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I want to be able to access the files on my external drive from my Android tablet. I have shared the external drive, and it does show up on my tablet, but when I open it on the tablet only one folder appears (and there are many folders and files on it), and when I open that one folder, only one sub-folder appears (and again there are many folders and files within that one). It's not the tablet, because it does access and display/play the things that do show up. I have shared the entire root drive and also shared the one sub-folder that shows up. I have tried with and without inheriting permissions from parent, I have checked permissions for 'everyone', I have restarted the computer, I have turned off the firewall, but nothing works. I can't understand why only one folder shows up on the tablet. The wireless router shows that the tablet is connected to the network. The PC is wired to the router and the tablet sees the PC as a server. The connection must be OK because the PC and the external drive and ONE folder (and a sub-folder) DO show up on the tablet. It has to be something with the sharing or permissions but I can't find the problem.


Hardware setup:

Dell Studio 1558 laptop, Windows 7 Home Premium, Service Pack 1, 64-bit O/S, Intel Core i3Linksys E1200 wireless routerComcast cable modem (by Motorola)

After functioning on my home WLAN for over a year, my Dell Studio laptop suddenly refused to connect to the internet:

Via the WLANVia an ethernet cable connected to a wired port on the Linksys routerVia an ethernet cable connected directly to the Comcast cable modem

Initially the error displayed by "Troubleshoot problems" was: "DNS server not responding".

Now, after all my troubleshooting efforts, the displayed error is: "The connection between your access point, router, or cable modem and the Internet is broken"

All the following devices function normally on the WLAN:

Dell Latitude laptop, Win XP SP3Toshiba Satellite, Win Vista Home Premium SP2iPhone 4 (two of them)iPad 2

Other than installing Windows updates a few days before, I had not made any changes to this laptop or to my WLAN (at least none that I can think of)

I have done the following in an attempt to troubleshoot:

Searched this forum (tried most of the suggestions in the "DNS server not responding?" thread)Rebooted the PC, modem, and router (multiple times, in different sequences)Updated to the latest drivers for the DW1501 Wirelss-N WLAN Half-Mini Card to to the latest drivers for the Realtek PCIe GBE Familyh Controller to 7.61.612.2012Used "Device Manager" to uninstall both of the above, then re-added using "Scan for hardware changes"Tried to connect on a public AT&T WiFi networkInstalled a USB WiFi adapterTurned on SSID broadcastTurned off MAC filteringTurned off the McAfee firewallRan "Troubleshoot problems" after most of the above changesRebooted after most of the above changesConfirmed that "Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) Properties" was set to:- Obtain an IP address automatically- Obtain DNS server address automaticallyTried manually setting the DNS server to

I have NOT yet attempted to reinstall Windows or "restore to an earlier point in time" (not sure how to One of the threads suggests this worked, but I'll admit to being nervous about trying it!!

An suggestions for other troubleshooting would be greatly appreciated! Thanks in advance.

My machine is dual boot Win 7 x32 and Linux. I'm using a wired Broadcom 400x integrated NIC with a Motorla cable modem. I've been using this setup of about 5 months with Win7.

There is only one computer connected and I have no wireless/router. In the middle of surfing on the Win OS, my connection dropped and the computer froze up, forcing me to do a cold boot.
When rebooting to windows, I got a red X in the sys tray. No Local area connection, no network connectivity.

I booted again, into Linux this time, and it all works fine, leading me to believe this is a software issue for sure. I also downloaded and ran the broadcom diagnostic utility for my NIC and all the tests passed.

The "Network and Sharing" screen shows no connection, (just diagram of computerXGlobe) but the properties screen in the device manager shows it's connected with no problem, other than 0 packets transferred. It also reports no problem with the driver, but I re-installed it anyway, using the latest available.

Most mysterious of all is that running ipconfig/all doesn't show the card at all. It's completely missing. (see below) The only thing it returns is the Teredo Tunneling Pseudo Interface and a 6to4 adapter. Both are reported "Media Disconnected" and neither has a DNS suffix, IP address or Default Gateway listed. Nor do either of these show up in the Device manager under network adapters.

The property screen that comes up when you right-click the Local Area Connection on the "Network and Sharing" screen and double click the IPV4 line returns the message "Windows couldn't automatically bind the IP protocol stack to the network adapter".
IPV4 and IPV6 show no connectivity. Looking through the event log at the time of the crash confirms the problem (see below).
That's the best and only hint I've gotten so far as to what is going wrong, but I can't find a clue of how to correct it.

The network troubleshooter acts like it is resolving the problem but is useless in the end and just reports that my network card is "experiencing problems"....Duh!

This is what I've done so far, (not necessarily in this order):

Ran Farbar (shows no connection to net, but localhost, Yahoo and Google accessible, see log below)
Installed newest drivers I could find.
Power off/on the modem and rebooted (warm and cold) multiple times.
Ran a sfc /scannow
Did full virus and malware scans
Reset winsock
Reset IPV4 and IPV6 TCP/IP stacks to installation defaults
Cleared and registered DNS cache
Release and renew current IP address
Checked Hosts file for any strange entries.
Checked all services and process lists for any remnants of any possibly interfering process.
Repeatedly boot into safe mode with network connectivity.
Uninstalled network card in device manager and reboot, cold and warm.
Unchecked IPV6 and both topographical protocols, one at a time, and rebooted after each change.
Uninstalled AVG, Comodo Firewall, Open VPN and Wireshark, all of which were present for a week or more when everything was running just fine.
Spit, cursed, rendered my clothes and tore at my hair.
Spent 17 hours on google trying to figure this out. (Running Linux)

PLEASE!!! If anyone has any idea what's going on here, please chime in. I have wore out my google finger and have not found anything like what I'm experiencing here. At least most people get something reported in their ipconfig window.
I can't use a system restore because, evidently, the VSS shadow service has been turned off lately.

In the event log, there are references to the "RootCauseGUID. I Found 3 instances of them under the same sub-key in the registry. PC-Tools reports them as having/being invalid D-Values of 2 bytes.
The "RepairGUID"s don't exist at all in the registry. Is there any significance to this, or to the mention of "70 seconds Required"? If I didn't know better, I'd think this could be fixed in 70 seconds by editing these 2 invalid "RootCauseGUID"s.

Anyway, here are the results of some of the logs, etc. that I have generated. I desperately need to get this fixed. I can't do a restore because my VSS was disabled. I can't even do a re-install because the Mickey Mouse outfit I bought this machine from never gave me a disc or any way to reinstall it. All I have is a 6 month old img. file iif worse comes to worse.

BTW, I had been running AVG AV and Comodo FW for a month before this happened. I uninstalled them and scoured the computer for any remaning remnants. I still suspect they may have changed something in the registry that "stuck" when it crashed. But that's 100% speculation.

Microsoft Windows [Version 6.1.7601]
Copyright (c) 2009 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

C:UsersUser>ipconfig /all (Yeah, that's ALL!!)

Windows IP Configuration

Host Name . . . . . . . . . . . . : User-PC
Primary Dns Suffix . . . . . . . :
Node Type . . . . . . . . . . . . : Hybrid
IP Routing Enabled. . . . . . . . : No
WINS Proxy Enabled. . . . . . . . : No

Tunnel adapter Teredo Tunneling Pseudo-Interface:

Media State . . . . . . . . . . . : Media disconnected
Connection-specific DNS Suffix . :
Description . . . . . . . . . . . : Teredo Tunneling Pseudo-Interface
Physical Address. . . . . . . . . : 00-00-00-00-00-00-00-E0
DHCP Enabled. . . . . . . . . . . : No
Autoconfiguration Enabled . . . . : Yes

Tunnel adapter 6TO4 Adapter:

Media State . . . . . . . . . . . : Media disconnected
Connection-specific DNS Suffix . :
Description . . . . . . . . . . . : Microsoft 6to4 Adapter
Physical Address. . . . . . . . . : 00-00-00-00-00-00-00-E0
DHCP Enabled. . . . . . . . . . . : No
Autoconfiguration Enabled . . . . : Yes

Farbar Service Scanner Version: 01-03-2012
Ran by User (administrator) on 12-04-2012 at 10:03:37
Running from "C:UsersUserDesktop"
Microsoft Windows 7 Professional Service Pack 1 (X86)
Boot Mode: Normal

Internet Services:

Connection Status:
Localhost is accessible.
There is no connection to network.
Google IP is accessible.
Yahoo IP is accessible.

