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Maybe you've heard this one before? Very similar to the problems reported all over the tech forums (mostly from two or three years ago)
Unfortunately, most of them never have any resolution on them I've been trying to find a solution/help from various places with no success. When my copy of Windows Secrets arrived late last night I hit myself on the head and said "That's where I should have started!"

Here's the basics:
I have a 7 yr old computer that I am going to replace real soon, so I just need to keep the current one limping along for right now. It was built by Voodoo PC (before they were bought by HP) and had Windows XP installed (no SP!). I have added a few disk drives, replaced one drive, added DVD writer, etc. and yes, replaced the PSU as well about 2 years ago. It has been updated to SP1, SP2 (using a MS XP with SP2 install disk) and about 3 years ago I updated it to SP3. I did replace one of the hard drives last year because the event viewer kept saying that there was a write problem with the paging file every 4 or 5 days, late at night. I still get the same problem, so I suspect it may be more the SATA controller for that disk, rather than the disk itself. That particular disk is in an external case now and is connected (legally) to my DISH DVR. 2GB RAM, 6 TB of data spread across 7 drives, dual (aging) video cards in SLI, dual DVDs (one reader, one read/writer).

Other than having tons of photos I have taken, lots of imaging software, and Gigabytes of e-mail, there is not a lot installed.

Upgrading to Win7 is out, because the hardware just wont support it, at least not the way I want it to.

So here's what happened:

Last week I installed MALWAREBytes because my ISP indicated there was some "unusual activity" on my ISP (of course we have multiple PCs and my ISP did not indicate which PC was the problem). It found the usual "problems" which are false positives in the tools used to debug (and Decrapify) my daughter's PC from two years ago, one year ago, and six months ago ("No Daddy, I don't download anything, I just watch videos on YouTube.") I also checked for rootkits using a few tools from trusted vendors, but found nothing.

Normally my PC is on 24/7. And every so often when left on for more than 5 days, the system would be "hung" when I turned on the monitor. (screen saver frozen, keyboard not responding). Rebooting went normal and I am able to log in again with no problems. (Event viewer says there was an error writing to the Page file on "D", about the same time my AVG Scanner was running.)

HOWEVER Sunday was a different story. I can no longer type in the password on the Windows Logon Screen!

I have read quite a bit of the advice already given, so here is what I know and what I did:

Both USB and PS/2 keyboards have the same identical symptomsBoth USB and PS/2 keyboards will respond during the boot process, running BIOS setup (I can use the arrow keys and type in the date and time in the appropriate places), and in choosing which Windows to boot in after pressing F8 (normal/Safe/Safe with Network/Safe with Repair console, etc.)I can use my WinXP with SP2 Boot Disk to boot with windows and run the Recovery Console, Keyboard works fine!I can use my BartPE Boot Disk, with Win XP SP3 slipstreamed to boot, and use the command window for directory maint, Keyboard works fine! (as does the mouse).
As I said I can boot into the Windows logon screen, and Windows Safe Mode logon screen, but as soon as I try to type in a password, nothing.

And yes, the USB Mouse works fine. Yes, I can click in the password field. Yes, I can see the blinking cursor in the password field. Yes, I get only one beep from the BIOS boot (normal for this machine).

And yes, (see list above) I can boot using a BartPE Boot Disk and the keyboard works fine.

Additional info about the setup: C: drive has windows XP, SP3 installed. Drive D: is where my programs are installed. The windows environment variable that normally points to "C:Program Files" points to "D:Program Files" so that applications normally install onto the D drive. There are a few programs that ignore this and thus there are a few (less than 10) that install themselves into C:Program files.

I suspect the Windows keyboard driver has become corrupt, but I'm not sure. I was advised to replace the keyboard drivers, but haven't been told which drivers they are or where they (or the replacements) should be. I have compared (using the binary option of FC) the c:windowssystem32driversk*.sys files to those on a working WinXP installation, and they are the same. I have also compared the c:windowssystem32i8042prt.sys file to one on a working WinXP installation, and it too is the same. (When I boot to the Recovery Console using the WinXP SP2 disk or with the BARTPE Boot Disk, I have access to the USB Card Reader so I can pull off up to 2GB of data onto an SD Card.)

I have multiple PCs here, running XP, and a few running Win7. This machine will not run Win7, and it is not worth upgrading at this time (which is why it needs to limp along until I can build its replacement).

I have tried to replace the "c:windowssystem32system" file from the restore points, using the information on another site. However, all of the replacement files from 2 Restores prior are the same size and do not fix the problem. The newest one and the one prior are the same size as the "current" file (though different than the others). The one in the "restore" group is almost 2 years old!

I do have access to a WinXP SP2 Boot Disk (From MS), a WinXP SP3 update disk, a BARTPE Boot disk with WinXP SP3 slipstreamed.
I can also create a different Slipstreamed version for booting if that's what it takes. I also have access to a program to "reset or blank" the Password, but I'm not sure that is the way to go at this time.

So yes, the keyboard does work on this machine, at least until the Windows XP logon screen appears. The hardware itself is good.
But something just doesn't work.

If I can get this problem fixed, then I'm looking at being able to build my new PC in about a month and a half. (hopefully the new 3TB disk drives will be available by then!)

Thanks for any help,

Serenity's Shortcut Keys and Key Modifiers for the Windows ShellThis has now, finally, reached what I aimed for.

Serenity's Shortcut Keys and Key Modifiers for the Windows Shell
To move around the desktop toolbars, Taskbar, Notification Area and the Desktop - press Ctrl + Escape (or the Winkey) to activate Start, Escape to cancel the menu, then Tab and Shift + Tab to the various parts of the screen. Use the arrow keys to move within a section. Winkey + B jumps straight to the System Notification Area. To get a context menu of a blank part of the taskbar use the clock's context menu. Shift + F10 displays the context menu, Space or Enter activates.

