цthe level backgrounds, such as the blue, purple or red sky, as well as the overlays, such as clouds that move simultaneously with the backgrounds. Each background/overlay combination is assigned to a specific level type.Bear Ц some of the bear elements that are displayed at different times in the game, such as when the game is over or when the player wins the entire level set.HUD Ц basic elements that are displayed during the game.Icons Ц the application icons, in a variety of sizes, required for a Windows Store application.Medals Ц winning players are awarded a medal. It can be golden, silver, or bronze.Misc Ц you get some branding elements as well as some graphics that are used in combination with other game items, such as particles.Monsters Ц monsters are used in the УHow ToФ part of the game.Music Ц the long tracks used in different levels and screens.Sounds Ц short sound clips used when different game behaviors in the game are triggered. For example, when the bear gets hit, he lets out a brief cry.
All graphical assets mentioned here are PNG resources. The way I structured the game, some elements are larger than the others and I needed to take some measures to cut down on the package size. PNGs are fairly well-sized without much quality loss compared to raw images. At the beginning of the development process, all graphics were stored in DDS files.
DirectDraw Surface, or DDS, is a file format developed by Microsoft that helps developers optimize some of the graphics by avoiding re-compression performance loss. One of the benefits of using DDS files is the fact that whenever they are processed by the GPU, the amount of memory taken by them is the same as the file size of the DDS file itself. Usually, for 2D games the compression-based performance loss is not necessarily noticeable. For PNG files used on the DirectX stack, resources are allocated to decompress the texture. Not so for DDS files.
Depending on the case, DDS files can be generated on the fly. FallFury preserves relatively small textures in DDS format and larger ones, such as backgrounds, in PNG. ItТs the best of both worlds. DDS files can be generated by a tool bundled with the DirectX SDK called dxtex (usually located in C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft DirectX SDK (June 2010)Utilitiesbinx64):

There is also texconv that allows you to create DDS components from the command line, but weТll explore that later in the series.
All DDS assets are located in the DDS folder in the solution. All thatТs there are assets related to levels, such as obstacles, and assets related to character behavior, such as bear states and used weapons and powerups.
Unlike graphic assets that can be mocked from the very start, audio assets are a bit harder to come up with, mainly because at that point you need to be sure what the game will be like at the end. Music and effects should go together with the overall game feel. There are two types of audio components in FallFuryЧthe music and the action-based sound effects. Music is played constantly, whether in the game or on a game screen such as the main menu, unless disabled by the user.
The way the audio engine works in FallFury, files are handled differently depending on where in the game they are used. All music is stored in MP3 files and the short sound effects are stored in uncompressed WAV files.
As a part of the new project that you are creating, replicate the folder structure for the Assets and DDS folders and add them to the solution. The way C++ project references work, you might want to switch to the УShow All FilesФ mode in the Solution Explorer:

Then, simply copy the folders to the solution folder itself. That way you will have all these resources as a part of the project itself and not just links to external files.
Source Control

ItТs a really good idea to use source control. There are multiple options available at no cost, such as CodePlex, Assembla, and Team Foundation Service. You need source control for multiple reasons. The most important reason of them all, however, is that code will break. There were multiple situations where I changed parts of the project and all of a sudden some components stopped working. With the project hooked to a source control system, all I needed was to do a quick rollback to the previous check-in and I was good to go.
A good practice I learned from Clint Rutkas is performing atomic check-ins. When something goes wrong, it is much easier to go back to the check-in where only 20 or 30 code lines were modified from what is currently in the stack, compared to going back to the solution where you will be missing two or more entire source files.
Modular Design & Prototyping

As you are following this project creation from scratch, notice how the entire code base is modular and interchangeable. If I decide to create a new game screen, I can do so easily by inheriting from an existing base class that provides the basic harness. If I want to replace a character model, I can do so by modifying a single class without breaking the entire interaction model.
Prototyping is also a big part of FallFury and it is key that no time is wasted working on features that will have to be entirely replaced or re-written. A good example to this scenario happened just as I started writing the project code. I noticed that the Settings charm required some XAML work for secondary popups that extended from the OS-invoked layer. As I was working on a pure DirectX application, I had to create the XAML in code-behind and that was one of the experiences that couldТve been avoided in a hybrid application. During the prototyping stage it is easy to spot potential integration problems and later change parts of the project to work better together. It is much more complicated to replace project components when the core is wired-in than when you have small parts that independently show how a part of the game works.
Hardware

As you are about to start writing large amounts of code, you are probably wondering whether actual hardware is needed to test the application. The way FallFury was designed, you will be able to run it on any Windows 8 compatible machine, whether a desktop computer or a tablet. If the game is being run on the desktop, I assume that you probably do not have access to an accelerometer or a touch display. If you are running the game on the tablet, you probably do not have a physical keyboard constantly attached to it. These facts ultimately affect how you experience the game itself. From a development perspective, it is important to have multiple types of target hardware available, because the game might behave differently depending on the device configuration. But it is not required to follow this article series. As long as you have a Windows 8 machine, you are good to go.
Conclusion

Now onto 11 more articles on how to build Fall Fury!

More...




Hosts: Jonathan Ness, Security Development Manager, MSRC
Pete Voss, Sr. Response Communications Manager, Trustworthy Computing
Website: TechNet/Security
Chat Topic: December 2011 Out-Of-Band Security Bulletin Release
Date: Thursday, December 29, 2011
Q: How are Denial of Service, Tampering, Information Disclosure orSpoofing issues rated?
A: The Exploitability Index only attempts to rate vulnerabilities that can be leveraged for code execution. Vulnerabilities that could allow denial of service, tampering, information disclosure or spoofing will receive an Exploitability Index rating of "3." The notes for that particular CVE will also reflect the nature of the vulnerability.
Q: One angle I'm interested in is those Microsoft products that might use forms authentication, such as Exchange 2010 or TMG 2010. If we're using forms authentication there, does that mean we're vulnerable?
A: Any products that are using ASP.NET forms authentication will be secured with this update. This includes SharePoint and Exchange, when they are using ASP.NET forms authentication. If these products are using a Forms Authentication module other than the one provided by ASP.NET, then the issue addressed in this bulletin does not apply to you.
Q: Why does Windows Update on Windows 2008 servers show this update, but the check-box next to it is un-checked? What is the difference between patches that are checked by default and those that are not checked?
A: In the case of "Important Updates", an update that is in the "PENDING" state will be unchecked when you view it in Windows Update. This means it is already queued for downloading. You can manually override this to start the download manually by checking the box next to the update.
Q: Please confirm that if an IIS instance is installed that we are at risk for one of the CVE's and therefore we should patch ASAP. The assumption is that the server has IIS without .NET components.
A: By default, IIS is not installed with .NET and by default, .NET is not installed by ASP.NET. Customers would first need to have installed .NET framework with ASP.NET in order to be vulnerable to the vulnerabilities documented by MS11-100.
Q: What level of testing or specific tests is recommended for applications using ASP.NET? Is it highly likely that the hashing change will impact applications using the framework?
A: Microsoft recommends that customers test this update before deploying. There is a change in how forms authentication occurs and will require updates to be deployed at the same time across server environments. Click here for more about forms authentication.
Q: Can sample DoS requests be provided to allow us to understand what the DOS signature may look like so we can test the patch as well as monitor our production environments until the patching is completed?
A: For more technical information regarding MS11-100, please see the SRD blog, where we have shared a short signature detecting this issue.
Q: Is this critical to environments where there are no Internet-facing systems? And what if there is no IIS installed on the workstation -- is it atrisk?
A: Exploitation requires ASP.NET installed and to be exposed to input from unauthenticated users. Typically this is through IIS. If workstations do not have ASP.NET or IIS installed, then those systems are not exposed.
Q: In the Critical Elevation of Privilege can the attacker elevate is privilege only if they have the username without having the password? Can we have machines with the fix and without the fix working with each other?
A: Yes, the attacker only needs the username to carry out the attack. The fix involves changing the format of the forms authentication ticket, so that unpatched and patched machines cannot work with each other. So after patching you cannot have machines with the fix and without it working together, unless you set a configuration setting on the patched machines. For details, please read the FAQ for this CVE for more information on applying updates to web farms.
Q: For CVE-2011-3414, is there a requirement of authentication to exploit the DoS vulnerability successfully?
A: No, CVE-2011-3414 is anunauthenticated Denial of Service.
Q: What could be a potential impact on server running IIS with custom code? In short, can this update impact server or service to go down after installation? Do you have any suggestions on installation on web servers running custom code?
A: This update is specifically for ASP.NET, but the issue that was disclosed is an industry-wide issue concerning hash collisions. So, it is possible for your custom code to be affected, but you will need to investigate what kind of hash-tables your custom code uses and if it operates on untrusted user data.
Q: Is there a client-side patch that will protect users that fall for phishing attacks and visit websites that have not patched?
A: As clients are not affected by server-sided vulnerability, the security update does need to be installed on the server.
Q: If the main target is Internet facing systems with IIS & ASP.NET installed, should I concentrate on patching my webservers first before patching client systems?
A: Prioritization for this update would be specific to users’ environments, but servers that are internet-facing and accept input from unauthenticated or untrusted user-provided content are most affected and should be prioritized. Likewise, clients are typically not in a web server role, and so systems that are running a web server role should be prioritized.
Q: What steps can I take to reproduce and see if/how my site is affected, and so I can confirm the issue is gone after applying the patch?
A: For the protection of customers, Microsoft does not disclose proof of concept code (POC). The technical details of this issue are however public.
Q: If Microsoft .NET Framework is installed on an IIS Server, does this mean that ASP.NET is also installed but possibly not enabled?
A: Whether you have the .NET Framework (and ASP.NET) installed on a machine will depend upon the specific OS platform. Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 SP2, Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 all ship with the .NET Framework 2.0 or higher, which includes ASP.NET, and you should install the corresponding patches listed in the security bulletin. If you are using an older Server OS such as Windows Server 2003 SP2 x86, then that platform includes .NET Framework 1.1 SP1, and you should install the corresponding patch listed in the security bulletin.
Q: From a desktop browsing experience, this update will patch Windows XP, Vista and 7. If machines do not have IIS installed and enabled, as well as ASP.NET enabled, is the criticality of this update reduced? For example if the user goes to an internet site, would their desktop PC be vulnerable? It seems to be mostly if you have IIS and ASP.net installed and acting as a web server.
A: If you have a client machine with no ASP.NET installed, then your desktop PC would not be vulnerable to the particular security issues that are being addressed in this update.
Q: ASP.Net has been identified for the DoS. How about classic ASP/ISAPI applications? Is it just a .Net hash-table issue? And has the Microsoft Foundation Class / ATL / Visual Basic 6.0 been checked?
A: This is an industry-wide issue that could affect a broad spectrum of technologies. Since ASP.NET was at the greatest risk because of the public disclosure, we have focused our efforts so far on making sure we secure ASP.NET. We are actively investigating other technologies where this could be vulnerable and so far we do not think that classic ASP is vulnerable. Information on other affected technologies will be revealed as the issue develops.
Q: So just to be clear, Exchange 2010 Outlook Web Access isn't vulnerable to the privilege of escalation? Just to the DOS?
A: OWA 2010 can be configured for forms-based authentication. Based on this, it should be considered vulnerable. If there is any doubt, Microsoft KB Article 2638420 discusses parameters you can check for to verify if an application is using forms auth. Specifically, to determine whether your application uses forms authentication,
examine the System.web file. Applications that use forms authentication use the following entry in System.web file:
Q: What tools are available to remotely scan systems to see if they’re vulnerable -- that is, that IIS and ASP are installed and active?
A: The Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance section in the security bulletin provides information on how to identify systems to which this update applies. If you want to identify whether a system has IIS installed with ASP.NET enabled, the answer depends on the operating system that each system is running.
Q: Are only webservers vulnerable? We have limited personnel this weekend for QA and deployment. Are we pretty much covered if we just deploy to systems in our DMZ this weekend and then rest of the enterprise next week?
A: Prioritization for this update would be specific to users’ environments, but servers that are internet-facing and accept input from unauthenticated or untrusted user provided content may be at greater risk than internal servers.
Q: Sites that disallow "application/x-www-form-urlencoded” or “multipart/form-data” HTTP content types are not vulnerable. Is this set to disallow by default? How do we verify if it is set to disallow?
A: No, application/x-www-form-urlencoded or multipart/form-data are not disallowed by default. Customers will need to explicitly disallow these. Customers can do this by using IIS request filtering.
Q: Forms authorization login from TMG/ISA doesn't use ASP.NET. Is it still vulnerable?
A: TMG is not exposed and is not related to the ASP.NET issue described in the bulletin.
Q: Do you suggest immediate patching of all servers (internal/external) or just of externally available servers and allow internal servers to be patched during the next patching cycle?
A: Once again, prioritization for this update would be specific to each user’s environment, but servers that are internet-facing and accept input from unauthenticated or untrusted user provided content may be at greater risk than internal servers.
Q: Is the critical CVE related to forms authentication only an issue if the site is configured to support forms authentication without cookies? Or, are all forms authentication implementations impacted?
A: No, this issue applies to all types of ASP.NET forms authentication, cookie and cookie-less.
Q: For CVE 2011-3414, does the patch change the size of request header accepted, place controls on the amount of CPU that can be used, or change the hashing functions used?
A:The security update addresses this issue by limiting the number of inputs ASP.NET accepts from clients.
Q: Does this patch limit the number of parameters passed in the post request? If so, what is the new limit? I am trying to determine what application problems may arise after applying the update.
A: The security update addresses this issue by limiting the number of inputs ASP.NET accepts from clients. If you are interested in changing the number of parameters passed in the post request, please see the section of the bulletin titled Workarounds for Collisions in HashTable May Cause DoS Vulnerability - CVE-2011-3414.
Q: Can the normally scheduled January bulletins be installed independently of the critical one?
A: Yes, Future security updates can be installed independently of this issue. Microsoft does recommend all customers always read security updates to ensure they fully understand any known issues that may be documented in the security bulletin.
Q: Is the attack vector based on the server or the client? Do we concentrate on server or desktop side first?
A: The vulnerabilities in the bulletins are primarily focused on systems operating in a Web server role that use ASP.NET. Clients are typically not in a web server role.
Q: Could you provide more detail around the 3rd mitigation factor -- specifically the account registration procedure?
A: I am assuming this question is about the first mitigating factor for CVE-2011-3416: forms authentication bypass. Essentially, to pull off an Elevation of Privilege attack, the attacker would need a valid account on the system they are trying to compromise and the user name of the target of the attack.
Q: Can an ASP.NET site (e.g. SharePoint 2010 site) using authentication (NTLM/Kerberos) come under the DoS attack as described in CVE-2011-3414 by an unauthenticated user?
A: NTLM/Kerberos authentication changes the attack vector of the vulnerability. An ASP.NET site can come under a DOS attack – however, the attacker would then need to be authenticated.
Q: Will this affect -- or will I need to be aware of -- this update impacting ASP.NET session and machine key settings in IIS for a load balanced environment, where all machine keys are matches to make sure sessions are the same across a server farm?
A: This update changes the way in which forms authentication tickets are created, so all servers would need to use the old or the new ticket format in order to maintain compatibility. Please refer to Knowledge Base Article 2659968 for deployment guidance for this update.
Q: What about servers that have IP address access limitations? Since we are resource-limited, we'd like to skip these servers that are only allowing certain IPs to access IIS.
A: As we’ve mentioned, prioritization for this update would be specific to users environments, but servers that are Internet-facing and can accept input from unauthenticated or untrusted user provided content may be at greater risk than internal servers. Servers that have additional protections may reduce the potential attack risk of these vulnerabilities. Customers are encouraged to analyze their own environments.
Q: We have ASP.NET prohibited in in our Web Service Extensions -- IIS 6. Are we still vulnerable?
A: No. If ASP.NET is not enabled, you are not vulnerable.
Q: The Section Workarounds for Collisions in HashTable May Cause DoS Vulnerability - CVE-2011-3414 in the bulletin is confusing. Is it required to put this script and then install the update?
A: Workaround refers to a setting or configuration change that does not correct the underlying vulnerability, but would help block known attack vectors before you apply the update. Microsoft has tested the following workarounds and states in the discussion whether a workaround reduces functionality. Customers are always encouraged to apply the security update. The workarounds are not a prerequisite for installing the security update.
Q: If TMG is not affected then, if TMG is protecting an Exchange 2010 server and the TMG is handling the forum authorization, would the patch for an Exchange server be necessary?
A: Although firewall solutions could protect systems behind the firewall it is important to understand the types of traffic that that FW may proxy to servers behind it. Systems behind the firewall are still vulnerable to internal attacks and have vulnerable code and should be updated to be properly protected.
Q: Is AppSettings.MaxHttpCollectionKeys the new parameter that contains the maximum number of form entries?
A: Yes it is.
Q: For ASP.NET on Internet-facing systems requiring authentication, does an attacker have to have a valid user name AND the valid password to carry out an attack?
A: No. The only requirement is to have the target's username, and *any* valid account on the system.
Q: Will any forms authentication tickets generated before the patch is applied be rendered invalid once the patch is applied?
A: Yes. The change in the forms authentication ticket format will render all pre-patch tickets invalid once the update is applied.
[B]Q: Our ASP.NET application requires large file uploads and requires our




Top Ten Linux Distributions

DistroWatch.com: Put the fun back into computing. Use Linux, BSD.