Windows Update:

File Check:
C:Windowssystem32nsisvc.dll => MD5 is legit
C:Windowssystem32Driversnsiproxy.sys => MD5 is legit
C:Windowssystem32dhcpcore.dll => MD5 is legit
C:Windowssystem32Driversafd.sys => MD5 is legit
C:Windowssystem32Driverstdx.sys => MD5 is legit
C:Windowssystem32Driverstcpip.sys => MD5 is legit
C:Windowssystem32dnsrslvr.dll => MD5 is legit
C:Windowssystem32wuaueng.dll => MD5 is legit
C:Windowssystem32qmgr.dll => MD5 is legit
C:Windowssystem32es.dll => MD5 is legit
C:Windowssystem32cryptsvc.dll => MD5 is legit
C:Windowssystem32svchost.exe => MD5 is legit
C:Windowssystem32rpcss.dll => MD5 is legit

**** End of log ****


Last, but not least, the Event ID 4000 from the event viewer

[ Name] Microsoft-Windows-Diagnostics-Networking
[ Guid] {36C23E18-0E66-11D9-BBEB-505054503030}

EventID 4000
Version 1
Level 4
Task 4
Opcode 0
Keywords 0x4000400000000001

- TimeCreated
[ SystemTime] 2012-04-12T01:52:23.662353000Z

EventRecordID 3923908

- Correlation
[ ActivityID] {2FD171E5-DC3B-47BE-8465-CF94C0BE1DC9}

- Execution
[ ProcessID] 1692
[ ThreadID] 1716

Channel System

Computer User-PC
- Security
[ UserID] S-1-5-19

- EventData

RootCause There might be a problem with the driver for the Local Area Connection adapter Windows couldn't automatically bind the IP protocol stack to the network adapter.
RootCauseGUID {46EC1E49-CA70-4561-9AB7-009F6B1B3709}
RepairOption Set up the 'Local Area Connection' adapter Set up the network adapter to communicate with this network. This ensures that both Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) and Internet Protocol Version 6 (TCP/IPv6) can be used on the network adapter.
RepairGUID {4406F2CC-9CBD-4098-A03A-E5C9810E4895}
SecondsRequired 70
SIDTypeRequired 37
HelperClassName NdisHC
InterfaceDesc Local Area Connection
InterfaceGUID {E87B74C6-1D82-41F3-A792-3CA9360CB0A6}


Can someone help me connect to my other PC through WORKGROUP?

I've done turning on the network discovery, file and printer sharing, sharing so anyone with network access can read and write..., & password protect.

Here's a zip file, if you think you know it you can check it

Johzen Attached Files problem1.zip (132.9 KB, 89 views) Last edited by Johzen; 05-05-2011 at 05:36 AM. Share Share this post on Digg Del.icio.us Technorati Twitter
Reply With Quote .postbitlegacy .postfoot .textcontrols a.post_info_button, .postbit .postfoot .textcontrols a.post_info_button { background: url(/images/post_infobox.png) no-repeat transparent left; padding-left: 20px; } .postbitlegacy .postfoot .textcontrols a.post_info_button:hover, .postbit .postfoot .textcontrols a.post_info_button:hover { background: url(/images/post_infobox-hover.png) no-repeat transparent left; JavaScript must be enabled 05-05-2011 #2 Basher Senior Member Enjoys Windows 7 Forums

So I have a PC, and have had it since June last year. But around September I suppose, I don't remember, anyway, I have been experiencing a problem that is really annoying me. If I turn my PC on, let it start up and then turn on my TV (I have no monitor yet) after start up, it should run and start fine. But if I plug in a HDMI cable and turn it on, or turn my TV on at the same time, or before, then the PC starts up but, here's the problem: It starts up fine at the desktop, but then the icons blink and the image turns into the default white paper, my mouse works fine but if I click then it freezes, if I hover my mouse over the task bar then the loading symbol shows up and if I click, again it freezes. I have been turning it off by holding the switch as the system just stops responding. However, I found the emergency reset button - I don't know how damaged my PC is already from all of this. I'm pretty certain this is a problem regarding the HDMI or a video card driver, I really need help and haven't found this problem with my description.

My specs:

Windows 7 64-bit
Intel Core i7 3770K CPU 3.50GHz
Nvidia GeForce GTX 680 by Palit

If you need any more spec tell me, and to anyone that answers this thank you. I really need it.

I am using window 7 and I tried to upgrade my microsoft office 2007 to 2013. Dont know why since I installed Microsoft office 2013, my PC only can turned on in safe mode, I cant turn on in normal boot anymore.When I tried to run or uninstall Microsoft office, the error message showedBlockquoteThe Windows Installer service could not be accessed. Contact your support personnel to verify that the windows Installer service is properly registered.BlockquoteThen I search online, someone said we can change configuration in msconfig.exe . So I tried to do so the setting like >> How to perform a clean boot to troubleshoot a problem in Windows 8, Windows 7, or Windows VistaAfter my next reboot, my PC just like dead and I cant boot the PC anymore.Any idea??

Hi I have a query regarding my Toshiba Satellite A500

OS: Windows 7 premium
Processor: Intel core i5
Ram: 6 G

Recently whenever I try to play a music/movie file I will often get distorted sounds. Sometimes the files play better and at other times it seems like the ram breaks down . Also I noticed that the movie files seem to 'lag' whenever the sound got distorted. Initally I thought that the speakers were at fault so I plugged in some earphones but I still heard the same distorted sounds. This problem also extends to when I am playing games and generally whenever a sound needs to be played.

Furthermore i noticed that when i turn off the internet connection the sound is perfect

What's going on? (

I have virus/spyware scanned my pc, defragged and even gone as far as to format and reinstall everything, but the problem still exists.
Furthermore, i noticed that the problem fixes when I close the internet connection...

Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated.

I seem to have encountered lots of problems with my new Netbook PC, featuring Windows 7 Home Professional OS. For example, I can't shut the system down unless I turn the power switch on. Sometimes, I get a system malfunction screen and I need to shut it down. I went to a Windows Repair website, but most of the free repair sites aren't free at all. I need some sites that both free and easy to follow instructions(even if I have to print them out).

I bought this about a year ago, an APC battery backup surge protection, 350 es. Now I'm having problems with it. I get frequent power surges that when it does happen I can here a click in the battery backup. This happens when the PC is on or off. When PC is off and this happens and I turn my PC on I lose my internet connection but retain my local network connection. Yet with my second router in place, a wireless, the other desktops that are wired have internet connection as well as any laptops I have. Just my main PC with the wired router connected to it, loses internet connection. The only way I found to resolve this problem is to turn power off on battery back up and turn it back on after a 30 second count and that restores connection. I could get know help from APC because they don't make it any more and the warranty has expired and if I want them to look at it I have to ship it to them. I have also reconfigured my router and that seemed to help for awhile and then a month later it went back to the same thing. Surge, click and loose connection. Any body have any idea what the problem is. In the mean time I have swapped out my battery backup with a straight up surge protection device from my local walmart at $44, the best one they had and it was cheaper than best buy. Since the switch I have yet to incur said problem. I'm just wondering if the battery backup is bad/faulty.