Key Description
Delete key or Delete on the shortcut menu Deletes the file
Shift + Delete key or Shift + Delete on the shortcut menu Deletes the file and doesn't place it in the Reycle Bin
Dbl Click a drive shortcut, Rycycle Bin, Start Menu, or My Computer Opens an folder view of the double clicked item
Shift + Dbl Click a drive shortcut, Rycycle Bin, Start Menu, or My Computer Open an explorer view with the double clicked item selected
Shift + Close Button Closes the current folder and all parent folders
Shift + Drag Move a file (default when dragging on the same drive)
Shift + Right Click Opens the object's context menu with hidden verbs shown, if any
Shift + Send To menu Moves a file (default when sending on the same drive)
Shift + Insert a CD Prevents the CD from auto running
Shift + Starting Windows Doesn't run the programs in the startup folder
Shift + No in a file confirmation dialog Means No To All (XP)
Shift + View menu - Thumbnails Hides the label for the thumbnails. Repeat to Show (XP)
Shift + Favourites menu - Organise Favourites Opens the Favourites folder in a folder window.
Ctrl + Dbl Click an object (such as a document file) Opens in the object behind other windows. Doesn't work on all objects
Ctrl + Dbl Click a titlebar of an shell window (such as folder windows and web pages)
(Also F11) Changes the view to Full Screen.
Ctrl + Mouse scroll wheel Changes the text size in web pages.
Ctrl + Close button Sets the system default settings, mainly sort order. Icon style is not affected
Ctrl + Close button in Picture & Fax Viewer Resets "Don't Show ... Again" dialog settings
Ctrl + Drag Copies a file (default for dragging between drives)
Ctrl + Send To menu Copies the file (default when sending between drives)
Ctrl + Send To menu Powertoys (except Send Contents to Clipboard) Sends the short name to the clipboard or run dialog
Ctrl + Send To menu Send Contents to Clipboard Powertoy Opens a dialog box to specify the data format
Ctrl + Shift + Drag
(also Alt + Drag) Creates a Shortcut rather than moving or copying a file (default when dragging only program files in 95, in later versions is the default for dragging program files listed in the App Paths key in the registry)
Ctrl + Shift + Send To menu Creates a Shortcut rather than moving or copying a file
Ctrl + Number Pad Plus Key in Explorer Auto sizes all columns
Ctrl + Alt + Delete Starts the Close Program dialog box (Windows 9x), Security dialog (NT, 2000, XP if Welcome Screen disabled), and Task Manager (XP with Welcome Screen enabled)
Ctrl + Alt + Delete twice on the Welcome Screen Presents the non Welcome Screen logon. This works on XP Pro only
Ctrl + Shift + Escape Starts the Close Program dialog box (Windows 9x) or Task Manager (NT, 2000, XP)
Ctrl + Alt + Shift and Close or Cancel in the Shutdown dialog Closes down Window's shell. Use Task Manager's File - Run dialog to start Explorer to restart the shell.
Ctrl + Click a Taskbar Button Select multiple Windows to tile or cascade (by right clicking the taskbar)
Ctrl + Click Run in Task Manager's File menu Starts a command prompt.
Ctrl (RHS only) + Scroll Lock twice Initiates a blue screen. Used for hangs to get a memory dump. Only works on PS/2 or older keyboards. USB keyboard users need to get an addin crash card.
Note: Keyboards have low priority so if another piece of hardware has caused the hang windows may not see this key sequence.
A registry key needs to be set to enable this key sequence.
SYSTEMCurrentControlSetServicesi8042prtParamet ers
CrashOnCtrlScroll=1 as a DWord.
Alt + Space Opens the System menu
Alt + Hyphen Opens the Document menu in MDI applications
Alt + Enter or Alt + Dbl Click Open the Property dialog
Alt + Left Arrow Moves forward through the history list
Alt + Right Arrow Moves backwards through the history list
Alt + Tab Cycles through open windows, and switches to the window when the Alt key is released
Alt + Shift + Tab Cycles backwards through open windows, and switches to the window when the Alt key is released
Alt + Esc Switches to the next open window
Alt + Shift + Esc Switches to the previous open window
Alt + Home Home Page
Left Arrow Collapse the current selection if it is expanded or Select the parent folder
Right Arrow Expand the current selection if it is collapsed or Select the first subfolder
Num Lock On + Minus Sign (-) Collapse the selected folder
Num Lock On + * Expand all folders below the current selection
Num Lock On + Plus Sign (+) Expand the selected folder
Home Top of File List
End Bottom of File List
[Characters] tyed without a pause Goto the object that starts with the characters that were typed
[Single Character] after a pause Goto the next object starting with that character
Backspace Go to the parent folder
Right Click the System Menu or the Folder Icon in Web View Pops up the context menu for the container
Drag an object onto a Windows Titlebar Opens that object in that window (dragging into the window will often work, but in OLE documents this will insert the object into the current document)
Drag an object over, then hover over a collapsed folder in Explorer's tree view Expands the folder display
Drag an object over, then hover over, a taskbar button Brings the Window attached to the Taskbar button to the top
Drag an object over, then hover over, a blank part of the taskbar Minimises all open windows

Function Keys
Key Description
F1 Starts Windows Help
F2 Renames the selected file
F3 Starts Find Files or Folders
F4 Opens the drop down address bar
Alt + F4 Closes the current window in Explorer, exits an application, or if the shell has the focus (ie Start Menu or the Desktop), exits Windows
F5 Refreshes the view in Explorer, Desktop, or Start Menu
F6 or Tab Switch between left and right panes
F10 Menu access key (same to pressing Alt by itself)
Shift + F10 or the Application key Context menu access key
Shift + Ctrl + F10 or Shift + Right Click Add Open With.. to Right Click Menu
F11 Toggles full screen view

Control Keys
Key Description
Ctrl + A Selects all files
Ctrl + B Organise Favourites (in an Explorer window)
Ctrl + C Copies a file
Ctrl + D If a file isn't selected adds the current folder to Favourites
Ctrl + E or Ctrl + F Opens the Search pane in Explorer
Ctrl + G Goto (older versions only)
Ctrl + H Opens the History pane in Explorer
Ctrl + H Opens the Favourites pane in Explorer
Ctrl + P Prints the Web View template part of the view if the Web View has the focus (this isn't a useful feature)
Ctrl + R Refreshes the view
Ctrl + S Toggles the Volume applet between small and normal mode. Though in most circumstances it means Save the currently opened document.
Ctrl + V Pastes a file
Ctrl + W Closes an Explorer window
Ctrl + X Cuts a file
Ctrl + Z Undoes the last operation (if possible)

The Winkey
The Winkey works even if Explorer or the Shell doesn't have the focus.