The bewildering choice and the ever increasing number of Linux distributions can be confusing for those who are new to Linux. This is why this page was created. It lists 10 Linux distributions (plus an honourable mention of FreeBSD, by far the most popular of all of the BSDs), which are generally considered as most widely-used by Linux users around the world. There are no figures to back it up and there are many other distributions that might suit your particular purpose better, but as a general rule, all of these are popular and have very active forums or mailing lists where you can ask questions if you get stuck. Ubuntu, Linux Mint and PCLinuxOS are considered the easiest for new users who want to get productive in Linux as soon as possible without having to master all its complexities. On the other end of the spectrum, Slackware Linux, Gentoo Linux and FreeBSD are more advanced distributions that require plenty of learning before they can be used effectively. openSUSE, Fedora, Debian GNU/Linux and Mandriva Linux can be classified as good "middle-road" distributions. CentOS is an enterprise distribution, suitable for those who prefer stability, reliability and long-term support over cutting-edge features and software.

The launch of Ubuntu was first announced in September 2004. Although a relative newcomer to the Linux distribution scene, the project took off like no other before, with its mailing lists soon filled in with discussions by eager users and enthusiastic developers. In the few years that followed, Ubuntu has grown to become the most popular desktop Linux distribution and has greatly contributed towards developing an easy-to-use and free desktop operating system that can compete well with any proprietary ones available on the market.

What was the reason for Ubuntu's stunning success? Firstly, the project was created by Mark Shuttleworth, a charismatic South African multimillionaire, a former Debian developer and the world's second space tourist, whose company, the Isle of Man-based Canonical Ltd, is currently financing the project. Secondly, Ubuntu had learnt from the mistakes of other similar projects and avoided them from the start - it created an excellent web-based infrastructure with a Wiki-style documentation, creative bug-reporting facility, and professional approach to the end users. And thirdly, thanks to its wealthy founder, Ubuntu has been able to ship free CDs to all interested users, thus contributing to the rapid spread of the distribution.

On the technical side of things, Ubuntu is based on Debian "Sid" (unstable branch), but with some prominent packages, such as GNOME, Firefox and OpenOffice.org, updated to their latest versions. It has a predictable, 6-month release schedule, with an occasional Long Term Support (LTS) release that is supported with security updates for 3 - 5 years, depending on the edition (non-LTS release are supported for 18 months). Other special features of Ubuntu include an installable live CD, creative artwork and desktop themes, migration assistant for Windows users, support for the latest technologies, such as 3D desktop effects, easy installation of proprietary device drivers for ATI and NVIDIA graphics cards and wireless networking, and on-demand support for non-free or patent-encumbered media codecs.

Pros: Fixed release cycle and support period; novice-friendly; wealth of documentation, both official and user-contributedCons: Lacks compatibility with DebianSoftware package management: Advanced Package Tool (APT) using DEB packagesAvailable editions: Ubuntu, Kubuntu, Xubuntu, Ubuntu Studio and Mythbuntu for 32-bit (i386) and 64-bit (x86_64) processors; Ubuntu Server edition also for SPARC processorsSuggested Ubuntu-based alternatives: Linux Mint (desktop), gOS (desktop with Google applications), OpenGEU (desktop with Enlightenemnt), Ultimate Edition (desktop), CrunchBang Linux (desktop with Openbox), gNewSense (free software)

Although Fedora was formally unveiled only in September 2004, its origins effectively date back to 1995 when it was launched by two Linux visionaries -- Bob Young and Marc Ewing -- under the name of Red Hat Linux. The company's first product, Red Hat Linux 1.0 "Mother's Day", was released in the same year and was quickly followed by several bug-fix updates. In 1997, Red Hat introduced its revolutionary RPM package management system with dependency resolution and other advanced features which greatly contributed to the distribution's rapid rise in popularity and its overtaking of Slackware Linux as the most widely-used Linux distribution in the world. In later years, Red Hat standardised on a regular, 6-month release schedule.

In 2003, just after the release of Red Hat Linux 9, the company introduced some radical changes to its product line-up. It retained the Red Hat trademark for its commercial products, notably Red Hat Enterprise Linux, and introduced Fedora Core, a Red Hat-sponsored, but community-oriented distribution designed for the "Linux hobbyist". After the initial criticism of the changes, the Linux community accepted the "new" distribution as a logical continuation of Red Hat Linux. A few quality releases was all it took for Fedora to regain its former status as one of the best-loved operating systems on the market. At the same time, Red Hat quickly became the biggest and most profitable Linux company in the world, with an innovative product line-up and other interesting initiatives, such as its Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) certification programme.

Although Fedora's direction is still largely controlled by Red Hat, Inc. and the product is sometimes seen -- rightly or wrongly -- as a test bed for Red Hat Enterprise Linux, there is no denying that Fedora is one of the most innovative distributions available today. Its contributions to the Linux kernel, glibc and GCC are well-known and its more recent integration of SELinux functionality, Xen virtualisation technologies and other enterprise-level features are much appreciated among the company's customers. On a negative side, Fedora still lacks a clear desktop-oriented strategy that would make the product easier to use for those beyond the "Linux hobbyist" target.

Pros: Highly innovative; outstanding security features; large number of supported packages; strict adherence to the Free Software philosophyCons: Fedora's priorities tend to lean towards enterprise features, rather than desktop usabilitySoftware package management: YUM graphical and command line utility using RPM packagesAvailable editions: Fedora for 32-bit (i386), 64-bit (x86_64) and PowerPC (ppc) processors; Red Hat Enterprise Linux for i386, IA64, PowerPC, s390x and x86_64 architectures; also live CD editions with either GNOME or KDESuggested Fedora-based alternatives: BLAG Linux And GNU (desktop, free software), Berry Linux (live CD), Yellow Dog Linux (Apple's PowerPC-based systems)Suggested Red Hat-based alternatives: CentOS, Scientific Linux, StartCom Enterprise Linux

The beginnings of openSUSE date back to 1992 when four German Linux enthusiasts -- Roland Dyroff, Thomas Fehr, Hubert Mantel and Burchard Steinbild -- launched the project under the name of SuSE (Software und System Entwicklung) Linux. In the early days, the young company sold sets of floppy disks containing a German edition of Slackware Linux, but it wasn't long before SuSE Linux became an independent distribution with the launch of version 4.2 in May 1996. In the following years, the developers adopted the RPM package management format and introduced YaST, an easy-to-use graphical system administration tool. Frequent releases, excellent printed documentation, and easy availability of SuSE Linux in stores across Europe and North America resulted in growing popularity of the distribution.

SuSE Linux was acquired by Novell, Inc. in late 2003. Major changes in the development, licensing and availability of SUSE Linux followed shortly afterwards - YaST was released under the General Public License, the ISO images were freely distributed from public download servers, and, most significantly, the development of the distribution was opened to public participation for the first time. Since the launch of the openSUSE project and the release of version 10.0 in October 2005, the distribution became completely free in both senses of the word. The openSUSE code has become a base system for Novell's commercial products, first named as Novell Linux, but later renamed to SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop and SUSE Linux Enterprise Server.

Today, openSUSE has a large following of satisfied users. The principal reason for openSUSE getting high marks from its users are pleasant and polished desktop environments (KDE and GNOME), excellent system administration utility (YaST), and, for those who buy the boxed edition, some of the best printed documentation available with any distribution. However, the recent deal between Novell and Microsoft, which apparently concedes to Microsoft's argument that it has intellectual property rights over Linux, has resulted in a string of condemnation by many Linux personalities and has prompted some users to switch distributions. Although Novell has downplayed the deal and Microsoft has yet to exercise any rights, this issue remains a thorn in the side of the otherwise very community-friendly Linux company.

Pros: Comprehensive and intuitive configuration tool; large repository of software packages, excellent web site infrastructure and printed documentationCons: Novell's patent deal with Microsoft in November 2006 seemingly legitimised Microsoft's intellectual property claims over Linux; its resource-heavy desktop setup and graphical utilities are sometimes seen as "bloated and slow"Software package management: YaST graphical and command line utility using RPM packagesAvailable editions: openSUSE for 32-bit (i386), 64-bit (x86_64) and PowerPC (ppc) processors (also installable live CD edition); SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop/Server for i586, IA64, PowerPC, s390, s390x and x86_64 architectures

Debian GNU/Linux was first announced in 1993. Its founder, Ian Murdock, envisaged the creation of a completely non-commercial project developed by hundreds of volunteer developers in their spare time. With sceptics far outnumbering optimists at the time, it was destined to disintegrate and collapse, but the reality was very different. Debian not only survived, it thrived and, in less than a decade, it became the largest Linux distribution and possibly the largest collaborative software project ever created!

The success of Debian GNU/Linux can be illustrated by the following numbers. It is developed by over 1,000 volunteer developers, its software repositories contain more than 20,000 packages (compiled for 11 processor architectures), and it is responsible for inspiring over 120 Debian-based distributions and live CDs. These figures are unmatched by any other Linux-based operating system. The actual development of Debian takes place in three main branches (or four if one includes the bleeding-edge "experimental" branch) of increasing levels of stability: "unstable" (also known as "sid"), "testing" and "stable". This progressive integration and stabilisation of packages and features, together with the project's well-established quality control mechanisms, has earned Debian its reputation of being one of the best-tested and most bug-free distributions available today.

However, this lengthy and complex development style also has some drawbacks: the stable releases of Debian are not particularly up-to-date and they age rapidly, especially since new stable releases are only published once every 1 - 3 years. Those users who prefer the latest packages and technologies are forced to use the potentially buggy Debian testing or unstable branches. The highly democratic structures of Debian have led to controversial decisions and gave rise to infighting among the developers. This has contributed to stagnation and reluctance to make radical decisions that would take the project forward.

Pros: Very stable; remarkable quality control; includes over 20,000 software packages; supports more processor architectures than any other Linux distributionCons: Conservative - due to its support for many processor architectures, newest technologies are not always included; slow release cycle (one stable release every 1 - 3 years); discussions on developer mailing lists and blogs can be uncultured at timesSoftware package management: Advanced Package Tool (APT) using DEB packagesAvailable editions: Installation CD/DVD and live CD images for 11 processor architectures, including all 32-bit and 64-bit processors from Intel, AMD, Power and othersSuggested Debian-based alternatives: MEPIS Linux, Ubuntu, sidux. Damn Small Linux (for old computers), KNOPPIX (live CD), Dreamlinux (desktop), Elive (desktop with Enlightenment), Xandros (commercial), 64 Studio (multimedia)

Mandriva Linux was launched by Gaыl Duval in July 1998 under the name of Mandrake Linux. At first, it was just a re-mastered edition of Red Hat Linux with the more user-friendly KDE desktop, but the subsequent releases also added various user-friendly touches, such as a new installer, improved hardware detection, and intuitive disk partitioning utility. As a result of these enhancements, Mandrake Linux flourished. After attracting venture capital and turning into a business, the fortunes of the newly established MandrakeSoft fluctuated widely between a near bankruptcy in early 2003 to a flurry of acquisitions in 2005. The latter, after merging with Brazil's Conectiva, saw the company change its name to Mandriva.

Mandriva Linux is primarily a desktop distribution. Its best loved features are cutting edge software, superb system administration suite (DrakConf), excellent implementation of its 64-bit edition, and extensive internationalisation support. It had an open development model long before many other popular distributions, with intensive beta testing and frequent stable releases. In recent years, it has also developed an array of installable live CDs and has launched Mandriva Flash - a complete Mandriva Linux system on a bootable USB Flash device. It was the first major distribution that offered out-of-the box support for popular netbooks, such as ASUS Eee PC.

Despite the technical excellence, Mandriva Linux has had a roller coaster ride in recent years. This has partly to do with the emergence of other user-friendly distributions that have caught up with Mandriva, but also with some controversial decisions by the company which have alienated a sector of the distribution's user base. Mandriva's web presence is a messy conglomeration of several different web sites, while its "Mandriva Club", originally designed to provide added value to paying customers, has been getting mixed reviews. Although the company has been addressing some of the criticism, it continues to face an uphill battle in persuading new Linux users or users of other distributions to try (and buy) its products.

Pros: Beginner-friendly, especially the commercial edition; excellent central configuration utility; very good out-of-the-box support for dozens of languages; installable live CDCons: Lacks a comprehensive marketing strategy to compete with other major distributions, non-existent Mandriva books show lack of "mindshare" among publishing housesSoftware package management: URPMI with Rpmdrake (a graphical front-end for URPMI) using RPM packages; "SMART" available as an alternative methodAvailable editions: Freely downloadable Mandriva "Free" installation media for 32-bit (i586) and 64-bit (x86_64) processors; freely downloadable Mandriva "One" installable live media for 32-bit (i586) processors; commercial Mandriva PowerPack edition for 32-bit (i586) and 64-bit (x86_64) processors; also high-end "Corporate" solutions for desktops and servers, all with long-term support options

Linux Mint, a distribution based on Ubuntu, was first launched in 2006 by Clement Lefebvre, a French-born IT specialist living and working in Ireland. Originally maintaining a Linux web site dedicated to providing help, tips and documentation to new Linux users, the author saw the potential of developing a Linux distribution that would address the many usability drawbacks associated with the generally more technical, mainstream products. After soliciting feedback from the visitors on his web site, he proceeded with building what many refer to today as an "improved Ubuntu".

But Linux Mint is not just an Ubuntu with a new set of applications and an updated desktop theme. Since its beginnings, the developers have been adding a variety of graphical "mint" tools for enhanced usability; this includes mintDesktop - a utility for configuring the desktop environment, mintMenu - a new and elegant menu structure for easier navigation, mintInstall - an easy-to-use software installer, and mintUpdate - a software updater, just to mention a few more prominent ones among several other tools and hundreds of additional improvements. The project also designs its own artwork, while its reputation for ease of use has been further enhanced by the inclusion of proprietary and patent-encumbered multimedia codecs that are often absent from larger distributions due to potential legal threats. However, one of the best features of Linux Mint is the fact that the developers listen to the users and are always fast in implementing good suggestions.

While Linux Mint is available as a free download, the project generates revenue from donations, advertising and professional support services. It doesn't have a fixed release schedule or a list of planned features, but one can expect a new version of Linux Mint several weeks after each stable Ubuntu release. Besides the "main" edition which features the GNOME desktop, the project also builds a variety of semi-regular "community" editions with alternative desktops, such as KDE, Xfce and Fluxbox. However, these are often completed several months after the release of the "main" GNOME edition and may sometimes miss some of the "minty" tools and other features found in the project's flagship product. Linux Mint does not adhere to the principles of software freedom and it does not publish security advisories.

Pros: Superb collection of "minty" tools developed in-house, hundreds of user-friendly enhancements, inclusion of multimedia codecs, open to users' suggestionsCons: The alternative "community" editions don't always include the latest features, the project does not issue security advisoriesSoftware package management: APT with mintInstall using DEB packages (compatible with Ubuntu repositories)Available editions: A "main" edition (with GNOME) for 32-bit and 64-bit computers, a variety of "community" editions (with KDE, Xfce and Fluxbox) for 32-bit computersPossible alternatives: Ubuntu, SimplyMEPIS

PCLinuxOS was first announced in 2003 by Bill Reynolds, better known as "Texstar". Prior to creating his own distribution, Texstar was already a well-known developer in the Mandrake Linux community of users for building up-to-date RPM packages for the popular distribution and providing them as a free download. In 2003 he decided to build a new distribution, initially based on Mandrake Linux, but with several significant usability improvements. The goals? It should be beginner-friendly, have out-of-the box support for proprietary kernel modules, browser plugins and media codecs, and should function as a live CD with a simple and intuitive graphical installer.

Several years and development releases later, PCLinuxOS is rapidly approaching its intended state. In terms of usability, the project offers out-of-the-box support for many technologies most Windows-to-Linux migrants would expect from their new operating system. On the software side of things, PCLinuxOS is a KDE-oriented distribution, with a customised and always up-to-date version of the popular desktop environment. Its growing software repository contains other desktops, however, and offers a great variety of desktop packages for many common tasks. For system configuration, PCLinuxOS has retained much of Mandriva's excellent Control Centre, but has replaced its package management system with APT and Synaptic, a graphical package management front-end.

On the negative side, PCLinuxOS lacks any form of roadmap or release goals. Despite the growing community involvement in the project, most development and decision-making remains in the hands of Texstar who tends to be on the conservative side when judging the stability of a release. As a result, the development process of PCLinuxOS tends to be long and a new version is not released until all known bugs are solved. There are currently no plans for a 64-bit edition of PCLinuxOS.

Pros: Out-of-the-box support for graphics drivers, browser plugins and media codecs; fast boot times; up-to-date softwareCons: No 64-bit edition offered; no out-of-the-box support for non-English languages; lacks release planningSoftware package management: Advanced Package Tool (APT) using RPM packagesAvailable editions: MiniMe, Junior and BigDaddy editions for 32-bit (i586) processor architecturesSuggested PCLinuxOS-based alternatives: SAM Linux Desktop, Granular Linux

Slackware Linux, created by Patrick Volkerding in 1992, is the oldest surviving Linux distribution. Forked from the now-discontinued SLS project, Slackware 1.0 came on 24 floppy disks and was built on top of Linux kernel version 0.99pl11-alpha. It quickly became the most popular Linux distribution, with some estimates putting its market share to as much as 80% of all Linux installations in 1995. Its popularity decreased dramatically with the arrival of Red Hat Linux and other, more user-friendly distributions, but Slackware Linux still remains a much-appreciated operating system among the more technically-oriented system administrators and desktop users.