Chrome operating system (OS) will be able to run applications from other operating systems, such as Microsoft Windows. The procedure is a relatively simple technical solution, though one which has practical limitations.

The Chrome operating system, which has been released in a form developers can experiment with works in a different way than most web browsers. It's designed to run when the computer is online and is, to a major extent, a souped-up version of Google's Chrome web browser.

Chrome OS Goes Easy on Old PCs

Instead of standalone applications on the computer, most icons link to online editions of programs. This is referred to as cloud computing. It will ship with links to Google-produced apps such as Gmail and Google Docs but third-party online apps can be added.

This has two main advantages on the system: one is that much of the processing work is carried out on super computers (such as Google's web servers) rather than the computer itself, making it appear seamless to run applications. The other advantage is that the applications themselves, and the user data such as saved files, are stored online. That means Chrome OS can work on low-cost computers which don't need a hard drive to store data.

There are two major disadvantages with this form of centralized computing, however. The first is that you would need a constant Internet connection to perform almost any function. The second is that Chrome OS users are limited to running only those applications which are available online. That rules out many Windows applications, as the majority of MS Windows applications are designed to run on a dedicated system. This could in turn deter potential users from switching to Chrome.

A Partial Solution: Chromoting

It's now emerged, though, that Chrome OS will feature a way around part of this problem. A Google software engineer has revealed a feature, unofficially dubbed "Chromoting," which will reportedly "enable you to access legacy PC applications right within the browser." Once again, however, you would require an Internet connection for this functionality to exist.

Though no other technical details are available, it seems most likely it would mean the system has a remote access feature built-in that allows you to access your home PC. This would mean that users would have to leave their Windows PC switched on, set up a sharing option, and then access it directly through their Chrome computer. Any data they saved would be on the Windows PC itself.

Drawbacks of Chromoting

While chromoting may work for some, it won't be viable for everyone. For example, it may be an issue for those who don't own a secondary PC and/or who want MS Windows apps natively.

There would also likely be some licensing issues with the developers of the Windows applications wanting a fee for remote access. It's not known who would bear those costs.

Another issue would be that if the Windows PC became completely frozen or locked up, somebody using Chrome OS on the move would be unable to physically reset it if it stopped responding to keyboard and mouse commands.

Source: http://www.infopackets.com/news/business/google/2010/20100616_google_operating_system_to_run_windows_apps.htm

I have a very strange problem that I have googled and reworded and googled some more, but to no avail. The only thing I can think of now is to ask for help from others. Now, I'm no novice to computers, and I'm certainly no novice to researching a problem, but sometimes the solution just isn't out there in the open.

What I'm trying to do:
Patch the files necessary to enable Third-Party Themes for Windows 7 64-bit

I was able to do this just fine with Uxtheme Multi-Patcher for SP1 on my current PC Build with a different motherboard that I have since replaced with a new one. Ever since installing the new Motherboard, I have been unable to patch all of the files.

System Specs:
Core i7 3770K @stock 3.5Ghz CPU
MSI Z77A-GD65 Gaming Motherboard
Sapphire HD7970 Ghz Edition 3GB Graphics Card
Corsair AX850 PSU
Samsung 840 Pro 128GB SSD
WD 1TB Caviar Black HDD

For the sake of information, the previous Motherboard I had (when the patching program worked just fine) was a Gigabyte GA-Z77X-UD3H - it was returned, because the USB 3.0 Controller was janky and turning on and off randomly (an apparently common issue with said motherboard)

Here's all the things I have tried so far:
Uxtheme Multi-Patcher for SP1
Apparently 64 bit Windows 7 needs all six files patched. Well, the x64 Uxtheme Multi-patcher works just fine, patches my files. But the x86 patcher doesn't recognize the themeservice.dll and it's greyed out (it won't patch it). So, this solution did not work.

Uxtheme Multi-Patcher 8.0
This also didn't work, I'm assuming for the same reason as above. the x86 Themeservice.dll could not be patched

First, ran system file checker (sfc /scannow in elevated command prompt) and it fixed the patched files, then installed this. The "Unsigned Themes" service runs, but doesn't allow me to apply third party themes.

I have also tried starting fresh and installing windows 7 x64 again, and running the patcher first thing after install, to see if another program was preventing it from happening. x86 patcher STILL does not recognize Themeservice.dll and won't patch it. I have reinstalled Windows many times over, and the problem still persists, which is the most mind-****ing thing in the world to me...

As a final hurrah, I have attempted to find the patched files for the x64 and x86 theme files, but found none. Any links I found to downloads were dead ends, having long since been deleted, years ago.

The only solution I can think of is acquiring the PATCHED theme files and manually switching them out for the originals, something I'm fully capable of doing. The only problem is, I cannot for the life of me find them.

If someone could please share their patched dll's, (there should be 6, according to the Uxtheme Multi-Patcher) I think that's my only solution at this point. If you have any other suggestions, PLEASE let me know! I am literally confounded by this issue and DO NOT KNOW how to proceed further.

March 12, 2010

Microsoft confirmed today that security update for its Excel Spreadsheet had turned English text in an important Windows tool into Chinese. The admission was the second in the past two days from Microsoft's Office team of a gaffe involving a recent security update.

Fridays announcement involved the seven-patch update Microsoft shipped out on Tuesday for Excel. "We have received reports from some of our Excel 2003 and Excel 2002 customers that after installing update KB978471 or KB978474, they are seeing non-English text in the "Add or Remove Programs" tool Windows XP or the View (Vista, Windows 7), Microsoft said in an entry published early today on the "Office Sustaining Engineering" blog.

The two updates Microsoft referenced KB978471 and KB978474, were the patch collections for Excel 2002 and Excel 2003, respectively.

According to Microsoft, the patches are displayed in "Add or Remove Programs" in simplified Chinese rather than the intended English. "If English text..... is a requirement, there is a two part workaround available," said Microsoft as it told users to first uninstall Tuesday's Excel update, then download and install a revamped version.

Todays snafu wasn't as serious as the one Microsoft acknowledged Thursday, also on the Office Blog. Yesterday, the company confirmed that a February 9th non-essential hot fix that added support for Net 4.0 to Office 2007 caused the suites programs to crash when they were run on Windows Server 2008 R2 or Windows Server 2008 with Terminal Services. Some users claimed that the update also made Internet Explorer 8 (IE8) crash when working with Share Point 2007. Microsoft yanked the hot fix- which was served in limited fashion last month and then more widely via Microsoft Update starting last Tuesday- and replaced it with another that corrected the crash problem. The crash making Hot fix was also pulled Thursday from Windows Server Update Services (Wsus), the patch management system that many businesses use to distribute security and other fixes to company PC's.

Microsoft has had a string of update problems this year, the most widely reported a February patch for a 17 year old vulnerability that caused computers to lock up and display the dreaded "Blue Screen Of Death" error message. Microsoft withdrew the update within two days, and later said that only PC's infected with "Root-kit" had been affected.

Hi everyone,

I am running Windows XP Professional SP1 on a PCChips M848ALU
supporting my AMD Athlon XP 2500+ oc'ed to 2200MHz with 256Mb of
DDR400 RAM. The CPU has been overclocked, but the following problem
remains when even I have it at stock 166MHz with the RAM in sync, or
when I have it at stock 166MHz with the RAM at 200MHZ using a 5:6
CPU:RAM Ratio in the BIOS.

The thing is, I am receiving 3-4 pairs of "Machine check" and "Machine
check: regs" information events in my Event Viewer at every cold boot
(ie Shutdown.. Turn on again). This also occurs on my parents' Athlon
2000+ (stock) with 512MB of RAM (32MB Shared graphics), but they tend
to only get 2-3 pairs of these events.

Although I am aware that this could easily be ignored as my PC seems
to start up fast and shut down fast, I'm super paranoid and still wish
to know why I get it. I have not tried doing a clean install to see if
it will still be there, as I have just got XP the way I like it, and
installing takes ages on my PC.