Key Description
Winkey or Ctrl + Esc Opens the Start Menu
Winkey + B Set focus to the first icon in the System Notification Area.
Winkey + D Minimises and hides windows that can't be minimised or Unminimises/unhides all windows
Winkey + E Starts Explorer
Winkey + F Starts Find Files or Folders
Winkey + Ctrl + F Starts Find Computer
Winkey + M Minimises all windows that can be minimised
Winkey + Shift + M Unminimises all windows
Winkey + R Starts the Run Dialog
Winkey + F1 Starts Windows Help (F1 start help for the current application, if the focus is in Explorer or the desktop F1 also starts Windows Help)
Winkey + Tab Cycles through open windows with out bringing the Window to the top (press Enter)
Winkey + Break Starts System Properties
Winkey + a number Computer specific function set by the computer manufacturer. Very few computers use this.

Windows 2000/XP Only
Key Description
Winkey + L Lock Workstation or Switch User (if Welcome Screen is on)
Winkey + U Accessability Utility Manager

Key Description
Click an object Selects the object, cancelling any other selection.
Control + Click, or Control + Space Selects or unselects the object without cancelling any other selection.
Arrow Keys Moves the focus and selects the object.
Control + Arrow Keys Moves the focus without selecting the objects.
Shift + Arrow Keys Moves the focus and adds the object to the selected objects.
Click then Shift + Click Selects all objects between the two clicks.
Drag Drag a rectangle to select all objects within the rectangle.

Auto Complete
Key Description
Alt + Down Arrows (or double click) Opens the drop down list
Down Arrow Cycles from most recent to least recent Auto Complete suggestions. Will match suggestions that start with the characters to the left of the cursor. Only letters are able to be used for partial matches.
Up Arrow Cycles from least recent to most recent Auto Complete suggestions. Will match suggestions that start with the characters to the left of the cursor. Only letters are able to be used for partial matches. If no letters are entered then the Up Arrow is only valid after the Down Arrow has been used.
Right Arrow Goes to the end of the suggestion. Type or press up or down arrow to cycle through suggestions which begin with the characters to the left of the cursor.
Ctrl + Left or Right Arrow Moves cursor a word at a time, slashes and dots are considered word separators.
Ctrl + Enter Adds http://www. before the typed word and .com after it in the address bar.
Delete Deletes the highlighted suggestion for forms and passwords only.

Message Boxes and Error Dialogs
Key Description
Ctrl + C Copies the text of a message box to the clipboard.
Alt + D Shows details in an error dialog.

Copying the Screen
Key Description
Prt Scn Copies the whole screen to the clipboard as a graphic. Use MS Paint to paste the image.
Depending on Prt Scn key settings on the Misc tab of a Dos program's properties, a Dos program can still print to printer with Prt Scn key.
Alt + Prt Scn Copies the active window to the clipboard as a graphic.

Note: These keys can be disabled in Accessibility in Control Panel.

Key Description
Hold Right Shift for eight seconds Switch FilterKeys on and off.
Left Alt + Left Shift + Prt Scn Switch High Contrast on and off.
Left Alt + Left Shift + Num Lock Switch MouseKeys on and off.
Shift x 5 Switch StickyKeys on and off.
Hold Num Lock for five seconds Switch ToggleKeys on and off
Winkey + U Starts Utility Manager

While Accessibility is geared to people who need assistance in using a computer it includes nifty features for everyone. Some things that can be done;

a.. Sticky Keys allows one to press and release a modifier key and have it toggle on. Instead of pressing Ctrl + S to save a file, pressing Ctrl THEN S will save the file.
b.. Toggle Keys makes the toggle keys (Caps Lock, Num Lock, and Scroll Lock) make a tone when pressed. See another tip about Caps Lock at the end of the next section (Entering International Characters).
c.. The Display tab in Accessibility in Control Panel can change the width of the caret (text cursor).
d.. Mouse Keys allow one to use the numeric keypad as a mouse.
e.. On Screen Keyboard (Start - All Programs - Accessories - Accessibility or Winkey + U) allows typing with only a mouse.
Accessibility - Mouse Keys
Note: All these keys are on the numeric keypad. Some keys are optional and are set in Accessibility in Control Panel.

Key Description
5 Click
+ Double Click
- then 5 Right Click
- then + Right Double Click
* then 5 Both Button Click
* then + Both Button Double Click
/ Restore normal clicking
0 Press Left Button
5 then 0 Press Right Button
. Release Left or Right Mouse Button
1 - 4 and 6 - 9 Move mouse cursor in the text cursor direction shown on the key
Ctrl + 1 - 4 and 6 - 9 Move mouse cursor at a higher speed in the text cursor direction shown on the key
Shift + 1 - 4 and 6 - 9 Move mouse cursor at a slower speed in the text cursor direction shown on the key

Entering International Characters
There is a number of ways of entering international characters and symbols.

a.. Use Character Map.
b.. Use Alt + the character code entered on the numeric keypad
c.. Use the US International Keyboard
Entering International Characters - Character Map
Start - All Programs - Accessories - System Tools - Character Map and transfer via the clipboard.

Entering International Characters - Alt + Character Code
Holding down alt and pressing the character code on the numeric keypad will enter that character. The keyboard language in use must support entering that character. If your keyboard supports it the code is shown on the right hand side of the status bar in Character Map else this section of the status bar is empty.

However there is two ways of entering codes. The point to remember here that the characters are the same for the first 127 codes. The difference is if the first number typed is a zero of not. If it is then the code will insert the character from the current character set else it will insert a character from the OEM character set.

E.G., Alt + 0 then 6 then 5 then release Alt enters the letter A

Entering International Characters - US International Keyboards
Install the US International keyboard. Start - Control Panel - Regional And Language Options - Languages - Details - Add. While here review the Key Settings to switch keyboards or turn on the Language Bar (Advanced Text Services must not be disabled).