Slackware Linux is a highly technical, clean distribution, with only a very limited number of custom utilities. It uses a simple, text-based system installer and a comparatively primitive package management system that does not resolve software dependencies. As a result, Slackware is considered one of the cleanest and least buggy distributions available today - the lack of Slackware-specific enhancements reduces the likelihood of new bugs being introduced into the system. All configuration is done by editing text files. There is a saying in the Linux community that if you learn Red Hat, you'll know Red Hat, but if you learn Slackware, you'll know Linux. This is particularly true today when many other Linux distributions keep developing heavily customised products to meet the needs of less technical Linux users.

While this philosophy of simplicity has its fans, the fact is that in today's world, Slackware Linux is increasingly becoming a "core system" upon which new, custom solutions are built, rather than a complete distribution with a wide variety of supported software. The only exception is the server market, where Slackware remains popular, though even here, the distribution's complex upgrade procedure and lack of officially supported automated tools for security updates makes it increasingly uncompetitive. Slackware's conservative attitude towards the system's base components means that it requires much manual post-installation work before it can be tuned into a modern desktop system.

Pros: Highly stable, clean and bug-free, strong adherence to UNIX principlesCons: Limited number of officially supported applications; conservative in terms of base package selection; complex upgrade procedureSoftware package management: "pkgtool" using TXZ packagesAvailable editions: Installation CDs and DVD for 32-bit (i486) and 64-bit (x86_64) processorsSuggested Slackware-based alternatives: Zenwalk Linux (desktop), VectorLinux (desktop), SLAX (live CD), Slamd64 Linux (64-bit), Bluewhite64 Linux (64-bit), Wolvix (desktop, live CD), GoblinX (desktop, live CD)Other distributions with similar philosophies: Arch Linux, Frugalware Linux

The concept of Gentoo Linux was devised in around the year 2000 by Daniel Robbins, a former Stampede Linux and FreeBSD developer. It was the author's exposure to FreeBSD and its "autobuild" feature called "ports", which inspired him to incorporate some of the FreeBSD software management principles into Gentoo under the name of "portage". The idea was to develop a Linux distribution that would allow users to compile the Linux kernel and applications from source code directly on their own computers, thus maintaining a highly-optimised and always up-to-date system. By the time the project released its 1.0 version in March 2002, Gentoo's package management was considered a superior alternative to some binary package management systems, especially the then widely-used RPM.

Gentoo Linux was designed for power users. Originally, the installation was cumbersome and tedious, requiring hours or even days of compiling on the command line to build a complete Linux distribution; however, in 2006 the project simplified the installation procedure by developing an installable Gentoo live CD with a point-and-click installer. Besides providing an always up-to-date set of packages for installation with a single command, the other important features of the distribution are excellent security, extensive configuration options, support for many architectures, and the ability to keep the system up-to-date without re-installing. The Gentoo documentation was repeatedly labelled as the best online documentation of any distribution.

Gentoo Linux has lost much of its original glory in recent years. Some Gentoo users have come to a realisation that the time-consuming compiling of software packages brings only marginal speed and optimisation benefits. Ever since the resignation of Gentoo's founder and benevolent dictator from the project in 2004, the newly established Gentoo Foundation has been battling with lack of clear directions and frequent developer conflicts, which resulted in several high-profile departures of well-known Gentoo personalities. It remains to be seen whether Gentoo can regain its innovative qualities of the past or whether it will slowly disintegrate into a loose collection of personal sub-projects lacking clearly-defined goals.

Pros: Excellent software management infrastructure, unparalleled customisation and tweaking options, superb online documentationCons: Occasional instability and risk of breakdown, the project suffers from lack of directions and frequent infighting between its developersSoftware package management: "Portage" using source (SRC) packagesAvailable editions: Minimal installation CD and live CD (with GNOME) for Alpha, AMD64, HPPA, IA64, MIPS, PPC, SPARC and x86 processors; also "stages" for manual installation from command lineSuggested Gentoo-based alternatives: SabayonLinux (desktop, live CD/DVD), Ututo (desktop, free software only)Other source-based distributions: Lunar Linux, Source Mage GNU/Linux, Sorcerer, Linux From Scratch

Launched in late 2003, CentOS is a community project with the goals of rebuilding the source code for Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) into an installable Linux distribution and to provide timely security updates for all included software packages. To put in more bluntly, CentOS is nothing more than a clone of RHEL. The only technical difference between the two is branding - CentOS replaces all Red Hat trademarks and logos with its own. But the connection between RHEL and CentOS is not immediately visible on the CentOS web site; due to trademark laws, Red Hat is referred to as a "Prominent North American Enterprise Linux Vendor", instead of its proper name. Nevertheless, the relations between Red Hat and CentOS remain amicable and many CentOS developers are in active contact with Red Hat engineers.

CentOS is often seen as a reliable server distribution. It comes with the same set of well-tested and stable Linux kernel and software packages that form the basis of its parent, Red Hat Enterprise Linux. Despite being a community project run by volunteers, it has gained a reputation of being a solid, free alternative to the more costly server products on the market, especially among the experienced Linux system administrators. CentOS is also suitable as an enterprise desktop solution, specifically where stability, reliability and long-term support are preferred over latest software and features. Like RHEL, CentOS is supported with a minimum of 5 years of security updates.

Despite its advantages, CentOS might not be the best solution in all deployment scenarios. Those users who prefer a distribution with the latest Linux technologies and newest software packages should look elsewhere. Major CentOS versions, which follow RHEL versioning, are only released every 2 - 3 years, while "point" releases (e.g. 5.1) tend to arrive in 6 - 9 month intervals. The point releases do not usually contain any major features (although they do sometimes include support for more recent hardware) and only a handful of software packages may get updated to newer versions. The Linux kernel, the base system and most application versions remain unchanged, but occasionally a newer version of an important software package (e.g. OpenOffice.org or Firefox) may be provided on an experimental basis. As a side project, CentOS also builds updated packages for the users of its distributions, but the repositories containing them are not enabled by default as they may break upstream compatibility.

Pros: Extremely well-tested, stable and reliable; free to download and use; comes with 5-years of free security updates; prompt releases and security updatesCons: Lacks latest Linux technologies; by the time of release, most software packages are outdatedSoftware package management: YUM graphical and command line utility using RPM packagesAvailable editions: Installation DVDs and installable live CDs (with GNOME) for i386 and x86_64 processors; older versions (3.x and 4.x) also available for Alpha, IA64 and IBM z-series (s390, s390x) processors.Other RHEL clones and CentOS-based distributions: Scientific Linux, SME Server, StartCom Enterprise Linux, Fermi Linux, Rocks Cluster Distribution, Oracle Enterprise Linux

FreeBSD, an indirect descendant of AT&T UNIX via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD), has a long and turbulent history dating back to 1993. Unlike Linux distributions, which are defined as integrated software solutions consisting of the Linux kernel and thousands of software applications, FreeBSD is a tightly integrated operating system built from a BSD kernel and the so-called "userland" (therefore usable even without extra applications). This distinction is largely lost once installed on an average computer system - like many Linux distributions, a large collection of easily installed, (mostly) open source applications are available for extending the FreeBSD core, but these are usually provided by third-party contributors and aren't strictly part of FreeBSD.

FreeBSD has developed a reputation for being a fast, high-performance and extremely stable operating system, especially suitable for web serving and similar tasks. Many large web search engines and organisations with mission-critical computing infrastructures have deployed and used FreeBSD on their computer systems for years. Compared to Linux, FreeBSD is distributed under a much less restrictive license, which allows virtually unrestricted re-use and modification of the source code for any purpose. Even Apple's Mac OS X is known to have been derived from BSD. Besides the core operating system, the project also provides over 15,000 software applications in binary and source code forms for easy installation on top of the core FreeBSD.

While FreeBSD can certainly be used as a desktop operating system, it doesn't compare well with popular Linux distributions in this department. The text-mode system installer offers little in terms of hardware detection or system configuration, leaving much of the dirty work to the user in a post-installation setup. In terms of support for modern hardware, FreeBSD generally lags behind Linux, especially in supporting popular desktop and laptop gadgets, such as wireless network cards or digital cameras. Those users seeking to exploit the speed and stability of FreeBSD on a desktop or workstation should consider one of the available desktop FreeBSD projects, rather than FreeBSD itself.

Pros: Fast and stable; availability of over 15,000 software applications (or "ports") for installation; very good documentationCons: Tends to lag behind Linux in terms of support for exotic hardware, limited availability of commercial applications; lacks graphical configuration toolsSoftware package management: A complete command-line package management infrastructure using either binary packages or source-based "ports" (TBZ)Available editions: Installation CDs for Alpha, AMD64, i386, IA64, PC98 and SPARC64 processorsSuggested FreeBSD-based alternatives: PC-BSD (desktop), DesktopBSD (desktop), FreeSBIE (live CD)Other BSD alternatives: OpenBSD, NetBSD, DragonFly BSD, MidnightBSD





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Other Auslogics software:

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Auslogics Disk Defrag Pro

Auslogics BoostSpeed 5 is quite possibly the best overall system maintenance tool of the year. Having received 5 stars from CNET, they also receive a 10/10 full endorsement from Windows7Forums.com. BoostSpeed isn't just about making your computer fast: It's about making preventative maintenance manageable through one application. While the market calls for a typical system scan to attract buyers, that scan is entirely legitimate, and does correct serious registry problems in a way that far exceeds industry expectations. CCleaner, for example, can hardly hold a candle to this utility.

Looking closer at the System Advisor, we can determine whether or not the Internet connection can be automatically optimized. This is done with BoostSpeed through a manual or automatic setting in the Auslogics Internet Optimizer. Auslogics Registry Defrag will let you know that you can reduce registry access time and increase overall system performance by running this tool. This is a very delicate task that most freeware applications will not take on. Defragmenting the registry involves significant risk if there is a failure and that is why Auslogics BoostSpeed 5 comes with a Rescue Center, which can literally allow you to backup the changes that have been made within the program. The program will even automatically create these restore points before adjusting your system for perfect fine tuning.

If the Disk and Registry Maintenance options weren't enough, Auslogics BoostSpeed 5 comes with in-depth ways to determine and modify your System Status and Privacy. If that weren't enough, the System Tweaks area allows you to optimize your Windows services around how you use your computer. This can be so useful in a work environment, as most system services continue running unabated, even when they will never be used!

Control over startup items and installed software has never been easier. Needless duplicate files found on a system can be deleted and disks can be explored to discover what is eating up all of that storage space. The System tweaks area is where Auslogics BoostSpeed really shines. It contains management options for the User Interface, Start Menu, Taskbar, Windows Explorer, System Security, Startup and Shutdown, System, Internet Explorer, Microsoft Office, and numerous additional Software Tweaks.

"Hi, I’m Jessica Dolcourt from CNET Download and this is a first look at Auslogics BoostSpeed. This is a top rated program that attempts to defrag, tweak, and otherwise optimize the computer where its most likely to get bogged down. Looking at the clean launch interface, you might never guess that there are 18 tools bundled into one app. The main pane is dominated by shortcuts for testing the health of the system. One Button Checkup will scan for issues and attempt to fix them. For instance, Disk Cleaner’s job is to find and remove junk files. With most scans you run, you’ll have the opportunity to take a closer look at the files, and to back them up before you change anything. Since the goal of the program is to optimize performance, BoostSpeed often frames problems in terms of how much space you would free if you deleted the loose files. On the left, the system tools are organized by activity: Computer, Cleanup, Optimization, Privacy, Settings, and so on. When you click the task category, you’ll see the available tools and a brief description of what they do. Clicking the tools launches it in a separate window, so that you can return to this main interface at any time. Most tools are easy to work their way around, and most changes can be undone in Auslogics Rescue Center, which you can get to from individual tool interfaces or from the settings on the BoostSpeed panel interface. In the Rescue Center, you’ll see a list of the changes you’ve made. You’ll be able to see full details for each entry and view archive backups as well. Which system files BoostSpeed will back up, and which it will leave alone, are things you can specify in the program settings, under the tab that says Rescue Center. We’re fans of Auslogics BoostSpeed for its comprehensive system maintenance and nicely packaged interface. Some of the app’s component parts are offered as stand-alone freeware products, such as the Disk Defrag…" - Courtesy CNET Review of Auslogics BoostSpeed

Under User Interface:
Disable AeroMake menu bars and window frames opaque instead of translucentDo not animate windows when minimizing and maximizingSlow the window animations when holding Shift keyDisable 3D Window SwitchingAdd context menu to activate Flip 3DTurn off Aero PeekTurn off Aero SnapTurn off Aero Shake
Under Visual Effects:
Hide window contents while draggingDo not drop shadows under icons on the desktopDo not use translucent selection rectangleShow Windows version in the desktop bottom right cornerSelect how you want the arrows displayed on shortcuts
Under Animation:
Do not allow window animationDo not use smooth scrolling for list boxesDo not animate drop-down listsSelect tooltip animation types
Menu:
Do not use menu fading animation effectsHide shadows under menusHide underlined letters for keybaord navigation until ALT is pressedMenu animation effects optionsDelay before displaying submenus (in milliseconds!)Full font smoothing optionsExtended ClearType and Standard font smoothing options
Start Menu:
Hide "Log Off" from the Start MenuHide the "Run itemHide "Set Program Access And Defaults" ("Default Programs" in Vista)Hide the "Help and Support" itemHide the "All Programs" menuHide "Administrative Tools"Hide the list of frequently used programsHide the list of pinned programsHide the "See more results" link
Under Folder options determine whether to hide individual items, show them as a link, or show them as a menu easily

Effects:
Do not highlight recently installed programsDo not show partially installed programs in grayDo not sort the "All Programs" menu by nameDisable the context menu and drag itemsDisable the "Start" button tooltipExpand menu when you hover the mouse pointer over an itemEnable small icons in the Start menu
Taskbar:
Show notification areaDo not display tooltips in the notification areaDo not hide unused icons in the notification areaDo not display the network activity icon in the notification areaDo not display the sound settings icon in the notification areaDo not display the battery icon in the notifications areaAuto-hide taskbarDo not slide taskbar buttonsAllow moving or rearranging taskbar itemsGroup similar buttons: Do not group, Group when full, Always group and hide tagsButtons: Configure advanced settings for taskbar application buttons
Explorer:
Show hidden filesShow file extensionsuse Windows classic foldersDisplay checkboxes to help select multiple filesAlways show the menu bar in Windows ExplorerDisable file and folder pop-up descriptionsDisplay folder size in the folder tooltip
Thumbnails:
Disable thumbnail cache creationDo not display thumbnails in network foldersThumbnail quality - 0-100%Thumbnail size in pixelsShow address bar folder path autocompleteShow address bar folder path autosuggestShow address bar maximized as a drop-down listInclude variable "PATH" into search pathDisable automatic replacement of a blackslash to a forward slash
Context Menu:
Show "Open Command Prompt"Show "Send To"Show "Copy to Folder..."Show "Move to Folder..."Show "Run as administrator"Show "Take ownership"Show "Search..."
Options:
Restore open Explorer windows when you restartDisable CD burning functions in Windows ExplorerRun Desktop and Explorer tasks as seperate processesRun each Explorer window as a seperate processAutomatically restart the shell if a shell error occursDisable the option to search the Internet when you open a file with unknown extension
Explorer items:
Display encrypted and compressed files and folders in a different colorDrive letter is displayed after disk labelDrive letter is displayed before disk labelDrive letter is displayed before disk label for network driveDrive letter is not displayed!
Autoplay:

Disable autorun for:
Removable drives (Floppy, flash-drive, etc)Non-removable drives (hard disk, etc)Optical disk drives (CD, DVD, etc)Temporary memory disk (RAM-disk)Network drivesUnknown drive types
Command Prompt:
Enable advanced modeEnable delayed expansion of environmental variablesEnable quick editingFile names autocomplete hotkeyFolder names autocomplete hotkey
System Security:
Disable User Acount ControlSet all UAC options including advanced options only found in registry
Privacy Policy:
Wipe page file on computer shutdownClear the "Recent documents" list on logoffDo not create the "Recent Documents" listDo not store your logon password on the diskDisable hidden sharesDisable user trackingEnable encrypt/decrypt options in ExplorerDisable Faster User Switching
For anonymous users:
Access is allowed with the default settingsTransfer of accounts and SAM names is prohibitedAccess is denied if permits are not specified
Windows Defender:
Disable Windows DefenderDisable heuristic scanningDisable archive scansDisable removable media scansDisable e-mail scansDisable real-time protectionDisable real-time protection promptsDisable downloads checkupDisable executable files checkupDisable definition updates through alternate download locationsCheck for new signatures before scheduled scansDo not log unknown detectionsDo not log known good detections
Startup and Shutdown:
Disable Windows startup soundDisable parsing AUTOEXEC.BATDisplay information about previous logons during user logonDisable Ctrl-Alt-Del before logonRun logon scripts simultaneouslyOptimize system files placement on the diskSpecify time to wait before running Check Disk (chkdsK) in seconds
Event Logging:
Do not log any eventsLog standard events onlyLog all startup and shutdown events
Legal Notice:
Write any legal notice you want during startup of Microsoft Windows
Automatic login:
Use autologin and set credentials, including username, password, and domain
System:

OEM Info:

Configure Windows OEM attributes, such as the manufacturer's logo and support information that appears in the System Properties window.