Again, I am not saying these are problems, I would just appreciate if
someone much more knowledgable than me could definitively tell me
that! I've read that they're part of WPA, that they occur on AMD procs
only (because of some Intel-specific architecture), that they happen
on every PC, but I can't vouch for these!

I know that some people on this group are very clever and certainly
know their stuff. I hope you might know if I have something to worry
about or not, or if I've managed to duff up another installation!
Thanks in advance guys & gals!



I am running Windows XP SP1. I installed Belkin Wireless Desktop PCI
Adapter. The problem is that, everytime I login to Windows XP, my
computer connects to wireless network. But, I would like to manually
turn on the wireless connection after I login, since sometimes I
do not need to connect to internet. I called the Belkin customer
support, but he told me it is not possible. I have difficuilty
believing that. I turned on the Wireless Zero Configuration
service on and off, but it did not help. Belkin utility has a radio
option that I can disable but then I need to do this everytime
before I shutdown the PC. I will really appreciate any pointers.


These words below are mine.I created them,I wrote them.Even though Engel
uses them nearly everywhere.I just do not like somebody to copy and paste
them,to use them fully because these words are NOT created by him. I am angry.

I just post to everybody know and understand who these words belongs to.
They belongs to me...:-)

And a question :
Is there a way to stop and prevent him from coping these words fully ?!


Follow them carefully and step-by-step.
All cleaning actions should be done
without internet connection

1. Download the necessary software

@ SpyBot Search and Destroy

@ Ad-Aware SE Personal

@ Microsoft Antispyware (only for genuie Windows versions)

@ CWShredder

@ Antivirus software (if you still do not have)

Panda Titanium 2005

If you are non-XP user and still do not have firewall,
you should get free one from he

There are some malwares that can destroy the internet connection
when you try to remove them.That's why you may get that program
that could restore your internet connection.
I haven't tried it but lots of people like them.

Win Sock XP Fix

2. Create a back-up of all your critical information
This is just an option.
You should check it for viruses later.

3. Run a Firewall

Windows XP
has integrated firewall -
Internet Connection Firewall (ICF) for SP1 and
Windows Firewall (WF) for SP2

Windows versions different from XP
They do not have integrated firewall ,they have to use software firewall.

!!! Use only 1 firewall !!!

4. Windows Updates
Connect to internet and
download all the security updates - Critical updates with Express install.

Start - Windows Updates

5. Install and Update

SpyBot Search and Destroy
Ad-Aware SE Personal
Microsoft Antispyware

6. Delete all the Internet Explorer's temporary stuff

Start - Settings- Control Panel - Internet Options

There ,on the General Tab you will see where you can delete
internet temporary files
Delete them all.

7. Delete all Temporary files

| Windows XP users (all new versions) |

The path is :
C:Documents and SettingsUSERLocal SettingsTemp
Delete all files from this folder
and also

| Windows 98 users (all old versions) |

The path is :

8. Remove any unwanted programs

Boot in Safe Mode (see how below)
Then ,in Safe Mode, Start - Settings – Control Panel – Add /Remove programs
See if you have any unknown /unwanted software
installed- toolbars and/or known spy programs.
Remove them with the REMOVE button.
Also check for tracks of these programs in
C:Program files and delete,if any.
Then restart with booting in Normal Mode .

9. Run Disc Clean up

Start - Programs - Accessories - System Tools - Disc Cleanup

Make sure you have checked :
Downloaded program files
Temporary Internet files
Temporary files
Recycle bin
Web Client/Publisher content

10. Remove viruses /worms /trojan horses

@ Scan with Microsoft Windows Malicious Software removal tool


@ Scan with

Panda Software free Active Scan,where you can check your
PC for ALL TYPES of security threats and clean viruses and worms


@ Install the antivirus software

Boot in Safe Mode and install the antivirus software
In Safe Mode,because there are viruses
that have the ability to damage an antivirus while installing it

How to boot your computer in Safe Mode

Do this by repeatedly typing F8 while Windows is starting before
Windows logo appears.
Then you'll open the BIOS menu where you can choose to boot
the hard drive in SAFE MODE

(If you are XP user ,find more about Safe Mode
in Help and Support Center ; Start-Help and Suport)

@ Update the antivirus and scan with it

Boot in Normal Mode and update it.
Make sure you have all functions ON
(scanning all files,heuristic,disinfect,scanning for other threats...)

Perform a full scan in Normal Mode first
Then boot in Safe Mode and also perform a scan

@ While still in Safe Mode,scan with these

SpyBot S&D
Ad-Aware SE Personal
Microsoft Antispyware

and remove the junk
!!! They must have already been updated !!!

When the scan is finished,
DO NOT restart ,if you have Win XP or ME

System Restore (for XP and ME only)

Because of the fact malware is a program,
System Restore also stores all malware tracks and when restarting,it can
replicate some infected system stuff and the malware will be back !!!
So you need to delete all the restore points before restarting :

Right click on My Computer-Properties-System Restore
Check Turn off system restore.Click OK

Restart the in Normal mode.

11. For better performance ,it is advisable to check your hard drives for
Open My computer .
Then right click on the hard drive you want to check - Properties - Tools
In the error-checking area ,click "Check now" to start the process.

At the end (when the system is malware-free)
again Right click on My computer-Properties-System Restore
Uncheck Turn off system restore ,so you'll have your Restore function ON.

After these,your computer should be clean !
If you do not understand something,you can post again and ask for
If the instructions seems difficult to you,you can take your computer to
a computer store where IT specialist would help you wipe out the junk!
Don't be shame.

--- Useful pages ---

different kinds of free or trial security software.

Because of the campaign "Children and the Internet"
Panda Software offers 90 day free trial version of one of the best security
Panda Platininum Internet Security 2005 awarded with many prizes

http://www.pandasoftware.com/protected/tips.htm ;
useful tips for protecting computers

Panda Software free Active Scan,where you can check your
PC for ALL TYPES of security threats and clean viruses and worms

Trend-Micro free online scanner HouseCall where you can scan for
Viruses and Spywares and clean them. CWShredder is also available here

Kaspersky free online scanner
and checker for suspicious files.If you have issues with suspicious
file,here is the right place!

Send F-prot AV suspicious files for fast analyze and and it is all for FREE

Microsoft Windows Malware Removal Tool

Microsoft MVP Charlie Russel's article about Dealing with malware
Really good and detailed

Free Microsoft support and suggestions (for genuie clients)

Now ,when you have cleaned your computer,you need to think about your
suggests 3 + 1 general steps how to protect
your PC and the infomation stored on it,
your privacy and your family
1.Use an internet firewall
2.Enable Automatic Updates for your PC
3.Use an antivirus software
4.Use antispyware software

Goto http://www.microsoft.com/athome/security and learn more
Check the Security Essentials for your OS and also have a look at all

" Let's beat malware black and blue"
" No new epidemic of all kind of malware - Panda TruPrevent"


When you first turn on your computer
it is adviseable to first have a look at its setings.

** If you use Windows XP **

1 .Create as many computer accouts as you need

If your computer is going to be used from more than one person
(family members,friends,colleagues ,etc...) ,
make others limited users and you - Administrator
So that you'll have full control of the PC,but they would only be
able to change their files and few settings only !