This works in two modes. Right Alt or Shift + Right Alt + another key and also by pressing dead keys (such as accents). On non US Keyboards the Right Alt key is called Alt Gr.

Right Alt is the same key as Ctrl + Left Alt on the US International keyboards, and on almost all keyboards except the standard US keyboards where left and right keys are treated the same . This is a reason why Ctrl + Alt should not be used to set hotkeys. Also F12 should also not be used for hotkeys as it's reserved for attaching a debugger.

The Right Alt Keys
Key Description
Right Alt + 1 i
Right Alt + 2 ?
Right Alt + 3 ?
Right Alt + 4 ?
Right Alt + 5 ?
Right Alt + 6 1/4
Right Alt + 7 1/2
Right Alt + 8 3/4
Right Alt + 9 '
Right Alt + 0 '
Right Alt + - ?
Right Alt + = ׼/TD
Right Alt + Q 伯TD
Right Alt + W 弯TD
Right Alt + E 鼯TD
Right Alt + R (r)
Right Alt + T ?/TR
Right Alt + Y ?
Right Alt + U ?
Right Alt + I TD
Right Alt + O 󼯔D
Right Alt + P ?D
Right Alt + [
Right Alt + ]
Right Alt + Not Sign
Right Alt + A ἯTD
Right Alt + S ߼/TD
Right Alt + D 𼯔D
Right Alt + L ?
Right Alt + ; Pilcrow Sign
Right Alt + ' ?
Right Alt + Z 漯TD
Right Alt + C (c)
Right Alt + N 񼯔D
Right Alt + M ?
Right Alt + , 缯TD
Right Alt + / ?
Shift + Right Alt + 1 ?
Shift + Right Alt + 4 ?
Shift + Right Alt + = ?D
Shift + Right Alt + Q ļ/TD
Shift + Right Alt + W ż/TD
Shift + Right Alt + E ɼ/TD
Shift + Right Alt + T ޼/TD
Shift + Right Alt + Y ܼ/TD
Shift + Right Alt + U ڼ/TD
Shift + Right Alt + I ͼ/TD
Shift + Right Alt + O Ӽ/TD
Shift + Right Alt + P ּ/TD
Shift + Right Alt + ?
Shift + Right Alt + A ?/TD
Shift + Right Alt + S ?
Shift + Right Alt + D м/TD
Shift + Right Alt + L ؼ/TD
Shift + Right Alt + ; ?
Shift + Right Alt + ' ?
Shift + Right Alt + Z Ƽ/TD
Shift + Right Alt + C ?
Shift + Right Alt + N Ѽ/TD
Shift + Right Alt + , Ǽ/TD

The Dead Keys
The dead keys are the apostrophe ('), quotation mark ("), accent grave (`), tilde (~), and caret(^). If these are pressed the system waits for the next key. If it is in the list below then it enters the symbol character else it enters both keys seperately. These work with uppercase where appropiate.

Key Description
' then C Ǽ/TD
' then e 鼯TD
' then y ?
' then u ?
' then i TD
' then o 󼯔D
' then a ἯTD
" then e 뼯TD
" then u ?
" then i OTD
" then o ?D
" then a 伯TD
` then e 輯TD
` then u ?
` then i 켯TD
` then o 򼯔D
~ then o ?D
~ then n 񼯔D
^ then e 꼯TD
^ then u ?
^ then i TD
^ then o ?D
^ then a ⼯TD

Like Accessibility there is a trick here with general applicability. Normally Caps Lock is on or off and stays on or off untill the key is pressed again. This can be changed to act like a typewriter at Start - Control Panel - Regional And Language Options - Languages - Details - Key Settings and one can select whether another Caps Lock press will turn off Caps Lock or if pressing the Shift key will turn it off like on a typewriter.

My laptop has stopped responding to some built in key strokes that require the Control key. For instance Ctrl/right arrow does nothing! Control/Shift/left arrow does nothing! I have to move one letter at a time or stop and pick up the mouse. UGH.

The macros and shortcuts that I've put in myself still work, even those using the control key.

Does anyone know how to restore these shortcuts? It's really awful to work without them.

Also, do you have any idea what caused the problem? That's not nearly as important as the remedy, but knowing the cause to help me not to get into this fix again.


I am still working on an invoice.

Attached is a picture hopefully making this clearer. There are two subsub reports placed on a subreport that is finally placed on the main report. The main reports is the association letterhead. The current Invoice information is displayed on every invoice. If the client has outstanding invoices the second subsub report is display, otherwise its Can shrink property is set to Yes.

The information in the Charge, Invoice Total, and Payments columns comes from a table and the controls below the lines are calculated controls. The Remaining controls, with a right pointing to the left of them, pull the value from the calculated control in the Payment column. The Current and Past Due controls use the following formulas to retrieve the value from the subsub reports.
Current =IIf(subrptInvoiceMemberFees.Report.HasData=True,s ubrptInvoiceMemberFees.Report!sumFees,0) and
Past Due =IIf(subsubsubrptPastDueStatement.Report.HasData=T rue,subsubsubrptPastDueStatement.Report!sumRemaini ng,0)
The Total Due sums the Current and Past Due controls.
The Remaining controls, with the arrow, has Running Sum property set to Over Group
You have probably already spotted the problem. The Past Due control does not in fact report the final running sum. It displays the value from the first invoice. Does anyone have a solution to the problem? Thank you. Fay

While everyone seems to have a different preference for posting presentations on the web, one thing is certain: Microsoft's built-in converter is very IE-centric and creates a rather poor version for Firefox/Mozilla (and Netscape 6+) users.

In designing an alternative, I considered an approach that would display the text as text, but this does not match up easily to the original so in the short run, I decided to stick with graphical slides. To reduce the size of the images, I separated the background from the slide content, with the background containing the complete goodies from the slide master (currently only 1 is supported at a time) and the individual slide overlays having a transparent background. This doesn't really work for gradient backgrounds, but it is effective for solid colors. I put the slide list in a pop-up and enabled the left and right arrow, page up and down, and home and end keys for navigation. There are some glitches, but I am ready to solicit feedback.

If you're interested take a look at this sample presentation from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control; don't worry, no gory pictures.