This includes:
ManufacturerModelSupport URLWorking HoursPhone120x120 pixel logo
Application Start:
Disable "Program Compatibility Assistant"Disable "Program Compatibility Wizard"Disable running 16-bit applicationsRun 16-bit programs as a separate processAdd checkbox "Run in seperate memory space" for 16-bit applications
Error Handling:
Disable sound when errors occurAutomatic restart in case of a critical errorSend error reportsShow error notification in windowDon't save reports on your computerDon't send additional information in a reportDon't write error information into system log
If an error occurs:
Ask user consent to send a reportAutomatically include only basic information in the reportAutomatically include all but personal data in the reportAutomatically include all data in the report
Internet Explorer:

Interface:
Disable visual-styled controls in Internet Explorer pagesDisable page transitionsDisable Clear Type fontsDisable smooth scrollingDisable autoamtic updatesAlways show menusDo not show extended error messagesDo not show the welcome text for new opened tabsDo not show warning messages when closing tabsDo not send bug reports via the InternetAlways ask before downloading filesPlace the menu above the address bar
Behavior:
Let Internet Explorer decide how pop-ups should openAlways open pop-ups in a new windowAlways open pop-ups in a new tab
Specify how Internet Explorer displays a web page when it's launched from another program:
Opens in a new windowOpens in a new tab in the current windowOpens in the current tab or window
Connections
Speed up web browsing in IE by using more concurrent Internet connectionsIncludes anywhere from 1-20 connections (Default is 4)
Options:
Default file download directoryHome PageCaption string that is displayed after the page title
Microsoft Office:
Do not track document editing timeBlock updates from the Office Update SiteDisable Customer Experience Improvement programDisable error reportingDisable logging Microsoft Office activityDisable Office DiagnosticsDisable clipboard dialog boxPrevent Office Help from resizing the application window
Microsoft Word:
Do not check spelling as you typeDo not check grammar as you typeDo not use background printingDo not auto-save background printingDo not auto-save documents in the backgroundDo not use translucent selectionDo not check if MS Word is the default HTML editor
Microsoft Excel:
Show Formula bar in Full ViewCache spreadsheetsCache PivotTable reportsUndo steps: Set from 0 to 100
Software tweaks (The ones we can see so far)

Skype:
Disable file transferDisable loading language filesDisable publishing Skype status on the WebDisable Skype Public APIDisable checking for updatesDisable listening for TCP connectionsDisable UDP communications
Windows Media Player
Disable auto-updatesDisable automatic codec downloadsDisable Windows Media Digital Rights Management (DRM)Disable video smoothingDisable CD and DVD Media information retrievalDisable music file media information retrievalDisable media file sharingDisable script handling in media filesHide the "Privacy" tab in the settingsHide the "Security" tab in the settingsHide the "Network" tab in the settings
Adobe Reader:
Disable splash screenDisplay PDF in the browser windowDisable Purchase Acrobat item in the menu
Firefox:
Disable link prefetchingDo not reduce memory when minimizedDo not download favorite icons (favicons)Disable blinking elementsForce frames to be reesizableUse old style for opening tabsShow all images / Block all images / Load images from the requird site only and block images from othersClose Tab Button full range of optionsHow long Firefox waits for the web page data before it displays the page (From 0 to 1 sec)
System Information includes everything:
OverviewGeneralHardwareCPUMotherbaordMemory ModulesVideoStorageIO DevicesInput DevicesModemsNetwork AdaptersResourcesProblem DevicesOperating SystemProgramsNetworkApplication ErrorsDevice ManagerMemory UsagePerformance
Tasks show Applications, processes, services, and locked files. You can unlock locked files, change the status of services, end processes, and modify application data.

Auslogics Disk Explorer will show what folders are taking up the most space and allow you to delete empty folders on your system.

File Recovery allows you to undelete files.

Speed Up Internet includes:
Automatic tuningAuto HeuristicsDefault TTLGlobal Max TCP WindowMax MTUTCP Window SizeMax Connections Per 1_0 ServerMax Simultaneous HTTP ConnectionsFirefox Max ConnectionsFirefix Max Connections Per Server
TCP/IP
1323 OptsACK FrequencyARP Cache LifeARP Cache Min Reference LifeARP Cache SizeAuto HeuristicsAuto TuningCongestion ControlDefault TTLDel ACK TicksDisable Task OffloadECN CapabilityEnable PMTU BH DetectEnable PMTU DiscoveryFin Wait DelayGlobal Max TCP Window SizeInitial RTTIPv6 over IPv4Keep Alive InternalKeep Alive TimeMax Connect RetriesMax Data RetransmissionsMax Dup ACKsMax MTUNum ConnectionsReceive-side ScalingSACK EnabledTCP Window SizeSYN Attack ProtectTimed Wait DelayUse RFC1122 Urgent Pointer
Winsock:
Default Receive WindowDefault Send WindowLarge Buffer SizeMedium Buffer SizeNon Blocking Send Special bufferingSmall Buffer SizeTransmit Worker
Workstation:
Request Buffer SizeUse Raw ReadUse Raw WriteUse Write Raw Data
Dns Cache:
Adapter Timeout TimeHash Table Bucket SizeHash Table SizeMax Entry TTL LimitMax SOA Entry TTL LimitNegative SOA TimeNegative TimeNet Failure Time
Internet Explorer:
DNS Cache EnabledDNS Cache TimeoutKeepAlive TimeoutMax Connections Per 1_0 ServerMax Connections Per ServerReceive TimeoutServer Info TimeoutSocket Receive Buffer LengthSocket Send Buffer LengthTCP Autotuning
Firefox:
Disable IPv6DNS Cache EntriesDNS Cache ExpirationHTTP Connect TimeoutKeepAlive TimeoutMax ConnectionsMax Connections Per ServerMax Persistent Connections Per ServerMax Persistent Connections Per ProxyPipeliningPipelining Max RequestsPrefetch NextProxy PipeliningUse KeepAliveUsing Proxy KeepAlive
(Auto-optimization is based on Over 1Mbps / 1Mbps or lower (default that Windows assumes) / or 128kbps or lower)

The built-in System Advisor determines (THESE ARE JUST SOME):
Can the Internet connection be optimized?Is the registry fragmented?Can Windows shutdown be sped up?Can incorrect drivers be updated? (It updates them in Auslogics Device Manager)
Quick Tasks allow you to:
Erase browser historyErase Windows historyCleanupt emporary filesOptimize memory
Privacy allows you to shred files and wippe entire disks.

Let's check that one again:
Disk MaintenanceFree Up SpaceRemove DuplicatesExplore diskDisk cleanupDisk defragmentDisk repairSoftware ControlSystem TweaksService OptimizationDisaster RecoveryFile RecoveryRescue CenterRegistry MaintenanceRegistry RepairRegistry DefragmentSystem StatusSystem InformationSystem TasksSystem ServicesLocked FilesComputer PrivacyErase Computer HistoryShred FilesWipe disksSpeed Up InternetInternet OptimizationMemory Optimization
It is quite probable that Auslogics BoostSpeed is the best program on the market for system repair and optimization EVER. Even if you don't know how to use the options listed above, that is why this program is great. It really DOES it for you. It really does repair your registry, with money behind it that went into big time research and development.

Their previous freeware products have been used regularly by IT professionals, but this product includes absolutely everything. There is nothing missing in this program, and updates are absolutely frequent. It is the one application I would recommend to every member of Windows7Forums.com without hesitation. Even if you do not know what these settings mean, this program will optimize and repair your system without any doubt. Today, there are so many programs that "claim" to do this and do that. When we saw Auslogics offering a commercial solution I had to start offering it on my website after I saw what it could do. I had to make a video about it. I had to find a way to provide a discount to members.

I have recommended it to my mother, my grandparents, and I will bring it up to a client I am currently working with tomorrow who is asking for Windows XP. This is the program that you need to automatically manage your system and keep it up-to-date, speedy, and performing in top condition.

Windows 7 Forums Rating: 10/10 Stars

Don't take my word for it. CNET gave them 5/5 stars too!

Watch our YouTube video for an exclusive discount offer.




Chad, Thank you for your postsтАж

Please comment.

I just put together my first computer with all top brand hardware piecesтАж
nothing OEM .. except the Windows XP with SP2 diskтАж

I installed everything okay.. installed all the drivers that came with the
hardwareтАж only one that said it wasnтАЩt MS approved.. was the View sonic LCD
monitorтАж Also, I donтАЩt have any printers or scanners hooked up to the
computerтАж just trying to get it running cleanтАж (Note: I donтАЩt own an Astra
scanner)

I have creative Sound Blaster Audigy 2zs тАж but my sound wasnтАЩt workingтАж so,
I went into device manager and selected the sound card.. updated the driver
with the disk in the drive.. and it worked, I had soundтАж. But somewhere after
that it started that reboot continuously thingтАж long story short.. I have
wiped the drive and started over 5 timesтАж and found that article on the UMAX
driverтАж and searched for it on my system and found the .dll

I have been racking my brain to figure where I got it.. I scanned all the
disksтАж except for the Windows XP sp2 disk, and no luckтАж where I am getting
itтАж then I checked on the WinXP diskтАж sure enough itтАЩs on there!! Why?? If
they donтАЩt support the driver why is it in their driver.cab?????

It has been consistent in failing after I have windows install that one
driverтАж I donтАЩt require Windows to install any other drivers.. just that
sound card one.

ALSO тАж I thought this was weird.. the umax.ini file was created at 2:55am..
I went to bed at 2:30am.. (trying to work on this) and I had left it
reformatting the drive and installing XP. When I wokeтАж I had the blue screen
error messageтАж waiting for me to read it.. I ended up reformatting againтАж..
at about 9:30am тАж so that umax.ini file should have been wipedтАж I donтАЩt get
it. .. I did let Windows do the formatting.. and not fdiskтАж which I thought
would be the same.

I am reformatting againтАж and thinking .. maybe donтАЩt install all the
driversтАж OR тАж maybe let windows do all of them.. OR тАж update windows as soon
as possible.

The service pack in embedded on the disk.. so I canтАЩt tell when it is
installed..

I really want my system to run at the best optimum capability it has. I
would think installing the drivers and utilities would do that. ARGHHH!!

"Chad Harris" wrote:

Guy with late homework--

See if a UMAX driver could be the problem via this KB:

After you install Windows XP Service Pack 2, your computer restarts
continuously
http://support.microsoft.com/default...&Product=winxp

Over-heating, and a bad stick of RAM have been known to cause this--so if
software remedies don't do it, look to hardware, memory sticks in place,
cables, ect.

*Often, booting to the Recovery Console and running chkdsk /r will help this
problem.* I don't know if you have an XP CD, because lately so many people
with boot problems have not had one supplied by their OEM, but if you do
this would be my first choice to try to ditch the endless loop this way.

Description of the Windows XP Recovery Console
http://support.microsoft.com/default...b;en-us;314058

Scroll down for instructions on running chkdsk /r.

Using the Recovery Console
http://www.microsoft.com/resources/d...c_str_bjid.asp

RC Overview
http://www.microsoft.com/resources/d..._overview.mspx

Recovery Console in XP
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/win_xp_rec.htm

I didn't know if you could break the loop to F8 as Will says. In my
experience, Last Known Good Configuration almost never works statistically,
but if it does and this is gone, more power to you. Keep in mind that it's
a snapshot of your configuration immediately after you booted, so if you
have been booted up for a long time then you're not going to track settings
changes since that time.

I'd first try to F8 to the Windows Advanced Options menu and use Safe Mode
and then try System Restore from Safe Mode. You will probably be back at
the version before you installed SP2. There is also this option for aborted
SP2 installs or SP2 installs with the problem like the one you're having,
but again System Restore may not solve your endless loop problem and Last
Known Good may not. You may need to run a chkdsk /r or use some of the
other tools I describe.

Resources for troubleshooting startup problems in Windows XP (Info on F8 and
Advanced Options Menu)
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?kbid=308041

How to use the Automatic Recovery feature to recover your computer if the
Windows XP Service Pack 2 Setup program is not completed successfully
http://support.microsoft.com/default...t=windowsxpsp2

A description of the Safe Mode Boot options in Windows XP
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?kbid=315222

If you were unable to use the Recovery Console because you had no XP CD, and
haven't installed it already but could get back to Windows:

If you can tap F8 to get back to Windows via either Safe Mode or as a last
resort in my opinion, Last Known Good Configuration, then you're still faced
with the possible "endless loop problem." That's why my first suggestion
was to boot to the Recovery Console and run chkdsk /r from the recovery
console.

You would be possibly faced with the endless loop proble again or when you
installed SP2 so I would run chkdsk /r from the command prompt or the run
box.

The reason for the endless loop is often that something has set the volume's
"dirty bit." When a volume's dirty bit is set, autochk automatically checks
the volume for errors the next time the computer is restarted.If a volume's
dirty bit is set, this indicates that the file system may be in an
inconsistent state. The dirty bit can be set because the volume is online
and has outstanding changes, because changes were made to the volume and the
computer shutdown before the changes were committed to disk, or because
corruption was detected on the volume. If the dirty bit is set when the
computer restarts, chkdsk runs to verify the consistency of the volume.

See if you have any disk corrpution by typing "fsutil dirty query [C]: Sub
any drive you want for "C". If it says the volume isn't dirty, you don't
need to run chkdsk because there aren't any errors on the disk. But I know
you want to run it to see that it runs properly without this read-only
error. The KB I'm going to list advises you to run "chkdsk volume_label: /v
/f" to fix this. This will fix any errors on the disk and the "v" causes it
to name each fixed file. Hopefully that will resolve it.
But if it doesn't then run "chkdsk_volume label: /r", and if that doesn't
then run the chkdsk /r from the recovery console.

If the disk is dirty, then System Restore is not going to fix that.

Every time Windows XP starts, Autochk.exe is called by the Kernel to scan
all volumes to check if the volume dirty bit is set. If the dirty bit is
set, autochk performs an immediate chkdsk /f on that volume. Chkdsk /f
verifies file system integrity and attempts to fix any problems with the
volume.

Here's what to do:

Go to Start/Run/CMD and type in: fsutil dirty query c: (or whatever drive
his XP is on). You'll get back either the drive "is dirty" or "it's not
dirty."

Info on a "Fsutil Query" in the KB below--also see the Explanation at
Windows Help and Support--type "helpctr" into your run box:

The Fsutil Query Tool:
http://techrepublic.com.com/5138-6240-728908.html

An Fsutil Query Does Not Work Properly on FAT or FAT32 Volumes
http://support.microsoft.com/default...&Product=winxp

You have 4 choices that may work:

1) You can run chkdsk /r from the Recovery Console. I think this is the
fastest and most effective. I've seen it work for this several times.

2) You can run the chkntfs /d and reboot and chkdsk won't run on the next
boot. What this does is to restore default settings. Note this is a
different command than chkdsk. Chkntfs is a command that displays or
specifies whether automatic checking is schduled to run on a FAT, FAT32, or
NTFS volume when the computer is started.

3) You should be able to fix this by using "chkntfs/X C" if C were the
problem drive or whatever letter--this works when the drive is dirty and I
showed you above how to verify this. The advantage of sticking the X in the
command is that it saves time by causing the command to skip checking cycles
within the folder.

4) You can go to Kelly's XP Tweaks and click line 76 left column and see if
this VB script will stop it.

Kelly's Tweaks
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Troubleshooting Windows XP
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com

In addition, When there is improper shutdown, the Autochk program runs on
all NTFS drives in XP, 2K, NT where a disk write was in process at the time
of shutdown. This gets exacerbated if you have write caching enabled on a
hard drive connected to a standard IDE controller. It improves performance,
by delaying data writing while other work is done, but it ups the risk of
lost data or corruption.

http://www.microsoft.com/resources/d...h_dmt_cgwi.asp

Open the run box with the Windows Key + "r" and type in diskmgmt.msc. From
the graphical display in the bottom of the Disk Management window,
right-click the disc icon and chooose Properties. On the policies tab, clear
Enable Write Caching on the Disk. (Note this option, ie. the policies tab,
may not be available if your disk is connected to a High Performance ATA-66
or ATA-100 IDE controller.)

After you find the cause of the underlying problem if there is improper
shutdown, re-enable write caching.

Additional references for definitions context:

Chkdsk.exe or Autochk.exe starts when you try to shut down or restart your
computer
http://support.microsoft.com/default...&Product=winxp

An Fsutil Query Does Not Work Properly on FAT or FAT32 Volumes
http://support.microsoft.com/default...&Product=winxp

hth,

Chad Harris
______________________

"Guy with late home work" Guy with late home




On Sun, 12 Sep 2004 00:41:38 +0300, "htw" *email_address_deleted* wrote:

HELLO EVERYBODY,I FACE A BIG PROBLEM WITH WIN XP.I WANTED TO HAVE A NETWORK
BETWEEN 2 COMPUTERS.I HAVE DONE IT MANY MANY TIMES BUT THIS TIME WAS
UNSACCESFUL.EVERYTHING INCLUDING THE PROTOCOLS OR THE CABLE ARE CORRECT.THEY
SEE EACH OTHER BUT WHEN I AM GOING TO THE NETWORK PLACE AND TO THE WORKGROUP
I CAN SEE IT BUT I DON'T HAVE ACCESS.IT TELLS ME THAT ACCESS DENIED CONTACT
LOCAL ADMINISTRATOR.WHAT THE HELL IS GOING ON?I CAN'T WORK AT ALL.IF ANYBODY
CAN HELP ME I WOULD APPRECIATE IT.THANKS EVERYBODY.

First, please fix the caps lock problem. Typing in all capital letters is
considered rude and it's hard to read besides.

Now, if you truly have connectivity and all the protocols and services are
correct, check permissions.