If you are a parent and would like your children to access the internet,
create the limited user accounts.More about the parental control below

!!! Windows XP has hidden built-in administartor account
accessable and visible only in Safe Mode.
Get into Safe Mode and password protect it.
In Safe Mode,goto Control Panel -User accounts and click on the name
of that hidden account,called Administrator !!!

| How to boot your computer in Safe Mode |

Do this by repeatedly typing F8 while Windows is starting before
Windows logo appears.
Then you'll open the BIOS menu where you can choose to boot
the hard drive in SAFE MODE

(If you are XP user ,find more about Safe Mode
in Help and Support Center ; Start-Help and Suport)

2. Password-protect your account and your files

Make strong password,
with numbers,letters and at least one special character
Start - Settings - Control Panel - User accounts

When you decide to password protect your account,
after creting a password Windows should ask you if you want
to protect your files also.Click YES

Click on the folder you want to password-protect-Properties
Click on Sharing tab -Make this folder private

** All Windows Versions **

Start - Settings - Control Panel
or My computer -Control Panel

3. Have a look at

Display settings
Date and time Settings
Mouse and Keyboard settings
Power Options
Regional and language settings
Sound settings
Start Menu Settings

4. I do not recommend any user to install programs like

WinAmp ,Real Player
or WinZip (in Win XP )
Because of the fact Windows has integrated Windows Media Player ( 2 versions)
plus (Zip archiver in XP ) ,it is pointless to install such programs

5. Do install programs like

Adobe Reader / Acrobat because it is useful and with it
you can read PDF files which become more wide-spread everyday

6. If you do not have Microsoft Office

1. Open Office

2.Microsoft Word viewer / Excel viewer / Power Point viewer
http://www.microsoft.com ; ,click on Office

Open Office is free as well as Microsoft viewers.
Open Office is not as good as MS Office but would do the basics


1. After you go on-line,upgrade to the newest Service Pack available for
your OS .
Learn more about the SP in Microsoft web-site and read the preparation steps !

2. Also download all critical updates with Express install.

I recommend you to use only Internet Explorer as an internet browser
as well as Outlook Express for your mail program
Many people may think them as not as secure as other but that is not true.


Internet is useful for everybody and even for the children
They can search information for school project,listen to music,play on-line
and even talk to friends
But it is even dangerous
What I recommend is to talk to your child/children and to explain them about
the activities they don't have to do while online

Then,do not trust your children fully.Install a good software/s/ to help
protect your PC and your family's privacy

1. Create your children limited user accounts in Windows XP

So they will have their own My documents folder
but will not be able to access PC settings
Limited users can download everything but cannot install anything
,so they cannot install any spyware/virus in the family's computer.

Children limited account should NOT be password-protected !!!

Parent administartor account should be password-protected !!!

2. Turn on Internet Explorer's Content Advisor

It would help your children not to open pornographic pages
and pages with bad content
Start- Settings - Control Panel - Internet Options - Content tab
and then enable it and check the settings

2.1 MSN toolbar
This toolbar become more useful everyday
It has either pop-up blocker and also Anti-Phising filter
Recently Microsoft had established this Anti-phishing filter
as an add-in for the Toolbar
http://toolbar.msn.com to get the toolbar
http://toolbar.msn.com ; click on Add-ins and search for the Anti-Phishing

Antiphishing would help to protect your family from online fraud

3. Microsoft has made a component to help protect a computer
that is used by many people.It prevents limited users from access to
^chosen by the admin user^ programs and files and also prevent them
from downloading files and other things
It is easy to use and can be configured to meet everybody's needs
It is called Share access tool


/example : A parent with Administrator rights can prevent a children
with limited account to use a chat program or download a new one /

4. When a child uses the internet ,
the computer should have an antivirus software ON + firewall always ON

Because of the campaign "Children and the Internet"
Panda Software offers 90 day free trial version of one of the best security
Panda Platininum Internet Security 2005

Please,go through the additional steps below.............


Microsoft suggest 3 +1 steps general steps to help protecting your
computer.Here they are plus some additional !

1. Firewall ON

It is very important to know that you REALLY SHOULD
use only one firewall (to prevent software conflict ) !!!

Firewall is a protective barrier between your PC and the outside world.
It protects you from hackers and other intruders from gaining
remote access to your PC and also from viruses and network worms (like
It also makes your PC invisiable for hacker softwares and
even if hackers find your PC it will block the attack.
Firewalls scans all your incoming (or outgoing) traffic and
immediately block it if it is unsolicated.

** Windows XP **

has integrated firewall -
Internet Connection Firewall (ICF) for SP1 and
Windows Firewall (WF) for SP2

Windows Firewall (for SP 2)
is full firewall ,suitable for all kind of users and connections.
Windows Firewall is designed especially for home users with
not very big computer literacy and that's why it works almost
automatically,asks rarely !

When using it,check the Exception list .
If you are home user and do not want to play network games,exchange files
over chat
or you are connected to internet via none/less secure server, you can check
" Don't allow exception "
This guarantees you maximum protection!

Start - Settings - Contol Panel - Windows Firewall .See its settings.

Users with no Service Pack or with SP 1 you should upgrade to SP 2
because ICF is partial firewall made for direct internet connection only

** Windows versions different from XP **

They do not have integrated firewall and they are not protected
from hackers and intruders,network viruses and etc.
They MUST use software firewall.So choose one firewall

You may get Zone Alarm personal (free) from :

2. Windows Updates ON

Windows Updates can protect your PC from different OS vulnerabilities and
security threats.

** Windows XP and ME **

| Critical updates |

Automatic Updates ON
Right click on My computer - Properties - Automatic Updates -
Download updates automatically but let me choose when to install them

** Different form XP and ME **

| Critical updates |

Automatic updates are not offered
Manually download critical updates
Start – Windows Update or http://windowsupdate.microsoft.com

** All Windows Versions **

| Optional updates |

Because of the fact Automatic updates downloads only critical updates (they
are the most important),
regularly visit http://windowsupdate.microsoft.com
and download some of the optional software and hardware updates available.

3. Virus Protection ON

Antivirus Software can protect you from viruses,worms,trojans and other
security threats

Always use the latest version of your program and update it at least every two days.
The more often you update it ,the higher protection for new threats you have.

Make sure it has real-time scanner which is enabled

Make sure all security settings are turned ON

(e.g. scanning All files,scanning compressed files,mail scanning,
disinfecting, heuristic scan,behaviour analyze
or detecting spyware,hacking tools, jokes and so on…..)

Use only 1 av software .More than one may cause your PC
problems because of the permanent protection ! ! !

Other : List with all Microsoft Anti-virus partners


1. Spyware protection ON

Spybot Search & Destroy

Ad-Aware SE Personal

Microsoft Antispyware

These 3 programs(all free) are the most famous
in the world and ,of course,are the best.
Using two of them guarantees you very ,very good protection !

Microsoft Antispyware is the only one from these above that has
real-time protection,which is very important for dealing with spy junk

2. Manage your Internet Settings

Start-Settings-Contol Panel-Internet Options

| On the General tab |
Delete all temporary internet files,cookies,history ( often do this)

| On the Security tab |
Make sure the Internet level is Medium.Check other levels

| On the Privacy tab |
Make sure the level is Medium High.

| On the Content tab |
Goto Auto complete
Delete(clear) forms and passwords and check the settings

3. Use a pop-up blocker

Internet Explorer 6 with XP SP 2 has integrated pop-up blocker

However ,if you are not XP SP 2 user ,or you are without IE 6
get the Free MSN Tool Bar that has pop-up protection

3.1 MSN toolbar
This toolbar become more useful everyday
It has either pop-up blocker and also Anti-Phising filter
Recently Microsoft had established this Anti-phishing filter
as an add-in for the Toolbar
http://toolbar.msn.com to get the toolbar
http://toolbar.msn.com ; click on Add-ins and search for the Anti-Phishing

4. Other

( Depending on your mail program - this below is for Outlook Express )
Open Outlook Express
Tools - Options - Security
Make sure you have checked these:
` Warn me when...
` Do not allow...