Original PowerPoint file: (about 713KB)

Converted to web: (web page) (complete 307KB archive)

Since many people are talking about how great MS AntiSpyware is I thought that even if it is a beta release I will try it.

Whenever I first try to use a new program such as anti-spyware or anti-virus I first look at the different kind of settings, the help file and then do a complete scan (obviously with new definition files. In this case I can't get MSAS to connect to Internet, but first some other thoughts/questions).

Then if I decide that it's a program to keep using, I look at the real-time protection to decide if it's of any use. That is, I normally don't activate real-time protection in the first place. Only in the case of anti-virus (some people even don't do that, but anti-virus is not the issue for my post).

So after install of MS AntiSpyware, I looked at settings and turned of real-time protection and scan schedule. At some point late yesterday I thought I also saw some setting about load at start, but now I can't find any such. I think it was the enable/disable Security Agents under Settings>Real-time protection.

Now I have MSAS at start and in the tray (notification area, whatever). Is there a setting inside the program that can stop start on boot? I found a setting that will hide icon in tray. Why should I have a process running if I have turned of real-time protection? The pop-up say "Microsoft AntiSpyware - Active", oh how secure I'm feeling. A right click tells me security agents are disabled.

It shall be interesting to see the final product. It was a long time ago since I saw such a complete lack of consistent interface! If you look at first view "System summary" and under "Spyware scan" right side click "Scan options" you find scan settings, OK. Then top right an arrow and "Back to Spyware Summary" now you're "back" but not from where you came, you're viewing Spyware Scan (one of the three main views). If you then click "Scan Options" to the left you will not get the same view as previously etc. Scan result can be presented in many different ways etc. OK, it's a beta release, sometimes they change a lot when final products ships, but sometimes they don't.

As to updates, new definitions, I don't now what to do. I disabled auto update, that's all, to try manual at first. With a working connection to Internet I clicked File > Check for updates. Result: could not detect an Internet connection. Tried to add the program manually to ZoneAlarm Program Control, either the updater or the main program, it didn't find any Internet connection. Either I am doing something wrong or the site isn't up.

ZoneAlarm, some versions ago it would add almost every program running needed or not. Now that is not the case, only programs trying to connect to Internet, so it's working OK with e-mail, anti-virus update, SpywareBlaster etc.


A few days ago the up/down arrow keys suddenly ceased to scroll a message in Thunderird's message pane (after left-clicking in the pane to give it focus - the mouse wheel won't scroll it either under these conditions, but I'm not certain I ever tried to so this might not be a change). I later noticed that the up and down arrow buttons at the top/bottom of the right-hand scroll bar had also stopped working. Page-up/page-down keys and dragging/clicking above or below the scroll control in the right-hand scroll bar still work.

I tried removing/reinstalling TBird, but even selectively copying portions of the old profile into the new one didn't help. The only recent change I've made is to share the profile (non-concurrently, of course) among multiple multi-booted Windows systems. The TBird version is 10.0.2 (the last to work well with Win2K, the oldest of the systems sharing the profile - and I used this version for the newer systems as well to avoid potential inter-TBird-version incompatibilities)

Not copying prefs.js might have worked, but then I'd have lost long-forgotten preferences dating back many years so I'll try that only as a last resort, or the cleaner route of 'importing' selectively from the old profile. I'm sure one way or another I'll get things working right again, but I'm getting frustrated at not being able to fix this in situ as well as curious whether anyone else has even encountered something like this.

(I did post a query about this a few days ago in the TBird forum, but haven't yet gotten any response there.)

Edit: Whoops, I may have misspoken above. Some time recently I think I changed the granularity of the mouse scroll wheel from 3 lines to 1 in one of the systems (not in TBird) that may be sharing the TBird profile (it hasn't affected the Firefox profile, but then again I may not have shared them among all the same systems), so it's conceivable that could somehow have migrated into the TBird profile and be screwing things up on the Win2K instance (I don't think that particular mouse control even exists in Win2K).

I've been using Windows 7 for a while now but all the sudden I'm having an issue with one of my Hard Drives. I have a 320gig SATA as my primary system drive, a 500gig SATA data drive (this one is set to 'dynamic') and then an 120gig ATA drive (That I currently have no data on yet.)

For a couple of months now all was fine. My primary drive was assigned the letter C: (durr,) the 500gig was set to G: and the ATA was set to D:.

I have all of my music and stuff on my big drive, the 'dynamic' one. So I turn on my computer and click a shortcut to my music on my desktop and I get a message saying the link has no target, so I open My Computer and lo and behold, G: is gone. I go to Control Panel -> Administrative Tools -> Computer Management -> Disk Management and I see:

"Disk 0, (D) basic, healthy, primary partition"
"Disk 1, (C) basic, healthy, primary partition"
"Disk 2, (supposed to be G), dynamic, invalid"

When I right-click on it, I get the option to 'convert to basic disk' (lose all data on it,) or 'reactivate disk.' Selecting the latter option gives me the error "This operation is not allowed on the invalid disk pack."

Properties reports the device is working properly, my bios sees the drive as well...???
There is a tiny white bubble with a red down-facing arrow over the drive icon there too that's looking kind of bad...

Please help!


I downloaded HxD, a disk hex editor and opened the disk in it. In sector 0, location 1C2, the value read "42." This means dynamic drive, so I changed the value to "07" and saved the changes and rebooted.

Upon reboot I went back to Control Panel -> Administrative Tools -> Computer Management -> Disk Management and there it was, no longer 'invalid' but instead said 'healthy, NTFS, basic.' Glee!

I had to reboot again though for some reason because I was unable to change the drive's name (not path, just name) and also the drive was not appearing on the left in my library's window. After a 2nd reboot though it was back to the way it was and the disk is no longer dynamic.

I thought this was odd to begin with though because I used Windows7 to make that drive dynamic in the first place, so I have no idea as to why it would suddenly lose support for dynamic disks

Oh well, I'm happy.