On any XP Pro computer, check to see if Simple File Sharing (Control Panel -
Folder Options - View - Advanced settings) is enabled or disabled. With XP Pro,
you need to have SFS properly set on each computer.

With XP Pro, if SFS is disabled, check the Local Security Policy (Control Panel
- Administrative Tools). Under Local Policies - Security Options, look at
"Network access: Sharing and security model", and ensure it's set to "Classic -
local users authenticate as themselves".

With XP Pro, if you set the above Local Security Policy to "Guest only", enable
the Guest account, thru Local User Manager (Start - Run - "lusrmgr.msc"). If
"Classic", setup and use a common non-Guest account on all computers. Whichever
account is used, give it an identical, non-blank password on all computers.

For XP Home, OR for XP Pro with Simple File Sharing enabled, make sure that the
Guest account is enabled, on each computer. For XP Pro, enable Guest using
Local User Manager (Start - Run - "lusrmgr.msc"); for XP Home, use User Accounts
in Control Panel.

Do any of the computers have a software firewall (ICF / WF, or third party)? If
so, you need to configure them for file sharing, by opening ports TCP 139, 445
and UDP 137, 138, 445, and / or by identifying the other computers as present in
the Local (Trusted) zone. Firewall configurations are a very common cause of
(network) browser, and file sharing, problems.

Try the above suggestions; if you're still unsuccessful, post back with exact
symptoms and error messages.

Cheers,
Chuck
Paranoia comes from experience - and is not necessarily a bad thing.




-----Original Message-----
Teri wrote:
Over the past week my pc has slowed down considerably.
I'm talking a minute or 2 to open a window. I have
done
virus scans (clean), I have ran Spybot and Adaware
(completely clean), I have run CW Shredder, disk
cleanup,
diskcheck, defrag , the Windows Memory Diagnostic and
my
power supply is free of dust. (I read the Knowledge
Base
regulary) Everything comes back clean. No problems
anywhere. I have a HP Pavilion and I run Windows XP
Home
Upgrated from Win 98 SE. I have always had a problem
with "Hang App Errors" but I have always been able to
at
least clean it up enough to speed it up some. I don't
know what else to do.

You've tried most of my suggestions, but let me just
throw out a personal
comment here..

HP Pavilion.. My apologies.

Having said that - have you cleaned up the running
processes and such? Take
out some of the normal HP crap they like to install?
Killed off unnecessary
processes?

Also - have you installed any patches or updates you
think might cause
this - have you tried uninstalling them?

The last thing in this spill will explain how to stop
services and choose
the ones you need.

Suggestions on what you can do to secure/clean your PC.
I'm going to try
and be general, I will assume a "Windows" operating
system is what is
being secured here.

UPDATES and PATCHES
-------------------

This one is the most obvious. There is no perfect
product and any company
worth their salt will try to meet/exceed the needs of
their customers and
fix any problems they find along the way. I am not
going to say Microsoft
is the best company in the world about this but they do
have an option
available for you to use to keep your machine updated
and patched from
the problems and vulnerabilities (as well as product
improvements in some
cases) - and it's free to you.

Windows Update
http://windowsupdate.microsoft.com/

Go there and scan your machine for updates. Always get
the critical ones as
you see them. Write down the KB###### or Q###### you
see when selecting the
updates and if you have trouble over the next few days,
go into your control
panel (Add/Remove Programs), match up the latest numbers
you downloaded
recently (since you started noticing an issue) and
uninstall them. If there
was more than one (usually is), install them back one by
one - with a few
hours of use in between, to see if the problem returns.
Yes - the process
is not perfect (updating) and can cause trouble like I
mentioned - but as
you can see, the solution isn't that bad - and is MUCH
better than the
alternatives. (SASSER/BLASTER were SO preventable with
just this step!)

Windows is not the only product you likely have on your
PC. The
manufacturers of the other products usually have updates
as well. New
versions of almost everything come out all the time -
some are free, some
are pay - some you can only download if you are
registered - but it is best
to check. Just go to their web pages and look under
their support and
download sections.

You also have hardware on your machine that requires
drivers to interface
with the operating system. You have a video card that
allows you to see on
your screen, a sound card that allows you to hear your
PCs sound output and
so on. Visit those manufacturer web sites for the
latest downloadable
drivers for your hardware/operating system. Always
(IMO) get the
manufacturers hardware driver over any Microsoft
offers. On the Windows
Update site I mentioned earlier, I suggest NOT getting
their hardware
drivers - no matter how tempting.

Have I mentioned that Microsoft has some stuff to help
secure your computer
available to the end-user for free? This seems as good
of a time as any.
They have a CD you can order (it's free) that contain
all of the Windows
patches through October 2003 and some trial products as
well that they
released in February 2004. Yeah - it's a little behind
now, but it's better
than nothing (and used in coordination with the
information in this post,
well worth the purchase price..)

Order the Windows Security Update CD
http://www.microsoft.com/security/protect/cd/order.asp

They also have a bunch of suggestions, some similar to
these, on how to
better protect your Windows system:

Protect your PC
http://www.microsoft.com/security/protect/

FIREWALL
--------

Let's say you are up-to-date on the OS (operating
system) and you have
Windows XP.. You should at least turn on the built in
firewall. That will
do a lot to "hide" you from the random bad things flying
around the
Internet. Things like Sasser/Blaster enjoy just sitting
out there in
Cyberspace looking for an unprotected Windows Operating
System and jumping
on it, doing great damage in the process and then using
that Unprotected OS
to continue its dirty work of infecting others. If you
have the Windows XP
ICF turned on - default configuration - then they cannot
see you! Think of
it as Internet Stealth Mode at this point. It has other
advantages, like
actually locking the doors you didn't even (likely) know
you had. Doing
this is simple, the instructions you need to use your
built in Windows XP
firewall can be found he

http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=320855

If you read through that and look through the pages that
are linked from it
at the bottom of that page - I think you should have a
firm grasp on the
basics of the Windows XP Firewall as it is today. One
thing to note RIGHT
NOW - if you have AOL, you cannot use this nice firewall
that came with
your system. Thank AOL, not Microsoft. You HAVE to
configure another
one.. So we continue with our session on Firewalls...

But let's say you DON'T have Windows XP - you have some
other OS like
Windows 95, 98, 98SE, ME, NT, 2000. Well, you don't
have the nifty built in
firewall. My suggestion - upgrade. My next suggestion -
look through your
options. There are lots of free and pay firewalls out
there for home users.
Yes - you will have to decide on your own which to get.
Yes, you will have
to learn (oh no!) to use these firewalls and configure
them so they don't
interfere with what you want to do while continuing to
provide the security
you desire. It's just like anything else you want to
protect - you have to
do something to protect it. Here are some suggested
applications. A lot of
people tout "ZoneAlarm" as being the best alternative to
just using the
Windows XP ICF, but truthfully - any of these
alternatives are much better
than the Windows XP ICF at what they do - because that
is ALL they do.

ZoneAlarm (Free and up)
http://www.zonelabs.com/store/conten...ny/products/zn
alm/freeDownload.jsp

Kerio Personal Firewall (KPF) (Free and up)
http://www.kerio.com/kpf_download.html

Outpost Firewall from Agnitum (Free and up)
http://www.agnitum.com/download/

Sygate Personal Firewall (Free and up)
http://smb.sygate.com/buy/download_buy.htm

Symantec's Norton Personal Firewall (~$25 and up)
http://www.symantec.com/sabu/nis/npf/

BlackICE PC Protection ($39.95 and up)
http://blackice.iss.net/

Tiny Personal Firewall (~$49.00 and up)
http://www.tinysoftware.com/

That list is not complete, but they are good firewall
options, every one of
them. Visit the web pages, read up, ask around if you
like - make a
decision and go with some firewall, any firewall. Also,
maintain it.
Sometimes new holes are discovered in even the best of
these products and
patches are released from the company to remedy this
problem. However, if
you don't get the patches (check the manufacturer web
page on occasion),
then you may never know you have the problem and/or are
being used through
this weakness. Also, don't stack these things. Running
more than one
firewall will not make you safer - it would likely (in
fact) negate some
protection you gleamed from one or the other firewalls
you ran together.

ANTIVIRUS SOFTWARE
------------------

That's not all. That's one facet of a secure PC, but
firewalls don't do
everything. I saw one person posting on a newsgroup
that "they had
never had a virus and they never run any anti-virus
software." Yep - I used
to believe that way too - viruses were something
everyone else seemed to
get, were they just stupid? And for the average joe-
user who is careful,
uses their one-three family computers carefully, never
opening unknown
attachments, always visiting the same family safe web
sites, never
installing anything that did not come with their
computer - maybe, just
maybe they will never witness a virus. I, however, am a
Network Systems
Administrator. I see that AntiVirus software is an
absolute necessity given
how most people see their computer as a toy/tool and not
something
they should have to maintain and upkeep. After all,
they were invented to
make life easier, right - not add another task to your
day. You
can be as careful as you want - will the next person be
as careful? Will
someone send you unknowingly the email that erases all
the pictures of your
child/childhood? Possibly - why take the chance?
ALWAYS RUN ANTIVIRUS
SOFTWARE and KEEP IT UP TO DATE! Antivirus software
comes in so many
flavors, it's like walking into a Jelly Belly store -
which one tastes like
what?! Well, here are a few choices for you. Some of
these are free (isn't
that nice?) and some are not. Is one better than the
other - MAYBE.

Symantec (Norton) AntiVirus (~$11 and up)
http://www.symantec.com/

Kaspersky Anti-Virus (~$49.95 and up)
http://www.kaspersky.com/products.html

Panda Antivirus Titanium (~$39.95 and up)
http://www.pandasoftware.com/
(Free Online Scanner:
http://www.pandasoftware.com/activescan/)

AVG 6.0 Anti-Virus System (Free and up)
http://www.grisoft.com/

McAfee VirusScan (~$11 and up)
http://www.mcafee.com/

AntiVir (Free and up)
http://www.free-av.com/

avast! 4 (Free and up)
http://www.avast.com/

Trend Micro (~$49.95 and up)
http://www.trendmicro.com/
(Free Online Scanner:

http://housecall.trendmicro.com/hous...start_corp.asp)

RAV AntiVirus Online Virus Scan (Free!)
http://www.ravantivirus.com/scan/

Did I mention you have to not only install this
software, but also keep it
updated? You do. Some of them (most) have automatic
services to help you
do this - I mean, it's not your job to keep up with the
half-dozen or more
new threats that come out daily, is it? Be sure to keep
whichever one you
choose up to date!

SPYWARE/ADWARE/POPUPS
---------------------

So you must be thinking that the above two things got
your back now - you
are covered, safe and secure in your little fox hole.
Wrong! There are
more bad guys out there. There are annoyances out there
you can get without
trying. Your normal web surfing, maybe a wrong click on
a web page, maybe
just a momentary lack of judgment by installing some
software packages
without doing the research.. And all of a sudden your
screen starts filling
up with advertisements or your Internet seems much
slower or your home page
won't stay what you set it and goes someplace unfamiliar
to you. This is
spyware. There are a whole SLEW of software packages
out there to get rid
of this crud and help prevent reinfection. Some of the
products already
mentioned might even have branched out into this arena.
However, there are
a few applications that seem to be the best at what they
do, which is
eradicating and immunizing your system from this crap.
Strangely, the best
products I have found in this category ARE generally
free. That is a trend
I like. I make donations to some of them, they deserve
it!

Two side-notes: Never think one of these can do the
whole job.
Try the first 5 before coming back and saying "That did
not work!"
Also, you can always visit:
http://mvps.org/winhelp2002/unwanted.htm
For more updated information.

Spybot Search and Destroy (Free!)
http://www.safer-networking.net/

Lavasoft AdAware (Free and up)
http://www.lavasoft.de

CWSShredder (Free!)
http://www.spywareinfo.com/~merijn/downloads.html

Hijack This! (Free)
http://mjc1.com/mirror/hjt/
( Tutorial:
http://www.spywareinfo.com/~merijn/htlogtutorial.html )

SpywareBlaster (Free!)
http://www.javacoolsoftware.com/

IE-SPYAD (Free!)
http://www.staff.uiuc.edu/~ehowes/resource.htm

ToolbarCop (Free!)
http://www.mvps.org/sramesh2k/toolbarcop.htm

Bazooka Adware and Spyware Scanner (Free!)
http://www.kephyr.com/spywarescanner/index.html

Browser Security Tests
http://www.jasons-toolbox.com/BrowserSecurity/

The Cleaner (49.95 and up)
http://www.moosoft.com/

That will clean up your machine of the spyware, given
that you download and
install several of them, update them regularly and scan
with them when you
update. Some (like SpywareBlaster and SpyBot Search and
Destroy) have
immunization features that will help you prevent your PC
from being
infected. Use these features!

Unfortunately, although that will lessen your popups on
the Internet/while
you are online, it won't eliminate them. I have looked
at a lot of options,
seen a lot of them used in production with people who
seem to attract popups
like a plague, and I only have one suggestion that end
up serving double
duty (search engine and popup stopper in one):

The Google Toolbar (Free!)
http://toolbar.google.com/

Yeah - it adds a bar to your Internet Explorer - but its
a useful one. You
can search from there anytime with one of the best
search engines on the
planet (IMO.) And the fact it stops most popups - wow -
BONUS! If you
don't like that suggestion, then I am just going to say
you go to
www.google.com and search for other options.

One more suggestion, although I will suggest this in a
way later, is to
disable your Windows Messenger service. This service is
not used frequently
(if at all) by the normal home user and in cooperation
with a good firewall,
is generally unnecessary. Microsoft has instructions on
how to do this for
Windows XP he
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/p...g/howto/commun
icate/stopspam.asp

SPAM EMAIL/JUNK MAIL
--------------------

This one can get annoying, just like the rest. You get
50 emails in one
sitting and 2 of them you wanted. NICE! (Not.) What
can you do? Well,
although there are services out there to help you, some
email
servers/services that actually do lower your spam with
features built into
their servers - I still like the methods that let you be
the end-decision
maker on what is spam and what isn't. If these things
worked perfectly, we
wouldn't need people and then there would be no spam
anyway - vicious
circle, eh? Anyway - I have two products to suggest to
you, look at them
and see if either of them suite your needs. Again, if
they don't, Google is
free and available for your perusal.

SpamBayes (Free!)
http://spambayes.sourceforge.net/

Spamihilator (Free!)
http://www.spamihilator.com/

As I said, those are not your only options, but are
reliable ones I have
seen function for hundreds+ people.

DISABLE (Set to Manual) UNUSED SERVICE/STARTUP APPS
---------------------------------------------------

I might get arguments on putting this one here, but it's
my spill. There are
lots of services on your PC that are probably turned on
by default you don't
use. Why have them on? Check out these web pages to
see what all of the
services you might find on your computer are and set
them according to your
personal needs. Be CAREFUL what you set to manual, and
take heed and write
down as you change things! Also, don't expect a large
performance increase
or anything - especially on todays 2+ GHz machines,
however - I look at each
service you set to manual as one less service you have
to worry about
someone exploiting. A year ago, I would have thought
the Windows Messenger
service to be pretty safe, now I recommend (with
addition of a firewall)
that most home users disable it! Yeah - this is another
one you have to
work for, but your computer may speed up and/or be more
secure because you
took the time. And if you document what you do as you
do it, next time, it
goes MUCH faster! (or if you have to go back and re-
enable things..)

Task List Programs

http://www.answersthatwork.com/Taskl...s/tasklist.htm

Black Viper's Service List and Opinions (XP)
http://www.blackviper.com/WinXP/servicecfg.htm

Processes in Windows NT/2000/XP
http://www.reger24.de/prozesse/

There are also applications that AREN'T services that
startup when you start
up the computer/logon. One of the better description on
how to handle these
I have found he

Startups
http://www.pacs-portal.co.uk/startup_content.php

That's it. A small booklet on how to keep your computer
secure, clean of
scum and more user friendly. I am SURE I missed
something, almost as I am
sure you won't read all of it (anyone for that matter.)
However, I also
know that someone who followed all of the advice above
would also have less
problems with their PC, less problems with viruses, less
problems with spam,
fewer problems with spyware and better performance than
someone who didn't.

Hope it helps.

--
- Shenan -
--
The information is provided "as is", with no guarantees
of
completeness, accuracy or timeliness, and without
warranties of any
kind, express or implied. In other words, read up
before you take any
advice - you are the one ultimately responsible for your
actions.

.
Shenan, thank you so much for taking the time to answer
my post with so much detail. Not only did I read every
word, I also made a lot of notes and recorded every
link. Yes, I am running XP, I do use the built in
firewall, I have Spybot, Adaware, Hijack This and CW
Shredder all installed and use them on a regular basis.
I use the housecall,trendmicro and the symantec security
and virus scan at the same time. Windows update informs
me when there is an update for my pc and I always install
the critical ones. My startup up programs are at a
minimum as are my running services. Actually, I am
wondering if I have something checked in Internet Options
that I shouldn't. As I mentioned before I have always
had a problem with "hungapp errors" in the event viewer
but under "security" I am getting events I really do not
understand and they keep changing, for instance
User Name: Network Service User Name: Owner
Domain: NT Authority Domain:OEMCOMPUTER
Logon Type: 5 Logon Type:2
Logon Process:Advapi Logon Process:User32

User Name:
Domain:
Logon Type:3
Logon Process:NtLmSsp
Also, I am getting events "A trusted logon process has
registered with the Local Security Authority. This
logon process will be trusted to submit logon requests
(CHAP, scecli, WinlogonMSGina, KsecDD, Lan Manager
Workstation Service). These might all be normal but I
don't remember seeing all of them before.