Create free web-based mail
Lots of free web-based mail accounts exist.
You may create one in Hotmail , Yahoo , Gmail or Mail.RU

They are all for free with a lot of space and intergrated SPAM and Virus
Yahoo.co.uk and Mail.ru offer free POP 3 / SMTP /HTML access
so you may use them with Outlook Express

Think first , then click !!!

Nothing can protect the computer from its user.
Even though you could have firewall,av software,
antispyware software and all updates downloaded,
you are not protected 100 %.NOTHING guarantees you 100 % protection.
So if you don't know what exactly to do and when to do it,you'll probably
fall a victim
of a virus , spyware or hacker.
You can find it ridiculous,but it is true! :-)

BE CAREFUL which sites you visit
BE EXTREMELY CAREFUL what you install,especially free or shareware software.
ALWAYS check everything you download from internet with AV and AS software.

Be aware of SPAM messages and especially PHISHING !!!
Spam messages are unsolicated mail.You really do not want them !
In most cases SPAM is just annoying,however PHISHING is a type of spam that
is really dangerous.Someone unknown sends you a messages,which is
trying to get personal information,such as bank account number
and passwords ! That's why :

NEVER give your email and/or passwords to strangers.
Don't post your mail or passwords in forums and chats.
NEVER read email messages from people you don't know. Just delete
NEVER answer to strangers or even open the attachments,if any !!!
Delete the mail !
NEVER follow links in email from stranger and in mail that you
doubt and do not trust !

For more info about SPAM / Phishing visit
http://www.microsoft.com/athome/security ; - Email section

Regularly :
Run Disc clean-up (with all checked)
Start - Programs - Accessories - System Tools - Disc Clean-up

Check all hard drives for errors
Back-up all your information (at least montly)
Defragment all hard drives
Scan all your computer with antivirus and antispyware software
(should be twice a week)

--- Useful pages ---

different kinds of free or trial security software.

Because of the campaign "Children and the Internet"
Panda Software offers 90 day free trial version of one of the best security
Panda Platininum Internet Security 2005 awarded with many prizes

http://www.pandasoftware.com/protected/tips.htm ;
useful tips for protecting computers

Panda Software free Active Scan,where you can check your
PC for ALL TYPES of security threats and clean viruses and worms

Trend-Micro free online scanner HouseCall where you can scan for
Viruses and Spywares and clean them. CWShredder is also available here

Kaspersky free online scanner
and checker for suspicious files.If you have issues with suspicious
file,here is the right place!

Send F-prot AV suspicious files for fast analyze and and it is all for FREE

Microsoft Windows Malware Removal Tool

Microsoft MVP Charlie Russel's article about Dealing with malware
Really good and detailed

Free Microsoft support and suggestions (for genuie clients)

Now ,when you have cleaned your computer,you need to think about your
suggests 3 + 1 general steps how to protect
your PC and the infomation stored on it,
your privacy and your family
1.Use an internet firewall
2.Enable Automatic Updates for your PC
3.Use an antivirus software
4.Use antispyware software

Goto http://www.microsoft.com/athome/security and learn more
Check the Security Essentials for your OS and also have a look at all

Thanks very much !!!

" Let's beat malware black and blue "
" No new epidemic of all kind of malware - Panda TruPrevent "

In the not-so-distant "old days" (5-10 years ago), we used to easily upload/download files between computers using an lpt cable and simple "LapLink" (ll.exe) software. Executing LapLink (in each computer) set up a window in each computer monitor which all
owed you to highlight files for tranfer. It was quick and easy! (I'm a scientist and we used this often, especially during field work, where we'd gather data using a laptop and bring it back to the lab PC.) This program also worked between two PCs.

Now I'm trying to connect my new Compaq home desktop (Windows XP) with my older computer (Windows 98) in order to quickly transfer files from the latter to the former. I thought the Ethernet connection would work similar to LapLink, but I'm beginning to s
uspect it's more complicated. I've looked over Windows XP help online and this BB for tips on how to do it, but have yet to get a comprehensive description of how it works. Here's what I have set up:

1) Ethernet Patch Cable between the two computers (Best Buy sold me the wrong cable, but I connected it to see if it would work -- I need a "crossover" cable, right?)

2) I've enable NetBIOS Over TCP/IP (NetBT) on both (as advised by Eric Cross, MVP) in response to a problem a writer was having seeing both computers linked together.

3) "Network Connections" on the Compaq shows a LAN connection enabled when I turn on the other computer.

So far I can't see any way of monitoring and manipulating this connection. Can someone please tell me, (1) what to expect when the connection is successful (i.e., what window will appear, or do I access the remote computer via Windows Explorer)? (2) What
's the easiest way to connect two Windows OS computers for simple file transfer (if this isn't the easiest way)? (3) If this will even work with a "patch" cable instead of a "crossover" cable? (I'm picking up a crossover cable today and will try again --
but reading all the network problems on this BB makes me less than optimistic...)

Thanks so much for any help you can give me!


You say "the settings are the same on both computers". Yet, with this added
information it seems to point to the modem / settings on the XP machine. I
would not hang my hat on the fact that one computer works and the other
doesn't in dealing with any of the suggestions because:

- one computer may simply be less susceptible to the same condition that is
causing the problem. So, saying the lines are quiet may be true - but are
they quiet enough for *both* installations? Just an example....

If you're using Outlook Express for email, it can be set to disconnect after
sending/getting mail. Sometimes that throws people off. Since it's a new
system, could it be..... ?

Are the modems exactly the same manufacturer / model number? If not, modem
settings can make a difference. So, if the "settings are the same" that
could be an issue. Also, I can well imagine that there are operating system
differences that could cause the need for different modem settings -
although I have no suggestion what they might be.

Taken from Googled Australian notes on dealing with this issue:

Turn off compression on the modem. - among other things.....

If you're not staying connected then your communication speed is very low
indeed! So, having compression won't help as long as you have this problem.
If turning it off helps then you've made progress.


"nrgjr" wrote in message
Thanks Fred but the line or the settings don't seem to be the problem.
I've switched the lines around and the XP computer still disconnects and the
98 has no problem. There is no equipment near the lines, they both plug
into the same wall jack. The settings are the same on both computers. No
new telephones or equipment added. Can't help but think it's an XP issue
because before I formated and reinstalled XP we had the same problem. It
was ONLY during those 2 weeks from install to registeration/activation the
XP PC had no problem, no disconnects. We could stay on for hours. Anyone
from MS have any thoughts on this???


"Fred Marshall" wrote:

"nrgjr" wrote in message
I have been experiencing random disconnects from the internet, no
no prompt window to "Stay Connected" or "Disconnect". Sometimes I can
be on
for 1/2 hour, sometimes I barely get connected and the "Connect" window
comes again (don't even make to the home page). This is only happening
the WinXP Home 2002 SP1 PC, the other PC, 98SE, has no problem. Both
dialing the same number. I have the two PC's networked together with
cross-over cable but not one PC going through the other to get to the
internet. The problem started about 2 weeks after installing XP, when I
activated and registered. Before that (during the first 2 weeks) no
problem. I know that's when it started because it disconnected in the
middle of the activation/registeration process twice and had to
reconnect to
the internet.

Google on keywords like modem dropout. There's a lot of good

You're obviously using a different modem on a new OS (compared to the
computer). So, check out the modem settings as they will have changed
the OS.

If the computers aren't very close together, look for noisy lines.
Note that the telephone wires in the wall are twisted pairs and less
susceptible to noise. However, most of the wires laying on the floor
not twisted pairs and are more susceptible to noise. Running such a
past noisy equipment can cause trouble.
Look for having added an old telephone recently. These can cause
dropout problems..... and perhaps not equal problems with different
computers / modems / settings.