For anybody that may be having the same issue, here's the link to the fix and the app: Convert Dynamic Disk back to Basic Disk without data loss - Wilders Security Forums

Windows 7 Forums recommends Auslogics BoostSpeed to repair Windows errors. Get it now.
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Optimize every aspect of Windows 7 with the System Advisor or manually.Repair corrupt registry entries and defragment the registry.Disable and enable services based on how you are using your computer.Adjust and edit hundreds of settings to fix your computer in a few easy clicks.Includes File Recovery (undelete) free of charge.

Other Auslogics software:

Auslogics Antivirus
Auslogics File Recovery
Auslogics Disk Defrag Pro

Auslogics BoostSpeed 5 is quite possibly the best overall system maintenance tool of the year. Having received 5 stars from CNET, they also receive a 10/10 full endorsement from BoostSpeed isn't just about making your computer fast: It's about making preventative maintenance manageable through one application. While the market calls for a typical system scan to attract buyers, that scan is entirely legitimate, and does correct serious registry problems in a way that far exceeds industry expectations. CCleaner, for example, can hardly hold a candle to this utility.

Looking closer at the System Advisor, we can determine whether or not the Internet connection can be automatically optimized. This is done with BoostSpeed through a manual or automatic setting in the Auslogics Internet Optimizer. Auslogics Registry Defrag will let you know that you can reduce registry access time and increase overall system performance by running this tool. This is a very delicate task that most freeware applications will not take on. Defragmenting the registry involves significant risk if there is a failure and that is why Auslogics BoostSpeed 5 comes with a Rescue Center, which can literally allow you to backup the changes that have been made within the program. The program will even automatically create these restore points before adjusting your system for perfect fine tuning.

If the Disk and Registry Maintenance options weren't enough, Auslogics BoostSpeed 5 comes with in-depth ways to determine and modify your System Status and Privacy. If that weren't enough, the System Tweaks area allows you to optimize your Windows services around how you use your computer. This can be so useful in a work environment, as most system services continue running unabated, even when they will never be used!

Control over startup items and installed software has never been easier. Needless duplicate files found on a system can be deleted and disks can be explored to discover what is eating up all of that storage space. The System tweaks area is where Auslogics BoostSpeed really shines. It contains management options for the User Interface, Start Menu, Taskbar, Windows Explorer, System Security, Startup and Shutdown, System, Internet Explorer, Microsoft Office, and numerous additional Software Tweaks.

"Hi, I’m Jessica Dolcourt from CNET Download and this is a first look at Auslogics BoostSpeed. This is a top rated program that attempts to defrag, tweak, and otherwise optimize the computer where its most likely to get bogged down. Looking at the clean launch interface, you might never guess that there are 18 tools bundled into one app. The main pane is dominated by shortcuts for testing the health of the system. One Button Checkup will scan for issues and attempt to fix them. For instance, Disk Cleaner’s job is to find and remove junk files. With most scans you run, you’ll have the opportunity to take a closer look at the files, and to back them up before you change anything. Since the goal of the program is to optimize performance, BoostSpeed often frames problems in terms of how much space you would free if you deleted the loose files. On the left, the system tools are organized by activity: Computer, Cleanup, Optimization, Privacy, Settings, and so on. When you click the task category, you’ll see the available tools and a brief description of what they do. Clicking the tools launches it in a separate window, so that you can return to this main interface at any time. Most tools are easy to work their way around, and most changes can be undone in Auslogics Rescue Center, which you can get to from individual tool interfaces or from the settings on the BoostSpeed panel interface. In the Rescue Center, you’ll see a list of the changes you’ve made. You’ll be able to see full details for each entry and view archive backups as well. Which system files BoostSpeed will back up, and which it will leave alone, are things you can specify in the program settings, under the tab that says Rescue Center. We’re fans of Auslogics BoostSpeed for its comprehensive system maintenance and nicely packaged interface. Some of the app’s component parts are offered as stand-alone freeware products, such as the Disk Defrag…" - Courtesy CNET Review of Auslogics BoostSpeed

Under User Interface:
Disable AeroMake menu bars and window frames opaque instead of translucentDo not animate windows when minimizing and maximizingSlow the window animations when holding Shift keyDisable 3D Window SwitchingAdd context menu to activate Flip 3DTurn off Aero PeekTurn off Aero SnapTurn off Aero Shake
Under Visual Effects:
Hide window contents while draggingDo not drop shadows under icons on the desktopDo not use translucent selection rectangleShow Windows version in the desktop bottom right cornerSelect how you want the arrows displayed on shortcuts
Under Animation:
Do not allow window animationDo not use smooth scrolling for list boxesDo not animate drop-down listsSelect tooltip animation types
Do not use menu fading animation effectsHide shadows under menusHide underlined letters for keybaord navigation until ALT is pressedMenu animation effects optionsDelay before displaying submenus (in milliseconds!)Full font smoothing optionsExtended ClearType and Standard font smoothing options
Start Menu:
Hide "Log Off" from the Start MenuHide the "Run itemHide "Set Program Access And Defaults" ("Default Programs" in Vista)Hide the "Help and Support" itemHide the "All Programs" menuHide "Administrative Tools"Hide the list of frequently used programsHide the list of pinned programsHide the "See more results" link
Under Folder options determine whether to hide individual items, show them as a link, or show them as a menu easily

Do not highlight recently installed programsDo not show partially installed programs in grayDo not sort the "All Programs" menu by nameDisable the context menu and drag itemsDisable the "Start" button tooltipExpand menu when you hover the mouse pointer over an itemEnable small icons in the Start menu
Show notification areaDo not display tooltips in the notification areaDo not hide unused icons in the notification areaDo not display the network activity icon in the notification areaDo not display the sound settings icon in the notification areaDo not display the battery icon in the notifications areaAuto-hide taskbarDo not slide taskbar buttonsAllow moving or rearranging taskbar itemsGroup similar buttons: Do not group, Group when full, Always group and hide tagsButtons: Configure advanced settings for taskbar application buttons
Show hidden filesShow file extensionsuse Windows classic foldersDisplay checkboxes to help select multiple filesAlways show the menu bar in Windows ExplorerDisable file and folder pop-up descriptionsDisplay folder size in the folder tooltip
Disable thumbnail cache creationDo not display thumbnails in network foldersThumbnail quality - 0-100%Thumbnail size in pixelsShow address bar folder path autocompleteShow address bar folder path autosuggestShow address bar maximized as a drop-down listInclude variable "PATH" into search pathDisable automatic replacement of a blackslash to a forward slash
Context Menu:
Show "Open Command Prompt"Show "Send To"Show "Copy to Folder..."Show "Move to Folder..."Show "Run as administrator"Show "Take ownership"Show "Search..."
Restore open Explorer windows when you restartDisable CD burning functions in Windows ExplorerRun Desktop and Explorer tasks as seperate processesRun each Explorer window as a seperate processAutomatically restart the shell if a shell error occursDisable the option to search the Internet when you open a file with unknown extension
Explorer items:
Display encrypted and compressed files and folders in a different colorDrive letter is displayed after disk labelDrive letter is displayed before disk labelDrive letter is displayed before disk label for network driveDrive letter is not displayed!