OK, here's the repeatable current situation...
1. Deleted Fax and Modem through Control Panel.
2. Cleared all system logs.
3. Cleared all Norton AV and FW logs.
4. Insured a clean registry, no viruses, worms, etc. via a Norton AV & WinDoctor clean run.
5. Rebooted PC.
6. Through Control Panel, both Modem and Fax printer look fine after auto-configuration and appear operational.
7. Opened Fax Console through Start Programs-Accessories-Communications-Fax Console.
a. Fax Printer Status: Local Online
b. "Send A Fax" yields "The Fax printer cannot be accessed. Make sure it is properly setup."
c. "Receive a Fax Now" yields the correct Fax Monitor communications screen and there is sound coming from the modem card!
8. Printing applications, when directed to the fax printer, either give a variety of failure message windows indicating improperly setup fax printe, resource not availabler, or fax printer not installed when print to Fax is selected, OR there is NO failure
window that pops up at all and the fax print goes into the "bit bucket". Also, there is nothing relevant in system logs, other than startup of fax service.

I do not think I have a hardware problem, since I can manually RECEIVE a fax through the fax console. I think it may to be some problem with the fax print spooler subsystem, but I have yet to see any error message/event yet that would point me in any spec
ific corrective direction. The spooler for my local HP DJ5550 printer is working perfectly, as always. I can also print to the Acrobat Distiller with no problem.

On 7/29, I removed ALL three printer devices and Control Panel Add/Remove Programs printer-related applications from my PC, along with all print drivers (HPDJ) using the "File, Server Properties, Properties" on the Printers and Faxes Control Panel window.
I then used XP Resource Toolkit command "cleanspl" and cleared out everything except the Standard TCP/IP Port and the BJ Language Monitor. I rebooted the system, with the HP DJ5550 USB disconnected.
I then went into Control Panel-Printers and Faxes and no printers show up, as expected. I then tried to "Install a local Fax printer", but *nothing* happens at all. Maybe this is indicative of my underlying problem. I have reinstalled my HP DJ5550 softw
are so I can print again locally, but I now cannot even setup a local Fax printer.
The only anomalies on this PC I can think of are a couple of times the UPS failed (bad battery) during power outages over the past few weeks. which has been remedied with a new UPS. I still think I should be seeing some errors, warning, etc. in the system
event files, error windows, etc., though if something were corrupt or missing. Instead, I see nothing other than the startup of the fax service when it was installed.
Any ideas out there??? Fortunately I don't use XP Fax that much, but when I do, I really need it.

"Russ Valentine [MVP-Outlook]" wrote:

Please check to see if your modem is on the Windows XP HCL list.
See if there are newer drivers available for it.
--
Russ Valentine
[MVP-Outlook]
wrote in message
...
Thanks for the help!
The Fax status show Local Online.
If you right click on any of the three printers (HP
DJ550, Acrobat Distiller or Fax) in the show printers
Control Panel screen, it pulls up a System Info. multi-
tab window.
For the Printers tab, there is a pull-down to select
printer. The ONLY printers shown are the HP DJ5550 and
Acrobat Distiller. It's like the Fax is there, but not
there, depending on what you use to look at it.
The ONLY updates to XP Home OS have been automatically
sent to me by MS and installed as/when recommended. I
have not updated nor added any other applications on the
PC. I have not changed any hardware in any way.
The PCI modem card came in the PC and has worked A-OK on
XP Home since Day 1 and never been touched. I can delete
and add it all day long in the control panel. It's a
Lucent Technologies internal and uses a MS certified
driver. I use the modem ONLY for Faxes as I have a cable
modem supplying the internet to me.
Thanks
-----Original Message-----
No, the Fax Driver should be listed as "Microsoft Shared
Fax Driver" as the
Model. That's normal.
Explain point 5.
When you go to Fax Console Tools Fax Printer Status,
what do you see?
We won't be able to troubleshoot much if you don't know
what changes caused
this problem. What were these updates? Might one of them
have been a driver
update for your modem? Is your modem on the Windows XP
HCL list?
--
Russ Valentine
[MVP-Outlook]
wrote in message
...
OK, new day, try more things.
1. Clear all three event logs.
2. Deleted Fax device and modem card.
3. Added modem card and Fax device.
4. Right click on Fax device, Properties, General tab
shows Model: MicroSoft Shared Fax Driver (SHARED????)
5. Right click on Fax device, System Information tab
shows only HP DJ 5550 and Acrobat Distiller, NOT the
Fax
device.
6. Try to print to Fax from Excel. Get error window:
"Your file could not be printed due to an error on Fax
on
Ne02. ... try reinstalling driver, etc.". This SOUNDS
like it thinks the Fax device is somehow networked!
7. Event logs show Fax service started along with other
automatic services, as it should. No errors or warnings
at OS level.
Maybe this helps.
Thanks,
Stan Smith
-----Original Message-----
Not a known issue. Provide as many steps to repro as
accurately as possible
and I'll send it on.
--
Russ Valentine
[MVP-Outlook]
"Stan" wrote in
message
...
Fax service showed Status (empty), Startup Type
Automatic
and Local Service logon. I cleared all three system
logs.
I started the Fax service manually through the
services
window, tried to print to the Fax device and this
time
got no appl. errors, no error event log entries, as
well
as *nothing* happening where I would normally
expect to
see the send fax dialogue pop up.
I then stopped the Fax service manually, tried to
print
again to the Fax device and got the same screwy
error
messages about the Fax device. NO error or warning
entries in the event logs.
The only things showing up in the event logs are my
manual starts and stops of the Fax service, and
resulting
ack's that the OS did what I asked and started and
stopped the Fax service.
This is really bizarre!!
-----Original Message-----
What is the startup type for the Fax Service?
--
Russ Valentine
[MVP-Outlook]
"Stan" wrote
in
message
...
This is a 1.5 year old HP Pavilion, with all
original
hardware, including Lucent modem card. Worked
beautifully till now, with NO hardware/software
changes
on my part in the last year. This is sort of a
casual
use (email, surfing) PC.
I deleted the local Fax printer (again) and
added it
back. All properties look A-OK, like original.
Modem
is
responding to query commands. On MS Office
products,
when try to print to Fax, get an error "Windows
cannot
print due to problem with the current printer
setup...
reinstall the driver"... Which I have three times
now.
On HP's MyPhotoCenter application, when I try to
Fax an
image, it tells me "Please install printer". It
is
installed!
On MS Outlook, printing to Fax gives "There was
an
error
when printing started. To check printer setup...
go
to
control panel.."
On Adobe Acrobat, printing to Fax gives "A
required
resource cannot be loaded". The Print window
shows
the
Fax status as Ready, Type is MS shared Fax
Driver,
Where
is "SHRFAX". That definitely does not look
right to
me,
as I recall!
On the subject of events logs, the only thing Fax
related
is info entries related to starting of the Fax
service.
Like I say, this has worked A-OK since day one,
till
now,
and I remember a MS auto-update a two or three
days
ago,
which may or may not have anything to do with my
inability to Fax now. I don't fax on a daily
basis.
Thanks.
-----Original Message-----
Haven't seen any reports like it.
Which update caused it?
List the steps you use to fax and the exact
error
message you get when you
try.
What does Event viewer tell you?
Is your fax modem on the Windows XP HCL list?
--
Russ Valentine
[MVP-Outlook]
"Stan"
wrote
in
message
...
Fax printer device has worked fine up until
the
last XP
Home automatic update was installed.
Depending
on
the
application I try to print to the FAX now, I
get
all
sorts of bizarre message, like "resource
currently
unavailable" or "insufficient memory..." or
many
other
strange CAN'T DO type messages. I deleted the
fax
device, then let XP add it back in, and
rebooted.
Same
problems persist.
Device manager (before and after the
remove/add)
shows
device enabled and working properly.
Diagnostics
get
right results when modem is queried.
I CAN print to my HP DJ 5550 and to Adobe
Acrobat
writer
with no problems.
What I have noticed is in SOME applications,
the
FAX
device now shows up as "FAX on SHRFAX", which
does
not
look right at all. The device cannot be
shared,
and is
not shared according to device manager
properties
for
the
fax device.
Anybody else out there having similar
problems?

.

.

.

.




Kelly--

All these guys have made some good, clear points and given you some nice
links. Just to add some links:

Paul Thurrott's Win Supersite: Windows XP Home Edition vs. Professional
Edition: What's the difference?

http://www.winsupersite.com/showcase...p_home_pro.asp

MSFT Site Links:
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/p...n/default.mspx
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/p.../features.mspx
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/e...n/compare.mspx

Also this is from a newsgroup post a while back and does a very good job of
covering the features of each:

The following features are not present in Windows XP Home Edition.

Power user
- Remote Desktop - All versions of Windows XP--including Home
Edition--support Remote Assistance, which is an assisted support technology
that allows a help desk or system administrator to remotely connect to a
client desktop for troubleshooting purposes. But Only Pro supports the new
Remote Desktop feature, which is a single-session version of Terminal
Services with two obvious uses: Mobile professionals who need to remotely
access their corporate desktop, and remote administration of clients on a
network. You can access a Windows XP Remote Desktop from any OS that
supports a Terminal Services client (such as Windows 98 and, interestingly
XP Home). XP Home can act as the client in a Remote Desktop session; only
Pro can be the server.
- Multi-processor support - Windows XP Pro supports up to two
microprocessors, while Home Edition supports only one.
- Automated System Recovery (ASR) - In a somewhat controversial move,
Microsoft has removed the Backup utility from the default Windows XP Home
Edition, though it is available as an optional installation if you can find
it on the CD-ROM (hint: it's in the /valueadd folder). The reason for this
the integration of Microsoft's new Automated System Recovery (ASR) tool into
Backup. In Pro, ASR will help recover a system from a catastrophic error,
such as one that renders the system unbootable. ASR-enabled backups are
triggerable from XP Setup, allowing you to return your system to its
previous state, even if the hard drive dies and has to be replaced. Unlike
consumer-oriented features such as System Restore, ASR is not automatic: It
must manually be enabled from within the Backup utility in Windows XP Pro.
In any event, while there is a Backup utility available for Home Edition,
you cannot use ASR, even though mentions of this feature still exist in the
UI. Confusing? Yes. But it's better than no Backup at all, which was the
original plan.
- Dynamic Disk Support - Windows XP Professional (like its Windows 2000
equivalent) supports dynamic disks, but Home Edition does not (instead, HE
supports only the standard Simple Disk type). Dynamic disks are not usable
with any OS other than Windows 2000 or Windows XP Pro, and they cannot be
used on portable computers. Likewise, Home Edition does not include the
Logical Disk Manager.
- Fax - Home Edition has no integrated fax functionality out of the box,
though it is an option you can install from the XP Home CD.
- Internet Information Services/Personal Web Server - Home Edition does not
include the IIS Web server 5.1 software found in Pro.

Security
- Encrypting File System - Windows XP Professional supports the Encrypting
File System (EFS), which allows you encrypt individual files or folders for
local security (EFS is not enabled over a network). EFS-protected files and
folders allows users to protect sensitive documents from other users.
- File-level access control - Any user with Administrator privileges can
limit access to certain network resources, such as servers, directories, and
files, using access control lists. Only Windows XP Professional supports
file-level access control, mostly because this feature is typically
implemented through Group Policy Objects, which are also not available in
Home Edition.
- "C2" certification - Microsoft will attempt to have Windows XP
Professional certified with the "C2" security designation, a largely
irrelevant status, but one which will not be afforded to Home Edition.

Management
- Domain membership - Home Edition cannot be used to logon to an Active
Directory domain. For obvious reasons, the Domain Wizard is also missing in
Home Edition.
- Group Policy - Since Home Edition cannot be used to logon to an Active
Directory domain, Group Policy--whereby applications, network resources, and
operating systems are administered for domain users--is not supported
either.
- IntelliMirror - Microsoft lumps a wide range of semi-related change and
configuration management technologies under the IntelliMirror umbrella, and
none of these features are supported in the consumer oriented Home Edition.
IntelliMirror capabilities include user data management; centrally-managed
software installation, repair, updating, and removal; user settings
management; and Remote Installation Services (RIS), which allows
administrators to remotely install the OS on client systems.
- Roaming profiles - This feature allows users to logon to any computer in
an Active Directory network and automatically receive their customized
settings. It is not available in Home Edition, which cannot logon to an
Active Directory domain.

Corporate deployment
- Multi-language support - Only Windows XP Professional will ship in a
Multi-Language version or support multiple languages in a single install.
- Sysprep support - Windows XP Pro will support the System Preparation
(Sysprep) utility, while Home Edition will not.
- RIS support - See the IntelliMirror heading in the previous section; Home
Edition does not support RIS deployments.

Networking features
The following networking features are not included in Home Edition:
- The user interface for IPSecurity (IPSec)
- SNMP
- Simple TCP/IP services
- SAP Agent
- Client Service for NetWare
- Network Monitor
- Multiple Roaming feature

User interface features
Windows XP Home Edition has some different default settings that affect the
user interface. For example, Guest logon is on by default in Home, but off
in Pro. The Address bar in Explorer windows is on in Pro by default, but off
in Home. During the beta period, Microsoft had intended to use a
business-oriented shell theme ("Professional") by default in Pro and the
"Luna" consumer theme in Home Edition. But feedback from corporate users
suggested that everyone liked the consumer-oriented Luna theme better, and
development of the Professional theme was cancelled. Other user interface
features that are present in Pro but not Home include:
- Client-side caching
- Administrative Tools option on the Start menu (a subset of the Admin tools
are still present in Home, however).

hth,

Chad Harris
__________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ ____

wrote in message
...
I've done some reading on MS's website about some of the differences
between Pro & Home version but was hoping for some feedback from
people who are familiar with both.

MS makes it sound like there's more security in the Pro version as
well as advanced recovery options, so one of the things I'm wondering
is what those differences are.

Also I'm wondering if Pro is more stable & reliable than Home and what
those differences might be.

Thanks in advance for any and all input!




Hi all,

I just thought i might put up a post with some performance tweaks to get some more grunt from your vista RC1 OS. Overall I was able to get my a considerable perfomance increase and now vista runs as quick or quicker than XP and is just as stable (or as stable as one could expect from any windows OS, lol)

1. Disble Indexing

My god, the amount of CPU hogged by this feature in the first couple of days of having it installed. Turn it OFF. the end result is slower search speeds, but that is offset by a huge performance boost. To disable indexing go to computer, select your drive properties and uncheck "index ths drive for faster searching".

From what i hear, the indexing service will quiet down after a couple of days of use, but that can only be said for people wh don't move, install or delete alot of files on a daily basis. Unfortunalely i do, so i would rather be able to do that quickly than look for my files a bit quicker

2. Optimizing your appearance for speed.

Some people like eye candy. i choose to not bother with it until a final release when it is properly implemented. to give you the basic vista visual style without all the eye candy go to control panel->system->advanced system settings.

then go to the advanced tab then performance->settings. select custom and uncheck everything except for "use visual styles on windows and buttons" this will maintain the basic vista theme, but get rid of menu and mouse shadows, windows animations and all of that.

3. Startup and recovery options

While still in the advanced tab of the system properties, go to startup and recovery->settings.

If you only have vista as an OS uncheck everyhting except for "time to display recovery options when needed". If you have a dual boot system leave "time to display list of operating systems" checked otherwise you will only be able to boot into vista.

under system failure, uncheck everything and set "write debugging information" to 'none'.

4. Increasing performance on Nvidia cards

Vista installs a generic WDDM driver for your nvidia card on installation. These drivers are surprisingly better than the Nvidia 96.33 drivers. So here is the story on that. The Nvidia 96.33 drivers support both DirectX and OpenGL. As a result of the OpenGL support, the drivers aren't fully optimized for either. The windows drivers on the other hand do not support OpenGL, but provide better performance on DirectX games. I have heard of cases of 30fps increases on Half-Life 2 by uninstalling the Nvidia drivers.

So the bottom line is, if you want openGL and don't mind the performance hit, go with the Nvidia drivers, if you are willing to sacrifice your OpenGL games, keep the windows drivers and get performance close to XP on your DirectX games.

If you want to uninstall your Nvidia graphics card driver just go to control panel->device manager. look for your display adapter, go to properties and under the 'driver' tab click on 'roll back driver'.

5. Disbling services

This is guaranteed to cause a flame war. People don't think it improves performance and many have killed their system by doing such things. I have had to reinstall XP a few times doing this until i figured it out of course. Your system might be different, so disabling all of these might kill your internet connection or something, but not your system.

Just to give you an idea of what I am running here are my specs

CPU: AMD Athlon 64 3000+ overclocked from 1.8Ghz to 2.25Ghz
RAM: I gig generic DDR 400 overclocked to DDR 500
MOBO: Gigabyte K8 NSC-939 nforce3 250Gb chipset
GPU: Nvidia Geforce FX 5900 Ultra softmodded to 5950 Ultra overclocked from 450/850 to 490/980 running dual display configuration
2x Sony DRU-810A Dual Layer DVD-RW
Western Digital 160 GB IDE HDD
Western Digital 80 GB IDE HDD
Internet: Integrated Marvell Yukon Gigabit ethernet controller and D-Link DSL 502-T router
Audio: Integrated AC 97 7.1 surround

Pretty average overall, but if your system has a similar internet connection then you should be able to disable all of these services without problem.