-----Original Message-----
Teri wrote:
Over the past week my pc has slowed down considerably.
I'm talking a minute or 2 to open a window. I have
virus scans (clean), I have ran Spybot and Adaware
(completely clean), I have run CW Shredder, disk
diskcheck, defrag , the Windows Memory Diagnostic and
power supply is free of dust. (I read the Knowledge
regulary) Everything comes back clean. No problems
anywhere. I have a HP Pavilion and I run Windows XP
Upgrated from Win 98 SE. I have always had a problem
with "Hang App Errors" but I have always been able to
least clean it up enough to speed it up some. I don't
know what else to do.

You've tried most of my suggestions, but let me just
throw out a personal
comment here..

HP Pavilion.. My apologies.

Having said that - have you cleaned up the running
processes and such? Take
out some of the normal HP crap they like to install?
Killed off unnecessary

Also - have you installed any patches or updates you
think might cause
this - have you tried uninstalling them?

The last thing in this spill will explain how to stop
services and choose
the ones you need.

Suggestions on what you can do to secure/clean your PC.
I'm going to try
and be general, I will assume a "Windows" operating
system is what is
being secured here.


This one is the most obvious. There is no perfect
product and any company
worth their salt will try to meet/exceed the needs of
their customers and
fix any problems they find along the way. I am not
going to say Microsoft
is the best company in the world about this but they do
have an option
available for you to use to keep your machine updated
and patched from
the problems and vulnerabilities (as well as product
improvements in some
cases) - and it's free to you.

Windows Update

Go there and scan your machine for updates. Always get
the critical ones as
you see them. Write down the KB###### or Q###### you
see when selecting the
updates and if you have trouble over the next few days,
go into your control
panel (Add/Remove Programs), match up the latest numbers
you downloaded
recently (since you started noticing an issue) and
uninstall them. If there
was more than one (usually is), install them back one by
one - with a few
hours of use in between, to see if the problem returns.
Yes - the process
is not perfect (updating) and can cause trouble like I
mentioned - but as
you can see, the solution isn't that bad - and is MUCH
better than the
alternatives. (SASSER/BLASTER were SO preventable with
just this step!)

Windows is not the only product you likely have on your
PC. The
manufacturers of the other products usually have updates
as well. New
versions of almost everything come out all the time -
some are free, some
are pay - some you can only download if you are
registered - but it is best
to check. Just go to their web pages and look under
their support and
download sections.

You also have hardware on your machine that requires
drivers to interface
with the operating system. You have a video card that
allows you to see on
your screen, a sound card that allows you to hear your
PCs sound output and
so on. Visit those manufacturer web sites for the
latest downloadable
drivers for your hardware/operating system. Always
(IMO) get the
manufacturers hardware driver over any Microsoft
offers. On the Windows
Update site I mentioned earlier, I suggest NOT getting
their hardware
drivers - no matter how tempting.

Have I mentioned that Microsoft has some stuff to help
secure your computer
available to the end-user for free? This seems as good
of a time as any.
They have a CD you can order (it's free) that contain
all of the Windows
patches through October 2003 and some trial products as
well that they
released in February 2004. Yeah - it's a little behind
now, but it's better
than nothing (and used in coordination with the
information in this post,
well worth the purchase price..)

Order the Windows Security Update CD

They also have a bunch of suggestions, some similar to
these, on how to
better protect your Windows system:

Protect your PC


Let's say you are up-to-date on the OS (operating
system) and you have
Windows XP.. You should at least turn on the built in
firewall. That will
do a lot to "hide" you from the random bad things flying
around the
Internet. Things like Sasser/Blaster enjoy just sitting
out there in
Cyberspace looking for an unprotected Windows Operating
System and jumping
on it, doing great damage in the process and then using
that Unprotected OS
to continue its dirty work of infecting others. If you
have the Windows XP
ICF turned on - default configuration - then they cannot
see you! Think of
it as Internet Stealth Mode at this point. It has other
advantages, like
actually locking the doors you didn't even (likely) know
you had. Doing
this is simple, the instructions you need to use your
built in Windows XP
firewall can be found he


If you read through that and look through the pages that
are linked from it
at the bottom of that page - I think you should have a
firm grasp on the
basics of the Windows XP Firewall as it is today. One
thing to note RIGHT
NOW - if you have AOL, you cannot use this nice firewall
that came with
your system. Thank AOL, not Microsoft. You HAVE to
configure another
one.. So we continue with our session on Firewalls...

But let's say you DON'T have Windows XP - you have some
other OS like
Windows 95, 98, 98SE, ME, NT, 2000. Well, you don't
have the nifty built in
firewall. My suggestion - upgrade. My next suggestion -
look through your
options. There are lots of free and pay firewalls out
there for home users.
Yes - you will have to decide on your own which to get.
Yes, you will have
to learn (oh no!) to use these firewalls and configure
them so they don't
interfere with what you want to do while continuing to
provide the security
you desire. It's just like anything else you want to
protect - you have to
do something to protect it. Here are some suggested
applications. A lot of
people tout "ZoneAlarm" as being the best alternative to
just using the
Windows XP ICF, but truthfully - any of these
alternatives are much better
than the Windows XP ICF at what they do - because that
is ALL they do.

ZoneAlarm (Free and up)

Kerio Personal Firewall (KPF) (Free and up)

Outpost Firewall from Agnitum (Free and up)

Sygate Personal Firewall (Free and up)

Symantec's Norton Personal Firewall (~$25 and up)

BlackICE PC Protection ($39.95 and up)

Tiny Personal Firewall (~$49.00 and up)

That list is not complete, but they are good firewall
options, every one of
them. Visit the web pages, read up, ask around if you
like - make a
decision and go with some firewall, any firewall. Also,
maintain it.
Sometimes new holes are discovered in even the best of
these products and
patches are released from the company to remedy this
problem. However, if
you don't get the patches (check the manufacturer web
page on occasion),
then you may never know you have the problem and/or are
being used through
this weakness. Also, don't stack these things. Running
more than one
firewall will not make you safer - it would likely (in
fact) negate some
protection you gleamed from one or the other firewalls
you ran together.


That's not all. That's one facet of a secure PC, but
firewalls don't do
everything. I saw one person posting on a newsgroup
that "they had
never had a virus and they never run any anti-virus
software." Yep - I used
to believe that way too - viruses were something
everyone else seemed to
get, were they just stupid? And for the average joe-
user who is careful,
uses their one-three family computers carefully, never
opening unknown
attachments, always visiting the same family safe web
sites, never
installing anything that did not come with their
computer - maybe, just
maybe they will never witness a virus. I, however, am a
Network Systems
Administrator. I see that AntiVirus software is an
absolute necessity given
how most people see their computer as a toy/tool and not
they should have to maintain and upkeep. After all,
they were invented to
make life easier, right - not add another task to your
day. You
can be as careful as you want - will the next person be
as careful? Will
someone send you unknowingly the email that erases all
the pictures of your
child/childhood? Possibly - why take the chance?
SOFTWARE and KEEP IT UP TO DATE! Antivirus software
comes in so many
flavors, it's like walking into a Jelly Belly store -
which one tastes like
what?! Well, here are a few choices for you. Some of
these are free (isn't
that nice?) and some are not. Is one better than the
other - MAYBE.

Symantec (Norton) AntiVirus (~$11 and up)

Kaspersky Anti-Virus (~$49.95 and up)

Panda Antivirus Titanium (~$39.95 and up)
(Free Online Scanner:

AVG 6.0 Anti-Virus System (Free and up)

McAfee VirusScan (~$11 and up)

AntiVir (Free and up)

avast! 4 (Free and up)

Trend Micro (~$49.95 and up)
(Free Online Scanner:


RAV AntiVirus Online Virus Scan (Free!)

Did I mention you have to not only install this
software, but also keep it
updated? You do. Some of them (most) have automatic
services to help you
do this - I mean, it's not your job to keep up with the
half-dozen or more
new threats that come out daily, is it? Be sure to keep
whichever one you
choose up to date!