Disable autorun for:
Removable drives (Floppy, flash-drive, etc)Non-removable drives (hard disk, etc)Optical disk drives (CD, DVD, etc)Temporary memory disk (RAM-disk)Network drivesUnknown drive types
Command Prompt:
Enable advanced modeEnable delayed expansion of environmental variablesEnable quick editingFile names autocomplete hotkeyFolder names autocomplete hotkey
System Security:
Disable User Acount ControlSet all UAC options including advanced options only found in registry
Privacy Policy:
Wipe page file on computer shutdownClear the "Recent documents" list on logoffDo not create the "Recent Documents" listDo not store your logon password on the diskDisable hidden sharesDisable user trackingEnable encrypt/decrypt options in ExplorerDisable Faster User Switching
For anonymous users:
Access is allowed with the default settingsTransfer of accounts and SAM names is prohibitedAccess is denied if permits are not specified
Windows Defender:
Disable Windows DefenderDisable heuristic scanningDisable archive scansDisable removable media scansDisable e-mail scansDisable real-time protectionDisable real-time protection promptsDisable downloads checkupDisable executable files checkupDisable definition updates through alternate download locationsCheck for new signatures before scheduled scansDo not log unknown detectionsDo not log known good detections
Startup and Shutdown:
Disable Windows startup soundDisable parsing AUTOEXEC.BATDisplay information about previous logons during user logonDisable Ctrl-Alt-Del before logonRun logon scripts simultaneouslyOptimize system files placement on the diskSpecify time to wait before running Check Disk (chkdsK) in seconds
Event Logging:
Do not log any eventsLog standard events onlyLog all startup and shutdown events
Legal Notice:
Write any legal notice you want during startup of Microsoft Windows
Automatic login:
Use autologin and set credentials, including username, password, and domain

OEM Info:

Configure Windows OEM attributes, such as the manufacturer's logo and support information that appears in the System Properties window.

This includes:
ManufacturerModelSupport URLWorking HoursPhone120x120 pixel logo
Application Start:
Disable "Program Compatibility Assistant"Disable "Program Compatibility Wizard"Disable running 16-bit applicationsRun 16-bit programs as a separate processAdd checkbox "Run in seperate memory space" for 16-bit applications
Error Handling:
Disable sound when errors occurAutomatic restart in case of a critical errorSend error reportsShow error notification in windowDon't save reports on your computerDon't send additional information in a reportDon't write error information into system log
If an error occurs:
Ask user consent to send a reportAutomatically include only basic information in the reportAutomatically include all but personal data in the reportAutomatically include all data in the report
Internet Explorer:

Disable visual-styled controls in Internet Explorer pagesDisable page transitionsDisable Clear Type fontsDisable smooth scrollingDisable autoamtic updatesAlways show menusDo not show extended error messagesDo not show the welcome text for new opened tabsDo not show warning messages when closing tabsDo not send bug reports via the InternetAlways ask before downloading filesPlace the menu above the address bar
Let Internet Explorer decide how pop-ups should openAlways open pop-ups in a new windowAlways open pop-ups in a new tab
Specify how Internet Explorer displays a web page when it's launched from another program:
Opens in a new windowOpens in a new tab in the current windowOpens in the current tab or window
Speed up web browsing in IE by using more concurrent Internet connectionsIncludes anywhere from 1-20 connections (Default is 4)
Default file download directoryHome PageCaption string that is displayed after the page title
Microsoft Office:
Do not track document editing timeBlock updates from the Office Update SiteDisable Customer Experience Improvement programDisable error reportingDisable logging Microsoft Office activityDisable Office DiagnosticsDisable clipboard dialog boxPrevent Office Help from resizing the application window
Microsoft Word:
Do not check spelling as you typeDo not check grammar as you typeDo not use background printingDo not auto-save background printingDo not auto-save documents in the backgroundDo not use translucent selectionDo not check if MS Word is the default HTML editor
Microsoft Excel:
Show Formula bar in Full ViewCache spreadsheetsCache PivotTable reportsUndo steps: Set from 0 to 100
Software tweaks (The ones we can see so far)

Disable file transferDisable loading language filesDisable publishing Skype status on the WebDisable Skype Public APIDisable checking for updatesDisable listening for TCP connectionsDisable UDP communications
Windows Media Player
Disable auto-updatesDisable automatic codec downloadsDisable Windows Media Digital Rights Management (DRM)Disable video smoothingDisable CD and DVD Media information retrievalDisable music file media information retrievalDisable media file sharingDisable script handling in media filesHide the "Privacy" tab in the settingsHide the "Security" tab in the settingsHide the "Network" tab in the settings
Adobe Reader:
Disable splash screenDisplay PDF in the browser windowDisable Purchase Acrobat item in the menu
Disable link prefetchingDo not reduce memory when minimizedDo not download favorite icons (favicons)Disable blinking elementsForce frames to be reesizableUse old style for opening tabsShow all images / Block all images / Load images from the requird site only and block images from othersClose Tab Button full range of optionsHow long Firefox waits for the web page data before it displays the page (From 0 to 1 sec)
System Information includes everything:
OverviewGeneralHardwareCPUMotherbaordMemory ModulesVideoStorageIO DevicesInput DevicesModemsNetwork AdaptersResourcesProblem DevicesOperating SystemProgramsNetworkApplication ErrorsDevice ManagerMemory UsagePerformance
Tasks show Applications, processes, services, and locked files. You can unlock locked files, change the status of services, end processes, and modify application data.