If you are connected to a LAN, use dial-up, need a remote connection and/or use media center for TV or radio I don't recommend doing anything I have suggested, or if you are brave, read the service descriptions first and make up your own mind. I have disabled all of these services on my PC and the only effect for me is less windows notifications bothering me.

DO NOT DO THIS IF YOU ARE UNSURE ABOUT ANYTHING

I won't be held responsible if you kill your computer or yourself in the process. But if it works, I will gladly take the credit

Open your services window by typing "services.msc" without quotes into a run box (windows key + R). disable the following services by double cliking on the service and selecting 'disable' as the startup type:

Computer Browser
Diagnostic Policy Service
Distributed Link Tracking Client
DNS Client
Function Discovery Provider Host
Function Discovery Resource Publication
IKE and AuthIP IPsec Keying Modules
IP Helper
Ipsec Policy Agent
Microsoft .NET Framework NGEN v2.0.50727_X86
Microsoft Software Shadow Copy Provider
Offline Files (can impact offline file viewing performance)
Peer Name Resolution (can impact some of the new windows live apps)
Peer Networking Identity Manager
Portable Device Enumerator Service (will impact connected devices, e.g mp3 players etc)
Protected Storage
ReadyBoost (ReadyBoost is meant to use removable flash drives as virtual memory to improve performance, but I can't get the option with mine so off it goes)
Remote Access Auto Connection Manager
Remote Access Connection Manager
Routing and Remote Access
Secondary Logon
Server
System Event Notification Service
Tablet PC Input Service (unless you have a tablet PC)
Task Scheduler
TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper
Telephony
Terminal Services
WebClient
Windows Error Reporting Service
Windows Event Log
Windows Media Center Extender Service
Windows Media Center Receiver Service
Windows Media Center Scheduler Service
Windows Media Player Network Sharing Service
Windows Search
Windows Time

Overall this will reduce the amount of running processes and free up that all important memeory.

6. Disable UAC

This won't improve performance, but i get the shits with having to confirm nearly every action i do under vista. It gets annoying when your configuring your system and it is constanly going black and asking me if i really want to open the control panel. Of course i do, I just clicked on it!! Anyway enough of my rant, here's how to get rid of it

Open a run box (windows key + R) type "msconfig" without quotes. Go to the tools tab. scroll down to the "disable UAC" and click launch a console will open telling you it went well if indeed it went well. If you feel the need to turn it back on just scroll down to "enable UAC" in the same dialog and click launch again.

Anyway that's all for the moment. Restart your PC and you should see the difference. what you should expect is a faster, smoother running OS with less eye candy and intrusive windows notifications

Also if the mods think a thread like this is a good idea, could you please sticky it.

Cheers




I am having an intermittent problem with my network connection dropping out for no apparent reason.

When it drops, I still see the lights blinking on the NIC card, but cannot pass packets even to the router.

Windows does not report the connection or the cable as disconnected when this problem is occurring.

The problem will persist until I disconnect and reconnect the CAT-5e wire, or disable and re-enable the NIC.

As soon as I do one of those 2 things, connectivity immediately returns (and works for another hour or so).

I am running a legitimate copy of Windows 7 Home Premium 64-bit on an HP Pavilion.

All of the latest Windows updates and the latest firmware drivers are installed.

My ethernet connection is a wired Local Area Connection with a static IP address, gateway and DNS.

The IP address, gateway and DNS settings are accurate and work for several other computers here.

The Network Interface Card is a Realtek PCIe FE Family Controller (VEN_10EC / DEV_8136 / REV_05).

NIC Power Management, Energy Efficient Ethernet, and Link Down Power Saving are all turned off.

On the NIC, ARP/Large Send/IPv4,TCP,UDP Checksum/NS Offload, Flow Control, and are all on.

Receive Buffer Size on the NIC is 64Kb (512 buffers). Receive Side Scaling on. 128 Transmit Buffers.

Interrupt Moderation is turned on. Magic Packet features are turned off. Optimal Performance enabled.

NIC Speed and Duplex are set to 100mbps Full Duplex wherever possible (automatic was also tried).

802.1X authentication (EAP or PEAP) is disabled. Auto connection logic is disabled.

Connection routes through two switches into a Belkin router; other devices on same networks unaffected.

Much of my data is stored on a Network Attached Storage device, with UNC shares mapped to drive letters.

Other Windows, Mac and Linux devices connected to the same NAS device have no problems staying connected.

When the issue occurs, I can't ping the gateway, do DNS lookups or pass any packets as far as I can tell.

I have tried swapping out the CAT-5e cables for other cables and even ran them through a cable tester.
_____________________________________________________________________________

Network fixes I have attempted from the OS level so far include:

~ Switching the dynamic port range to start at 10,000 and run for approximately 54,000 ports
~ Systematically reviewing every running service to make certain that only the essential ones are on
~ Disabling all NIC stacks except Client for Microsoft Networks, IPv4, File and Printer Sharing and Comodo
~ Attempted connections with Comodo turned completely off and its NIC driver disabled
~ Attempted rolling back the RealTek driver to an earlier one from the same family and device line
_____________________________________________________________________________

Using netsh I have tried the following settings:

~ netsh winsock reset catalog
~ netsh int ipv4 reset reset.log
~ netsh int ipv6 reset reset.log
~ netsh int tcp set global rss=enabled
~ netsh int tcp set global chimney=automatic
~ netsh int tcp set global autotuninglevel=disabled
~ netsh int tcp set global congestionprovider=ctcp
~ netsh int tcp set global ecncapability=disabled
~ netsh int tcp set global timestamps=disabled
~ netsh int tcp set global netdma=enabled
~ netsh int tcp set global dca=enabled
_____________________________________________________________________________

I have ruled out any malware, spyware, virus or trojan horse as a possibility after extensive scans with:

~ MalwareBytes Anti-malware 1.60.1.1000 (subsequently updated to latest DB)
~ Kaspersky TDSSKiller
~ Microsoft Antimalware Security Essentials
~ Avira AntiVir
~ GMER
~ RootkitRevealer
~ Sophos SAR 15 SFX
~ PrevX v3.0 CSI Free Edition

All virus definitions and malware databases were successfully updated prior to these scans.
_____________________________________________________________________________

Software I am currently running on this PC (and that have not posed a problem for me in the past) includes:

~ Privoxy
~ Polipo
~ I2P
~ Comodo Internet Security / Comodo Firewall / Comodo Dragon
~ Avira Antivir
~ Microsoft Antimalware Security Essentials
~ PeerBlock
~ uTorrent
~ Bitcoin
~ DAEMON Tools Pro
~ Tor with Vidalia
~ Steam
~ Skype
~ Pidgin
~ ooVoo
~ Pandora Desktop
~ Every Adobe Product in CS5/CS5.5
~ Microsoft Office 2010
~ mDesktop
~ Acunetix 8
~ Rainmeter
~ Prevx
~ Audacity
~ Avidemux
~ Celemony Melodyne
~ QuickBooks 2011 Pro Plus
~ Google Chrome
~ Mozilla Firefox
~ PowerISO
~ Evernote
~ Calibre
~ GoToManage Professional
~ Cisco VPN Service
~ SmartFTP Client
~ KVIrc
~ Process Explorer
~ SyncToy
~ WinDirStat
_____________________________________________________________________________

When the connection is working, an ICMP test responds normally:

Pinging 192.168.2.1 with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 192.168.2.1: bytes=32 time=1ms TTL=64
Reply from 192.168.2.1: bytes=32 time=1ms TTL=64
Reply from 192.168.2.1: bytes=32 time=1ms TTL=64
Reply from 192.168.2.1: bytes=32 timenbtstat -n

Local Area Connection:
Node IpAddress: [192.168.2.130] Scope Id: []

NetBIOS Local Name Table

Name Type Status
---------------------------------------------
USER-HP UNIQUE Registered
WORKGROUP GROUP Registered
USER-HP UNIQUE Registered
WORKGROUP GROUP Registered
_____________________________________________________________________________

Here's the obligatory TrendMicro HiJackThis scan log:

Logfile of Trend Micro HijackThis v2.0.4
Scan saved at 9:02:54 AM, on 3/23/2012
Platform: Windows 7 SP1 (WinNT 6.00.3505)
MSIE: Internet Explorer v9.00 (9.00.8112.16421)
Boot mode: Normal

Running processes:
C:Program Files (x86)Hewlett-PackardHP Odometerhpsysdrv.exe
C:WindowsPixArtPac207Monitor.exe
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalCitrixGoToAssist Express Expert363g2ax_start.exe
C:Program Files (x86)AdobeAdobe Bridge CS5.1Bridge.exe
C:Program Files (x86)SteamSteam.exe
C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesLightScribeLightScribeControlPanel.exe
C:Program Files (x86)HpHP Software Updatehpwuschd2.exe
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalCitrixGoToAssist Express Expert363g2ax_comm_expert.exe
C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesIntuitQuickBooksQBUpdateqbupdate.exe
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalCitrixGoToAssist Express Expert363g2ax_user_expert.exe
C:Program Files (x86)IntuitQuickBooks 2011QBW32.EXE
C:Program Files (x86)EvernoteEvernoteEvernoteClipper.exe
C:Program Files (x86)AdobeAcrobat 10.0Acrobatacrotray.exe
C:Program Files (x86)AviraAntiVir Desktopavgnt.exe
C:Program Files (x86)DAEMON Tools ProDTShellHlp.exe
C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesAdobeSwitchBoardSwitchBoard.exe
C:Program Files (x86)IntuitQuickBooks 2011QBHelp.exe
C:Program Files (x86)PowerISOPWRISOVM.EXE
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)PandoraPandora.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalGoogleChromeApplicationchrome.exe
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalGoogleChromeApplicationchrome.exe
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalGoogleChromeApplicationchrome.exe
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalGoogleChromeApplicationchrome.exe
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalGoogleChromeApplicationchrome.exe
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalGoogleChromeApplicationchrome.exe
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalGoogleChromeApplicationchrome.exe
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalGoogleChromeApplicationchrome.exe
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalGoogleChromeApplicationchrome.exe
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalGoogleChromeApplicationchrome.exe
C:Program Files (x86)Privoxyprivoxy.exe
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalGoogleChromeApplicationchrome.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:WindowsSystem32procexp.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)AdobeAdobe Dreamweaver CS5.5Dreamweaver.exe
C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesAdobeCS5.5ServiceManagerCS5.5ServiceManager.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)TorAppvidalia.exe
C:Program Files (x86)TorApptor.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalGoogleGoogle Talk Plugingoogletalkplugin.exe
C:Program Files (x86)mDesktopmDesktop.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:PROGRAM FILES (X86)FOXIT SOFTWAREFOXIT READERFOXIT READER.EXE
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalGoogleChromeApplicationchrome.exe
C:Program Files (x86)SkypePhoneSkype.exe
C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft OfficeOffice14OUTLOOK.EXE
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalGoogleChromeApplicationchrome.exe
C:Program Files (x86)uTorrentuTorrent.exe
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalGoogleChromeApplicationchrome.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon.exe
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalGoogleChromeApplicationchrome.exe
C:WindowsSysWOW64rundll32.exe
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalGoogleChromeApplicationchrome.exe
C:UsersUserAppDataLocalGoogleChromeApplicationchrome.exe
C:Program Files (x86)HiJackThisTrend MicroHiJackThisHiJackThis.exe