So you must be thinking that the above two things got
your back now - you
are covered, safe and secure in your little fox hole.
Wrong! There are
more bad guys out there. There are annoyances out there
you can get without
trying. Your normal web surfing, maybe a wrong click on
a web page, maybe
just a momentary lack of judgment by installing some
software packages
without doing the research.. And all of a sudden your
screen starts filling
up with advertisements or your Internet seems much
slower or your home page
won't stay what you set it and goes someplace unfamiliar
to you. This is
spyware. There are a whole SLEW of software packages
out there to get rid
of this crud and help prevent reinfection. Some of the
products already
mentioned might even have branched out into this arena.
However, there are
a few applications that seem to be the best at what they
do, which is
eradicating and immunizing your system from this crap.
Strangely, the best
products I have found in this category ARE generally
free. That is a trend
I like. I make donations to some of them, they deserve

Two side-notes: Never think one of these can do the
whole job.
Try the first 5 before coming back and saying "That did
not work!"
Also, you can always visit:
For more updated information.

Spybot Search and Destroy (Free!)

Lavasoft AdAware (Free and up)

CWSShredder (Free!)

Hijack This! (Free)
( Tutorial:
http://www.spywareinfo.com/~merijn/htlogtutorial.html )

SpywareBlaster (Free!)

IE-SPYAD (Free!)

ToolbarCop (Free!)

Bazooka Adware and Spyware Scanner (Free!)

Browser Security Tests

The Cleaner (49.95 and up)

That will clean up your machine of the spyware, given
that you download and
install several of them, update them regularly and scan
with them when you
update. Some (like SpywareBlaster and SpyBot Search and
Destroy) have
immunization features that will help you prevent your PC
from being
infected. Use these features!

Unfortunately, although that will lessen your popups on
the Internet/while
you are online, it won't eliminate them. I have looked
at a lot of options,
seen a lot of them used in production with people who
seem to attract popups
like a plague, and I only have one suggestion that end
up serving double
duty (search engine and popup stopper in one):

The Google Toolbar (Free!)

Yeah - it adds a bar to your Internet Explorer - but its
a useful one. You
can search from there anytime with one of the best
search engines on the
planet (IMO.) And the fact it stops most popups - wow -
BONUS! If you
don't like that suggestion, then I am just going to say
you go to
www.google.com and search for other options.

One more suggestion, although I will suggest this in a
way later, is to
disable your Windows Messenger service. This service is
not used frequently
(if at all) by the normal home user and in cooperation
with a good firewall,
is generally unnecessary. Microsoft has instructions on
how to do this for
Windows XP he


This one can get annoying, just like the rest. You get
50 emails in one
sitting and 2 of them you wanted. NICE! (Not.) What
can you do? Well,
although there are services out there to help you, some
servers/services that actually do lower your spam with
features built into
their servers - I still like the methods that let you be
the end-decision
maker on what is spam and what isn't. If these things
worked perfectly, we
wouldn't need people and then there would be no spam
anyway - vicious
circle, eh? Anyway - I have two products to suggest to
you, look at them
and see if either of them suite your needs. Again, if
they don't, Google is
free and available for your perusal.

SpamBayes (Free!)

Spamihilator (Free!)

As I said, those are not your only options, but are
reliable ones I have
seen function for hundreds+ people.


I might get arguments on putting this one here, but it's
my spill. There are
lots of services on your PC that are probably turned on
by default you don't
use. Why have them on? Check out these web pages to
see what all of the
services you might find on your computer are and set
them according to your
personal needs. Be CAREFUL what you set to manual, and
take heed and write
down as you change things! Also, don't expect a large
performance increase
or anything - especially on todays 2+ GHz machines,
however - I look at each
service you set to manual as one less service you have
to worry about
someone exploiting. A year ago, I would have thought
the Windows Messenger
service to be pretty safe, now I recommend (with
addition of a firewall)
that most home users disable it! Yeah - this is another
one you have to
work for, but your computer may speed up and/or be more
secure because you
took the time. And if you document what you do as you
do it, next time, it
goes MUCH faster! (or if you have to go back and re-
enable things..)

Task List Programs


Black Viper's Service List and Opinions (XP)

Processes in Windows NT/2000/XP

There are also applications that AREN'T services that
startup when you start
up the computer/logon. One of the better description on
how to handle these
I have found he


That's it. A small booklet on how to keep your computer
secure, clean of
scum and more user friendly. I am SURE I missed
something, almost as I am
sure you won't read all of it (anyone for that matter.)
However, I also
know that someone who followed all of the advice above
would also have less
problems with their PC, less problems with viruses, less
problems with spam,
fewer problems with spyware and better performance than
someone who didn't.

Hope it helps.

- Shenan -
The information is provided "as is", with no guarantees
completeness, accuracy or timeliness, and without
warranties of any
kind, express or implied. In other words, read up
before you take any
advice - you are the one ultimately responsible for your

Shenan, thank you so much for taking the time to answer
my post with so much detail. Not only did I read every
word, I also made a lot of notes and recorded every
link. Yes, I am running XP, I do use the built in
firewall, I have Spybot, Adaware, Hijack This and CW
Shredder all installed and use them on a regular basis.
I use the housecall,trendmicro and the symantec security
and virus scan at the same time. Windows update informs
me when there is an update for my pc and I always install
the critical ones. My startup up programs are at a
minimum as are my running services. Actually, I am
wondering if I have something checked in Internet Options
that I shouldn't. As I mentioned before I have always
had a problem with "hungapp errors" in the event viewer
but under "security" I am getting events I really do not
understand and they keep changing, for instance
User Name: Network Service User Name: Owner
Domain: NT Authority Domain:OEMCOMPUTER
Logon Type: 5 Logon Type:2
Logon Process:Advapi Logon Process:User32

User Name:
Logon Type:3
Logon Process:NtLmSsp
Also, I am getting events "A trusted logon process has
registered with the Local Security Authority. This
logon process will be trusted to submit logon requests
(CHAP, scecli, WinlogonMSGina, KsecDD, Lan Manager
Workstation Service). These might all be normal but I
don't remember seeing all of them before.


I am lost as to a solution on this.

I have used XP Home on this PC since it came out. Recently, it updated
itself to SP2 and I never expected any issues.

Well, now the PC doesn't boot properly. If I start up the machine it
will partially boot and then freeze even before the "XP" startup
screen. If I turn off the machine and start it again it will then get
to the startup screen and then freeze. If I turn off the machine and
go one more time, it will get to afrer the screen and freeze, then
another off and on gets it to the desktop and one final off and on for
the machine to boot all the way until XP is usable.

SO, I have to turn my PC off and on 4-5 times to get it to boot all
the way. Each off/on gets it a little further in the process until it
freezes again. Once finally up, the machine runs fine.

What on Earth is causing this?? Never seen anything like this before
and a Norton scan of the hard drive claims it's fine so I assume this
is a problem with the update to XP.

Any ideas on how to resolve this? My XP Home CD is, of course, earlier
than SP2 so it won't let me reload or repair from it saying it is an
"earlier version than installed on this machine".



I have a problem with the SP2 firewall settings. I have an win2k3
domain and I installed the SP2 onto one of the XP PRO client PC.
Created a domain policy which is set the firewall to my requirements.
Especially, for domain profile I have turned off the firewall and for
non-domain profile turned on. So I created the GPO and enabled the
firewall service. I have made a test OU with one PC. The domain policy
is applied on the test PC but when I run the Start/Settings/Control
Panel/Windows Firewall it said "Windows Firewall is using your
NON-DOMAIN settings" BUT this PC is in a domain.

I have set in the policy when the PC starts wait for Network.
And I also set Spanning-tree port fast on the LAN port.
I set the switch/NIC ports to AUTO/100-full but neither worked.

Could you please help me I have no any idea!

Thanks in advance!


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