Auslogics Disk Explorer will show what folders are taking up the most space and allow you to delete empty folders on your system.

File Recovery allows you to undelete files.

Speed Up Internet includes:
Automatic tuningAuto HeuristicsDefault TTLGlobal Max TCP WindowMax MTUTCP Window SizeMax Connections Per 1_0 ServerMax Simultaneous HTTP ConnectionsFirefox Max ConnectionsFirefix Max Connections Per Server
1323 OptsACK FrequencyARP Cache LifeARP Cache Min Reference LifeARP Cache SizeAuto HeuristicsAuto TuningCongestion ControlDefault TTLDel ACK TicksDisable Task OffloadECN CapabilityEnable PMTU BH DetectEnable PMTU DiscoveryFin Wait DelayGlobal Max TCP Window SizeInitial RTTIPv6 over IPv4Keep Alive InternalKeep Alive TimeMax Connect RetriesMax Data RetransmissionsMax Dup ACKsMax MTUNum ConnectionsReceive-side ScalingSACK EnabledTCP Window SizeSYN Attack ProtectTimed Wait DelayUse RFC1122 Urgent Pointer
Default Receive WindowDefault Send WindowLarge Buffer SizeMedium Buffer SizeNon Blocking Send Special bufferingSmall Buffer SizeTransmit Worker
Request Buffer SizeUse Raw ReadUse Raw WriteUse Write Raw Data
Dns Cache:
Adapter Timeout TimeHash Table Bucket SizeHash Table SizeMax Entry TTL LimitMax SOA Entry TTL LimitNegative SOA TimeNegative TimeNet Failure Time
Internet Explorer:
DNS Cache EnabledDNS Cache TimeoutKeepAlive TimeoutMax Connections Per 1_0 ServerMax Connections Per ServerReceive TimeoutServer Info TimeoutSocket Receive Buffer LengthSocket Send Buffer LengthTCP Autotuning
Disable IPv6DNS Cache EntriesDNS Cache ExpirationHTTP Connect TimeoutKeepAlive TimeoutMax ConnectionsMax Connections Per ServerMax Persistent Connections Per ServerMax Persistent Connections Per ProxyPipeliningPipelining Max RequestsPrefetch NextProxy PipeliningUse KeepAliveUsing Proxy KeepAlive
(Auto-optimization is based on Over 1Mbps / 1Mbps or lower (default that Windows assumes) / or 128kbps or lower)

The built-in System Advisor determines (THESE ARE JUST SOME):
Can the Internet connection be optimized?Is the registry fragmented?Can Windows shutdown be sped up?Can incorrect drivers be updated? (It updates them in Auslogics Device Manager)
Quick Tasks allow you to:
Erase browser historyErase Windows historyCleanupt emporary filesOptimize memory
Privacy allows you to shred files and wippe entire disks.

Let's check that one again:
Disk MaintenanceFree Up SpaceRemove DuplicatesExplore diskDisk cleanupDisk defragmentDisk repairSoftware ControlSystem TweaksService OptimizationDisaster RecoveryFile RecoveryRescue CenterRegistry MaintenanceRegistry RepairRegistry DefragmentSystem StatusSystem InformationSystem TasksSystem ServicesLocked FilesComputer PrivacyErase Computer HistoryShred FilesWipe disksSpeed Up InternetInternet OptimizationMemory Optimization
It is quite probable that Auslogics BoostSpeed is the best program on the market for system repair and optimization EVER. Even if you don't know how to use the options listed above, that is why this program is great. It really DOES it for you. It really does repair your registry, with money behind it that went into big time research and development.

Their previous freeware products have been used regularly by IT professionals, but this product includes absolutely everything. There is nothing missing in this program, and updates are absolutely frequent. It is the one application I would recommend to every member of without hesitation. Even if you do not know what these settings mean, this program will optimize and repair your system without any doubt. Today, there are so many programs that "claim" to do this and do that. When we saw Auslogics offering a commercial solution I had to start offering it on my website after I saw what it could do. I had to make a video about it. I had to find a way to provide a discount to members.

I have recommended it to my mother, my grandparents, and I will bring it up to a client I am currently working with tomorrow who is asking for Windows XP. This is the program that you need to automatically manage your system and keep it up-to-date, speedy, and performing in top condition.

Windows 7 Forums Rating: 10/10 Stars

Don't take my word for it. CNET gave them 5/5 stars too!

Watch our YouTube video for an exclusive discount offer.

Hello Woodys Lounge,

I am working on a spreadsheet which has a diagram that I would like to control with a spin switch,

The diagram has 4 pictures, but the pictures work together.

the 4 pictures are Right Case and Left Case, which are a pair
and RightOpen and LeftOpen which are a pair

I am trying for a way to lengthen the pictures by the control of a toggle switch.

If the toggle switch is click down then RightCase and Left Case lengthen and RightOpen and LeftOpen shorten and Vice versa if the up arrow is click on the spin button.

I make this spin button work the way Iwant it to so hopefully some one know a way.

Attached is myworkbook which has the starting of code behide the spin button, (I removed what I know was not going o work)

Hello everybody,
I am using VB6. I have an ADO data control on my form which I have successfully connected to an Access file. I also have a data grid control (not a Flex grid) on my form bound to the ADO control which is displaying data from the file. I am trying to provide basic user interface capabilities similar to those found in Excel where the user can copy, cut, paste, add rows and delete rows in the grid. I have been able to achieve cut/copy and paste capabilties but I can't get the add row and delete row feature to work. I would like the user to be able to left click on the left most cell of the of a row (the one in gray that displays an arrow pointing to the selected row when clicked on, which highlights the entire row in black). Then right click displaying a pop up menu (it works to this point) . My question is, how do I add a row ready for data input or delete a row when the ad row or delete row feature is selected in my pop up menu after a row is highlighted. Also, If the add row command is selected, as in Excel, I would like the new row to appear above the highlighted row.

Thanks Everybody,

Steve Durgin