R1 - HKCUSoftwareMicrosoftInternet ExplorerMain,Default_Page_URL = HP MSN.com
R0 - HKCUSoftwareMicrosoftInternet ExplorerMain,Start Page = TrackWoot: The Comeback - Tracking Woot, Best Woot Tracker, Woot History
R1 - HKLMSoftwareMicrosoftInternet ExplorerMain,Default_Page_URL = HP MSN.com
R1 - HKLMSoftwareMicrosoftInternet ExplorerMain,Default_Search_URL = Bing
R0 - HKLMSoftwareMicrosoftInternet ExplorerMain,Start Page = HP MSN.com
R0 - HKLMSoftwareMicrosoftInternet ExplorerSearch,SearchAssistant =
R0 - HKLMSoftwareMicrosoftInternet ExplorerSearch,CustomizeSearch =
R0 - HKLMSoftwareMicrosoftInternet ExplorerMain,Local Page = C:WindowsSysWOW64blank.htm
R1 - HKCUSoftwareMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionInternet Settings,ProxyOverride = localhost; 127.0.0.1;
R0 - HKCUSoftwareMicrosoftInternet ExplorerToolbar,LinksFolderName =
F2 - REG:system.ini: UserInit=userinit.exe
O1 - Hosts: ::1 localhost
O2 - BHO: ContributeBHO Class - {074C1DC5-9320-4A9A-947D-C042949C6216} - C:Program Files (x86)AdobeAdobe Contribute CS5.1PluginsIEPlugincontributeieplugin.dll
O2 - BHO: AcroIEHelperStub - {18DF081C-E8AD-4283-A596-FA578C2EBDC3} - C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesAdobeAcrobatActiveXAcroIEHelperShim.dll
O2 - BHO: Groove GFS Browser Helper - {72853161-30C5-4D22-B7F9-0BBC1D38A37E} - C:PROGRA~2MICROS~1Office14GROOVEEX.DLL
O2 - BHO: Java(tm) Plug-In SSV Helper - {761497BB-D6F0-462C-B6EB-D4DAF1D92D43} - C:Program Files (x86)Javajre6binssv.dll
O2 - BHO: ZoneAlarm Toolbar Registrar - {8A4A36C2-0535-4D2C-BD3D-496CB7EED6E3} - C:Program FilesCheckPointZAForceFieldWOW64TrustCheckerbinTrustCheckerIEPlugin.dll (file missing)
O2 - BHO: Windows Live ID Sign-in Helper - {9030D464-4C02-4ABF-8ECC-5164760863C6} - C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesMicrosoft SharedWindows LiveWindowsLiveLogin.dll
O2 - BHO: Adobe PDF Conversion Toolbar Helper - {AE7CD045-E861-484f-8273-0445EE161910} - C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesAdobeAcrobatActiveXAcroIEFavClient.dll
O2 - BHO: URLRedirectionBHO - {B4F3A835-0E21-4959-BA22-42B3008E02FF} - C:PROGRA~2MICROS~1Office14URLREDIR.DLL
O2 - BHO: Java(tm) Plug-In 2 SSV Helper - {DBC80044-A445-435b-BC74-9C25C1C588A9} - C:Program Files (x86)Javajre6binjp2ssv.dll
O2 - BHO: SmartSelect - {F4971EE7-DAA0-4053-9964-665D8EE6A077} - C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesAdobeAcrobatActiveXAcroIEFavClient.dll
O3 - Toolbar: Contribute Toolbar - {517BDDE4-E3A7-4570-B21E-2B52B6139FC7} - C:Program Files (x86)AdobeAdobe Contribute CS5.1PluginsIEPlugincontributeieplugin.dll
O3 - Toolbar: Adobe PDF - {47833539-D0C5-4125-9FA8-0819E2EAAC93} - C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesAdobeAcrobatActiveXAcroIEFavClient.dll
O3 - Toolbar: ZoneAlarm Toolbar - {EE2AC4E5-B0B0-4EC6-88A9-BCA1A32AB107} - C:Program FilesCheckPointZAForceFieldWOW64TrustCheckerbinTrustCheckerIEPlugin.dll (file missing)
O4 - HKLM..Run: [StartCCC] "c:Program Files (x86)ATI TechnologiesATI.ACECore-StaticCLIStart.exe" MSRun
O4 - HKLM..Run: [HP Software Update] c:Program Files (x86)HPHP Software UpdateHPWuSchd2.exe
O4 - HKLM..Run: [Norton Online Backup] C:Program Files (x86)SymantecNorton Online BackupNOBuClient.exe
O4 - HKLM..Run: [PDF Complete] C:Program Files (x86)PDF Completepdfsty.exe
O4 - HKLM..Run: [BCSSync] "C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft OfficeOffice14BCSSync.exe" /DelayServices
O4 - HKLM..Run: [Intuit SyncManager] C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesIntuitSyncIntuitSyncManager.exe startup
O4 - HKLM..Run: [SwitchBoard] C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesAdobeSwitchBoardSwitchBoard.exe
O4 - HKLM..Run: [AdobeCS5.5ServiceManager] "C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesAdobeCS5.5ServiceManagerCS5.5ServiceManager.exe" -launchedbylogin
O4 - HKLM..Run: [Adobe ARM] "C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesAdobeARM1.0AdobeARM.exe"
O4 - HKLM..Run: [Adobe Acrobat Speed Launcher] "C:Program Files (x86)AdobeAcrobat 10.0AcrobatAcrobat_sl.exe"
O4 - HKLM..Run: [Acrobat Assistant 8.0] "C:Program Files (x86)AdobeAcrobat 10.0AcrobatAcrotray.exe"
O4 - HKLM..Run: [Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Agent for Windows] "C:Program Files (x86)CiscoCisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Clientvpnui.exe" -minimized
O4 - HKLM..Run: [NBAgent] "C:Program Files (x86)NeroNero 11Nero BackItUpNBAgent.exe" /WinStart
O4 - HKLM..Run: [COMODO] C:Program FilesCOMODOCOMODO GeekBuddyCLPSLA.exe
O4 - HKLM..Run: [CPA] C:Program FilesCOMODOCOMODO GeekBuddyVALA.exe
O4 - HKLM..Run: [avgnt] "C:Program Files (x86)AviraAntiVir Desktopavgnt.exe" /min
O4 - HKLM..Run: [PWRISOVM.EXE] C:Program Files (x86)PowerISOPWRISOVM.EXE -startup
O4 - HKLM..Run: [KVIrc] C:Program Files (x86)KVIrckvirc.exe
O4 - HKLM..RunOnce: [CD] C:Windowstempdragon_setup.exe /S
O4 - HKLM..RunOnce: [Malwarebytes Anti-Malware] C:Program Files (x86)Malwarebytes' Anti-Malwarembamgui.exe /install /silent
O4 - HKCU..Run: [Google Update] "C:UsersUserAppDataLocalGoogleUpdateGoogleUpdate.exe" /c
O4 - HKCU..Run: [GoToAssist Express Expert] "C:UsersUserAppDataLocalCitrixGoToAssist Express Expert363g2ax_start.exe" "/Trigger RunAtLogon"
O4 - HKCU..Run: [DAEMON Tools Pro Agent] "C:Program Files (x86)DAEMON Tools ProDTAgent.exe" -autorun
O4 - HKCU..Run: [PeerBlock] C:Program FilesPeerBlockpeerblock.exe
O4 - HKCU..Run: [mDesktop] "C:Program Files (x86)mDesktopmDesktop.exe"
O4 - HKCU..Run: [AdobeBridge] "C:Program Files (x86)AdobeAdobe Bridge CS5.1Bridge.exe" -stealth
O4 - HKCU..Run: [Sidebar] C:Program FilesWindows Sidebarsidebar.exe /autoRun
O4 - HKCU..Run: [Skype] "C:Program Files (x86)SkypePhoneSkype.exe" /minimized /regrun
O4 - HKCU..Run: [Steam] "C:Program Files (x86)Steamsteam.exe" -silent
O4 - HKCU..Run: [LightScribe Control Panel] C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesLightScribeLightScribeControlPanel.exe -hidden
O4 - HKCU..Run: [Growl] C:Program Files (x86)Growl for WindowsGrowl.exe
O4 - HKCU..Run: [Vidalia] "C:Program Files (x86)TorAppvidalia.exe"
O4 - HKCU..Run: [ooVoo.exe] C:Program Files (x86)ooVoooovoo.exe /minimized
O4 - HKCU..Run: [uTorrent] "C:Program Files (x86)uTorrentuTorrent.exe" /MINIMIZED
O4 - HKUSS-1-5-19..Run: [Sidebar] %ProgramFiles%Windows SidebarSidebar.exe /autoRun (User 'LOCAL SERVICE')
O4 - HKUSS-1-5-19..RunOnce: [mctadmin] C:WindowsSystem32mctadmin.exe (User 'LOCAL SERVICE')
O4 - HKUSS-1-5-20..Run: [Sidebar] %ProgramFiles%Windows SidebarSidebar.exe /autoRun (User 'NETWORK SERVICE')
O4 - HKUSS-1-5-20..RunOnce: [mctadmin] C:WindowsSystem32mctadmin.exe (User 'NETWORK SERVICE')
O4 - HKUSS-1-5-21-1617474927-1116081613-3671628581-1005..Run: [Sidebar] %ProgramFiles%Windows SidebarSidebar.exe /autoRun (User 'QBDataServiceUser21')
O4 - HKUSS-1-5-21-1617474927-1116081613-3671628581-1005..Run: [mDesktop] "C:Program Files (x86)mDesktopmDesktop.exe" (User 'QBDataServiceUser21')
O4 - HKUSS-1-5-21-1617474927-1116081613-3671628581-1005..Run: [AdobeBridge] "C:Program Files (x86)AdobeAdobe Bridge CS5.1Bridge.exe" -stealth (User 'QBDataServiceUser21')
O4 - HKUSS-1-5-21-1617474927-1116081613-3671628581-1005..Run: [Skype] "C:Program Files (x86)SkypePhoneSkype.exe" /minimized /regrun (User 'QBDataServiceUser21')
O4 - HKUSS-1-5-21-1617474927-1116081613-3671628581-1005..Run: [Steam] "C:Program Files (x86)SteamSteam.exe" -silent (User 'QBDataServiceUser21')
O4 - HKUSS-1-5-21-1617474927-1116081613-3671628581-1005..Run: [LightScribe Control Panel] C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesLightScribeLightScribeControlPanel.exe -hidden (User 'QBDataServiceUser21')
O4 - HKUSS-1-5-21-1617474927-1116081613-3671628581-1005..RunOnce: [mctadmin] C:WindowsSystem32mctadmin.exe (User 'QBDataServiceUser21')
O4 - Startup: EvernoteClipper.lnk = C:Program Files (x86)EvernoteEvernoteEvernoteClipper.exe
O4 - Startup: Growl.lnk = ?
O4 - Startup: Live Update.lnk = C:Program Files (x86)SymantecSymantec Endpoint Protection12.1.601.4699.105BinSepLiveUpdate.exe
O4 - Startup: Pandora.lnk = C:Program Files (x86)PandoraPandora.exe
O4 - Startup: Pidgin.lnk = C:Program Files (x86)Pidginpidgin.exe
O4 - Startup: Start Freenet.lnk = UserAppDataLocalFreenetfreenet.exe
O4 - Startup: SyncToy 2.1(x64).lnk = ?
O4 - Global Startup: Intuit Data Protect.lnk = C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesIntuitDataProtectIntuitDataProtect.exe
O4 - Global Startup: Privoxy.lnk = C:Program Files (x86)Privoxyprivoxy.exe
O4 - Global Startup: QuickBooks Update Agent.lnk = C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesIntuitQuickBooksQBUpdateqbupdate.exe
O4 - Global Startup: QuickBooks_Standard_21.lnk = C:Program Files (x86)IntuitQuickBooks 2011QBW32.EXE
O4 - Global Startup: Rainmeter.lnk = C:Program FilesRainmeterRainmeter.exe
O8 - Extra context menu item: Add to Evernote 4.0 - res://C:Program Files (x86)EvernoteEvernoteEvernoteIE.dll/204
O8 - Extra context menu item: E&xport to Microsoft Excel - res://C:PROGRA~2MICROS~1Office14EXCEL.EXE/3000
O8 - Extra context menu item: Se&nd to OneNote - res://C:PROGRA~2MICROS~1Office14ONBttnIE.dll/105
O9 - Extra button: @C:Program Files (x86)Windows LiveWriterWindowsLiveWriterShortcuts.dll,-1004 - {219C3416-8CB2-491a-A3C7-D9FCDDC9D600} - C:Program Files (x86)Windows LiveWriterWriterBrowserExtension.dll
O9 - Extra 'Tools' menuitem: @C:Program Files (x86)Windows LiveWriterWindowsLiveWriterShortcuts.dll,-1003 - {219C3416-8CB2-491a-A3C7-D9FCDDC9D600} - C:Program Files (x86)Windows LiveWriterWriterBrowserExtension.dll
O9 - Extra button: Send to OneNote - {2670000A-7350-4f3c-8081-5663EE0C6C49} - C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft OfficeOffice14ONBttnIE.dll
O9 - Extra 'Tools' menuitem: Se&nd to OneNote - {2670000A-7350-4f3c-8081-5663EE0C6C49} - C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft OfficeOffice14ONBttnIE.dll
O9 - Extra button: OneNote Lin&ked Notes - {789FE86F-6FC4-46A1-9849-EDE0DB0C95CA} - C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft OfficeOffice14ONBttnIELinkedNotes.dll
O9 - Extra 'Tools' menuitem: OneNote Lin&ked Notes - {789FE86F-6FC4-46A1-9849-EDE0DB0C95CA} - C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft OfficeOffice14ONBttnIELinkedNotes.dll
O9 - Extra button: @C:Program Files (x86)EvernoteEvernoteResource.dll,-101 - {A95fe080-8f5d-11d2-a20b-00aa003c157a} - res://C:Program Files (x86)EvernoteEvernoteEvernoteIE.dll/204 (file missing)
O9 - Extra 'Tools' menuitem: @C:Program Files (x86)EvernoteEvernoteResource.dll,-101 - {A95fe080-8f5d-11d2-a20b-00aa003c157a} - res://C:Program Files (x86)EvernoteEvernoteEvernoteIE.dll/204 (file missing)
O10 - Unknown file in Winsock LSP: c:program files (x86)common filesmicrosoft sharedwindows livewlidnsp.dll
O10 - Unknown file in Winsock LSP: c:program files (x86)common filesmicrosoft sharedwindows livewlidnsp.dll
O11 - Options group: [ACCELERATED_GRAPHICS] Accelerated graphics
O15 - Trusted Zone: http://*.citrixonline.com
O15 - Trusted Zone: http://*.gotomanage.com
O15 - Trusted Zone: http://www.samsungsetup.com
O16 - DPF: {CC679CB8-DC4B-458B-B817-D447B3B6AC31} (Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client Web Control) - https://12.34.56.78/CACHE/stc/1/binaries/vpnweb.cab
O17 - HKLMSystemCCSServicesTcpip..{48244C80-E889-42E1-8EAF-645DA4D7458D}: NameServer = 91.191.136.152,62.141.58.13,85.214.73.63
O17 - HKLMSystemCCSServicesTcpip..{4B23851B-4665-4455-8BA2-DD71D630ADC9}: NameServer = 8.8.8.8,4.2.2.2
O18 - Protocol: intu-help-qb4 - {ACE22922-D07C-4860-B51B-8CF472FEC2CB} - C:Program Files (x86)IntuitQuickBooks 2011HelpAsyncPluggableProtocol.dll
O18 - Protocol: qbwc - {FC598A64-626C-4447-85B8-53150405FD57} - mscoree.dll (file missing)
O18 - Protocol: skype4com - {FFC8B962-9B40-4DFF-9458-1830C7DD7F5D} - C:PROGRA~2COMMON~1SkypeSKYPE4~1.DLL
O18 - Protocol: wlpg - {E43EF6CD-A37A-4A9B-9E6F-83F89B8E6324} - C:Program Files (x86)Windows LivePhoto GalleryAlbumDownloadProtocolHandler.dll
O18 - Filter hijack: text/xml - {807573E5-5146-11D5-A672-00B0D022E945} - C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesMicrosoft SharedOFFICE14MSOXMLMF.DLL
O20 - AppInit_DLLs: C:WindowsSysWOW64guard32.dll
O23 - Service: Acunetix WVS Scheduler v8 (AcuWVSSchedulerv8) - Unknown owner - C:Program Files (x86)AcunetixWeb Vulnerability Scanner 8WVSScheduler.exe
O23 - Service: @%SystemRoot%system32Alg.exe,-112 (ALG) - Unknown owner - C:WindowsSystem32alg.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: AMD External Events Utility - Unknown owner - C:Windowssystem32atiesrxx.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: Avira Scheduler (AntiVirSchedulerService) - Avira Operations GmbH & Co. KG - C:Program Files (x86)AviraAntiVir Desktopsched.exe
O23 - Service: Avira Realtime Protection (AntiVirService) - Avira Operations GmbH & Co. KG - C:Program Files (x86)AviraAntiVir Desktopavguard.exe
O23 - Service: COMODO livePCsupport Service (CLPSLS) - COMODO - C:Program FilesCOMODOCOMODO GeekBuddyCLPSLS.exe
O23 - Service: COMODO Internet Security Helper Service (cmdAgent) - COMODO - C:Program FilesCOMODOCOMODO Internet Securitycmdagent.exe
O23 - Service: CSIScanner - Prevx - C:Program FilesPrevxprevx.exe
O23 - Service: COMODO Dragon Update Service (DragonUpdater) - Unknown owner - C:Program Files (x86)ComodoDragondragon_updater.exe
O23 - Service: @%SystemRoot%system32efssvc.dll,-100 (EFS) - Unknown owner - C:WindowsSystem32lsass.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: @%systemroot%system32fxsresm.dll,-118 (Fax) - Unknown owner - C:Windowssystem32fxssvc.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: HP Client Services (HPClientSvc) - Hewlett-Packard Company - C:Program FilesHewlett-PackardHP Client ServicesHPClientServices.exe
O23 - Service: HP Quick Synchronization Service (HPDrvMntSvc.exe) - Hewlett-Packard Company - C:Program Files (x86)Hewlett-PackardSharedHPDrvMntSvc.exe
O23 - Service: HP Software Framework Service (hpqwmiex) - Hewlett-Packard Company - C:Program Files (x86)Hewlett-PackardSharedhpqWmiEx.exe
O23 - Service: I2P Service (i2p) - Tanuki Software, Ltd. - C:Program Files (x86)i2pI2Psvc.exe
O23 - Service: @keyiso.dll,-100 (KeyIso) - Unknown owner - C:Windowssystem32lsass.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: LightScribeService Direct Disc Labeling Service (LightScribeService) - Hewlett-Packard Company - C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesLightScribeLSSrvc.exe
O23 - Service: @comres.dll,-2797 (MSDTC) - Unknown owner - C:WindowsSystem32msdtc.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: @%SystemRoot%System32netlogon.dll,-102 (Netlogon) - Unknown owner - C:Windowssystem32lsass.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: PDF Document Manager (pdfcDispatcher) - PDF Complete Inc - C:Program Files (x86)PDF Completepdfsvc.exe
O23 - Service: Polipo Proxy Svc (poliproxy) - Unknown owner - c:UsersUserAppDataRoamingpolipopoli.cmd
O23 - Service: @%systemroot%system32psbase.dll,-300 (ProtectedStorage) - Unknown owner - C:Windowssystem32lsass.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: QBCFMonitorService - Intuit - C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesIntuitQuickBooksQBCFMonitorService.exe
O23 - Service: Intuit QuickBooks FCS (QBFCService) - Intuit Inc. - C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesIntuitQuickBooksFCSIntuit.QuickBooks.FCS.exe
O23 - Service: QBIDPService (QBVSS) - Intuit Inc. - C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesIntuitDataProtectQBIDPService.exe
O23 - Service: QuickBooksDB21 - Intuit, Inc. - C:PROGRA~2IntuitQUICKB~1QBDBMgrN.exe
O23 - Service: RoxioNow Service - Roxio - C:Program Files (x86)RoxioRoxioNow PlayerRNowSvc.exe
O23 - Service: @%systemroot%system32Locator.exe,-2 (RpcLocator) - Unknown owner - C:Windowssystem32locator.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: @%SystemRoot%system32samsrv.dll,-1 (SamSs) - Unknown owner - C:Windowssystem32lsass.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: Skype Updater (SkypeUpdate) - Skype Technologies - C:Program Files (x86)SkypeUpdaterUpdater.exe
O23 - Service: @%SystemRoot%system32snmptrap.exe,-3 (SNMPTRAP) - Unknown owner - C:WindowsSystem32snmptrap.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: @%systemroot%system32spoolsv.exe,-1 (Spooler) - Unknown owner - C:WindowsSystem32spoolsv.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: @%SystemRoot%system32sppsvc.exe,-101 (sppsvc) - Unknown owner - C:Windowssystem32sppsvc.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: Steam Client Service - Valve Corporation - C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesSteamSteamService.exe
O23 - Service: Adobe SwitchBoard (SwitchBoard) - Adobe Systems Incorporated - C:Program Files (x86)Common FilesAdobeSwitchBoardSwitchBoard.exe
O23 - Service: @%SystemRoot%system32ui0detect.exe,-101 (UI0Detect) - Unknown owner - C:Windowssystem32UI0Detect.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: @%SystemRoot%system32vaultsvc.dll,-1003 (VaultSvc) - Unknown owner - C:Windowssystem32lsass.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: @%SystemRoot%system32vds.exe,-100 (vds) - Unknown owner - C:WindowsSystem32vds.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Agent (vpnagent) - Cisco Systems, Inc. - C:Program Files (x86)CiscoCisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Clientvpnagent.exe
O23 - Service: @%systemroot%system32vssvc.exe,-102 (VSS) - Unknown owner - C:Windowssystem32vssvc.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: @%SystemRoot%system32WatWatUX.exe,-601 (WatAdminSvc) - Unknown owner - C:Windowssystem32WatWatAdminSvc.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: @%systemroot%system32wbengine.exe,-104 (wbengine) - Unknown owner - C:Windowssystem32wbengine.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: @%Systemroot%system32wbemwmiapsrv.exe,-110 (wmiApSrv) - Unknown owner - C:Windowssystem32wbemWmiApSrv.exe (file missing)

--
_____________________________________________________________________________

This problem only started happening a couple of days ago. I haven't rebooted in about three weeks.

If at all possible, I would like to resolve this issue WITHOUT a reboot, as that can take several hours.
(I have over 1000 suspended Google Chrome tabs & over 500 Comodo tabs; reloading them is a massive chore).
_____________________________________________________________________________

Other users with the same (or similar) NIC cards from Realtek have reported issues similar to mine:
~ Wired internet keeps losing connection... - Tech Support Guy Forums
~ [Solved] Identifying network ... endless loop - config-customize - windows-7
~ windows vista - How do I resolve a looping configuration issue on my broadband modem configuration? - Super User
~ Windows 7 :: D-Link DI-524UP Router And Realtek RTL8168B/8111B Issue
~ https://social.technet.microsoft.com...e-184d9c9952a2
~ Network card problems... please help - Windows 7 Forums
~ Windows 7 intermittent internet access / local only help
~ Solved: belkin g router problems - Tech Support Guy Forums
~ Solved: !Wired internet connection problem - Tech Support Guy Forums
_____________________________________________________________________________

I will be posting this problem in several different forums in hopes that someone might be able to solve it.

Chances are, if you think this is a simple issue you've encountered before, you're not digging deep enough.

Serious responses only from people who know what they're talking about and have READ the WHOLE post, please.


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